REPORTED SPEECH
REPORTED SPEECH  What is it ?      How do you use it?                                    He said he                       ...
CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO      REPORTED SPEECH:Verb Tense (when the Reporting Verb is in        the Past Tense – most times) ...
Verb Tense Changes: I know quite a lot of people     Present        Simple Past    He said thathere.                      ...
I will be here with you.        Future        Conditional   Robert promised thatRobert promised me.                Simple ...
Changes in Time and Place expressions:              Time                                   PlaceNow            Then       ...
REPORTING STATEMENTS  Statements are Affirmative or Negative Sentences. We use a Reporting Verb + That (it can be omitted)...
Reporting Verbs:ADD              COMPLAIN to .. About *    POINT OUTADMIT *          DENY *                    PROMISEANSW...
REPORTING QUESTIONS              A) YES / NO QUESTIONS:    Reporting Verb + If or whether + Subject + Verb +...           ...
B) WH- QUESTIONS: Reporting Verb + Question Word(s) + Subject + Verb  (The Word Order is again the same as in Statements)“...
REPORTING COMMANDS (= ORDERS)The Imperative changes into (Not) To Infinitive:He said to us: “Stay here” He told us to sta...
REPORTING SUGGESTIONS:          We normally use suggest + gerund              OR suggest that + Clause•Let’s, why don’t we...
REPORTING REQUESTS               We use these Reporting Verbs:            beg, ask, demand, request + (not) to            ...
Other Verbs & Structures:         Agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten                     + To Infinitive:   Ann: Woul...
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Reported speech 2

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Reported speech 2

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECH
  2. 2. REPORTED SPEECH What is it ? How do you use it? He said he Where’s was feeling Tom? ill.We use it when we want to tell another personabout a conversation that took place in the past(e.g telephone call, news or a story that someonetold us, etc.)
  3. 3. CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO REPORTED SPEECH:Verb Tense (when the Reporting Verb is in the Past Tense – most times) Personal Pronouns, Possessives (In a logical way, see every sentence) Demonstratives: This  That These Those Time & Place Expressions
  4. 4. Verb Tense Changes: I know quite a lot of people Present Simple Past He said thathere. Simple he ...............................Robert said. quite a lot of people thereJohn is feeling much better Present Past He said that Paul said. Continuous Continuous John ...........................much better I enjoyed my holiday in the Simple Past Past Perfect He said thatStates he ............................... hisDavid said. holiday in the StatesJackie wasn´t feeling very well Past Past Perfect He said that Continuous Continuous Jackie .........................The teacher said. very well They‘ve seen the Eiffel Tower Present Past Perfect He said that Perfect they ............................John said. the Eiffel Tower I have been waiting for ages Present Past Perfect He said thatMy father said. Perfect Continuous he ............................ Continuous for ages Nobody had warned them Past Perfect Past Perfect He said thatabout the storm The politician nobody .................... about thesaid. (No change) storm She had been reading all day Past Perfect Past Perfect She said that Continuous she ........................ all dayBrenda said. Continuous (No change)
  5. 5. I will be here with you. Future Conditional Robert promised thatRobert promised me. Simple he ............................... there with meJohn is going to study French Be going to Was/Were Paul said that going to John ........................... Paul said. to study FrenchMODAL VERBS: We can start the lesson Can Could David said thatDavid said. we ............................... start the lesson They may come home May Might My husband said thatMy husband said. they ......................... come home You must be quiet in class Must Had to The teacher told us thatThe teacher told us. we ............................ be quiet in class‘ I’ll see you later!’ She said. Will/ Shall Would She said that she ………..… me later.
  6. 6. Changes in Time and Place expressions: Time PlaceNow Then here thereAgo Beforetoday that day This town/ That town/ garden... garden ...tomorrow the following day OR These cities/ ... Those cities/ ... the day afteryesterday the previous day OR the day beforelast week/ the previous week/month/ ... month ... OR the week beforeNext week / The following week /month/ ... month OR the week/ month after
  7. 7. REPORTING STATEMENTS Statements are Affirmative or Negative Sentences. We use a Reporting Verb + That (it can be omitted) + Subject + verb in Previous tense + ...- “The students are tired”- said the teacherThe teacher said (that) the students were tired.- “It’s the funniest show I’ve ever seen” -Joan toldme.Joan told me (that) it was the funniest show shehad ever seen.- “I’ll call you this afternoon” - Mary assuredMary assured us (that) she would call us thatafternoon.
  8. 8. Reporting Verbs:ADD COMPLAIN to .. About * POINT OUTADMIT * DENY * PROMISEANSWER EXPLAIN PROTEST against /about *ARGUE GRUMBLE about * REMARKASSURE OBJECT to * REPLYBOAST about * OBSERVE * These verbs + ing The most common ones: TELL + I.O. and SAY Followed by THAT ( Remember it can be omitted!)
  9. 9. REPORTING QUESTIONS A) YES / NO QUESTIONS: Reporting Verb + If or whether + Subject + Verb +... (Order of Reported Question: Subject + Verb - as in Statements)“Are you working these days?” he said.He asked if/whether I was working those days. (No Question Mark)“Did you speak to John last night?” she askedShe wanted to know if I had spoken to J, the night before.
  10. 10. B) WH- QUESTIONS: Reporting Verb + Question Word(s) + Subject + Verb (The Word Order is again the same as in Statements)“Where did you go last summer?”. He asked me where I had gone the previous summer.“How long were you waiting for us?”She wanted to know how long I had been waiting for them. Introductory verbs: ask, wonder, would like/ want to know, …
  11. 11. REPORTING COMMANDS (= ORDERS)The Imperative changes into (Not) To Infinitive:He said to us: “Stay here” He told us to stay there The Reporting Verb must indicate “order”: He said: “Don’t mention that” He told me not to mention that. “Say that again”, he said to me He asked me to say that again. Reporting Verbs:Tell,ask, beg, invite, warn, order, command, instruct,...
  12. 12. REPORTING SUGGESTIONS: We normally use suggest + gerund OR suggest that + Clause•Let’s, why don’t we, shall we, why not… are omitted:“Let’s go to the theatre”“Why don’t we go to the theatre?”“Shall we go to the theatre?”She suggested going to the theatreShe suggested that we (should) go to the theatre“Let’s not argue again,” he said.He suggested not arguing againHe suggested that they should not argue again.
  13. 13. REPORTING REQUESTS We use these Reporting Verbs: beg, ask, demand, request + (not) to (they usually take an Indirect Object) The word “please” is omitted.“Can I go out tonight, mum, please?” The boy begged.The boy begged to go out that night.“John, don’t open the window, please” I saidI asked /requested/begged John not to open the window.“Can you let me use your phone, please?” I asked my neighbour.I asked my neighbour to let me use her phone.“Can I use your phone?” I asked my neighbourI asked my neighbour if I could use her phone OR To use her phone
  14. 14. Other Verbs & Structures: Agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten + To Infinitive: Ann: Would you wait half an hour? Tom: All right Tom agreed to wait half an hour. Chris: Would you lend me another €50? David: No, I won´t lend you any more money David refused ... Accuse of, admit, apologize for, deny, insist on + GerundYou took my money! He accused her of ...I didn’t steal it! He denied ...I am sorry I’m late  She apologized for ...Let me pay, please  She insisted on ...

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