Plumbing Codes


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ParkUSA provides interpretation and insights into changes of the current IPC & UPC plumbing codes.

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  • Discuss the PDI seal.
  • Plumbing Codes

    1. 1. Precast Concrete Products Catchbasins / Inlets Concrete Pipe Manholes / Wet Wells Sewage Treatment Systems Bar Screen Structures Macerator / Grinder Pumps Acid Neutralization Systems Grease Interceptors Oil-Water Separators Heliport Separators Sand-Oil Interceptors Lint Interceptors StormTrooper Stormwater Interceptors Meter Vault Assemblies Fire Service Assemblies Backflow Prevention Assemblies Water Storage Tanks Washrack Reclaim TanksHouston 713-937-7602 Pump Lift StationsDallas 972-263-0222 Wastewater FlumesSan Antonio 210-227-7275Wats 888-611-PARK Aboveground Fuel Underground Vaulted
    2. 2. Our goal is to understand the design and code requirements of every product sold
    3. 3. This would be bestposition for thisLunch n’ Learn
    4. 4. AutoCad and Sizing 24/7
    5. 5. Engineering Reference Materials
    6. 6. Catalogs & CD’s
    7. 7. Technical Presentation Qualification TestVery tricky arithmetic! Note: This must be done in your headonly.Do NOT use paper and pencil or a calculator. Try it.Take 1000 and add 40 to it. Now add another 1000 . Now add30.Add another 1000. Now add 20. Now add another 1000Now add 10 What is the total?Did you get 5000?
    8. 8. Building a “Green” World Takes Everyone Working as a Team…and seems to be the focus of every city
    9. 9. Park Environmental EquipmentHousehold wastesdrain directly into Sanitary Sewerwith no additional treatment.Public Awareness is the only Solution!
    10. 10. But, Commercial Buildings Must collect and treat fats, oils, grease (FOG) solids and chemicals before they leave the owner’s property.Why do all major cities have a “FOG” program?
    11. 11. Who is paying for the program?
    12. 12. SSOs New Issue Past 3 years
    13. 13. EPA Inspectors are looking close-typically find grease problems (Tulsa was fined $250k by EPA for SSO’s?)
    14. 14. EPA Inspectors are looking close-typically find grease problems
    15. 15. Summary to Congress - SSOs
    16. 16. Back to Houston- SSOs
    17. 17. Back to Houston- SSOs
    18. 18. Back to Houston- SSOs
    19. 19. Houston Call 3-1-1 Program
    20. 20. Call 3-1-1
    21. 21. It’s really hard to keep up! Green Building Code, EPA, TCEQ Flood Water Control? Storm Water Quality?Illicit Wash Down? Grease? Sand/Grit? Oil/Water? Solids? Lint?…What should drain to Sanitary? What should drain to Storm? Who Designs Which BMP? Let’s Test the group…
    22. 22. Talking Some Dumpster Juice With Lunch
    23. 23. Parkusa TrashCeptor Covered Area or Uncovered?
    24. 24. Grit/Oil Interceptors now required at Parking Garagesfor power washing operations If no Grit/Oil Interceptor is Grit/Oil installed, Power Washers Interceptor must vacuum up & transport all water dispensed.
    25. 25. OKC SWQ issues a permit and registration certificate after the applicantpays all applicable fees. Good for 1 year
    26. 26. BMP for Parking Garages-clear in Houston
    27. 27. Parking Garage Cleaning/Washing Seminar May 14, 2007
    28. 28. GoTrooper Grit/Oil Interceptoris BMP Precast for New Construction Steel for Existing Sites
    29. 29. Elevator Separators Requirements
    30. 30. Regulated by TDLR
    31. 31. Each Shaft 3,000/hr (or 50 gpm)
    32. 32. Elevator Separators – now in IPC-2006, 09’
    33. 33. Park Interceptors are found in Elevator Shafts (unless in Houston) Each Hydraulic Elevator Shaft must have an automatic sump pump rated for 50 gpm that discharges into an approved oil/water separator.
