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IoTWorld 2016 OSS Keynote Param Singh, Ian Skerrett

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Emergent Open Source IoT Ecosystem
There is a vibrant open source ecosystem developing around all layers of the IoT software stack. These technologies, when woven together, have the potential of propelling the Internet of things forward exponentially. Open source provides a trusted space where device vendors and software companies can reliably share components essential to interconnect the currently splintered IoT ecosystem.
Come see what is happening and how you can leverage open source IoT software right now.
Ian Skerrett, VP of Marketing, Eclipse Foundation
Param Singh, CEO, iotracks; IoT Advisor, City of San Francisco
https://iotworldevent.com/iot-open-source-summit/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published in: Internet
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IoTWorld 2016 OSS Keynote Param Singh, Ian Skerrett

  1. 1. The emergent Open Source ecosystem for IoT 1 Param SinghIan Skerrett VP, Eclipse Foundation CEO Iotracks IoT advisor city of San Francisco
  2. 2. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Session Outline • The Need for Interoperability • Growth of Open Source in IoT • IoT Market Landscape • A deeper Dive into open source with Eclipse 2
  3. 3. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Key Trends in IoT 3
  4. 4. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Interoperability is the Key 4source: Mckinsey - Unlocking the potential of IoT, June 2015
  5. 5. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 5 physically connect devices (analog / digital) source: entrepreneurshiptalk.wordpress.com local | mesh protocols Session Mgmt (MQTT et all) Decision: Local Fog | Cloud | hybrid Decision: Business model | process Enterprise Business Systems | Processes Presentation Layer- Exiting dashboard | new Event (Data) Routing | Processing Data Storage | Retrieval | Analytics Device Management Decision: Business Operations & Support Transforming People’s Lives ! Need for interoperability across all tiers
  6. 6. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Open Source is the Key to Interoperability 6 Software ISVs Device Vendors Enterprise Software Developers Solution Providers Infrastructure | Cloud Network Operators Networking Equipment Industrial BusinessApps: Consumer Embedded Developers prevents vendor lock-in trusted reusable components seamless inter-connectivity via open protocols Lowers barriers to entry Lowers costs | Community Support together delivering full- stack interoperability
  7. 7. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Open vs Open Source • Just opening up proprietary platforms is not enough • SDKs • APIs • We need access to • Source code • a trusted environment to publish our interoperability components (preferably as microservices…) 7
  8. 8. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Emergence of Open Source Projects in IoT 8 Open Source Wins mobile infrastructure Internet of Thingsenterprise middleware ? Apache App Server Android Docker HadoopJavaJava
  9. 9. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Adoption of MQTT vs COAP 9source: pdf.fremantle.org (google searches for MQTT and COAP)
  10. 10. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Exponential growth since docker went Open Source 10source: docker conference
  11. 11. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Scores of Other Open Source initiatives 11 Device Hive The Physical Web Lelylan Thing Speak Bug Labs Open Remote OpenHAB Eclipse IoT ProjectsKaa freeboard.io Platforms Middleware Tools & development Consortium Protocols ARM mbed OIC + All SeenOSHWA XMPP CoAPMQTT BipIO OpenIoT KinomaJS Thingful Hardware BeagleBone Intel Galileo Misc Mozilla ejbca PKIIntel's TAPApache (Ignite) Raspbian VSCP PicoLabs Tessel.io The Thing System Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) Eclipse OpenFog Consortium
  12. 12. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Key sectors in IoT IoT Device Cloud Edge 12 Proprietary Eclipse Apache, iotracks Forgerock | ARM mbed Docker, Linux distros current M2M | embedded intel edison electric imp other sensors, micro controllers Lively cloud electric imp cloud M2M Clouds AWS, IBM, Microsoft, GE Open Device Clouds (emerging) Kafka, Spark, mongoDB Openstack Open Source
  13. 13. param singh IoT market landscape - open vs closed systems IoT Device Cloud Open SourceProprietary EdgeMicro-controller Sensors, Boards (electric Imp) (Intel Edison) (particle.io) Micro-controller Clouds (Electric Imp Cloud) (Particle.io Cloud) AWS Marketplace of reusable components OpenHAB (a gap) iotracks ForgeRock Apache ignite Eclipse PTC/ Axeda| Thingworks, Etherios, EuroTech Windriver machine shop, GoFactory IoT Device Clouds Xively Parse for IoT PTC/Axeda IBM BlueMix GE Predix Microsoft Azure ARM mbed gateways SAP Hana (Open Device Clouds) Still Emerging Traditional M2M Device Clouds Docker 13 Kafka, Spark, mongoDB Openstack open-ing Linux distros Contiki R IoT Kaa This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Cisco IoX
  14. 14. param singh The true cost of silos… 14 the question is how to ensure this interoperability…
