Antonio Gaudi Architecture


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Antonio Gaudi Architecture

  1. 1. Antonio Gaudi The son of a coppersmith, Antonio Gaudi was born in Reus, Spain in 1852. He studied at the Escola Superior d'Arquitectura in Barcelona and designed his first major commission for the Casa Vincens in Barcelona using a Gothic Revival style that set a precedent for his future work. Over the course of his career, Gaudi developed a sensuous, curving, almost surreal design style which established him as the innovative leader of the Spanish Art Nouveau movement. Gaudi’s characteristically warped form of Gothic architecture drew admiration from other artists. Although categorized with the Art Nouveau, Gaudi created an entirely original style. One of the Gaudi’s famous works is Park Guell. Park Guell may be the most unique of the many works which Eusebi Guell entrusted to Gaudi. It was declared a universal monument by UNESCO in 1984, along with two more works by the brilliant architect. Guell originally wanted his property to become a "garden-city," like those which were built in England, for the rich of Barcelona. He divided the land into 60 plots between 1000 and 2000 square meters in size, and triangular to adapt to the topography of the land. When somebody purchased a plot they had to sign a contract accepting conditions including an absolute prohibition on the felling of trees, a limitation of the size of the house to 1/6 of the total surface of the plot, and a maximum fence height of 80 centimeters. Only three plots were sold: two for the home of the Trias family, which they still own, and another to build the show- home, which Gaudi ended up buying in 1906, and which is now a museum dedicated to the Park's architect.
  2. 2. Plan of Guell Park Park Guell Main Entrance Park Guell Salamander Guell Park, the construction was commenced in 1900. The mountain really deserved its name, because its vegetation was only simple grasses, bushes and a few carob trees. Gaudi wanted to cooperate with nature, so he ordered the creation of a natural area based on Mediterranean species, which are stronger, but require less water and maintenance View of the mountain of Park Guell He did not only respect the atmosphere by planting trees. When a topographic map was made of the fifteen hectares which Guell had purchased, Gaudi observed that, given the characteristics of the land, many leveling and embankments-which would ruin the beauty of the land-would be necessary to build roads, Viaduct Bridges So, he designed the famous viaducts (bridges composed of several small spans) which allowed the mountain's natural shape to be preserved. These viaducts are supported by inclined
  3. 3. columns, with manufactured brick centers, and covered with natural stone from the site. There is a total of three kilometers of roads. Viaduct Roads The park is surrounded by a rubblework wall, which is crowned by the undulations of ceramic "trencadís" (a type of mosaic made from broken pieces of tile) and seven gates. On the main gate, located on the Carrer d'Olot, large circular medallions with the words "Park" and "Guell" written with "trencadis" mosaic notify us that this is where the park begins. Trencadis The grills for this door came from repairs performed on the Casa Vicens in 1965; they were placed to substitute the original wooden door. At each side of the entrance we find two pavilions. Grilled Doors These pavilions, built between 1901 and 1902, have an egg-shaped form with the complete absence of straight lines or angles, and their structure is based on wrought reinforced ceramic beams and brick vaults supported by weight-holding walls. Vaults
  4. 4. Park Guell Mountain View Also, besides respecting the essence of the mountain, he used all the elements that she provided. Worked its forms, curves, and her stone. It devised a system that accumulated rain water that seeped through the rocks in an underground tank, and the advantage to support vegetation of the whole. View However, in spite of the work and dedication of Gaudi in this park, the project was a commercial failure. The same distance from the center of the city of Barcelona and the start of the First World War, created uncertainty and made only two of the sixty sell parcels of the whole. In one of these domains is built what is now the Casa- Museu Gaudi, where the architect lived between 1906 and 1925.This was why in 1922, after the death of Eusebi Guell, Barcelona City Council purchased the land to make it a public park. And from that moment, the park became a point of great confluence and showplace. Being away from the busy city center and at altitude is space and quiet haven, and spectacular panoramic views of Barcelona. View
  5. 5. Views Park Guell is where Gaudi shows all his architectural genius, and displays the vast spatial solutions, structural, and materiality. And it adds a great deal of symbolism and character, making each decision taken is a perfect fusion of each of the concepts. Without forgetting the almost magical artistic research that generates both awe and mystery at a time. Views