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World war 11


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Its certainly about the world war and leads to some knowledge of world war 2 in brief manner!

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World war 11

  1. 1. (1939-1945) Concept Lecture SECOND WORLD WAR
  2. 2. TOPIC PLAN <ul><li>First Topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes of WW2 (9 Causes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Events of WW2 (2 Slides) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki (2 Slides) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequences of WW2 (15 Slides) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 9. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(1) Militant Nationalism: </li></ul><ul><li>Injustice was done to Germany by the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler & Nazi party created a feeling of narrow nationalism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fascist Party under the leadership of Mussolini created the feeling of militant nationalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan believed in the policy ‘Asia for Asians’. Strong, narrow nationalistic feeling was created in the minds of people. </li></ul>
  4. 10. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(2) Imperialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Japan & Italy pursued the imperialist policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany captured Austria in 1938 and Czechoslovakia in 1939 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan occupied Manchuria in 1931. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy occupied Ethiopia in 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic governments failed to solve the problems. </li></ul><ul><li>So dictators like Hitler & Mussolini captured power. </li></ul><ul><li>They followed the imperialistic policy. </li></ul>
  5. 11. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(3) Alliances and Ententes (Groups): </li></ul><ul><li>European nations were filled with distrust and fear though the League of Nations was there. </li></ul><ul><li>So they made secret alliances and formed groups. </li></ul><ul><li>France made treaties with European countries for mutual help. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy made treaties with Central European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia made treaties with Germany, Turkey & Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, Europe was divided into three groups led by France, Italy & Russia.  </li></ul>
  6. 12. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(4) The Arms Race: </li></ul><ul><li>Long discussions for disarmament held at the table of League of Nations were proved useless. </li></ul><ul><li>Dictators like Hitler & Mussolini started piling up of weapons, as they wanted to increase glory of their countries. </li></ul><ul><li>So other nations of Europe also started piling up of weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>America, Japan & England also joined in this arms race. </li></ul>
  7. 13. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(5) Failure of the League of Nations: </li></ul><ul><li>The League of Nations failed to prevent aggressive measures taken by the member nations. </li></ul><ul><li>It could do nothing when Japan captured Manchuria in 1931. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy captured Abyssinia in 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany declared war on Austria in 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>The League of Nations was rendered helpless.  </li></ul>
  8. 14. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR <ul><li>(6) The Unjust Treaty of Versailles: </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles was harsh & humiliating. </li></ul><ul><li>It was deprived of her colonies and mineral rich areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Its armies were reduced in number. </li></ul><ul><li>A very heavy war fine of pounds 6.6 billion imposed. </li></ul><ul><li>Crush Germany economically, politically, militarily. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy and Japan received fewer colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>There was discontent in Germany, Italy and Japan. </li></ul>
  9. 15. <ul><li>(7) Success of Dictatorship & Failure of Democracy: </li></ul><ul><li>The new Governments and Republics that emerged in several independent states were too weak to provide a stable government. </li></ul>CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR
  10. 16. <ul><li>(8) Policy of Appeasement: </li></ul><ul><li>As Hitler started reclaiming territories, England & France gave several concessions to Germany as they wanted to avoid the vagaries of another war. </li></ul>CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR
  11. 17. <ul><li>(9) Need of War to Save Civilisation: </li></ul><ul><li>The evil of WW2 was necessary to stop the greater evil, the Nazis. </li></ul>CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR
  12. 18. <ul><li>MAIN EVENTS </li></ul><ul><li>OF </li></ul><ul><li>WW2 </li></ul>
  13. 19. COUNTDOWN TO WW2 YEAR EVENT 1934 Austrian Chancellor murdered (Hitler ordered) 1936 Germany gained control of Austria 1938 Germany completely took over Austria 1936 Germany reoccupied Rhineland 1938 Germany gobbled Czechoslovakia (German speaking part) 1939 Germany took Prague ( Non-German speaking part of Czechoslovakia ) Sept 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland, England issued ultimatum to withdraw Sept 3, 1939 Britain & France declared war on Germany
  14. 20. MAIN EVENTS OF THE WW2 IN 1941 YEAR EVENT By 1941 Axis conquered Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece 1941 Axis persuaded Romania, Hungary & Bulgaria to assist them 1941 Germany invaded Soviet Union 1941 Japan over ran China & attacked Pearl Harbour (US) 1941 Germany & Italy declared war on US 1941 Japan over ran southeast Asia & threatened Australia & India 1941 China joined Allies to fight Japan… 1941 to 1945 … and thus the war went on becoming more fierce.
  15. 21. END OF LECTURE # 1 <ul><li>HAVE A GOOD DAY </li></ul><ul><li>Next Lecture… </li></ul><ul><li>Bombing Of Hiroshima & Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of WW2 </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>BOMBING </li></ul><ul><li>OF </li></ul><ul><li>HIROSHIMA AND </li></ul><ul><li>NAGASAKI </li></ul>
