LOCATION• The Mediterranean forests, can be found around the world. It occurs in the worlds five Mediterranean climate zones, on the west coast of continents in the mid-latitudes.
CLIMATE• Hot, dry summers, contrast with much milder, wetter winters.• Absence of precipitation which is concentrated in very short periods of time, ususally in autumn and winter.• Bushfires are a common occurrence, due to the high frequency of thunderstorm; 1 % of Mediterranean forest is lost every year as a result of fires.
FLORA An impressive diversity of flora and fauna Cork tree exists in this habitat Cork treeHolm oak Conifers and angiosperms are well adapted to the contrasts of climate. Holm Oaks and Cork trees are the undisputed protagonists of the landscape of much of the Iberian Peninsula.
• Conifers have successfully colonized most difficult substrates, creating magnificent forests. Plants from these forests suffer during the summer a drought, for what they display the most original strategies to survive. The most important of these is the development of sclerophillous leaves (hard and thick)
Among the speciesFAUNA most representatives we have: Deer (Cervus elaphus) Woodpecker Iberian lynx (Lynx pardina) Iberian wolf (Canis lupus)