Special
Techniques of
Textile Designing
By Parul Kapur

1
Painting/ Art based
techniques

2

By Parul Kapur
1. Airbrush Painting
Is done when surface colouring is to
be done quickly & economically.
 Dye is applied with a mechaniz...
4

By Parul Kapur
2. Splatter or Spraying
Is similar to stippling with colour.
 At student level – colour is spraying
with tooth-brush
 Co...
By Parul Kapur

6
3. Stippling
Is creation of patterns stimulating
varying degrees of solidity or shading
using small dots.
 To achieve dar...
8

By Parul Kapur
4. Hatching
Technique used to create tonal or
shading effects by drawing closely
spaced parallel lines.
 By increasing qu...
10

By Parul Kapur
11

By Parul Kapur
Stippling and hatching combination

12

Artwork By Parul Kapur
5. Dry-Brushing
Is a painting technique in which a
paint brush that is relatively dry, but
still holds paint is used.
 Al...
Artwork By Parul Kapur

Dry brushing poster paints on paper
14
6. Shading


15

is a process used in drawing for
depicting levels of darkness by
applying media more densely or with a
d...
7. Sponge Painting
Very versatile – can be applied to
various surfaces and using various
colour mediums
 Similar effect t...
17

By Parul Kapur
8. Marbling
Is a method of aqueous surface design
 The patterns are the result of colour
floated on either plain water or...
By Parul Kapur

19
20

Textile Printing based
techniques

20

By Parul Kapur
1. Batik
The resist dyeing process, whereby
designs are made with wax on a fabric
which is subsequently immersed in a
dye ...
Tjanting

Tjap

22

By Parul Kapur
2. Tie - Dyeing
The dye is resisted by knots that are
tied in the fabric.
 The outside of the knotted portion is
dyed, bu...
24

By Parul Kapur
3. Ikat
Is the dyeing technique used to pattern
textiles that employs a resist dyeing
process similar to tie-dye on either...
WARP IKAT
FABRIC

DOUBLE IKAT FABRIC
26

By Parul Kapur
4. Kalamkari
Is a type of hand-painted or blockprinted cotton textile.
 The „kalam‟ is a bamboo reed & a
woolen rag is ro...
Outlining the traced
design with the kalam

Filling the colour
inside the motif with
the kalam

28

By Parul Kapur
5. Block Printing
A design is drawn on a prepared wooden
block; it is then carved out.
 To print the design on the fabric...
30

By Parul Kapur
6. Screen Printing
Originally referred to as “silk-screen
printing”
 Screen printing is done with the use of
either flat ...
Flat Screen printing

32

By Parul Kapur
33

By Parul Kapur
7. Stencil Printing
The pattern is cut out of a sheet of
stout paper or thin metal with a sharp
pointed tool, the uncut po...
By Parul Kapur

35
8. Transfer Printing





36

Literally moving a design from one surface
to another is known as transfer printing.
A ty...
By Parul Kapur

37
9. Flocking






38

The technique of adhering minute pieces
of fiber, called flock, to form a design on
fabric. Also ...
39

By Parul Kapur
10. Discharge printing
Also called “Extract Printing”
 It is a method of applying a design to
dyed fabric by printing a c...
By Parul Kapur

41
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Textile designing techniques

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Techniques used in designing textiles, to apply the design on to the textiles... art based and textiles based. E.g. Shading, Stippling, Batik, Discharge printing etc.