  15. 15. param singh According to a new VisionMobile survey of 3,700 IoT developers, 91% of respondents use open source software in at least one area of their software stack. This is good news for IoT because only open source promises to reduce or eliminate the potential for lock- in imposed by proprietary “standards.” 15 extending this use to other layers of the stack… source: http://readwrite.com/2016/05/04/open-source-near-ubiquitous-iot-report-pl1/
  16. 16. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. open alternative to proprietary M2M and IOT systems threading together projects across the tiers… 16 Tiers of IoT stack Presentation cloud | identity | systems App logic and orchestration components dev environments IoT infrastructure gateways, networks protocols & device connectors device firmware, drivers, agents Contiki various client stacks
  17. 17. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 17
  18. 18. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 18
  19. 19. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. What does Fog Layer | Edge Computing mean 19source: Cisco
  20. 20. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. When to use Fog Computing • Multiple locations: different wings in a hospital, multiple city blocks • A large number of sensors: 10s, 100, 1000’s of sensors especially when they are of different types of sensors • low latency: real-time performance is really important sub-millisecond roundtrip, on premise-only for security reasons) • apply real-time analytics: versus post processing in Hadoop clusters • Immediate notification: for mission critical system • Offline or Sporadic Connectivity: on premise for security reasons (utilities), or collection points 20
  21. 21. param singh IDC on Edge Gateway 21 “…promoting open data platforms to accelerate IoT developers onto the platform. Edge Gateways (running containers) will play a critical role here” Vernon Turner, SVP IoT at IDC
  22. 22. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. migration from monolithic… 22 Monolithic Architecture & deployment process API and Framework driven Bundling of code into single executable that can be unit tested. Complex server and deployment process - from individual workstations, integration, functional testing, staging, to production modern single page web and mobile apps with client and server side code and programming interfaces
  23. 23. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. … to a modern architecture for IoT 23 microservices containers dev models, integration & management API make it desirable to deploy services independently. leading to a focus on a system of loosely coupled processes containers (docker) use shared OS kernel (hw isolation). Making, build, ship and run easy and secure code (different languages & dev environments) in containers makes it possible to assemble IoT with greater flexibility
  24. 24. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. A New approach to Fog | Edge Computing • Open Source Containers and Micro-services at the edge compute layer layer not just in the cloud • Key Benefits • reuse of legacy code from edge technologies written in C and Java • containers provide greater security vs running scripts on the edge • reusable | open source components: use flexible microservices to apply- policies, code | scripts, machine learning (analytics) directly on the edge for real-time | low latency uses 24
  25. 25. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 25source: docker.com Docker Nautilus - Security Scanning - released Today • Binary Image Scan: detection of malicious code, stripping, renaming of your mages • Natively integrated: with Docker Hub (Official and Private repos) • Scans are container-aware: Does not require running an image, reduces the risk of undetected security problems. • Notifications: notifies the user when new vulnerabilities are discovered
  26. 26. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. orchestrating event streams on the edge… 26 source: Cisco containers per device | streams distributed mesh of edge processing servers or cloud event orchestration
  27. 27. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. open fog consortium 27 source: Cisco
  28. 28. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Open Source is the Key to Interoperability 28 Software ISVs Device Vendors Enterprise Software Developers Solution Providers Infrastructure | Cloud Network Operators Networking Equipment Industrial BusinessApps: Consumer Embedded Developers prevents vendor lock-in trusted reusable components seamless inter-connectivity via open protocols Lowers barriers to entry Lowers costs | Community Support together delivering full- stack interoperability
  29. 29. Creating the Open Source Building Blocks for IoT Ian Skerrett Eclipse Foundation
  30. 30. Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 5/5/2016 30 Openness Attracts Developers
  31. 31. IoT Developer Enablement
  32. 32. Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 5/5/2016 32 Developers Build Cool Stuff
  33. 33. Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 5/5/2016 33 Open Hardware Is a Key Enabler
  34. 34. IoT Developer Survey 2016 - Copyright Eclipse Foundation Usage of Open Hardware 7% 9% 32% 33% 19% Yes, my company deploys IoT solution using a Yes, I have experimented with open harware Never used open hardware 5/5/2016 34 Have you ever used any open hardware platforms like Raspberry Pi, Arduino, BeagleBone, etc.?
