Philippine Literature - [Digital Scrapbooking]


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Philippine Literature - [Digital Scrapbooking]

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  4. 4. Doctrina Christiana<br />Ang Barlaan at Josaphat<br />Urbana at felisa<br />Ang pasyon<br />Ibong <br />adarna<br />Florante at laura<br />
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  6. 6. Doctrina Christiana<br />The first published book in the Philippines in 1593.<br />It was the same catechetical guide approved during the Manila Synod in 1782, presided by Bishop Salazar. <br />Literally translated from Spanish as “teachings of the church,” to teach about Christian doctrine<br />
  7. 7. Doctrina Christiana<br />The Library of Congress preserves the one and only 1500’s copy of the book.<br />The most original copy was traced from Luigi Banzi, a Bolognese book seller.<br />It was originally written by Fray Juan de Plasencia of Pila, Laguna. He was the first Fransciscan priest of the same place.  <br />
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  9. 9. Ang Barlaan at Josaphat<br />The most and the first relevant version in Tagalog that the story is revolving the lives of two saints.<br />
  10. 10. Ang Barlaan at Josaphat<br />Full Title: Aral na tunay na totoong pag aacay sa tauo, nang manga cabanalang gaua nang manga maloualhating santos na si Barlaan ni Josafat.<br />The Greek Legend of Josaphat and Barlaan, who are believed to have survived around the 3rd-4th century in India.<br />Written by: <br />S.Juan Dameceno<br />Tagalog Translator/Writer:<br />Fray Antonio De Borja<br />this work has startling similarities with the Tale of Buddha, thus Josaphat and Barlaan is referred toas the Christianized version of Buddha’s life<br />
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  12. 12. Ang Pasyon<br /><ul><li> A narrative of the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ
  13. 13. Popular in the Philippines, Especially during the Lenten Season or Holy Week, Where its recitation, known as “PABASA”</li></li></ul><li>Ang Pasyon<br />Has five stanzas of five lines. Each line has eight syllables.<br />Written by:<br />Gaspar de Belen<br />Written in: <br />1703<br />Approved in: 1704<br />The reading Pasyon must be finished before 3pm of Good Friday .<br />[the time when Jesus died on the cross.]<br />
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  15. 15. Urbana at Felisa<br />Many of the norms articulated in the book, especially those related to the importance of purity, the ideal virtues that married people should cultivate<br />
  16. 16. Urbana at Felisa<br />Written in Tagalog by a priest of or his powerful sermons.<br />Original Writer:<br />De Castro, Modesto <br />An example of the book of conduct that emerged in Europe during the Renaissance.<br />
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  18. 18. Ibong Adarna<br />It tells the adventure and magical powers, the romance and love, the courage and piety, and the treachery and betrayal of highborn characters.<br /><ul><li> Ibong Adarna is an epic on the eponymous magical bird.