    34. 34. Pick up Elevader Line Sheet
    35. 35. Precast, Steel or CompositeConcrete for Below Ground Steel for Above Ground
    36. 36. Complete System including ControlsAbove Ground Below Ground
    37. 37. New Subject! Planning for Decontamination Wastewater From Homeland Security – Post 9/11 Plan to Design for: •Chemical Warfare Agents •Biological Disease •Radioactive Materials •Compounds used in the decontaminations process
    38. 38. OSHA Regulations Decontamination shall be performed in geographical areas that will minimize the exposure of uncontaminated employees or equipment to contaminated employees or equipment. Includes all operations involving hazardous waste that are conducted at treatment, storage, disposal (TSD) facilities Where does this Wastewater Drain?
    39. 39. Park Decontamination Tanks……Designed as BMPs for: Hospitals Industrial Plants Research Laboratories Educational Institutions DeconTanx .c o m Airports/Transportation Hubs D e c o n ta m i n a t io n W a s t e Ta n k Chemical Manufacturers Nuclear Facilities Port Authorities Fire/Safety Training
    40. 40. DeconTanxD e c o n ta m i n a t io n W a s t e Ta n k .c o m Installation
    41. 41. Decontamination Codes (treat or hold?) IPC 2006 UPC 2006
    42. 42. Under Submittal for Ellington AFB – Coast Guard To flush toilets and urinals
    43. 43. Rainwater HarvestingIrrigation, Custodial, Laundries, Plumbing
    44. 44. Rainwater Harvesting Booster Pump Systems
    45. 45. “Exactly what was your subject, Pat”?
    46. 46. Basics of All Sanitary Sewer Interceptor DesignWe know for commercial design:It shall be UNLAWFUL for any industrial user to discharge into thepublic sewer:Two Most Important!1. Free or emulsified oil & grease over an average of 100-400 (mg/l)2. Acids or Alkalis which attack or corrode sewers or sewage disposalstructures or have a pH value lower than 5.0 or higher than 11.0
    47. 47. A cid Neutralizing Devicesforward language IPC, UPC 2006, 09, 2012 have updated straight on Acid Neutralization Found under Indirect Wastes in Chapter 8 of the plumbing codes UPC 2006 IPC 2009
    48. 48. pH is kept Neutral (7.0) with Limestone Rock Corroded Pipe Sample Well Acid Resistive Piping Acid Tanks found at: • School Science Labs Limestone Rock • Morgues (Funeral Homes) • Hospitals LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u t r a liz a t io n S y s t e m s • Chemical Plants • Battery Storage
    49. 49. pH Neutralization System Sizing p H M O N IT O R IN G CO N TR O L PA NE L ACC ESS H ATCH F IN IS H E D G R A D E M T D IN B L D G O SHA LADDER S A M P L IN G TA N K A C ID W A S T E P IP IN G O UTLET IN L E T T O C IT Y pH PROBE SEW ER FRO M BLD G LAB W ASTE C H E M IC A L pH PRO BE ROCK Sized by number of lab stations W ET SUM P H O U S E K E E P IN G PAD x 2 gpm per station 20 lab stations = 40 gpm 100 lbs rock = 1 cu ft P R E C A S T C O N C R E T E VA U LT (S E C O N D A R Y C O N T A IN M E N T ) 40 gpm / 7.48 cu ft/gal = 29.9 cu ft of rock needed Build unit to hold 3000 lbs rock (30 bags) LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u t r a liz a t io n S y s t e m s
    50. 50.  Choose Liner w/ LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u tr a liz a tio n S y s te m s Resistivity Chart Recommendations Facility MSDS Sheets
    51. 51. LA BTA N K TMpH Neutralization Systems A c id N e u tr a liz a tio n S y s te m sCeramic Brick Liner – Cadillac of LabTanks LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u tr a liz a tio n S y s t e m s
    52. 52. pH Neutralization SystemsPolypropylene Monitoring System LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u t r a liz a t io n S y s te m s
    53. 53. pH Neutralization SystemsCast in Polyethylene Liner Interior Exterior Both LA BTA N K TM A c id N e u tr a liz a tio n S y s te m s
    54. 54. pH Neutralization SystemsFiberglass (FRP) Liner
    55. 55. pH Neutralization Systems
    56. 56. Remember Coatings!Park can apply exotic coatings
    57. 57. Remember Coatings!ParkUSA can apply exotic coatings
    58. 58. Park sells the Media for Acid Tanks ask for LabRox
    59. 59. “We’ve heard the codes are all alike now” Installation
    60. 60. Nearly all Tx, Ok, Ak, La Cities are IPC, 2000, 2003, 2006 or 2009 San Antonio - Adopted IPC January 2010 (Watch Amendments though - UPC) Austin - Still UPC Houston - Still UPC (Watch Amendments though - IPC)
    61. 61. So, what’s the confusion?
