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  1. 1. Public & Collaborative Services: Case StudyBaby-food SwapSan Franciso, California, United States: local baby food exchange: everyone makes a lot of one certain meal—10 one cupcontainers of homemade baby food, the members then meet at a certain place and time,and then they trade. The result is that all members of the swap leave with a variety ofbaby food.Citizen RoleMembers help each other save time in the kitchen. There is a combined effort to feedtheir babies healthy, nutritious, diverse meals. Members meet like-minded communitymembers that share similar values.Degrees of InvolvementMembers can solely attend the swaps; or they can help organize the swaps or volunteerto host a swap, which can further involve community members. Members contributespecific knowledge on child rearing, children’s nutrition, cooking tips, healthy recipes,and so on.Public RoleNoneService Diagram Caring for Children and Elderly: Kara, Rosalind, Jennifer
  2. 2. Public & Collaborative Services: Case StudyEnabling SystemsThe swaps are held at 18Reasons – a non-profit food and arts space. The invites aresent via email to the 18Reasons parenting listserves. The primary source of resourcesand information is through social media. Mums can join and learn about the swap onFacebook and Twitter, through the organizers blog, or through the 18Reasons website.Role of Digital EnvironmentDigital platforms are used for organizing the swaps, social networking, and logisticalcoordination. The invites are sent via email, so all of the information and instructions onthe event are communicated digitally.Background / HistoryKaren Soloman who is a food writer and food advocate started the baby food swap. Hermorals related to food meant that buying baby food was not an option. She supports theslow food movement, so she did not want to purchase processed foods that come withunwanted packaging, and the organic baby foods available were out of her budget. Asshe is a working mother, she did not have the time to prepare flavorful and varied mealsfor her baby. This motivated her to create and host a local baby food exchange. Caring for Children and Elderly: Kara, Rosalind, Jennifer