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Renaissance Research Paper
The Renaissance wasn't a place, even though it was born in Italy, it was a state of mind, or rather change of mind. The Renaissance grew from those
who survived the Dark Ages and Black Death when people thought fate ruled life and there was little hope for change. The people wanted new reasons
to live. The intellectuals of the Byzantine Empire left for Italy, a long time trading partner, and brought with them ancient classical texts that Europeans
thought were gone forever. The foreign influx with their treasures caused a clash that created a rebirth, a renewed interest in the old. Without the
printing press, the Renaissance wouldn't have transformed the world in such a dramatic way. Print made ancient manuscripts official. Print changed how
...show more content...
Letter writing was one of the most favoured and versatile literary genres of the Renaissance with both private and political affairs, scholarly and
philosophical enquiry printed by hand. Renaissance humanism also gave birth to the essay, a form of writing still used today, the perfection of what a
well–written and well–structured piece of writing should look like. From the art of public speaking to letter writing, knowing how to express oneself
was paramount to humanists. The Renaissance was a period of secularism, of questioning the bible and the teachings of religion. This was a period
when Europe began to open up to new perspectives and question the old ways. Renaissance humanism was the midpoint between medieval
supernaturalism and the modern scientific and critical attitude. This is the period when the seed of modernism was sown. People in this time lived
between two worlds, faith and reason. Dantes world view achieved prominent visibility at the same time as Copernicus views made their way into print.
Nonsense and truth side by side in the printing world right from the start. Scientific data collection was born with printing. Copernicus compared the
ideas and data of Ptolemy, Artistotle and others and noted their errors and inconsistencies and published "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium."
Without the printing press, Nicolas Copernicus manuscript might have been
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Humanism In Renaissance
The late Middle Ages were a time of creative fragmentation and new synthesis. The Renaissance, which take place between 1300 and 1700, was a time
for education and experimentation. The fifteenth century saw an unprecedented demand for quality education and art and scholarly renaissance. Italian
and northern humanists recovered classical knowledge and languages that set education reforms and cultural changes in motion that spread throughout
Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Humanism is defined differently depending on who you are asking. Some see the Renaissance as an educational movement driven by a philosophy that
stressed the dignity of humankind, individualism, and secular values. Others say, humanists were actually the champions of Catholic Christianity,
opposing the pagan teaching of ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Scholasticism that poured out of his writings. But the most accurate
definition is, humanism was a neutral form of empirical–minded historical scholarship adopted to promote political liberty and a sense of civic
responsibility. In simpler terms, it is the belief that all people have the ability to contribute to the betterment of society.
Humanism influenced literature and poetry to flourish! The first humanists were orators and poets who wrote original literature in both classical and
vernacular languages. Humanism also created jobs! Humanists were given the opportunity to teach rhetoric in the universities, and when they were
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Renaissance Humanism
Humanism in the Renaissance Humanism was the cultural and intellectual movement that created mass creativity during the Renaissance. Humanism
allowed people to question their world, create new inventions, invest in new ideas, and relish in their achievements as human beings. The rise of
humanism heavily influenced the arts in the Renaissance, music in particular art. It brought the awakening of the human mind and spirit. The emphasis
on an individual's life is highlighted as a major ideal of Renaissance music. Music that was once used purely for sacred ritual performance, was now a
source of entertainment and enlightenment; composers started to seek recognition for their pieces and their contributions to society, and instrumental
accompaniment with dance were new visible concepts founded in the Renaissance founded in the idea of humanism ideals.
Jennifer Summit defines Humanism within the Renaissance as a changing society's outlook on the world. Humanism was a way people could embrace
and question their understandings of human desires and achievements. "Renaissance humanism challenges long–held ideas about the humanities'
historical origins and meanings." Humanism challenged and questioned the world's understandings of life, including art. The Humanism appeal to the
people during the Renaissance stemmed from the oppression that came from the Catholic Church during the Medieval Era. Medieval life was heavily
dominated by the church. Everyday was focused on the hope of an
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How Did Humanism Influence Renaissance Art
Humanism is the intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which include grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral
philosophy, and history. Humanities were very important during the Renaissance and still are today. As the power of the Catholic Church decreased,
many people turned away from religious morality and focused on studies of the liberal arts to prepare for life. As a result of this, humanism influenced
the whole continent of Europe. Along with literature, art was a very important part of Renaissance culture. With the expansion of humanism throughout
Europe, art became significantly influenced by this movement throughout the Renaissance. Artists began to make paintings of human bodies and their
realities and dramas. Two main developments affected the result of artistic works. First, artists utilized the laws of perspective to organize outdoor
space and light through geometry. Second, artists portrayed their understanding of the development of movement and human anatomy through details
in the faces and bodies of figures in their paintings. Three pieces of Renaissance art exhibit a substantial use of humanism: the Mona Lisa, School of
Athens, and The Tribute Money.
The Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci has been renowned as the best known piece of art in the world. Da Vinci was quite ingenuous, as he was a
successful artist, scientist, inventor, and visionary. He synthesized his background of science with his work in the arts. For example, da
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Renaissance Humanism Essay
Many diverse ideas flourished during the European Renaissance which had a lasting impact on the world. Humanism is a worldview and a moral
philosophy that considers humans to be of primary importance. The aspect of humanism first thrived in 14th century Italy, and later spread north in the
15th century. Initially humanistic ideas about education were quickly adopted by the Italian upper class. The Italian ideas and attitudes towards life
and learning impacted nobility in other parts of Europe. They were able to accept and adapt to this new lifestyle. Humanism during the Renaissance
helped to spread ideas about the basic nature of human beings, how people should be educated to become well rounded individuals, and how education
impacts an...show more content...
Humanism allowed people to realize that everyone's mind and thoughts were endless; the only constraint being the imagination. During the
Renaissance the aspect of a human's education was equally important in the creation of well rounded individuals.
The philosophy of humanism exerted a new viewpoint on the educational system. The idea that true happiness is the result of eternal salvation was
introduced by humanist teachers. The Italian poet Petrarch, delighted in studying the works of Cicero, explained that "when we come to think or speak
of religion, that it, of supreme truth and true happiness, and of eternal salvation, then I am certainly not a Ciceronian... but a Christian" (doc.5).
