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Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation programme


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A presentation on a selection of newly launched digital resources funded by the JISC digitisation programme 2007-2009. Also covers some of the key issues for digitisation projects.

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Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation programme

  1. 1. Navigating a sea of stories: new online resources from the JISC Digitisation programme Five centuries of unique resources for learning, teaching & research © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford 2008: John Johnson Collection Copyright © ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved Paola Marchionni JISC Digitisation Programme Manager [email_address] Open University 20 February 2009
  2. 2. New online resources <ul><li>Some video clips on You Tube </li></ul>Newsfilm Online WW1 Poetry Digital Archive British Cartoons Archive Cabinet Papers: 1915-1978 John Johnson Collection and more to come…
  3. 3. First World War Poetry Digital Archive <ul><li> - Open access </li></ul><ul><li>Collections: search by poets, media, keyword </li></ul><ul><li>Education section </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorials (KS1 to undergraduate): can be used as course supplement, further reading, teaching aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathways : annotated trails with archive material, all level, teachers can add new ones, (download, print, zoom, see catalogue record…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources packs (schools) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Great War Archive </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cabinet Papers: 1915-1978 <ul><li> - Open access </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contextualisation packages about UK and the world, economy, society and welfare linked to cabinet papers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive writing tool to support the use and investigation of historical primary sources in a structured way </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactive maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to cabinet papers and downloadable information </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Newsfilm Online <ul><li> – Authentication required </li></ul><ul><li>Collections searchable by decade and keywords </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning framework , by Simon Atkinson and Kevin Burden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on two axis: spaces (eg small lecture theatre) and learning design (empathy, conceptualisation, analogy, authoring etc…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogical exemplars (different approaches to using videos) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies, eg Skipton College on moral panic through the decades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical tutorials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical guidance on using, downloading, editing video clips </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Navigating a sea of stories <ul><li>What can you do with all these resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Use different and primary sources to explore a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary studies </li></ul><ul><li>Make research quicker </li></ul><ul><li>Explore new links and research questions </li></ul><ul><li>Download </li></ul><ul><li>Include in assignments and presentations </li></ul>Mss of poem “Dulce et Decorum est”, Wilfred Owen War cabinet document WW1 cocoa advert
  7. 7. What is JISC? <ul><li>What is JISC and what does it do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports the use of ICT in research, teaching and learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on post-16 and HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funds innovative projects in: e-resources, e-learning, e-research, information environment etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides support, guidance and advice to institutions through its services, eg JISC Digital Media, JISC Legal, InfoNet, Janet etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funded by UK post-16 and HE funding councils </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Digitisation programme <ul><li>Digitisation programme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building sustainable and authoritative e-resources for the benefit of UK teaching, learning and research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Started in 2004, 6 projects, £10m </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2, 2007-09, 16 new projects, £12m </li></ul><ul><li>Enriching Digital resources, 2008-09, 25 projects, £2m </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of collections and media: sound recordings, British newspapers, medical journals, radio and TV programmes, parliamentary papers, cartoons, poetry, Irish and Welsh journals and monographs, maps, theatre and entertainment… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Some key issues <ul><li>Some key issues for digitisation projects and the experience of the JISC Digitisation programme </li></ul><ul><li>What should I digitise? Content selection </li></ul><ul><li>Which metadata schema should I use? </li></ul><ul><li>Who does the content belong to and what do I want to do with it? Licencing and IPR </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the collection for and how do I engage users ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who and how will maintain the resource? Sustainability </li></ul>
  10. 10. Content selection <ul><li>What should I digitise? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current and potential use of a collection and users needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment with teaching and research priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links with the curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment with Institution’s content development/digitisation strategy, if in place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for interdisciplinarity, increased use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide appeal and interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPR and preservation issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up an Advisory board of subject specialists </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Content selection <ul><li>Freeze Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 images recording polar exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project identified courses and curricula where project could have impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University – Geology, Biology, Anthropology, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleges and Schools – Art and Design, History, Geography etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of learning work packages built into project plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JISC DiSCMap Study on priority collections for digitisation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Metadata <ul><li>Which metadata schema should I use? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be time consuming to produce, especially human created ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide what information needs to be recorded for the institution and for the users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate existing metadata provision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available resources, staff, time, budget, infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a plan B in case you need to re-allocate resources towards metadata creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devise metadata approach and strategy from the beginning and document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of using metadata standards adopted by your community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can your users help? Self-tagging </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Metadata <ul><li>Commonly used metadata schema by JISC projects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dublin Core, ISAD(G), MARC, MODS, GIS, TEI, METS, PREMIS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Library of Wales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>400,000 pages from 19 th and 20 th journals on Welsh history, culture and society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use TEI to catalogue parts of journals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent Radio News Archive/LBC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 hours of audio recording from Britain’s first commercial radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example of dealing with legacy metadata </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Content licencing <ul><li>Who does the content belong to and what do I want to do with it? </li></ul><ul><li>Two sides of the same coin: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who owns copyright of the content to be digitised? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What will users be able to do with it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some issue to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright clearance is a very time-consuming process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear about what you need to licence content for, ie what users can do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of copyright layers in some type of materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphan works: keep a due diligence file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always seek legal advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise in risk assessment </li></ul></ul>Dramatic works Text-based works Dramatic works Films Music Broadcast Sound recordings Typographic works Categories of works protected by copyright
  15. 15. Content licencing <ul><li>JISC Model licence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK HE and FE sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for the purpose of education… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eg copying, downloading, inclusion in course packs, assignments, presentation etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JISC Collections Open Educational Content Licence (for open access resources) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access non commercial educational purposes only licence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permitted usage is explicitly much broader than in Creative Commons licences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic Content Alliance (SCA) IPR toolkit (out March 2009): guidance papers and practical tool </li></ul>
  16. 16. User engagement <ul><li>Who is the collection for and how do I engage users? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear about core user group/s and current and potential use of the collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up advisory group of subject specialists and users group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out more about users requirements (focus groups, surveys) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invest time in usability testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create an engaging and interactive web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell your users about your resource, be “findable” (expose your metadata widely, exploit social networking tools) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out how users are using your resource - Impact </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. User engagement <ul><li>First World War Poetry Archive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great War archive: galvanising communities out there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Flickr, Facebook, Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-Raphaelite resource </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 images of works by Pre-Raphaelite painters and related resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience research on usefulness of Web2.0 tools on scholarly resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JISC Toolkit for the Impact of Digitised Scholarly Resources (out Apr 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>SCA Audience Analysis Toolkit </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sustainability <ul><li>Who and how will maintain the resource? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem of “project-based” funding model for many digitisation projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension between sustainability and open access: somebody has to pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideally digitisation should be embedded into institutional strategies, practices, processes and infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of sustainability models (commercial partnership, subscription, ads, institutional support, use of existing infrastructure…) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Sustainability <ul><li>John Johnson Collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>65,000 images of printed ephemera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnership between the Bodleian Library and ProQuest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free to UK HE, FE and public libraries, subscription abroad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historic Boundaries of Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical boundaries maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google ads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19 th Century Pamphlets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23,000 pamphlets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery by JSTOR </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Some useful resources <ul><li>JISC Digitisation programme and projects : </li></ul><ul><li>JISC Digitisation Blog : http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Content Selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DiSCMap project, Digitisation in Special Collections: Mapping, Assessment, Prioritisation http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Digital Media (ex-TASI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC standards catalogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UKOLN http:// /cultural-heritage/metadata/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCA Standards report (out Mar 09) see SCA blog http:// / </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Some useful resources <ul><li>IPR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Collections Open Educational Content Licence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web2Rights toolkit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCA IPR toolkit (out Mar 09), see SCA blog http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Raphaelite audience research on Web2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCA Audience Analysis Toolkit (more in March 09) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toolkit for the Impact of Digitised Scholarly Resources (out Apr 09) http:// =51 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ideal digital humanities project checklist, LAIRAH study </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Some useful resources <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCA/Ithaka report on Sustainability and Business Models </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Navigating a sea of stories… <ul><li>First World War Poetry Digital Archive – open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cabinet Papers 1915-1978 – open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The John Johnson Collection - authentication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British Cartoon Archive – open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newsfilm Online - authentication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul></ul>