Published in: Education

Textile designing techniques

  1. 1. Special Techniques of Textile Designing By Parul Kapur 1
  2. 2. Painting/ Art based techniques 2 By Parul Kapur
  3. 3. 1. Airbrush Painting Is done when surface colouring is to be done quickly & economically.  Dye is applied with a mechanized airbrush  The dye is sprayed or blown onto the fabric surface  3 By Parul Kapur
  4. 4. 4 By Parul Kapur
  5. 5. 2. Splatter or Spraying Is similar to stippling with colour.  At student level – colour is spraying with tooth-brush  Commercial level – airbrushing  5 By Parul Kapur
  6. 6. By Parul Kapur 6
  7. 7. 3. Stippling Is creation of patterns stimulating varying degrees of solidity or shading using small dots.  To achieve darker/lighter areas/tones the spacing between the dots is varied; closer/further respectively.  7 By Parul Kapur
  8. 8. 8 By Parul Kapur
  9. 9. 4. Hatching Technique used to create tonal or shading effects by drawing closely spaced parallel lines.  By increasing quantity, thickness and closeness a darker area will result.  Linear hatching - parallel lines  Cross Hatching – layers of linear hatching placed angularly over each other  Contoured Hatching – using curved lines to describe light & forms of contours  9 By Parul Kapur
  10. 10. 10 By Parul Kapur
  11. 11. 11 By Parul Kapur
  12. 12. Stippling and hatching combination 12 Artwork By Parul Kapur
  13. 13. 5. Dry-Brushing Is a painting technique in which a paint brush that is relatively dry, but still holds paint is used.  Alternatively colour can be puller out from paper using a damp brush.  13 By Parul Kapur
  14. 14. Artwork By Parul Kapur Dry brushing poster paints on paper 14
  15. 15. 6. Shading  15 is a process used in drawing for depicting levels of darkness by applying media more densely or with a darker shade for darker areas, and less densely or with a lighter shade for lighter areas. By Parul Kapur
  16. 16. 7. Sponge Painting Very versatile – can be applied to various surfaces and using various colour mediums  Similar effect to airbrushing  Textures can be varied by the use of different types of sponge; like polyurethene sponge, PVC sponge, sea sponge, coir etc.  By Parul Kapur 16
  17. 17. 17 By Parul Kapur
  18. 18. 8. Marbling Is a method of aqueous surface design  The patterns are the result of colour floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to an absorbent surface like fabric.  The floating colours are carefully manipulated either by blowing, fanning the colour or using human hair or running a sharp object through it  By Parul Kapur 18
  19. 19. By Parul Kapur 19
  20. 20. 20 Textile Printing based techniques 20 By Parul Kapur
  21. 21. 1. Batik The resist dyeing process, whereby designs are made with wax on a fabric which is subsequently immersed in a dye to absorb the colour on the unwaxed portions. 1. Tjanting method – wax is applied by hand with a funnel-shaped spout 2. Tjap method – wax is stamped with a metal block 21 By Parul Kapur
  22. 22. Tjanting Tjap 22 By Parul Kapur
  23. 23. 2. Tie - Dyeing The dye is resisted by knots that are tied in the fabric.  The outside of the knotted portion is dyed, but the inside is not penetrated if the knot is firmly tied.  Partial penetration occurs when the knot is not firmly tied, causing gradations and irregularities of colour that produce indistinct but attractive designs.  23 By Parul Kapur
  24. 24. 24 By Parul Kapur
  25. 25. 3. Ikat Is the dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or the weft yarns prior to dyeing.  In warp ikat the patterns are clearly visible in the warp threads on the loom even before the plain coloured weft is introduced to weave the fabric.  Double ikat – both warp & weft yarns are resist dyed prior to weaving.  25 By Parul Kapur
  26. 26. WARP IKAT FABRIC DOUBLE IKAT FABRIC 26 By Parul Kapur
  27. 27. 4. Kalamkari Is a type of hand-painted or blockprinted cotton textile.  The „kalam‟ is a bamboo reed & a woolen rag is rolled on the tip of the bamboo & is fixed by entwining of cotton thread. The tip of this pen is dipped in dye solution, the woolen call absorbs the dye. The pen is kept upright n gently pressing the woolen ball its dragged on the fabric producing the design.  By Parul Kapur 27
  28. 28. Outlining the traced design with the kalam Filling the colour inside the motif with the kalam 28 By Parul Kapur
  29. 29. 5. Block Printing A design is drawn on a prepared wooden block; it is then carved out.  To print the design on the fabric, the printer applies colour to the block & presses it firmly on the fabric.  A separate block is required for each distinct colour in the design.  By Parul Kapur 29
  30. 30. 30 By Parul Kapur
  31. 31. 6. Screen Printing Originally referred to as “silk-screen printing”  Screen printing is done with the use of either flat or cylindrical screen (rotary).  A rubber blade/ squeezee squeezes the printing paste through openings in the screen onto the fabric.  Require a separate screen for each colour in the design.  31 By Parul Kapur
  32. 32. Flat Screen printing 32 By Parul Kapur
  33. 33. 33 By Parul Kapur
  34. 34. 7. Stencil Printing The pattern is cut out of a sheet of stout paper or thin metal with a sharp pointed tool, the uncut portions representing the part that is to left uncoloured.  The sheet is laid on the material to be decorated and colour is brushed through its open spaces.  34 By Parul Kapur
  35. 35. By Parul Kapur 35
  36. 36. 8. Transfer Printing    36 Literally moving a design from one surface to another is known as transfer printing. A typical well-known technique is that of iron-on prints of emblems and decorations, which are generally made of pigments in a paraffin or thermoplastic base that can be melted and bound by heat and pressure onto a fabric surface. A more sophisticated & effective method of transfer printing is that of transferring a design intact by vaporizing it from paper to a fabric. By Parul Kapur
  37. 37. By Parul Kapur 37
  38. 38. 9. Flocking    38 The technique of adhering minute pieces of fiber, called flock, to form a design on fabric. Also known as flock printing. Using a suitable adhesive (instead of a dye) a design is roller printed onto a fabric. Then flock (usually coloured) of cotton, wool, rayon, nylon or acrylic is applied to the fabric in a manner that causes it to adhere in an upright position & produce a pile-like, velvet-textured design. By Parul Kapur
  39. 39. 39 By Parul Kapur
  40. 40. 10. Discharge printing Also called “Extract Printing”  It is a method of applying a design to dyed fabric by printing a colourdestroying agent to bleach out a white or light pattern on the darker coloured ground.  40 By Parul Kapur
  41. 41. By Parul Kapur 41

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