Education was important in the creation of well rounded individuals, but humanists believed that religion is the key to true happiness. In addition to
their beliefs about the effects of religion on society, humanists promoted the study of language and literature to develop strong social skills. This
ultimately broadened every aspect of Renaissance society. Establishing social skills can reward a person with "... the personal satisfaction he will take
in this, in this way he will never want for pleasant entertainment with the ladies who are usually fond of such things" (doc.4). Although social
transformation
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Humanism: A Set Of Beliefs
I believe Humanism is a set of beliefs or a life (way of thinking/related to learning about how people think). In a way it is a religion as it is a true and
positive statement of how to live and why to act a certain way. Humanism has a complex relationship with traditional religions. Humanism is not
basically and mostly "anti–religious" in the sense that it strongly defends/strongly expresses all parts of religious practice are by nature harmful and
cruel and shocking. At the same time, Humanism is not basically and mostly "pro–religion" since it does not claim all elements of religious practice are
positive and valuable either. Rather, Humanists try to eliminate parts of religious practice found to be cruel and shocking and (treating ahuman
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Humanism Essay
Humanism
Encarta Dictionary says that Humanism is a system of thought that centers on human beings and their values, capacities and worth. Encarta also goes
on the say that, in philosophy, humanism is an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of an individual. A basic premise ofhumanism is that
people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. I see myself as a being a humanist through everyday
life. I always try to see the good in a person when he/she makes me angry or sad, and say I to myself that maybe that person has had a bad day and
living life is difficult at the moment. Socrates was even an early humanist of sorts. He can be quoted as saying, "to know the good is to do the...show
more content...
Those human rights are the right to health, freedom, spirituality and so on. Today more than 60 countries promote humanist groups.
Money, violence and discrimination today dominate society, and the Humanist Movement is trying to stop these obsessions from leading our everyday
lives. The effort of these groups is to have a radical transformation in social, political and personal fields. All these changes must be made in a
non–violent way as to preserve our existence with dignity.
Without knowing it, we have all experienced humanism within out lives: working with counselors, psychologists and even teachers. Most of them
want to help us find the good within ourselves. A teacher, when one was younger, tried to show one right from wrong; a counselor tries to help people
work through problems, such as showing one that he/she is a person that is good. Even a friend can make a comment that makes one feel proud for
something kind that one did. These are all humanistic approaches to life, perhaps not practiced all the time by these people, but practiced nonetheless.
In conclusion, to practice humanism is to spread kindness and peace each day and to not let the minor, snippy remarks and crabbiness of others
bother us. We must try to realize that this person might be having a bad day or be experiencing a loss or hardship. This may be
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Humanism Human Body
When I think of humanism, one thing that comes to mind is the importance of humans as a whole. Humanism highly focused on human needs,
emotion, body, and education. We start to see humanism in the visual arts emerge during the Greek Era. During that time we start to see a
transformation of how a human figure or sculpture is depicted; the use of anatomy help sculpt the human body and the visual arts appeared more
realistic. Humanism allowed for the artist to show emotion and movement with the use of linear perspective to allowed each piece that was
two–dimensional appear three–dimensional. I see a great amount of these aspects in Donatello relief sculpture, "Feast of Herod". This relief shows a
great amount of emotion and reaction towards the
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Existentialism Is Humanism Essay
How to live authentically is a question that arises when speaking of existentialism and humanism. Authenticity describes the mode of being true to one
self, living an honest and free life. Both Nietzsche and Sartre propose ideas and perspectives on the nature of human life and their existence. As human
beings, Sartre and Nietzsche identify how we, possibly unknowingly, alienate ourselves from the modes of living authentically instead of accepting into
authentic practices. In Sartre's "Being and Nothingness" and "Existentialism is Humanism", the philosopher discusses the importance of achieving
freedom and characterizing one's identity. In Nietzsche's "Gay Science Excerpts" and "History Essay", he discusses the emergence of individuality
...show more content...
First, she reduces anything the man says down to only facticity and fails to transcend any further, secondly, she postpones her responsibility of
deciding towards the man, "The young woman leaves her hand there, but she does not notice that she is leaving it." (p.56) She is so occupied in
conversation that she has disconnected herself physically from her emotional being, which as Sartre states, she neither consents this action or resists it.
This example portrays a paradox between the two personages involved in bad faith to be the same person; the deceiver is the one that is deceived, the
contradiction of knowing the truth and yet denying it. It is to say, that to live authentically you must take responsibility towards being sincere and
truthful to oneself.
Sartre recognizes the importance of freedom and individuality through his ontology. He differs human beings' actuality through a comparison between
human and an object. An object is produced with the intention of having a purpose behind it, where as humans are defined by the first principle of
existentialism, "...man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the word
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Advantages And Weaknesses Of Humanism
For the most part, humanism teaching theory corresponds with the humanist psychology. In its broadest sense, the affective–humanistic approach has
reference to a kind of language teaching which lays weight on dealing with the learners as individual human beings and requires the teacher to be a
compassionate counselor, guide or friend, rather than an ultimate authority and instructor. To begin with, the question of how adults learn a second or
foreign language, rather than identification between children's L1 and adults' L2 learning, is the heart of this method. Incipiently, this approach
emerged as opposed to the lack of affective considerations in the traditional methods such as Grammar Translation Method, Audiolingual Method,
Cognitive Approach...show more content...
Firstly, the humanism teaching theory concerns with the study of cognition, sentiment, cares, motivation, and potential of the students during the
process of learning. In conjunction with this premise, it encourages the teachers to care about the students as well as to observe their interests and
ardent zeal in learning. In the same vein, humanism maintains that the student's self–actualization and the creative ability are their fundamental
determinants of how to form their behavior. Significantly, humanism deals with students' inner thought and indicates their difference in a matter of
interests, needs, experience and individual personality. Humanism also contemplates ferreting the student's potential out to stimulate the mutual effect
between cognition and emotion; therefore, it plays a significant role in the growth of education career. Furthermore, the humanistic approach takes the
relationship between teachers and students and, moreover, teaching style into consideration, thus allowing the teachers to have a better
self–understanding, rather than the content of the textbook. Likewise, it supports the research on teachers' psychology and plays a fundamental role in
the teaching style and manner. To conclude with, the humanistic approach both helps students learn things without difficulty and extends their
personality in various
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Humanism Essay example
Humanism
Humanism was a new way of thinking that came about in fourteenth century, the time of the Renaissance. Many scholars refer to it as the "Spirit of the
Renaissance." Humanism was a lay phenomenon that emphasized human beings – as opposed to deities – as well as their interests, achievements and
capabilities. Humanism is derived from the Latin word humanitas, which Cicero, the noted orator of the Roman Empire, referred to as the "literary
culture needed by anyone who would be considered educated and civilized."
