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Charlotte faircloth 2011 09 13 cpcs monitoring parents


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Charlotte faircloth 2011 09 13 cpcs monitoring parents

  1. 1. 'What science says is best': Full-term breastfeeding, scientific authority and maternal identity work. Charlotte Faircloth SSPSSR University of Kent
  2. 2. THE ABC ’S OF ATTACHMENT PARENTING <ul><li>When you practice the Baby B ’s of AP, your child has a greater chance of growing up with the qualities of the A’s and C’s: </li></ul><ul><li>A ’s B’s C’s </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplished Birth bonding Caring </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptable Breastfeeding Communicative </li></ul><ul><li>Adept Babywearing Compassionate </li></ul><ul><li>Admirable Bedding close to baby Confident </li></ul><ul><li>Affectionate Belief in baby ’s cry Connected </li></ul><ul><li>Anchored Balance and boundaries Cuddly </li></ul><ul><li>Assured Beware of baby trainers Curious </li></ul>
  3. 4. Studies show… <ul><li>When women once again listen to their intuitive voice, they ’ll know that although raising a child naturally takes an enormous amount of time and energy, it also brings a beautiful and irreplaceable, intimate connection. The children of such women won’t form attachments to inanimate objects [such as dummies or comfort blankets] in the hopes of getting their needs met. Instead, they’ll form healthy, life-long relationships, and most importantly, will not be afraid to love (53). Studies reveal a much lower divorce rate amongst people who received long-term breastfeeding as children (61). (2007: 145 Emphasis in original) </li></ul><ul><li>The references from the last two sentences are to: </li></ul><ul><li>53: See the work of Pam Chubbuck for further information. Breastfeeding is essential for bio-psycho-spiritual health, Pam Chubbuck, PhD. </li></ul><ul><li>61: Breastfeeding: brain nutrients in brain development for human love and peace. See table 1, James Prescotts ’s [sic] </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>What this means for parents raising children in today's world is sweeping. We need cultural changes – changes in expectation, in our view of parents, in our definitions of feminism and masculinity, in our economic systems and medical understandings. In its broader applications, attachment theory requires us to rethink most of what our society has taught us. We must let go of old learning and erroneous information in order to re-attune to our own connective instincts. </li></ul><ul><li>Mothering Magazine July 2003 </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Today, it frequently seems as if scientific authority is replacing religious and moral authority, and in the process being transformed into a dogma. At first sight, it appears that science has the last word on all the important questions of our time . Science is no longer confined to the laboratory. Parents are advised to adopt this or that child-rearing technique on the grounds that ‘the research’ has shown what is best for kids. Scientific studies are frequently used to instruct people on how to conduct their relationships and family life, and on what food they should eat, how much alcohol they should drink, how frequently they can expose their skin to the sun, and even how they should have sex. Virtually every aspect of human life is discussed in scientific terms, and justified with reference to a piece of research or by appealing to the judgment of experts </li></ul><ul><li>(Furedi 2008). </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>In every system of morality, which I have hitherto met with, I have always remark’d, that the author proceeds for some time in the ordinary ways of reasoning, and establishes the being of a God, or makes observations concerning human affairs; when all of a sudden I am surpriz’d to find, that instead of the usual copulations of propositions, is , and is not , I meet with no proposition that is not connected with an ought , or an ought not . This change is imperceptible; but is however, of the last consequence. For as this ought , or ought not , expresses some new relation or affirmation, tis necessary that it shou’d be observ’d and explain’d; and at the same time that a reason should be given; for what seems altogether inconceivable, how this new relation can be a deduction from others, which are entirely different from it </li></ul><ul><li>Hume (1739/40 Section 1, Book 3). </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Breastfeeding advocacy, while resting partially on the idea of maternal nursing as natural mothering, most often looks to science to verify its value and promote its interests. Such advocacy is problematic, I think, when it relies increasingly on the scientific case in its favour because that reliance simply knits a complex biosocial practice ever more firmly into science as the final arbiter of what we, as humans, should eat, how we should sleep, what kind of relationship we should develop with our children, and so on </li></ul><ul><li>Hausman (2003: 152). </li></ul>
  8. 9. 12. Do you feel that you have to explain your decisions about how you feed your infant(s) to other people? <ul><li>Felicity [33, daughter of 12, just weaned son of 2 years old, Questionnaire response] Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Please say a little more, and how this makes you feel, as a mother: </li></ul><ul><li>I ’m educated enough now about the issues not to give a damn what others think… ignorant, status quo following puppets… plus I’m not English so I’m used to people judging me for my ‘ d fferent’ ways of doing things. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your most common reaction to being judged over your decisions [to continue breastfeeding]? </li></ul><ul><li>Fight back with ‘did you know…’ interesting research, facts, stories… my decision is evidence based and theirs’ [those who do not breastfeed into toddlerhood] is not. Then again, I’m really well read on this stuff now. I’m super empowered with the knowledge I have. </li></ul>