Under the influence? The construction of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in the UK  Pam Lowe Ellie Lee
Outline <ul><li>FASD migration? </li></ul><ul><li>Risky drinking? </li></ul><ul><li>Unrespectable women?  </li></ul>
FASD migration? <ul><li>FAS identified in alcoholic women in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Democratised to include all women </...
UK Developments <ul><li>‘ Arrived’ in the UK since 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior to this very little attention </li></u...
UK Developments
Government responses <ul><li>Advice has changed to promote  </li></ul><ul><li>abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Yet there is no...
Risky Drinking? <ul><li>Consumption of alcohol now considered a social problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to anti-social...
Risky Drinking? <ul><li>Associated with negative discourses of teenage pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-social familie...
‘ Good motherhood’ <ul><li>Increasing attention on  </li></ul><ul><li>pregnancy and conception </li></ul><ul><li>through e...
‘ Good mothering’? <ul><li>Women are ‘warned’ of the ‘risk </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Good motherhood’ becomes defined by complia...
Parenting cultures  <ul><li>Overlapping discourses correlate around consumption of alcohol in pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Summary <ul><li>FASD has emerged as social problem at a particular cultural time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge drinking </li...
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Pam lowe

  1. 1. Under the influence? The construction of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in the UK Pam Lowe Ellie Lee
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>FASD migration? </li></ul><ul><li>Risky drinking? </li></ul><ul><li>Unrespectable women? </li></ul>
  3. 3. FASD migration? <ul><li>FAS identified in alcoholic women in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Democratised to include all women </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded to a range of conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FASD </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. UK Developments <ul><li>‘ Arrived’ in the UK since 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior to this very little attention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linked to the development of UK claimsmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Initial reception muted –little widespread support </li></ul>
  5. 5. UK Developments
  6. 6. Government responses <ul><li>Advice has changed to promote </li></ul><ul><li>abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Yet there is no evidence </li></ul><ul><li> that this is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Message not universally </li></ul><ul><li>accepted </li></ul>
  7. 7. Risky Drinking? <ul><li>Consumption of alcohol now considered a social problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to anti-social behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Young women in particular </li></ul><ul><li>are focused on as </li></ul><ul><li>problematic binge </li></ul><ul><li>drinkers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Risky Drinking? <ul><li>Associated with negative discourses of teenage pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-social families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Young) binge-drinking </li></ul><ul><li>women become identified </li></ul><ul><li>as a risk to potential foetus. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ‘ Good motherhood’ <ul><li>Increasing attention on </li></ul><ul><li>pregnancy and conception </li></ul><ul><li>through engagement </li></ul><ul><li>with the public foetus </li></ul><ul><li>Individualisation encourages </li></ul><ul><li>new public heath solutions </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Risk’ is not a consideration but </li></ul><ul><li>a negative to be avoided </li></ul>
  10. 10. ‘ Good mothering’? <ul><li>Women are ‘warned’ of the ‘risk </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Good motherhood’ becomes defined by compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Yet not accepted uncritically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do ‘good mothers’ really need reminding? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Parenting cultures <ul><li>Overlapping discourses correlate around consumption of alcohol in pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-social behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teenage pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fit with the emergence of a ‘public foetus’ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Summary <ul><li>FASD has emerged as social problem at a particular cultural time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Foetus/child at risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incompatibility of risk with good motherhood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes in advice unrelated to scientific evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Has implications for the policing of all women’s behaviour </li></ul>

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