Humanism and Literature
Humanists searched for wisdom from the past. They copied the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks and Romans. They also traced their families back to the
days of the ancient Romans....show more content...
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola wrote an essay entitled Oration on the Dignity of Man, in which he said that the reason for man's dignity is that he
was created in God's image. He said that man's place in the universe is between the beasts and the angels, but because of his divine image, he can
choose his fate and there are no limits to what he can accomplish.
Another literary humanist of the renaissance was Erasmus, who wrote The Shipwreck. Erasmus was a satirist who, in The Shipwreck, made fun of
the way people practiced their religions. He showed how some people were hypocritical, they say one thing but practice something else. He also made
fun of people who made extravagant offerings to many saints and gods alike.
Humanism and Art
In history, art has often been used by the church to educate the illiterate. The church invested money to decorate its churches and cathedrals with art
depicting scenes from the Bible. Even if not commissioned by the church, artists often chose to depict Biblical scenes. As humanism became more
widespread in Europe, however, art steadily became more secular. As classical texts brought about a deeper understanding of the ancient cultures,
classical themes such as pagan gods appeared more often in art. Religious art, however, never disappeared. Artists depicted scenes differently. For
example, medieval artists' depiction of Genesis showed the fall from grace of Adam and Eve, whereas Renaissance artists
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Pros And Cons Of Humanism
Humanism: is it a valuable approach to psychology or just the wishful idea of a chronic optimist? This form of thinking became popularized by Carl
Rogers, a psychologist who based his theory on the ideas of Abraham Maslow but expanded on them by adding the importance of the environment
(McLeod, 2007). Many viewed this as an overly–optimistic theory as it focuses on humans being innately good and looking for positive growth
(Grison, Heatherton, & Gazzaniga, 2017, pp. 16–17). To make the judgement of whether this theory is of worth or not, one must look at the pros and
cons of this basis of thinking such as how it helps us view people as well as the ways it can be applied to our daily lives.
The humanistic theoretical perspective, or humanism, is a psychological study of behavior through the eyes of the observer as well as the person
acting and is said to be a study of self (McLeod, 2007). This perspective also tends to lean towards the idea that humans are innately good and out for
positive improvement and that a person performing actions and behaviors outside of that is going against human nature (Sammons, n.d.). This idea of
humanism came about as an opposing force to behaviorism and psychodynamic psychology (McLeod, 2007).
The humanistic theory can be considered the view of the optimist, looking at the purity of people and finding hope in it. It can allow us to study a
bully or a criminal and examine past the outer layers to take a deeper look at one's reasons for their
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Humanism Essay
Humanism
Before the Italian Renaissance, the education system in Europe was controlled by the Latin Church, which basically taught mostly religious doctrine.
Then, beginning in the 1300's, many scholars began to discover classic works by the likes of Plato and especially Cicero. Cicero, who was a Roman
philosopher and statesman, studied something he called "humane studies." Cicero influenced Francesco Petrarch, who started the renaissance revival of
antiquity, when he discovered his lost letters. Petrarch also had a huge impact on many other people to come along later such as Boccaccio and
Salutati. These humanists and many others thought that the medieval program of studies taught too much doctrine. Their goal was to establish...show
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The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life. Their scholarship
was one of the main factors in the start of the Renaissance. After humanism had established itself as a formidable type of studies and it began to
spread throughout Europe mainly by the traveling of these humanist scholars to and from Italy and the traveling of interested foreigners to Italy to
see what all of the fuss was about. According to Dr. Peter Burke, " The expatriate humanists were not missionaries and they did not particularly
want to leave Italy. What geographers call the "push" factor was more important than the "pull" of foreign countries " (4). Which means that some
humanist left Italy because they were forced to. For example, two conspiracies forced Filippo Buonaccorsi and Luigi Alamanni out of Italy.
Filippo was involved in a conspiracy against Pope Paul II and was forced to leave to Poland where he became very famous. Luigi was forced out
of Florence for being involved in a conspiracy against the Medici family and fled to France to serve in Francis I court. Both went on to be successes
in other countries because of their humanist training, which was becoming very desirable for the higher classes of people to learn in other European
countries. Celio Secundo Curione wasn't a conspirator but left for Switzerland in 1542 for fear of religious persecution. Burke said that "
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Beginning roughly around the year 1400 an era in Europe began; one that would shape the ideas and the lives of men. This era of rebirth or renaissance
came within the fifteenth century through the revival of classical texts. One central effect of the Renaissance was the production of a new intellectual
idea: humanism. Humanism being defined as a, "[t]erm invented in the 19th century. . . [regarding] developments relating to the revival of Classical
literature and learning in European culture from roughly 1300 to 1600" left its mark on all of Europe leaving nothing untouched not even the artist.
Both northern and southern art would be affected by humanism but in different ways ranging from changes in the human form, new choices of...show
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From Pollaiuolo creator of the engraving Battle of the Nudes to Michelangelo's David the human form was not about reality but idealism the ultimate
portrayal of God's ultimate creation. This perfected view of the human form can also be seen later in Da Vinci's Vitruvian Man and Michelangelo's
muscular figures whether male or female. Humanism's affects did not stop there. The topics of paintings also began to change. Botticelli's Primavera
and The Birth of Venus depict this change clearly. Both show mythological themes. The focus on these themes inspired Raphael and Titan to develop
their famous pieces as the early Renaissance became the High Renaissance. From here interesting occurrences began to evolve. Humanism itself
develops a new school of thought known as Neo–Platonism; an idea that mixes ancient philosophy and Christian truth. For example, the reaction to
Botticelli's creations was that of others trying to find a religious meaning within the mythological topic. Slowly however, even this will fade as the
Mannerist style develops. Along with the movement toward secular and eventually erotic portrayals of art the artist began to enjoy a new status. Duke
explains that they became "practitioners of the high–status liberal arts" someone to be sought after, someone to study and someone to stand in awe of.
Humanism's affect spread north but there
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Francesco Petrarch: Father Of Humanism
Slide 1
Biography.com Editors. "Petrarch Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.
Who was your person?
Francesco Petrarch was a poet whose humanist acts started the beginning of the Renaissance. He is also considered one of the fathers of the modern
Italian language.
How did your figure exemplify the Renaissance Era?
He was an important figure in the rising of humanism in the start of the Renaissance. The event symbolizes a new interest in classical culture.
Slide 2
Basic knowledge:
"Francesco Petrarca (English translated name "Petrarch") was born on July 20, 1304, in Arezzo, Tuscany (now Italy).