  35. 35. Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 5/5/2016 35 Open Source Software Will Be a Key Enabler
  36. 36. 5/5/2016 Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 36
  37. 37. Innovation Open Source enables: • Permissionless innovation • Innovation through integration • Far higher levels of experimentation
  38. 38. Copyright (c) 2013, Eclipse Foundation, Inc. Made available under the Eclipse Public License 1.0 5/5/2016 38 Open source makes it easier for developers
  39. 39. Connect and Manage Devices
  40. 40. Vorto OS at Eclipse IoT
  41. 41. IoT Architectures New and Existing Devices IoT Gateways Network/Wireless Services Backend Systems
  42. 42. Open Solutions New and Existing Devices IoT Gateways Network/Wireless Services Backend Systems Open Standards and Open Source to Connect and Manage
  43. 43. Connect and Manage with Open Standards New and Existing Devices CoAP LWM2M Many Open Standards
  44. 44. MQTT - Simple Publish/ Subscribe protocol - Small footprint - Minimal on-the-wire formal and payload MQTT Client (Java, JS, C, C++, Python, etc.) MQTT Client MQTT Broker Mosquitto MQTT Broker (C Code)
  45. 45. MQTT Adoption
  46. 46. IoT Developer Survey 2016 - Copyright Eclipse Foundation Messaging Standards HTTP MQTT CoAP HTTP/2 n-house / proprietary AMQP XMPP I don’t know etary vendor protocol Other DDS None 2.3% 3.5% 5.3% 6.2% 7.4% 13.2% 13.9% 15.5% 19.2% 21.2% 52.4% 61.2% 5/5/2016 46 What messaging protocol(s) do you use for your IoT solution?
  47. 47. Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) • RESTful protocol designed from scratch • Transparent mapping to HTTP • Works over UDP • DTLS Security Californium - CoAP Core - DTLS - CoAP Tools - Java implementations REST Interface
  48. 48. Lightweight M2M - Standard for device management - Based on CoAP Wakaama
  49. 49. LWM2M Adoption
  50. 50. IoT Gateway Services IoT Gateways Java and OSGi
  51. 51. Gateways
  52. 52. IoT Gateways • Gateway management • How to manage remote gateways and keep them up to date • How to manage connectivity • Manage deployed applications • Gateways become an application container • Remote configuration • Remote update
  53. 53. Java VM OSGi Application Container Device Abstraction Gateway Basic Services Network Configuration Network Management Field Protocols Connectivity and Delivery AdministrationGUI Operation&Management Linux Hardware App 1 App 2 App n. . . . Applications
  54. 54. Where we are heading: Open IoT Stack Connectivity - MQTT - CoAP - LWM2M IoT Gateway Services - Remote management - Application management IoT Applications IoT Solution Frameworks - Home Automation - SCADA - OM2M Reporting Developer Tools Open & Commercial Hardware Security - DTLS - DNS-SD - DNS-SEC
  55. 55. Home Automation • Flexible Framework • Based on Java and OSGi • Huge number of “bindings”:
 KNX, Nest, Philips HUE, …
  56. 56. Solutions • Telco Service Providers • Implementation of oneM2M: OM2M • Industrial IoT: • Eclipse neoSCADA • Support Siemens S7 PLC, IEC 60870-4-105 • 4DIAC - IEC 61499 • Rise V2G - IEC 15118 • Milo - OPC-UA • IoT network management: Krikkit • Rules engine for IoT devices • Powering Cisco’s Data in Motion.