    62. 62. C onfus ion over Names of G reas e Traps Grease Interceptors Names IPC & UPC since 2000 Grease Trap Mechanical Trap Grease Interceptors Automatic Grease Removal Device (GRDs) Gravity Grease Interceptors Hydromechanical Grease Interceptors New! FOG Interceptors A Confusing Mess!
    63. 63. The confusion is IPC can’t settle on name for grease interceptors IPC/UPC 2000 & 2003 called them Grease Traps tested to PDI-101 IPC 2006 and 2009 2. Grease Interceptors 2012 IPC finally changes these to “Hydromechanical” 2. Automatic Grease Removal Device (there is no name for the most popular “outdoor” Grease Interceptor) UPC 2006 and 2009 9. Hydromechanical Grease Interceptors 10.Gravity Grease Interceptors IPC 2015 1. FOG (Fats, Oils, and Greases) System
    64. 64. What happen to the ole “ They picked everyone but us ?Concrete Grease Trap by ??? IPC 2006 & 2009
    65. 65. The “Fallout” when this happens… Cities have to amend the Codes
    66. 66. Hydromechanical IPC-Grease Interceptors The mechanical grease trap is often installed in a kitchen area by the sink (but should be designed away from any food handling) Key! Flow control devices (orifices) Serviced by the kitchen employees rather than professionals Manufactures recommend daily cleaning due to the small size PDI – G101 Tested
    67. 67. Gravity Feed Interceptors - Installation
    68. 68. Gravity Feed Interceptors – Steel Aboveground Application
    69. 69. Gravity Feed Interceptors - Composite
    70. 70. Uniform Plumbing Code DFU Sizing - Houston Gravity Grease Interceptors
    71. 71. Gravity Grease Interceptors (no flow control)#1 Principle for separation:Retention Time Retention 12 – 30 mins. Cool-down of grease in water Outlet topromotes separation and sewercoagulation Inlet 2nd 1st Chamber Chamber Transfer Pipe
    72. 72. Finally! After 5 years of pressure from AHJs 2009 IPC 2012 IPC
    73. 73. More Good News for IPC – Coming in 2015Approved as Submitted to IPC Committee – still must pass Assembly
    74. 74. ASME A112.14.6-2010
    75. 75. What’s Coming?Monitoring and Lined Tanks for concrete
    76. 76. “Enough of that……..”
    77. 77. Grease Interceptor Sizing – IPC/BMP Meals or Seating Method
    78. 78. Grease Interceptor Sizing – UPC DFU Method
    79. 79. Exceptions to Standard SizingHigh School CafeteriasCentral Food Processing PlantsPrisonsConcessions at StadiumsLarge Mall CafeteriasDonut ShopsCall Park Engineering
    80. 80. Restaurant Grease Interceptor Application  Kitchen sinks, dishwashers, soup kettles, handwashing sinks, mop sinks and floor drains should be piped to the grease interceptor located at least 10’ away.  Water temperature must be less than 120 degrees  COH Amendments require Sample Well hen K i tc pi pi n g le S am p Grease Well Interceptor to ew ci er s ty
    81. 81. 2006 & 2009 IPC/UPC Food Waste Grinder - Solids Interceptor Issue Clearly for Hydromechanical
    82. 82. 2010 Houston City Amendment San Antonio City Amendment
    83. 83. Solids InterceptorsIPC & UPC cover Solids in new codes
    84. 84. Solids Interceptors Lint Screens Solids Baskets •Ag Barns •Zoos •Rodeo Arenas •Sea World?