  19. 19. It contains 1,722 stanzas and is divided into five main parts </li></ul>The titles longer from during the Spanish Era was “Corrido at Buhay na Pinagdaanan nang tatlong Prinsepeng anak nang Haring Fernanado at Reina Valeriana sa Cahariang Berbania.<br />
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  21. 21. Florante at Laura<br />Written by: Francisco Balagtas. <br />Florante at Laura is considered as one of the masterpiece of Philippine Literature<br />
  22. 22. Florante at Laura<br />The work itself is dedicated to María Asuncion Rivera<br />An outstanding work in the early years of the 19th century was an epic romance.<br />Florante and Laura is considered an “Awit” or “a song” in English.<br />Florante at Laura was said to be a result of the heartache.<br />
  23. 23. corrido<br />tiBAG<br />ZARZUELA<br />SAINETE<br />Dung-aw<br />LAGAYLAY<br />CENACULO<br />Moro-moro<br />PANUNULUYAN<br />SALUBONG<br /> Duplo<br />Karagatan<br />CARILLO<br />awit<br />balagtasan<br />
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  25. 25. TIBAG<br />This ritual was brought by here by the Spaniards to remind the people about the search of St. Helena for the cross on which Jesus Christ was died.<br />The word “TIBAG” means to excavate<br />
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  27. 27. LAGAYLAY<br />This is a special occasion for the Pilareños of Sorsogon during may time to get together.<br />Lagaylay Festival - A May celebration in Canaman, Camarines Sur to honor the Sta. Cruz tradition. Women dance on the streets while chanting prayers to find the real cross. <br />
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  29. 29. CENACULO<br />A really fascinating tradition the town has kept alive all these years is the Passion Play or Cenaculo. The cenaculo is of prewar vintage. This is a dramatic performance to commemorate the passion and death of Jesus Christ.<br />
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  31. 31. PANUNULUYAN<br />This is presented before 12:00 on Christmas Eve. This is the presentation of the search of the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph for an inn wherein to deliver the baby Jesus.<br />
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  33. 33. SALUBONG<br />The Salubong is an Easter play dramatizes the meeting of the Risen Christ and his Mother. It is still presented in many Philippine towns.<br />
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  35. 35. CARILLO<br />Carillo is a “shadow play”<br />Dramatic Entertainment performed in Moonless night.<br />The figures are moved like marionettes<br />The dialogues are drown form Corrido or Awit.<br />Perform during a town fiesta or on a dark nights after a harvest.<br />Made by projecting cardboard figures before a lamp against a white sheet.<br />Dialogues are produced by some expert.<br />
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  37. 37. ZARZUELA<br />Considered the Father of the drama; It is musical comedy or Melodrama three acts which dealt with man’s passion and emotion.<br />
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  39. 39. SAINETE<br />This was short musical comedy popular during the 18th century. They were exaggerated comedies in shown between acts of long plays and were mostly performed by characters from the lower classes.<br />
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  41. 41. MORO-MORO<br />Moro-moro is presented also on a stage play. This is performed during town fiestas to entertain the people and to remind them of their Christian religion. The plot is usually the same that of a Christian princess or a nobleman’s daughter who is captured by the Mohammedans.<br />
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  43. 43. KARAGATAN<br />A poetic of a social-religious nature .<br />Celebrated during the death of a person.<br />A ritual is performed based on a legend about a princess<br />A leader stars off with an extemporaneous poem announcing its purpose.<br />
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  45. 45. DUPLO<br />The Duplo replaced Karagatan. This is a poetic joust in speaking and reasoning . The roles are taken from the bible and from the proverbs and saying. It is usually played during wakes for the dead.<br />
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  47. 47. BALAGTASAN<br />This is a poetic joust or a contest of skills in debate on a particular topic or issue. This is replaced the DUPLO and is held to honor Francisco “Balagtas” Baltazar.<br />
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  49. 49. DUNG-AW<br />This is a chant in free verse by a bereaved person or his representative beside the corpse of the dead. No definite meter or rhyming scheme is used. The person chanting it freely recites in poetic rhythm according to his feelings, emotions and thoughts.<br />
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  51. 51. AWIT<br /><ul><li> The awit is a form of Filipino poetry. Its literal translation into English is "song," although in the context of poetry, it is closer to the narrative.
  52. 52. There is a lesson indicated in the Awit.
  53. 53. Example of Awit: Florante at Laura ni Francisco Balagtas, BuhayniSegismundoniEulogio Juan de Tandiona, Doce Pares naKaharianngFranciani Jose de la Cruz, Salita at BuhayniMariangAlimango, PrinsipeIgmidio at PrinsesaClariana</li></li></ul><li>
  54. 54. CORRIDO<br />he corridois a popular narrative song and poetry form, a ballad, of Mexico. The songs are often about oppression, history, daily life for peasants, and other socially important information. It is still a popular form today, and was widely popular during the Mexican Revolution and Nicaraguan Revolutions of the 20th century. It derives largely from the 15th century Spanish romance, and in its most known form consists of 1) a salutation from the singer and prologue to the story; 2) the story itself; 3) a moral and farewell from the singer.<br />