  57. 57. Eclipse IoT is also... IoT Server Platform • Software provisioning • https://projects.eclipse.org/projects/iot.hawkbit • Uniform service interface for Telemetry and Command & Uniform service interface for Telemetry and Command & Control ntrol • https://projects.eclipse.org/projects/iot.hono
  58. 58. Vorto: IoT device modeling tools
  59. 59. Open IoT Stack New and Existing Devices IoT Gateways Network/Wireless Services Backend Systems Open IoT Stack
  60. 60. Eclipse IoT Community
  61. 61. Eclipse IoT today 2 21 150+ MLOC projects developers
  62. 62. Commercial Ecosystem Open IoT Stack for Java
  63. 63. 80 teams $20K+ in prizes http://iot.eclipse.org/open-iot-challenge
  64. 64. Virtual IoT Meetup Bi-weekly webinars with IoT experts 900+ members http://www.meetup.com/Virtual-IoT
  65. 65. More Info: iot.eclipse.org
  66. 66. Copyright (c) 2014 Eclipse Foundation, licensed under the EPL-1.0 Sandbox Servers
 http://iot.eclipse.org/sandbox.html 67
  67. 67. Get Involved! • Open (or fix!) bugs • Request new features • Write articles, tutorials • Participate on the mailing lists • Share your success stories • Propose your project!
  68. 68. Questions @ianskerrett Ian.Skerrett@eclipse.org
  69. 69. IoT Solutions – Home Automation
  70. 70. Intranet of Things for Home Automation
  71. 71. Event Bus Persistence ServicesAutomation Logic User Interfaces Item Registry Hue Binding Samsun g Binding Bluetooth Binding Sonos Binding Hue Bluetooth Samsung Sonos ...
  72. 72. IoT Solutions: SCADA • SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is defined as the monitoring and control of technical processes by means of a computer system
  73. 73. Hierarchical Architecture Local control centers Regional control centers Global control center Devices, like Dataloggers PLCs, Beaglebone, Raspberry PI, ...
  74. 74. Protocols & Interoperability ● Drivers − Modbus (master & slave) − Siemens S7 PLC − IEC 60870-4-105 (master & slave) * − OPC DA 2 (client) † − OPC UA (client & server) ** − SNMP †, JDBC, Shell − Building blocks for more Eclipse SCADA Client and server for Java Client for .NET using IKVM Partially: JSON, WebService † SNMP and OPC from openSCADA * included in next release 0.2.0 ** planned for 0.3.0
  75. 75. param singhThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Guide to Open Source Summit Sessions… 76 Wednesday May 11th 2016 Thursday May 12th 2016 1 11:20- 12:40 Keynote Emergent IoT Open Source Ecosystem - Ian Skerrett, Eclipse Foundation - Param Singh, iotracks inc IoT Presentation layer to IoT Client Technologies - Ari Jaakis - Peter Hoddie 2 1:40- 3:20 afternoon IoT Interoperability- vertical integration across IoT layers - Kilton Hopkins, iotracks - Stein Myrseth, Forgerock Cognitive Computing: the Triumph of Data over Algorithms - Gurvinder Ahluwalia, CTO IBM Cloud and Blockchain 3 4:10- 5:20 late afternoon Apache Ignite, In-memory - Nikita Ivanov IoT and the role of Open API’s - Patrice Slupowski, VP Digital Innovation, Orange

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