    85. 85. Lint Interceptors IPC 2006 and 2009 COH 2010 Amendment
    86. 86. Lint Screen Designs – Most Popular Old UPC Appendix H 1. Washateria with 5 to 10 washing machines – LT-500, 500 Gallon Capacity 2. Washateria with 11 to 20 washing machines – LT-1000, 1,000 Gallon Capacity 3. Washateria with 21 to 30 washing machines – LT-1500, 1,500 Gallon Capacity Just add lint screen
    87. 87. Car Wash Application Sand/Mud Interceptor Carwash Drain pipin g t n-ou Clea ple am S ll We ….notice the absence of e r Sand/Mud coalescing plates. sew Interceptor cityto COH still requires 750 gal min
    88. 88. Maintenance Departments Oil/Water Separators in Catch bas Drain ch Drain Tren pip ing t n-ou Clea Note: Coalescing Plate Pack Oil/Water Separator ple tm sew er am S ll ity to c We ii ll T T r r o o o o p p e e r r Oil Water Interceptor
    89. 89. Park Coalescing Plate Packs tm ii ll T T r r o o o o p p e e r r Oil Water Interceptor
    90. 90. Computer Analyzed Plate Design Based on Stokes’ Law tm ii l lTT r r o o o o p p e e r rOil Water Interceptor
    91. 91. Park Heliport SeparatorSeparator
    92. 92. Park Heliport SeparatorSeparator
    93. 93. Park Heliport SeparatorSeparator
    94. 94. Pre-Assembled Pump Lift Stations & Valve AssembliesStorm Water Non Clog (Myers, Flygt, KSB, Goulds, Hydromatic) Top Mount Turbines (Hydro-flo) Axial Flow Submersibles (Flygt, Hydro-flo) Vertical Turbines Suction Pump SystemsSanitary Sewer Non Clog Grinder SubmersibleDesign –Call Park Engineering Design GMP TDH Elevations/TOG (if known) Pipe Size/TypePark will design Lift Station & Controls then senddesign engineer a drawing.
    95. 95. PumpSpex Lift Station Design Software
    96. 96. Separator & Fuel Tank
    97. 97. Protected Fuel Tanks (steel w/ concrete secondaryToughest Environmental Tank in the Industry.  SwRI 95-03 Multi-Hazard Rated  UL 2085, Protected Tank  Meets NFPA 30/30A  UFC Appendix A-II-F1(79-7)  4-Hour Fire Rated
    98. 98. SuperVault Multihazard Fuel Tanks Rectangular Designs from 500 – 2,000 gallons
    99. 99. SuperVault Accessories
    100. 100. Park Break Tanks
    101. 101. Up-Coming Technologies forParkUSA • Combined Heat and Power (CHP) • HB1831 & HB4409 • Requires CHP feasibility studies in critical government buildings • Education Webinars offered on a regular basis
    102. 102. FracPod •Water storage for hydro- fracturing operationsSolar Water Heaters
    103. 103. Park as a BMP“Expect the Best”… With one call to Park, expect that your project will run smoothly from start to finish. From the design and specifications to submittals, manufacturing and final inspections, let Park provide solutions for your next projects. Questions?
    104. 104. Park Correctional Facility Bar Screens and Macerators
    105. 105. Park Correctional Facility Bar Screens and Macerators
    106. 106. Macerator Assemblies In-Line Grinder “Sewer Chewer” “Muffin Monster” Grinds high solid concentrations that clog system Prisons where inmates sometimes stuff towels, shoes, sheets down toilets to intentionally flood a cell block
    107. 107. Types of Water Meters  Positive Displacement  Turbine  Compound  Combination  Propeller tm  Mag Meter
    108. 108. Water Meter TypesPositive DisplacementMeter (Disc) ..Measures low flow typically associated with residential and light commercial. The available sizes are 5/8” through 2”. tm
    109. 109. Water Meter Types Turbine Meter Turbine meters are designed for domestic or fire service applications where the flow is consistently moderate to high. Turbine meters are available in sizes of 2” through 16”. tm
    110. 110. Turbine Meter AssemblyHigh Flow Commercial  Processing Plants  Manufacturing Facilities  Lawn Sprinkler Systems  Effluent Water in Treatment Plants  Booster Pump Stations  Inter-Systems Sale or Transfer  Sewer Credit/Sub-Meter tm
    111. 111. Water Meter Types Fire Service Turbine Meter For fire service applications, a fire turbine water meter with a 6:1 UL/FM strainer is used. tm
    112. 112. Fire Service Turbine Meter Assembly Level Controlled Break Tank Filling Fire Hydrants for Private Fire Loops Fire Sprinkler Line tm
