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Parents360 Synthetic Drugs (Bath Salts & K2 / Spice)


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This presentation provides information about synthetic drugs, including Bath Salts and K2/Spice, and identifies resources from The Partnership at

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Parents360 Synthetic Drugs (Bath Salts & K2 / Spice)

  1. 1. Parents360 Synthetic Drugs:Bath Salts, K2/Spice
  2. 2. “Bath Salts” are not Bath Salts ≠
  3. 3. What are “Bath Salts?” • Stimulants: Manmade chemicals related to amphetamines (speed) • Substituted cathinones -- Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and mephedrone, and methylone are the chemicals most often found in “bath salts” • Consumed orally or nasallyDrug Enforcement Administration
  4. 4. How can you tell?If it says it is “Not Or it is not illegal Or it is only for 18+ For Human Adults Only Consumption” It is probably for ingestion, not a hot bath
  5. 5. Many Brands and Names and Not Always Sold as Bath SaltsPlant Feeder Insect Repellent Stain Remover
  6. 6. Why Do Teens Use “Bath Salts”?• For energy / alternative to illegal stimulants• Perceived to be legal• Not picked up on standard drug tests• Available at retail outlets: convenience stores; head shops; online
  7. 7. Effects of “Bath Salts” • Very severe paranoia • Effects reported to that sometimes causes Poison Control Centers users to harm – Suicidal thoughts themselves or others. – Agitation; Combative/Violent; Confusion • Speed of onset – 15 – Hallucinations / psychosis minutes; Length of high – Increased heart rate; – 4-6 hours Hypertension; Chest Pain • Long term effects: – Death or serious injury UnknownSource: American Association of Poison Control Centers
  8. 8. Calls To Poison Control Centers for Human Exposure to Bath Salts, 2010 to January 2012 In early 2011, calls closed in each The number of calls closed in month* spiked through June, then 2011 are over 20 times that in gradually declined and is level in the 2010. past 3 months. preliminary Projection based on January data 2011 2012 *Numbers may change as cases are closed and additional information is received. Source: American Association of Poison Control Centers, Bath Salts Data, Updated February 8, 2012 (Preliminary data).2/2012
  9. 9. Synthetic Marijuana, K2 / “Spice”
  10. 10. Synthetic Marijuana• K2 or "Spice" are common names for synthetic marijuana, however, the effects of synthetic marijuana can be very different from cultivated marijuana• K2 or "Spice" is a mixture of herbs or dried, shredded plant material that is typically sprayed with chemicals that are similar to THC, the psychoactive ingredients in marijuana• Street names: Bliss, Black Mamba, Bombay Blue, Blaze, Genie, Spice, Zohai, JWH -018, -073, -250
  11. 11. Signs of Use• Strong clove smell• Coffee grinder – finer the powder, easier to smoke• Drug paraphernalia (pipes, screens, etc.)• Typically smoked
  12. 12. Physical Signs of Use • Loss of control • Profuse sweating • Lack of pain • Uncontrolled / response spastic body • Increased agitation movements • Pale skin • Elevated blood pressure, heart rate, • Seizures and palpitations • VomitingSource: Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
  13. 13. Effects of Synthetic Marijuana • Onset – 3-5 minutes • Length of duration – 1-8 hours • Short-term effects: In addition to physical signs of use, users may experience: – Dysphoria – the opposite of euphoria – Paranoia – similar to PCP / Angel Dust – Delusions, hallucinations and increased agitation • Long-term effects: UnknownSource: Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
  14. 14. How is K2 obtained?• K2 is typically sold in small, silvery plastic bags of dried leaves and marketed as incense that can be smoked. It is said to resemble potpourri• K2 is sold online, in convenience stores and in “head” shops, and is usually marketed as incense
  15. 15. K2 / Spice Use Past-Year UseSynthetic Marijuana Vicodin OTC Cough / Cold Ecstasy Hallucinogens Oxycontin Inhalants Cocaine LSD Meth % 0 2 4 6 8 10 12Source: Monitoring the Future, 2011, Past-Year Use, 12th Graders only
  16. 16. Calls Received by Poison Control Centers for Human Exposure to Synthetic Marijuana, 2010 to January 2012 Projection based on preliminary January data 2011 2012Source: American Association of Poison Control Centers, SyntheticMarijuana Data, Updated February 8, 2012 (Preliminary data) 2/2012
  17. 17. DEA takes action• On November 24, 2010, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) took emergency action to temporarily control five chemicals used to make K2 and other “fake pot” products.• On September 7, 2011, the DEA banned three of the drugs found in bath salts• Possessing and selling these chemicals or the products that contain is now illegal in the U.S.• The DEA will study these chemicals to determine if these products should be permanently controlled.• Congress is also working to act on this issue.• Regulators face the challenge of staying ahead of formulations
  18. 18. Messages Parents Can Deliver• It is impossible to know what these drugs contain, or who made them, or what you are going to get• Getting high – no matter how – carries risks of making unsafe or unhealthy decisions• Just because a drug is legal – or is labeled as legal – does not mean that it is safe• We don’t know the long term effects of synthetic drugs because the drugs are so new
  19. 19. Resources PREVENT INTERVENE TimeToTalk helps you start the conversation  Time to Act if you think or know Habla Con Tus Hijos-Spanish- your child is using. language version  Intervene blog The Decoder blog  Intervention eBook The Drug Guide for Parents GET TREATMENT RECOVER Treatment eBook  Time to Get Help community Time to Get Help helps parents connects parents who understand better understand teen and young and have been there. adult substance abuse and addiction.
  20. 20. Connect with ThePartnership at HELPLINE FACEBOOK 1- 855 - /partnershipdrugfree DRUGFREE eNewsletter News & tips in TWITTER your inbox.
  21. 21. PARENTS360Thank You!
  22. 22. AcknowledgementThis project was supported by Grant No. 2010- DB-BX-K025awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau ofJustice Assistance is a component of the Office of JusticePrograms, which also includes the Bureau of JusticeStatistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office ofJuvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office forVictims of Crime, and the Office of Sex OffenderSentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, andTracking. Points of view or opinions in this document are thoseof the author and do not necessarily represent the officialposition or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.