  17. 23. JAPAN… … Still a force <ul><li>Despite long battle, Japan was a force to reckon. </li></ul><ul><li>Fanatical resistance of Japanese military. </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians trained in use of variety of weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>1600 Kamikaze planes to combat American attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide Air Corps jumped at the opportunity. </li></ul>
  18. 24. To Bomb… …Or not to Bomb <ul><li>Harry Truman, American President, started thinking whether to use the bomb or not. </li></ul><ul><li>If bomb used : will kill thousands of innocent civilians </li></ul><ul><li>If not used and instead invade Japan by land : stretch the war to a long time costing more cost & lives. </li></ul><ul><li>After much debate, decision to bomb taken. </li></ul><ul><li>Before dropping, American planes dropped leaflets of warning govt. to end war. </li></ul><ul><li>6 th August 1945, bomb dropped on Hiroshima destroying half city & killing 80000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this, Japanese refused to surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>So, on 9 th August 1945, another bomb dropped on Nagasaki destroying half the city & killing 40000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>On 2 nd September 1945, Japan surrendered unconditionally , signed armistice. </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR </li></ul>
  20. 26. CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR <ul><li>(1) LOSS OF HUMAN LIVES: </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 2.5 crore soldiers were killed & 3.5 crore wounded. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>(2) COST OF THE WAR: </li></ul><ul><li>Billions of dollars were spent on this war. </li></ul><ul><li>Property worth much more than that was destroyed. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  22. 28. <ul><li>(3) WEAKENED ECONOMY: </li></ul><ul><li>The economies of the nations which participated in the war were shattered. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  23. 29. <ul><li>(4) AMERICA STRENGTHENED: </li></ul><ul><li>America had helped the Allies with money, men and material during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>American influence on the European nations increased. </li></ul><ul><li>It emerged as a Super Power. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  24. 30. <ul><li>(5) DIVIDED GERMANY: </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was divided into administrative zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East Germany (German Democratic Republic) was placed under Soviet Union. (Capital-Berlin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) was administered by UK, France & US (Capital-Bonn) </li></ul></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  25. 31. <ul><li>(6) JAPAN TAMED: </li></ul><ul><li>A Parliamentary Democracy was set up in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor of Japan was the constitutional head of the govt. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese govt. had to consult American while forming the political, administrative and economic policies. </li></ul><ul><li>All lands acquired by Japan since 1895 AD were taken away. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  26. 32. <ul><li>(7) REPARATION COSTS: </li></ul><ul><li>The defeated nations had to pay heavy war fines ranging from ten to thirty crore dollars. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  27. 33. <ul><li>(8) COLONIES STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE: </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalistic feelings became strong in the colonies of England & France. </li></ul><ul><li>England & France had become weak. </li></ul><ul><li>So countries like India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indo- China, Indonesia, Malaya & African countries became independent. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  28. 34. <ul><li>(9) EMERGENCE OF SUPER POWERS: </li></ul><ul><li>The world was divided into two power blocs, one under the leadership of America and other under the leadership of Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>As there were fundamental difference, Russia & America could not agree on problems like future of Berlin disarmament and aid to be given to underdeveloped countries. </li></ul><ul><li>So a situation of ‘Cold War’ arose between two power blocs. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  29. 35. <ul><li>(10) EUROPE SUFFERED: </li></ul><ul><li>European countries suffered the most. </li></ul><ul><li>They faced starvation. </li></ul><ul><li>Production was reduced to 66%. </li></ul><ul><li>There was price-rise. </li></ul><ul><li>People had to pay heavy taxes after WW2. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps like rationing were introduced. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  30. 36. <ul><li>(11) REHABILITATION PROGRAMME: </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of uprooted citizens, people fleeing invading armies, POW, survivors of Concentration camps & Slave labour camps were resettled by United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  31. 37. <ul><li>(12) UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION FORMED: </li></ul><ul><li>It aimed at international peace and solve problems by international cooperation instead of fighting. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  32. 38. <ul><li>(13) ADVENT OF NUCLEAR AGE: </li></ul><ul><li>US only knew how to build the atomic bomb. But the Cold War led Soviet Union to develop. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  33. 39. <ul><li>(14) TRADE AND COMMERCE: </li></ul><ul><li>International trade was badly hit with trade embargoes and blockades. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade grew after WW 2 as countries began to rebuild their economies. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  34. 40. <ul><li>(15) SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of rubber (Malaya) & silk (China) because of Japanese Dominion. </li></ul><ul><li>It led to the development of synthetic rubber, plastics, nylon & rayon for making things like parachutes, food packaging etc. </li></ul>CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR
  35. 41. END OF TOPIC # 2 <ul><li>HAVE A GOOD DAY </li></ul><ul><li>Please read other reference books for enriched knowledge. </li></ul>