He moved to Avignon, France, as a child."
In France, Petrarch studied law, as his father had wanted.
"His passion was for literature, particularly ancient Greek...show more content...
"Francesco Petrarch – Father of Humanism." Francesco Petrarch – Father of Humanism. N.p., 1999. Web. 12 Oct. 2015.
Death:
"He died on July 18th / 19th, 1374."
"On the morning of July 19th, 1374, a day before his 70th birthday, a woman he knew named Franchesca walked into his study and found him lying
over his desk."
He had died sometime during the night with a pen in his hand.
"He was buried in the parish church. Six years later, his remains were transferred to a sarcophagus built in ArquГ by his son–in–law."
Slide 8
Legacy and influence:
"His writings influenced countless others during his lifetime, others such as Boccaccio and centuries later, even Shakespeare would study his works
and copy his sonnets."
"Petrarch's influence in English lasted at least through the 19th century and can be found in the work of many famous English poets, such as Sir
Thomas Wyatt and Percy Bysshe Shelley."
His writings were so great that royalty treated him like a king.
He even considered that "he had caused his own plague to spread over Europe, one which has caused people to take up pen and paper and write and
read."
And so ended the dark ages and the start of
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The Humanistic Approach To Psychology
Humanism, also known as the phenomenological approach, is a contemporary approach to psychology that focuses on the "whole person". It stresses
the idea that a person is an individual and is unique. Humanists look at behavior through the eyes of the person, not as an observer. Everyone needs to
be treated differently based on their unique personality. They believe that a person's behavior is determined by their perception of the world around
them, not their environment or genetics. Humanism begins with the belief that people have free will, or personal agency as it's called in humanism,
and that all people are inherently good. It is believed that everyone wants to make themselves and the world a better place. They have a natural born
drive to fulfill their maximum potential. Humanism emphasizes personal worth and basic human values. Humanists are not concerned about instinctual
drive, external forces, or past experiences. Instead humanists use the ideas of love, fulfillment, self–worth, and independence to help people as they are
the basic human wants. Humanism rose to prominence in the mid–20th century. American psychologists Abraham Maslow and Clark Moustakas met
with other psychologists in 1957 and 1958 to discuss developing an organization devoted to a different approach to mainstream psychology. They
wanted self–actualization, creativity, health and individuality to be the major focuses of the approach. In 1961, with assistance from Brandeis
University, the
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Individualism: The Three Main Ideas Of Humanism
There are many famous Humanist in history. From Sir Thomas More to William Shakespeare, but what exactly is Humanism? According to Dictionary.
com, Humanism is defined as any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. Three main humanist
ideas are every human should be treated with respect, choose what they believe and think based off reason, and equality of all people.
A main idea of humanism is every human should be treated with respect. This is shown throughout texts we have read in this class. Utopia displays
how important respect is throughout the whole reading. This society would not be able to operate with respect. The citizens show respect to all
occupations. This is important so that one person does not think they are better than anybody else....show more content...
In victoria's text, Francisco based if people should have rights off of reason. (Vitoria, 1–3) "... 'Causing any damage or harm to one party in order to
help another party is not justice...'" (Pizan, 1) This was spoken from reason, one of the girls who visited Pizan. This is very important because to
be "all they could be, " one cannot go far in life if they destroy relationships with other people. In order to be all one can be, one need strong
relationships for a solid support system. With a solid support system, it will give a person the confidence they need to succeed in all the want to be.
"The end justifies the mean, " (The Prince) is the exact opposite of humanism. The statement is basically saying that one can damage or hurt one party
in order to help another party. This statement describes more of a dictatorship society than a humanisstic
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Humanist Theory in Education
Outline four (4) principles of one the following theory of learning. Humanistic Explain, using appropriate classroom examples, how you would apply
your understanding of the theory outlined, in implementing four (4) central task of teaching in your classroom. Shavon Benjamin SJ116545 2B St
Joseph's Teachers' College Strategies of Teaching & Learning Mrs. Francis April 8, 2013 Humanism There are many different theories of how people
learn and in considering their application to how students learn and how teachers teach; educational programmes must be of holistic value. Learning
according to the humanistic theory speaks to the holistic value that must be communicated through the process of acquiring new...show more content...
The student–centred approach as a part of the humanistic theory allows students to be active participants in discovering new information in a creative
and independent way. As a means of student–centeredness students participate in group activities, especially co–operative learning, in order to develop
social and affective skills. Collectively, theorists responsible for the shift from teacher–centred to students–centred learning believe that through student
centeredness an important goal of the humanistic theory – emotional support – will be offered to each student. The student centred approach aims at
supporting individuality and diversity by finding the similarities among children (Thompson, n.d.). The main idea behind the student–centred approach
to learning is to make learning meaningful to students' lives, needs and interest. An example of this would be a teacher teaching students about the
body's control, and starts the lesson by asking "what are the different body activities that the brain controls" (Students' answer may include: hearing,
touching, thinking, breathing, tasting, talking...). This approach, as a way of addressing students' learning need example uses their experience to aid
learning as the lesson progresses, the teacher monitors conversation and participation in discussion and/or activities to encourage students' interest by
making connections to their lives and also satisfies his/her teaching goals in the interim. According to Maslow's perspective
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The Renaissance and Humanism Essay
The Renaissance and Humanism
You may wonder about, "The Renaissance" and its relationship to another term, "humanism" which fits into the same time period. If you check the
dictionary, you will find that both terms can be used in a broad sense or more specifically. Humanism refers generally to a "devotion to the humanities:
literary culture." (My definitions come from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary). According to that definition we should all be humanists.
The other general meaning is the one that disturbs the fundamentalists who attack secular humanism: "a doctrine, attitude, or way of life centered on
human interests or values; especially a philosophy that usually rejects supernaturalism and stresses an individual's...show more content...
The more general meaning refers to any movement or period of vigorous artistic and intellectual activity.
To further confuse us we could ask ourselves how the Reformation and nationalism fit into the picture. Humanism, the Reformation and nationalism all
appear as subheadings in your reading on the sixteenth century, but are not referred to in the introduction to the early seventeenth century (although
humanism and nationalism existed at that time as well). I believe it is because the intial impact of humanism, the Reformation and nationalism was felt
during the sixteenth century.
