Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Remote patient monitoring system

371 views

Published on

During treatment, it is highly important to continuously monitor the vital physiological signs of the patient. Therefore , patient monitoring systems has always been occupying a very important position in the field of medical devices.
The continuous improvement of technologies not only helps us transmit the vital physiological signs to the medical personnel but also simplifies the measurement and as a result raises the monitoring efficiency of patients.

Published in: Healthcare
  • Be the first to comment

Remote patient monitoring system

  1. 1. Presentation On “Remote Patient Monitoring System” Presented By - Paras Bhartwal
  2. 2. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 2  During treatment, it is highly important to continuously monitor the vital physiological signs of the patient. Therefore , patient monitoring systems has always been occupying a very important position in the field of medical devices.  The continuous improvement of technologies not only helps us transmit the vital physiological signs to the medical personnel but also simplifies the measurement and as a result raises the monitoring efficiency of patients. Introduction
  3. 3. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 3  We can reduce the number of emergency department visits, hospitalizations and duration of hospital stays.  Improve the patient experience.  Improve the health of populations.  Reduce the per capital cost of health care.  Resolve the problem of limited staff. Objective behind this concept
  4. 4.  Arduino UNO  GSM module  LCD Display  Heart rate (HR)  Body temperature  Humidity  GSR  Accelerometer  Glucometer Components used
  5. 5. Block diagram
  6. 6. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 6  Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P.  It has 14 digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz quartz crystal, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header and a reset button.  It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. Arduino UNO
  7. 7. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 7  GSM module is used to establish communication between a mobile phone and a GSM system.  GSM module consists of a GSM modem assembled together with power supply circuit and communication interfaces (like RS-232, USB, etc.) for computer.  It requires a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card just like mobile phones to activate communication with the network. Also they have IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number similar to mobile phones for their identification. GSM module
  8. 8. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 8  A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat- panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals. Liquid crystals do not emit light directly, instead using a backlight or reflector to produce images in color or monochrome.  LCDs are available to display arbitrary images (as in a general-purpose computer display) or fixed images with low information content, which can be displayed or hidden, such as preset words, digits, and 7-segment displays, as in a digital clock. LCD Display
  9. 9. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 9  The sensor consists of a super bright red LED and light detector. The LED needs to be super bright as the maximum light must pass spread in finger and detected by detector. Now, when the heart pumps a pulse of blood through the blood vessels, the finger becomes slightly more opaque and so less light reached the detector.  With each heart pulse the detector signal varies. This variation is converted to electrical pulse. This signal is amplified through an amplifier which outputs analog voltage between 0 to +5V logic level signal. It works on the principle of light modulation by blood flow through finger at each pulse. Heart rate
  10. 10. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 10  LM35 is a precision IC temperature sensor with its output proportional to the temperature (in oC). The sensor circuitry is sealed and therefore it is not subjected to oxidation and other processes.  An LM35 temperature sensor is used for sensing environment temperature which gives 1 degree temperature on every 10mV change at its output pin. You can easily check it with voltmeter by connecting Vcc at pin 1 and Ground at pin 3 and output voltage at pin 2 of LM35 sensor. For an example if the output voltage of LM35 sensor is 250mV, that means the temperature is around 25 degree Celsius. Body temperature
  11. 11. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 11  Humidity sensors detect the relative humidity of the immediate environments in which they are placed. They measure both the moisture and temperature in the air and express relative humidity as a percentage of the ratio of moisture in the air to the maximum amount that can be held in the air at the current temperature.  As air becomes hotter, it holds more moisture, so the relative humidity changes with the temperature.  Most humidity sensors use capacitive measurement to determine the amount of moisture in the air. Humidity Sensor
  12. 12. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 12  Skin conductance, also known as galvanic skin response (GSR) is a method of measuring the electrical conductance of the skin, which varies with its moisture level.  This is of interest because the sweat glands are controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, so moments of strong emotion, change the electrical resistance of the skin. Skin conductance is used as an indication of psychological or physiological arousal.  The device measures the electrical conductance between 2 points, and is essentially a type of ohmmeter. GSR Sensor
  13. 13. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 13 One of the most common inertial sensors is the accelerometer, a dynamic sensor capable of a vast range of sensing. Accelerometers are available that can measure acceleration in one, two, or three orthogonal axes. They are typically used in one of three modes:  As an inertial measurement of velocity and position;  As a sensor of inclination, tilt, or orientation in 2 or 3 dimensions, as referenced from the acceleration of gravity (1 g = 9.8m/s2);  As a vibration or impact (shock) sensor. Accelerometer
  14. 14. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 14 In Glucose bottle IR Sensor is placed at mouth side of bottle. This gives the idea about the completion of glucose of bottle. All data sensed by sensor which display on the LCD Display and also transmitted on the mobile of Doctors/Nurse of hospital through GSM module. All data or information sensed by sensor which is transmitted through GSM module on the mobile of Doctors. Because of that If any critical conditions happened with patient then doctors immediately provides the help to patient. Also, this is information displayed on LCD display, so parent continuously monitor this information. In this system Microcontroller & GSM system play very important role. Glucometer
  15. 15.  The system is used to read patient health parameter such as body temperature, heart rate, position, humidity etc. using various sensors and sends it to Arduino.  Arduino encodes the readings thus received and displays all the information on LCD Display.  When an emergency occurs with the patient then anyone can press the emergency switch and a message send to the doctor via GSM module.  It also send the messages when any parameter cross its critical value. Working
  16. 16.  Multiple parameters like retinal size, age and weight can be included as controlling parameters in the future.  More than a single patient at different places can be monitored using such system.  Future diagnosis can be performed via the same system.  Remote ECG monitoring systems have been applied in the monitoring of various kinds of heart diseases, and the quality of the transmission and reception of the ECG signals during remote process kept advancing. Future scope
  17. 17. Click to edit Master title style 2/15/2018 17 We presented the design and implementation of a Remote Patient Monitoring system based on wireless technology using a cellular phone, to send an SMS to the medical staff. Patient data can also be check on mobile app. The system monitors patient's health status, such as heart rate, and temperature. The developed system can be used at home as well as in travelling. Patients and their family members feel comfort knowing that they are being monitored and will be supported if a problem arises. Conclusion

×