Changing Behaviours For A More Sustainable London – L Sx For Si Sept 2009

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Friday briefing by Samantha Heath

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Changing Behaviours For A More Sustainable London – L Sx For Si Sept 2009

  1. 1. A more sustainable London? – LSx
  2. 2. Communities we target Some conclusions Some policy drivers Some context setting
  3. 3. Disengaged; London
  4. 7. Who we are
  5. 8. Sustainable Development is simply about creating a better quality of life for everyone now and in the future As a partnership of influential organisations, LSx is uniquely placed to help London meet its sustainability challenges Our partners:
  6. 9. In a sustainable London… <ul><li>Londoners would have high levels of sustainability literacy </li></ul><ul><li>diverse organisations would be working collaboratively towards common goals </li></ul><ul><li>we would have fully sustainable policies and practices </li></ul>
  7. 10. Increased sustainability literacy London’s policies and practices are more sustainable Organisations working together towards common goals <ul><li>Exemplar projects: </li></ul><ul><li>to improve well-being </li></ul><ul><li>to reduce London’s eco-footprint </li></ul>Learner networks to exchange new learning and good practice Tools and training to embed sustainability approach into organisations’ strategies Influencing policy & practice Londoners in areas of high need Policy makers and practitioners Businesses Third sector organisations DESIRED CHANGE HOW WE ACHIEVE CHANGE WHO WE WORK WITH Universities, colleges and schools
  8. 11. Sustainability definitions
  9. 12. Bruntlandt 1987 <ul><li>Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Sustainability Social Environment Economic
  11. 14. Sustainable Development
  12. 16. Some drivers for sustainability
  13. 17. <ul><li>Internationally driven </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Targets </li></ul><ul><li>EU driven </li></ul><ul><li>Waste reduction targets- </li></ul><ul><li>Air Quality Targets </li></ul><ul><li>National processes </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Communities Act </li></ul><ul><li>New CAA </li></ul>
  14. 18. Some drivers for carbon reduction
  15. 19. <ul><li>Under the Kyoto/Burden Sharing Agreement , the UK is required to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 12.5% by 2008-12 versus 1990 base year. </li></ul><ul><li>The Climate Change Act 2008 goes beyond this to set a legally binding target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990-2050. </li></ul><ul><li>It also established the independent Climate Change Committee to advise on setting 5-year Carbon Budgets. </li></ul><ul><li>An interim target has been set of a 34% reduction from 1990-2020 and will increase to 42% if a significant international agreement is secured. </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>Published in July 2009, the Low Carbon Transition Plan outlines how the UK intends to achieve these targets and is supported by three further strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Low Carbon Industrial Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Low Carbon Transport Strategy </li></ul>
  17. 21. There are over 40 major policies to help achieve these reductions, including: <ul><li>The Renewables Obligation, which requires electricity suppliers to source an increase percentage of supply from new renewable sources </li></ul><ul><li>Car emissions standards , which will limit average tailpipe emissions for new cars </li></ul><ul><li>Building regulations , which limit emissions for new buildings and eventually require new homes and commercial buildings to be “zero carbon” by 2016 and 2019 respectively </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Agreements , whereby large energy users can claim a discount against the Climate Change Levy on their electricity bills in return for agreeing to energy efficiency targets or reductions in their emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Reduction Commitment, which introduces a cap and trade scheme for large non-energy intensive organisations from 2010 . </li></ul>
  18. 22. London context
  19. 23. Challenges for making London sustainable London’s population is expected to grow by 800,000 by 2016 Over 300 languages are spoken in London 3 out of 5 of the most deprived councils in England are in London
  20. 24. Delights the eye Internationally competitive Meets the challenges of economic growth World leader in improving the environment Diverse strong and accessible neighbourhoods A city where it is safe, easy and convenient for people to access jobs and facilities Economic Development Energy Climate Change Transport Air Quality Biodiversity Waste Noise Culture Sustainability Health Equalities Vision for London Spatial Development Strategy Implementation
  21. 25. What people think;
  22. 26. Annual London Survey 2007 ( MORI ) <ul><li>46% agree London is an environmentally friendly city </li></ul><ul><li>up from 44% 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>53% disagree London is a clean city </li></ul><ul><li>2009 52 % agree that their neighbourhood is clean </li></ul><ul><li>59% believe affordable housing is main priority for improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to 60% in 2002, has moved to improvement 2004 -5 </li></ul>
  23. 27. Annual London Survey 2009 ( MORI ) <ul><li>22 % consider conserving energy is most important </li></ul><ul><li>22% consider preserving green spaces to be most important </li></ul><ul><li>52 % agree that their neighbourhood is clean </li></ul><ul><li>20% think pollution and climate change are no problem at all. </li></ul>
  24. 28. LSDC 2008-9 indicators <ul><li>Up Voter turn out 45% </li></ul><ul><li>Up Household recycling 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Down Street Crime down 25% </li></ul><ul><li>Down Carbon emissions down 3% on 1990 </li></ul>
  25. 29. Place shaping survey - London <ul><li>NI 2 % of people who feel they belong 52% (Eng av 58%) </li></ul><ul><li>NI 3 % people who have influenced decisions 17 % (Eng av 14%) </li></ul><ul><li>NI 4 % people who feel they can influence decisions 3 5% (Eng av 28%) </li></ul>
  26. 30. London and carbon reduction
  27. 31. CO 2 savings Climate Change Action Plan
  28. 33. <ul><li>Best F oot Forwa rd </li></ul><ul><li>Construction 57% </li></ul><ul><li>Food 14% </li></ul>
  29. 34. Place making survey
  30. 37. Strategic green spaces in London
  31. 38. Behaviour- the challenge
  32. 39. Who is willing to do what High ability and willing Low ability and unwilling Avoid unnecessary flights (short haul) Buy energy efficient products Install insulation Use car less for short trips Install microgeneration Adopt lower impact diet Ability to Act High Low Increase recycling Eat more food that is locally in season Waste less food Use more efficient vehicles More responsible water usage Better energy management Willing to Act Low 100% 0% High proportion of population
  33. 40. Empowerment and collective action are key…
  34. 42. Defra Headline Behaviour Goals
  35. 43. Bioregional’s work on embedded carbon
  36. 44. Olympics Zero Carbon Construction 2010 2012 2020 Now Revised London Plan, Refined targets More demonstration projects Well London Low Carbon Projects Mainstream London Plan, SPG Sustainable Construction Healthier Community Strategies Low Carbon Zones Total Place Decentralised Energy Infrastructure
  37. 45. LSx conclusions
  38. 46. <ul><li>Waste reduction, and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Retro fit homes </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance demand </li></ul><ul><li>Support communities to use the DEFRA headline themes. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate on food and construction </li></ul><ul><li>Work with business is sector specific Seek out BAME businesses or organisations </li></ul>So What?
  39. 47. No silver bullet Behavioural fix much harder than technology Need to work with the policies we have today, rather than waiting for better ones tomorrow Opportunities ?

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