In the discussion of humanism on page 396, your text lists the educational goals of scholars who studied and taught the classics. They steeped
themselves in Latin grammar and rhetoric; the latter was "a rigorous discipline in all the stylistic devices used by classical authors" (397). In other
words, they taught classical literature for the same reasons that I use a College Writing text entitled From Idea to Essay with sample selections of
literature. Those essays supposedly serve as models to help the freshmen write their six essays during the semester. Most literary scholars would rank
the literature from the Renaissance as some of the best in the English language. If you believe that
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Renaissance Research Paper

  • 1. Renaissance Research Paper The Renaissance wasn't a place, even though it was born in Italy, it was a state of mind, or rather change of mind. The Renaissance grew from those who survived the Dark Ages and Black Death when people thought fate ruled life and there was little hope for change. The people wanted new reasons to live. The intellectuals of the Byzantine Empire left for Italy, a long time trading partner, and brought with them ancient classical texts that Europeans thought were gone forever. The foreign influx with their treasures caused a clash that created a rebirth, a renewed interest in the old. Without the printing press, the Renaissance wouldn't have transformed the world in such a dramatic way. Print made ancient manuscripts official. Print changed how ...show more content... Letter writing was one of the most favoured and versatile literary genres of the Renaissance with both private and political affairs, scholarly and philosophical enquiry printed by hand. Renaissance humanism also gave birth to the essay, a form of writing still used today, the perfection of what a well–written and well–structured piece of writing should look like. From the art of public speaking to letter writing, knowing how to express oneself was paramount to humanists. The Renaissance was a period of secularism, of questioning the bible and the teachings of religion. This was a period when Europe began to open up to new perspectives and question the old ways. Renaissance humanism was the midpoint between medieval supernaturalism and the modern scientific and critical attitude. This is the period when the seed of modernism was sown. People in this time lived between two worlds, faith and reason. Dantes world view achieved prominent visibility at the same time as Copernicus views made their way into print. Nonsense and truth side by side in the printing world right from the start. Scientific data collection was born with printing. Copernicus compared the ideas and data of Ptolemy, Artistotle and others and noted their errors and inconsistencies and published "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium." Without the printing press, Nicolas Copernicus manuscript might have been Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 2. Humanism In Renaissance The late Middle Ages were a time of creative fragmentation and new synthesis. The Renaissance, which take place between 1300 and 1700, was a time for education and experimentation. The fifteenth century saw an unprecedented demand for quality education and art and scholarly renaissance. Italian and northern humanists recovered classical knowledge and languages that set education reforms and cultural changes in motion that spread throughout Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Humanism is defined differently depending on who you are asking. Some see the Renaissance as an educational movement driven by a philosophy that stressed the dignity of humankind, individualism, and secular values. Others say, humanists were actually the champions of Catholic Christianity, opposing the pagan teaching of ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Scholasticism that poured out of his writings. But the most accurate definition is, humanism was a neutral form of empirical–minded historical scholarship adopted to promote political liberty and a sense of civic responsibility. In simpler terms, it is the belief that all people have the ability to contribute to the betterment of society. Humanism influenced literature and poetry to flourish! The first humanists were orators and poets who wrote original literature in both classical and vernacular languages. Humanism also created jobs! Humanists were given the opportunity to teach rhetoric in the universities, and when they were Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 3. Renaissance Humanism Humanism in the Renaissance Humanism was the cultural and intellectual movement that created mass creativity during the Renaissance. Humanism allowed people to question their world, create new inventions, invest in new ideas, and relish in their achievements as human beings. The rise of humanism heavily influenced the arts in the Renaissance, music in particular art. It brought the awakening of the human mind and spirit. The emphasis on an individual's life is highlighted as a major ideal of Renaissance music. Music that was once used purely for sacred ritual performance, was now a source of entertainment and enlightenment; composers started to seek recognition for their pieces and their contributions to society, and instrumental accompaniment with dance were new visible concepts founded in the Renaissance founded in the idea of humanism ideals. Jennifer Summit defines Humanism within the Renaissance as a changing society's outlook on the world. Humanism was a way people could embrace and question their understandings of human desires and achievements. "Renaissance humanism challenges long–held ideas about the humanities' historical origins and meanings." Humanism challenged and questioned the world's understandings of life, including art. The Humanism appeal to the people during the Renaissance stemmed from the oppression that came from the Catholic Church during the Medieval Era. Medieval life was heavily dominated by the church. Everyday was focused on the hope of an Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 4. How Did Humanism Influence Renaissance Art Humanism is the intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which include grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history. Humanities were very important during the Renaissance and still are today. As the power of the Catholic Church decreased, many people turned away from religious morality and focused on studies of the liberal arts to prepare for life. As a result of this, humanism influenced the whole continent of Europe. Along with literature, art was a very important part of Renaissance culture. With the expansion of humanism throughout Europe, art became significantly influenced by this movement throughout the Renaissance. Artists began to make paintings of human bodies and their realities and dramas. Two main developments affected the result of artistic works. First, artists utilized the laws of perspective to organize outdoor space and light through geometry. Second, artists portrayed their understanding of the development of movement and human anatomy through details in the faces and bodies of figures in their paintings. Three pieces of Renaissance art exhibit a substantial use of humanism: the Mona Lisa, School of Athens, and The Tribute Money. The Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci has been renowned as the best known piece of art in the world. Da Vinci was quite ingenuous, as he was a successful artist, scientist, inventor, and visionary. He synthesized his background of science with his work in the arts. For example, da Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 5. Renaissance Humanism Essay Many diverse ideas flourished during the European Renaissance which had a lasting impact on the world. Humanism is a worldview and a moral philosophy that considers humans to be of primary importance. The aspect of humanism first thrived in 14th century Italy, and later spread north in the 15th century. Initially humanistic ideas about education were quickly adopted by the Italian upper class. The Italian ideas and attitudes towards life and learning impacted nobility in other parts of Europe. They were able to accept and adapt to this new lifestyle. Humanism during the Renaissance helped to spread ideas about the basic nature of human beings, how people should be educated to become well rounded individuals, and how education impacts an...show more content... Humanism allowed people to realize that everyone's mind and thoughts were endless; the only constraint being the imagination. During the Renaissance the aspect of a human's education was equally important in the creation of well rounded individuals. The philosophy of humanism exerted a new viewpoint on the educational system. The idea that true happiness is the result of eternal salvation was introduced by humanist teachers. The