    113. 113. Water Meter Types Compound Meter Positive displacement meter and a turbine meter. Designed where large variations in flow anticipated. Typical applications include schools, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers Designs where flow demands vary from fractional gallons to large peak-hour demands. Compound meters are available in sizes of 2” through 6”. tm
    114. 114. Compound Meter Assembly High Occupancy FacilitiesHotels & MotelsHospitalsSchoolsRestaurantsOffice BuildingsDorms, Nursing HomesDept Stores, Malls Remember 6” Limitation tm
    115. 115. Water Meter Types Combination Meter The combination meter , similar to a compound meter Domestic and fire service Again, designed where large variations in flow is anticipated. BUT! Used in designs where pipe size exceeds 6” tm
    116. 116. UL/FM Combination Meter Assembly What kind of Service ---Fire or Domestic? What kind of strainer---3:1 or 6:1? What size water distribution line---at least ______? What kind of maintenance valves? OS&Y or NRS? tm
    117. 117. Multi-Service Meter Assembly Meter #2 Meter #1 What type meters on each line? Domestic or Fire? Type Installation---school, hospital, hotel? Why? tm
    118. 118.  Domestic or Fire Application? Propeller Meter Why two registers and two strainers? High accuracy required High and Constant Flow, where low flow never occurs Sizes ranging from 3” to 36” Interconnects Meters for Cities and MUDs tm
    119. 119. Propeller Meter Assembly Typically two water purveyors (sources) Industrial Plants Manufacturing Facilities tm
    120. 120. Propeller Meter Assembly Different type propeller meter Note the register. This type has two readers in same register compartment Note large plate strainer units tm
    121. 121. Mag Meters •Need 120 volt service •Or Solar design Recently very popular No moving parts Highly accurate tm
    122. 122. Mag Meters Assembly tm
    123. 123. Mag Meters Assembly (Solar Design) tm
    124. 124. Cross Connection ControlWhen and why do Civil Engineers specify Backflow Assemblies?
    125. 125. Why and Who? It’s the lawWater PurveyorHealth DepartmentPlumbing Official (approves engineered designs)Manufacturer (provides tested and right type assembly)Consumer (continued testing by certified backflow tester)
    126. 126. Two Types of Backflow 2. Back Siphonage - Loss of pressure below Atmospheric Pressure (water hose left in soapy water bucket) 3. Back Pressure – any elevation of pressure in the downstream piping (by pump, elevation of piping, or stream and/ or air pressures
    127. 127. Types of Backflow Preventers  Air Gap  Vacuum Breaker  Double Check  Detector Check  Reduced Pressure Principle
    128. 128. Backflow Preventer TypesAir Gap
    129. 129. Backflow Preventer TypesVacuum Breakers Two Types: Atmospheric & Pressure Type (testable) Used on on Non-Potable Water Applications Where it is Not Subject to Backpressure
    130. 130. Backflow Preventer TypesDouble Check Backflow Preventer Used on closed loop systems typically on fire service lines Where no other access to water for pubic use may be accessed (valves, hose closets, etc)
    131. 131. Backflow Preventer TypesDetector Check Backflow Preventer Similar to the Double Check Backflow except with Detector Meter to Detect Unauthorized water use and leakage. Detector meters detect usage of 5 gpm or less. Fire hydrants, hose cabinets, break tanks, construction sights.
    132. 132. Reduced Pressure Zone Backflow Preventer (RPZ)  When contaminants could be a Toxic or Hazardous  Chemical Plants  Funeral Homes  Schools (labs)  Cities are requiring in more and more Relief Valve applications
    133. 133. RPZ Backflow Preventer “N” Pattern Different design RPZ providing smaller footprint
    134. 134. Combination Pressure Reducing & PressureSustaining Valve Used to automatically reduce downstream pressure and sustain a minimum pressure regardless of the demand.
    135. 135. Water Transmission Line w/ Turbine Meterand ACV
    136. 136. Water Transmission Line w/ AutomaticControl Valve (ACV) (freeze protection)
    137. 137. Water Transmission Line w/ AutomaticControl Valve (ACV) (freeze protection)
    138. 138. Altitude Valves