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Pune air pollution presentation 14th may 2018

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Presentation made by Sunil Dahiya, Senior Campaigner (Climate and Energy), Greenpeace India at a workshop in Pune focusing on review and critique of the draft National Clean Air Programme.

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Pune air pollution presentation 14th may 2018

  1. 1. Air Pollution – An issue beyond Delhi-NCR 14th May 2018: Hall A 3, Third Floor, PYC Hindu Gymkhana, Pune By: Sunil Dahiya Senior Campaigner, Climate and Energy Greenpeace India
  2. 2. Air Pollution & Its sources • Transfer of harmful and/or of Natural/Synthetic materials into the atmosphere as a direct/indirect consequences of human activity (OECD) Natural Sources- Volcano, forest fire, dust storms, oceans, plants and trees Anthropogenic Sources- Create by human beings Stationary Sources Mobile Sources Point Sources (Industrial processing, power plants, fuel combustion etc.) Area Sources (Residential heating, open burning etc.) Line Sources (Highway Vehicles, railroad locomotives etc.)
  3. 3. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-16 Dec-16 PM10(µg/m3) PM2.5 Conc. In Delhi 2016 2016
  4. 4. Is Air Pollution only limited to Winters? Is Air Pollution limited to Delhi alone?
  5. 5. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-16 Dec-16 PM10(µg/m3) PM10 levels across Uttar Pradesh (January 2016 to December 2016) Lucknow NAAQS WHO Kanpur Allahabad Varanasi Agra Noida
  6. 6. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2014 2015 2016 NAAQS WHO Annual Average PM10 levels Across Uttar Pradesh since 2014
  7. 7. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 PM10(µg/m3) RSPM (PM10) levels across Maharashtra Since 2011 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 NAAQS WHO
  8. 8. 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 TotalVehiclesPopulation Year Total Vehicles Population in Pune and few other nearby areas Pune Solapur Pimpri-Chinchwad Baramati Akluj 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 No.ofDisel,Petrol,L.P.G.&C.N.G.Motor VehiclesPopulation No. of Disel, Petrol, L.P.G. & C.N.G. Motor Vehicles Population in Pune (2011 to 2017) Diesel Petrol LPG CNG Others 0 100000 200000 300000 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Category Wise Number of Motor Vehicles Newly registered in Pune during the year 2011-2017 Category Motor Cycles Scooters Mopeds Motor Cars Jeeps Station Wagons Tractors Trailers Others Meter Fited Tourist Cabs Autorikshaws Stage Carriages Contract Carriages/ MiniBus School Buses Pvt. Service Vehicles Ambulances HSD 1019499 1109627 1145373 MS 433991 497907 532928 No. of Vehicles and Fuel Consumption
  9. 9. Motor Cycles 72% Scooters 0% Mopeds 0% Motor Cars 19% Tourist Cabs 2% Autorikshaws 2% Trucks & Lorries 1% Delivery Vans (4 WH) 1% Delivery Vans (3 WH) 1% Vehicle Category Wise Break-up in Pune City
  10. 10. WHO 2018 Report
  11. 11. WHO 2018 Report
  12. 12. WHO 2018 Report
  13. 13. Satellite Image (AOD) 2005 & 2017 https://neo.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/servlet/RenderData?si=1712120&cs=rgb&format=JPEG&width=3600&height=1800 January 2005 May 2005 January 2017 May 2017
  14. 14. Changes in AOD (PM2.5) over past 10 years (a) 2005 (b) 2009 (c) 2015
  15. 15. AOD derived PM2.5 concentrations over India Total 2015 Change over 2009-2015
  16. 16. “It’s just cars / fog / dust…” Urban air pollution is essentially always a mixture of regional and local sources
  17. 17. Agricultural Biomass burning: According to monthly report by Department of Agriculture, Rajasthan for February- March 2017 submitted to CPCB, 21.92 m tones of residue was burnt in Uttar Pradesh followed by Punjab (19.65), Haryana (9.08), Madhya Pradesh (1.91) and Rajasthan (1.78). Other Major Sources of Air Pollution: • DG sets, • Irrigation pumps, • Construction activities, • Municipal solid waste burning, • Solid biomass used for cooking, • Dust on the roads, • Resuspension of Dust from River Beds (i.e., Ganges) and • Fly ash from coal based TPPs etc. Other Major Sources of Pollution
  18. 18. • Look at the air pollution problem as regional and comprehensive approach rather than city specific problem and start working on larger geography centric Regional Clean Air Action Plan. • Including right combination of policies for power generation, industry, transport, construction and agriculture for combating air pollution issue. • Making public transport more reliable and safe so that people can shift from polluting individual private vehicles to public transport. • Expanding the distribution and reach of real time air pollution data and information on robust Graded Response Action Plan (as emergency measures) across regions to the general public through various mediums, such as TV, Radio, Newspapers, Mobile Apps and Web Portals. • Issuing real time Health Advisory with the data on air pollution to the general public suggesting them to take concerned actions and activities with the varying pollution levels. • Strengthening the emission standards for thermal power plants and other industries to reduce the pollution levels with proper implementation of the existing laws. • Implementing stricter norms for vehicles and upgrading to more efficient and stricter emission norms emission. • Emphasis on aggressive usage of renewable sources of energy to replace polluting energy sources for household and transport energy demand As a way ahead to solve this Health Emergency we should
  19. 19. Air Quality Data Availability • NAQI Web Portal – Web Address: http://182.74.164.179:9000/ – In April 2015 the NAQI programme was started with 10 cities providing air quality data to the web based system and is expected to cover 46 cities having population more than a million and 20 state capitals • CPCB and SPCB websites • Mobile Apps – Safar – Sameer – Plume Air – Clean Air Nation (Greenpeace India)
  20. 20. For more information: Sunil Dahiya Senior Campaigner, Climate and Energy Greenpeace India Mobile: +91 9013673250 Email ID: sunil.dahiya@greenpeace.org

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