Italian poet Petrarch, delighted in studying the works of Cicero, explained that "when we come to think or speak of religion, that it, of supreme truth and true happiness, and of eternal salvation, then I am certainly not a Ciceronian... but a Christian" (doc.5). Education was important in the creation of well rounded individuals, but humanists believed that religion is the key to true happiness. In addition to their beliefs about the effects of religion on society, humanists promoted the study of language and literature to develop strong social skills. This ultimately broadened every aspect of Renaissance society. Establishing social skills can reward a person with "... the personal satisfaction he will take in this, in this way he will never want for pleasant entertainment with the ladies who are usually fond of such things" (doc.4). Although social transformation Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 6. Humanism: A Set Of Beliefs I believe Humanism is a set of beliefs or a life (way of thinking/related to learning about how people think). In a way it is a religion as it is a true and positive statement of how to live and why to act a certain way. Humanism has a complex relationship with traditional religions. Humanism is not basically and mostly "anti–religious" in the sense that it strongly defends/strongly expresses all parts of religious practice are by nature harmful and cruel and shocking. At the same time, Humanism is not basically and mostly "pro–religion" since it does not claim all elements of religious practice are positive and valuable either. Rather, Humanists try to eliminate parts of religious practice found to be cruel and shocking and (treating ahuman Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 7. Humanism Essay Humanism Encarta Dictionary says that Humanism is a system of thought that centers on human beings and their values, capacities and worth. Encarta also goes on the say that, in philosophy, humanism is an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of an individual. A basic premise ofhumanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. I see myself as a being a humanist through everyday life. I always try to see the good in a person when he/she makes me angry or sad, and say I to myself that maybe that person has had a bad day and living life is difficult at the moment. Socrates was even an early humanist of sorts. He can be quoted as saying, "to know the good is to do the...show more content... Those human rights are the right to health, freedom, spirituality and so on. Today more than 60 countries promote humanist groups. Money, violence and discrimination today dominate society, and the Humanist Movement is trying to stop these obsessions from leading our everyday lives. The effort of these groups is to have a radical transformation in social, political and personal fields. All these changes must be made in a non–violent way as to preserve our existence with dignity. Without knowing it, we have all experienced humanism within out lives: working with counselors, psychologists and even teachers. Most of them want to help us find the good within ourselves. A teacher, when one was younger, tried to show one right from wrong; a counselor tries to help people work through problems, such as showing one that he/she is a person that is good. Even a friend can make a comment that makes one feel proud for something kind that one did. These are all humanistic approaches to life, perhaps not practiced all the time by these people, but practiced nonetheless. In conclusion, to practice humanism is to spread kindness and peace each day and to not let the minor, snippy remarks and crabbiness of others bother us. We must try to realize that this person might be having a bad day or be experiencing a loss or hardship. This may be Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 8. Humanism Human Body When I think of humanism, one thing that comes to mind is the importance of humans as a whole. Humanism highly focused on human needs, emotion, body, and education. We start to see humanism in the visual arts emerge during the Greek Era. During that time we start to see a transformation of how a human figure or sculpture is depicted; the use of anatomy help sculpt the human body and the visual arts appeared more realistic. Humanism allowed for the artist to show emotion and movement with the use of linear perspective to allowed each piece that was two–dimensional appear three–dimensional. I see a great amount of these aspects in Donatello relief sculpture, "Feast of Herod". This relief shows a great amount of emotion and reaction towards the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 9. Existentialism Is Humanism Essay How to live authentically is a question that arises when speaking of existentialism and humanism. Authenticity describes the mode of being true to one self, living an honest and free life. Both Nietzsche and Sartre propose ideas and perspectives on the nature of human life and their existence. As human beings, Sartre and Nietzsche identify how we, possibly unknowingly, alienate ourselves from the modes of living authentically instead of accepting into authentic practices. In Sartre's "Being and Nothingness" and "Existentialism is Humanism", the philosopher discusses the importance of achieving freedom and characterizing one's identity. In Nietzsche's "Gay Science Excerpts" and "History Essay", he discusses the emergence of individuality ...show more content... First, she reduces anything the man says down to only facticity and fails to transcend any further, secondly, she postpones her responsibility of deciding towards the man, "The young woman leaves her hand there, but she does not notice that she is leaving it." (p.56) She is so occupied in conversation that she has disconnected herself physically from her emotional being, which as Sartre states, she neither consents this action or resists it. This example portrays a paradox between the two personages involved in bad faith to be the same person; the deceiver is the one that is deceived, the contradiction of knowing the truth and yet denying it. It is to say, that to live authentically you must take responsibility towards being sincere and truthful to oneself. Sartre recognizes the importance of freedom and individuality through his ontology. He differs human beings' actuality through a comparison between human and an object. An object is produced with the intention of having a purpose behind it, where as humans are defined by the first principle of existentialism, "...man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the word Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 10. Advantages And Weaknesses Of Humanism For the most part, humanism teaching theory corresponds with the humanist psychology. In its broadest sense, the affective–humanistic approach has reference to a kind of language teaching which lays weight on dealing with the learners as individual human beings and requires the teacher to be a compassionate counselor, guide or friend, rather than an ultimate authority and instructor. To begin with, the question of how adults learn a second or foreign language, rather than identification between children's L1 and adults' L2 learning, is the heart of this method. Incipiently, this approach emerged as opposed to the lack of affective considerations in the traditional methods such as Grammar Translation Method, Audiolingual Method, Cognitive Approach...show more content... Firstly, the humanism teaching theory concerns with the study of cognition, sentiment, cares, motivation, and potential of the students during the process of learning. In conjunction with this premise, it encourages the teachers to care about the students as well as to observe their interests and ardent zeal in learning. In the same vein, humanism maintains that the student's self–actualization and the creative ability are their fundamental determinants of how to form their behavior. Significantly, humanism deals with students' inner thought and indicates their difference in a matter of interests, needs, experience and individual personality. Humanism also contemplates ferreting the student's potential out to stimulate the mutual effect between cognition and emotion; therefore, it plays a significant role in the growth of education career. Furthermore, the humanistic approach takes the relationship between teachers and students and, moreover, teaching style into consideration, thus allowing the teachers to have a better self–understanding, rather than the content of the textbook. Likewise, it supports the research on teachers' psychology and plays a fundamental role in the teaching style and manner. To conclude with, the humanistic approach both helps students learn things without difficulty and extends their personality in various Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 11. Humanism Essay example Humanism Humanism was a new way of thinking that came about in fourteenth century, the time of the Renaissance. Many scholars refer to it as the "Spirit of the Renaissance." Humanism was a lay phenomenon that emphasized human beings – as opposed to deities – as well as their interests, achievements and capabilities. Humanism is derived from the Latin word humanitas, which Cicero, the noted orator of the Roman Empire, referred to as the "literary culture needed by anyone who would be considered educated and civilized." Humanism and Literature Humanists searched for wisdom from the past. They copied the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks and Romans. They also traced their families back to the days of the ancient Romans....show more content... Giovanni Pico della Mirandola wrote an essay entitled Oration on the Dignity of Man, in which he said that the reason for man's dignity is that he was created in God's image. He said that man's place in the universe is between the beasts and the angels, but because of his divine image, he can choose his fate and there are no limits to what he can accomplish. Another literary humanist of the renaissance was Erasmus, who wrote The Shipwreck. Erasmus was a satirist who, in The Shipwreck, made fun of the way people practiced their religions. He showed how some people were hypocritical, they say one thing but practice something else. He also made fun of people who made extravagant offerings to many saints and gods alike. Humanism and Art In history, art has often been used by the church to educate the illiterate. The church invested money to decorate its churches and cathedrals with art depicting scenes from the Bible. Even if not commissioned by the church, artists often chose to depict Biblical scenes. As humanism became more widespread in Europe, however, art steadily became more secular. As classical texts brought about a deeper understanding of the ancient cultures, classical themes such as pagan gods appeared more often in art. Religious art, however, never disappeared. Artists depicted scenes differently. For example, medieval artists' depiction of Genesis showed the fall from grace of Adam and Eve, whereas Renaissance artists
  • 12. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 13. Pros And Cons Of Humanism Humanism: is it a valuable approach to psychology or just the wishful idea of a chronic optimist? This form of thinking became popularized by Carl Rogers, a psychologist who based his theory on the ideas of Abraham Maslow but expanded on them by adding the importance of the environment (McLeod, 2007). Many viewed this as an overly–optimistic theory as it focuses on humans being innately good and looking for positive growth (Grison, Heatherton, & Gazzaniga, 2017, pp. 16–17). To make the judgement of whether this theory is of worth or not, one must look at the pros and cons of this basis of thinking such as how it helps us view people as well as the ways it can be applied to our daily lives. The humanistic theoretical perspective, or humanism, is a psychological study of behavior through the eyes of the observer as well as the person acting and is said to be a study of self (McLeod, 2007). This perspective also tends to lean towards the idea that humans are innately good and out for positive improvement and that a person performing actions and behaviors outside of that is going against human nature (Sammons, n.d.). This idea of humanism came about as an opposing force to behaviorism and psychodynamic psychology (McLeod, 2007). The humanistic theory can be considered the view of the optimist, looking at the purity of people and finding hope in it. It can allow us to study a bully or a criminal and examine past the outer layers to take a deeper look at one's reasons for their Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 14. Humanism Essay Humanism Before the Italian Renaissance, the education system in Europe was controlled by the Latin Church, which basically taught mostly religious doctrine. Then, beginning in the 1300's, many scholars began to discover classic works by the likes of Plato and especially Cicero. Cicero, who was a Roman philosopher and statesman, studied something he called "humane studies." Cicero influenced Francesco Petrarch, who started the renaissance revival of antiquity, when he discovered his lost letters. Petrarch also had a huge impact on many other people to come along later such as Boccaccio and Salutati. These humanists and many others thought that the medieval program of studies taught too much doctrine. Their goal was to establish...show more content... The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life. Their scholarship was one of the main factors in the start of the Renaissance. After humanism had established itself as a formidable type of studies and it began to spread throughout Europe mainly by the traveling of these humanist scholars to and from Italy and the traveling of interested foreigners to Italy to see what all of the fuss was about. According to Dr. Peter Burke, " The expatriate humanists were not missionaries and they did not particularly want to leave Italy. What geographers call the "push" factor was more important than the "pull" of foreign countries " (4). Which means that some humanist left Italy because they were forced to. For example, two conspiracies forced Filippo Buonaccorsi and Luigi Alamanni out of Italy. Filippo was involved in a conspiracy against Pope Paul II and was forced to leave to Poland where he became very famous. Luigi was forced out of Florence for being involved in a conspiracy against the Medici family and fled to France to serve in Francis I court. Both went on to be successes in other countries because of their humanist training, which was becoming very desirable for the higher classes of people to learn in other European countries. Celio Secundo Curione wasn't a conspirator but left for Switzerland in 1542 for fear of religious persecution. Burke said that " Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 15. Beginning roughly around the year 1400 an era in Europe began; one that would shape the ideas and the lives of men. This era of rebirth or renaissance came within the fifteenth century through the revival of classical texts. One central effect of the Renaissance was the production of a new intellectual idea: humanism. Humanism being defined as a, "[t]erm invented in the 19th century. . . [regarding] developments relating to the revival of Classical literature and learning in European culture from roughly 1300 to 1600" left its mark on all of Europe leaving nothing untouched not even the artist. Both northern and southern art would be affected by humanism but in different ways ranging from changes in the human form, new choices of...show more content... From Pollaiuolo creator of the engraving Battle of the Nudes to Michelangelo's David the human form was not about reality but idealism the ultimate portrayal of God's ultimate creation. This perfected view of the human form can also be seen later in Da Vinci's Vitruvian Man and Michelangelo's muscular figures whether male or female. Humanism's affects did not stop there. The topics of paintings also began to change. Botticelli's Primavera and The Birth of Venus depict this change clearly. Both show mythological themes. The focus on these themes inspired Raphael and Titan to develop their famous pieces as the early Renaissance became the High Renaissance. From here interesting occurrences began to evolve. Humanism itself develops a new school of thought known as Neo–Platonism; an idea that mixes ancient philosophy and Christian truth. For example, the reaction to Botticelli's creations was that of others trying to find a religious meaning within the mythological topic. Slowly however, even this will fade as the Mannerist style develops. Along with the movement toward secular and eventually erotic portrayals of art the artist began to enjoy a new status. Duke explains that they became "practitioners of the high–status liberal arts" someone to be sought after, someone to study and someone to stand in awe of. Humanism's affect spread north but there Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 16. Francesco Petrarch: Father Of Humanism Slide 1 Biography.com Editors. "Petrarch Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015. Who was your person? Francesco Petrarch was a poet whose humanist acts started the beginning of the Renaissance. He is also considered one of the fathers of the modern Italian language. How did your figure exemplify the Renaissance Era? He was an important figure in the rising of humanism in the start of the Renaissance. The event symbolizes a new interest in classical culture. Slide 2 Basic knowledge: "Francesco Petrarca (English translated name "Petrarch") was born on July 20, 1304, in Arezzo, Tuscany (now Italy). He moved to Avignon, France, as a child." In France, Petrarch studied law, as his father had wanted. "His passion was for literature, particularly ancient Greek...show more content... "Francesco Petrarch – Father of Humanism." Francesco Petrarch – Father of Humanism. N.p., 1999. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. Death: "He died on July 18th / 19th, 1374." "On the morning of July 19th, 1374, a day before his 70th birthday, a woman he knew named Franchesca walked into his study and found him lying over his desk." He had died sometime during the night with a pen in his hand. "He was buried in the parish church. Six years later, his remains were transferred to a sarcophagus built in ArquГ by his son–in–law." Slide 8
  • 17. Legacy and influence: "His writings influenced countless others during his lifetime, others such as Boccaccio and centuries later, even Shakespeare would study his works and copy his sonnets." "Petrarch's influence in English lasted at least through the 19th century and can be found in the work of many famous English poets, such as Sir Thomas Wyatt and Percy Bysshe Shelley." His writings were so great that royalty treated him like a king. He even considered that "he had caused his own plague to spread over Europe, one which has caused people to take up pen and paper and write and read." And so ended the dark ages and the start of Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 18. The Humanistic Approach To Psychology Humanism, also known as the phenomenological approach, is a contemporary approach to psychology that focuses on the "whole person". It stresses the idea that a person is an individual and is unique. Humanists look at behavior through the eyes of the person, not as an observer. Everyone needs to be treated differently based on their unique personality. They believe that a person's behavior is determined by their perception of the world around them, not their environment or genetics. Humanism begins with the belief that people have free will, or personal agency as it's called in humanism, and that all people are inherently good. It is believed that everyone wants to make themselves and the world a better place. They have a natural born drive to fulfill their maximum potential. Humanism emphasizes personal worth and basic human values. Humanists are not concerned about instinctual drive, external forces, or past experiences. Instead humanists use the ideas of love, fulfillment, self–worth, and independence to help people as they are the basic human wants. Humanism rose to prominence in the mid–20th century. American psychologists Abraham Maslow and Clark Moustakas met with other psychologists in 1957 and 1958 to discuss developing an organization devoted to a different approach to mainstream psychology. They wanted self–actualization, creativity, health and individuality to be the major focuses of the approach. In 1961, with assistance from Brandeis University, the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 19. Individualism: The Three Main Ideas Of Humanism There are many famous Humanist in history. From Sir Thomas More to William Shakespeare, but what exactly is Humanism? According to Dictionary. com, Humanism is defined as any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. Three main humanist ideas are every human should be treated with respect, choose what they believe and think based off reason, and equality of all people. A main idea of humanism is every human should be treated with respect. This is shown throughout texts we have read in this class. Utopia displays how important respect is throughout the whole reading. This society would not be able to operate with respect. The citizens show respect to all occupations. This is important so that one person does not think they are better than anybody else....show more content... In victoria's text, Francisco based if people should have rights off of reason. (Vitoria, 1–3) "... 'Causing any damage or harm to one party in order to help another party is not justice...'" (Pizan, 1) This was spoken from reason, one of the girls who visited Pizan. This is very important because to be "all they could be, " one cannot go far in life if they destroy relationships with other people. In order to be all one can be, one need strong relationships for a solid support system. With a solid support system, it will give a person the confidence they need to succeed in all the want to be. "The end justifies the mean, " (The Prince) is the exact opposite of humanism. The statement is basically saying that one can damage or hurt one party in order to help another party. This statement describes more of a dictatorship society than a humanisstic Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 20. Humanist Theory in Education Outline four (4) principles of one the following theory of learning. Humanistic Explain, using appropriate classroom examples, how you would apply your understanding of the theory outlined, in implementing four (4) central task of teaching in your classroom. Shavon Benjamin SJ116545 2B St Joseph's Teachers' College Strategies of Teaching & Learning Mrs. Francis April 8, 2013 Humanism There are many different theories of how people learn and in considering their application to how students learn and how teachers teach; educational programmes must be of holistic value. Learning according to the humanistic theory speaks to the holistic value that must be communicated through the process of acquiring new...show more content... The student–centred approach as a part of the humanistic theory allows students to be active participants in discovering new information in a creative and independent way. As a means of student–centeredness students participate in group activities, especially co–operative learning, in order to develop social and affective skills. Collectively, theorists responsible for the shift from teacher–centred to students–centred learning believe that through student centeredness an important goal of the humanistic theory – emotional support – will be offered to each student. The student centred approach aims at supporting individuality and diversity by finding the similarities among children (Thompson, n.d.). The main idea behind the student–centred approach to learning is to make learning meaningful to students' lives, needs and interest. An example of this would be a teacher teaching students about the body's control, and starts the lesson by asking "what are the different body activities that the brain controls" (Students' answer may include: hearing, touching, thinking, breathing, tasting, talking...). This approach, as a way of addressing students' learning need example uses their experience to aid learning as the lesson progresses, the teacher monitors conversation and participation in discussion and/or activities to encourage students' interest by making connections to their lives and also satisfies his/her teaching goals in the interim. According to Maslow's perspective Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 21. The Renaissance and Humanism Essay The Renaissance and Humanism You may wonder about, "The Renaissance" and its relationship to another term, "humanism" which fits into the same time period. If you check the dictionary, you will find that both terms can be used in a broad sense or more specifically. Humanism refers generally to a "devotion to the humanities: literary culture." (My definitions come from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary). According to that definition we should all be humanists. The other general meaning is the one that disturbs the fundamentalists who attack secular humanism: "a doctrine, attitude, or way of life centered on human interests or values; especially a philosophy that usually rejects supernaturalism and stresses an individual's...show more content... The more general meaning refers to any movement or period of vigorous artistic and intellectual activity. To further confuse us we could ask ourselves how the Reformation and nationalism fit into the picture. Humanism, the Reformation and nationalism all appear as subheadings in your reading on the sixteenth century, but are not referred to in the introduction to the early seventeenth century (although humanism and nationalism existed at that time as well). I believe it is because the intial impact of humanism, the Reformation and nationalism was felt during the sixteenth century. In the discussion of humanism on page 396, your text lists the educational goals of scholars who studied and taught the classics. They steeped themselves in Latin grammar and rhetoric; the latter was "a rigorous discipline in all the stylistic devices used by classical authors" (397). In other words, they taught classical literature for the same reasons that I use a College Writing text entitled From Idea to Essay with sample selections of literature. Those essays supposedly serve as models to help the freshmen write their six essays during the semester. Most literary scholars would rank the literature from the Renaissance as some of the best in the English language. If you believe that Get more content on HelpWriting.net