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Everyday information literacy: CILIP Public & Mobile Library Group conference October 2019


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Slides used at a workshop for attendees at the CILIP Public and Mobile Library Group conference 2019

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Everyday information literacy: CILIP Public & Mobile Library Group conference October 2019

  1. 1. Everyday information literacy Dr Pam McKinney @ischoolpam
  2. 2. What we are going to do today • Brief introduction to the evolution of everyday Information Literacy & some current research • What is an “Information Landscape”? • Individual reflective exercise to map your landscape • Share and discuss your information landscapes • Whole group discussion – our developing understanding of information literacy • What is the role of the public library in supporting citizen’s information literacy? • Close
  3. 3. Contrasting definitions of Information Literacy Information literacy empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion in all nations UNESCO Alexandria proclamation 2005 Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning. ACRL 2016 Information literacy is the ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use. It empowers us as citizens to reach and express informed views and to engage fully with society. CILIP 2018
  4. 4. Syrian refugees in Scotland Sharing information with the community very important, through technology or face-to-face. Library strategy of social wellbeing helped develop services such Digital literacy training and peer English teaching (Martzoukou & Burnett 2017) Dominic Chavez
  5. 5. Disadvantaged new mothers in Scotland prefer leaflets and face to face advice, lack of access to the internet and technologies was a barrier to use (Buchanen 2018)
  6. 6. A study in Leeds of the use and understanding of information among parents found differences in the behavior of people from different socio-economic groups. e.g. differences in the use of family and friends for advice (Walker 2009)
  7. 7. Family historians use a network of local and international groups to support their research. Information sharing is prized. They like to “give back” (Yakel 2004) Anderson Ferreira de Deus
  8. 8. The information literacy of diet and fitness tracking using mobile apps: people understood issues of data quality, but were less aware of data privacy issues. There were sensitivities around sharing data with friends and family. (McKinney et al. 2017, 2019)
  9. 9. People who do not attend postsecondary educational institutions, which typically are mandated to provide at least a minimum level of IL skills training for students, have few places to turn for training in this increasingly important skill set. If citizens are to participate fully in the digital age, in order to efficiently access, effectively evaluate, and appropriately use information to inform their decision making in all aspects of their lives, then these citizens require training in IL skills. (Julien & Hoffman, 2008, p. 39)
  10. 10. 10 Conceptualisation of an Information literacy landscape (Lloyd 2017)
  11. 11. Three modalities 1) Epistemic characterized by objective, explicit, factual, often textual information that is reproduceable 2) Social characterized as tacit information that is legitimized by the collective, information that unwritten and refers to the norms of social conventions 3) Corporeal, characterized by physical information drawn from the body, and observations of the performance of a practice
  12. 12. An information landscape: learning how to cook Information literacy Social modality Corporeal modality Epistemic modality Talking to uni friends about cooking Parenting forum (cooking for kids) Learning how to stir – watching and doing Eating food Recipe books Home Economics classes in school
  13. 13. Reflective activity : An information landscape in your life • Think about an activity, pastime or life event when you have had to develop competence in using information • Think about the sources of information you had to learn how to use, and identify social, epistemic and corporeal sources for the landscape • What is distinctive about this landscape?
  14. 14. Group discussion • Share you information landscape with your neighbours • What are the similarities and differences in your landscapes? • What do these landscapes tell you about becoming information literate?
  15. 15. Feedback What do we now know about Information Literacy that we didn’t know before? Has your understanding of information literacy changed?
  16. 16. Group discussion: What is the role of the public librarian in supporting citizen’s information literacy? • “Our role is to make sure that we help the customer find their way and navigate through all the junk to get to something that’s credible” (Rubenstein 2016) • Is this how you think about your role? What else might be included in IL development? • Are librarians “the educators of the information society”? • How can services be designed to respond to different information landscapes? • What are you currently doing in your library to support IL development? Library_mistress
  17. 17. Some challenges….. • Issues around preferences for different types of information • Characteristics of patrons – age, literacy levels, socioeconomic status • How to develop an approach to IL development when IL is so contextual and individual • How to develop information literacy support that takes account of the 3 modalities of information literacy landscapes
  18. 18. Opportunities for public libraries? • Intergenerational engagement and learning – learning from each other • Raising awareness of the link between information literacy and lifelong learning • Librarian roles changing from transmitter of information to facilitator of learning • And? Over to you! Robin
  19. 19. Library and information services are key actors in providing unhindered access to essential resources for economic and cultural advance. In doing so, they contribute effectively to the development and maintenance of intellectual freedom, safeguarding democratic values and universal civil rights. They encourage social inclusion, by striving to serve all those in their user communities regardless of age, gender, economic or employment status, literacy or technical skills, cultural or ethnic origin, religious or political beliefs, sexual orientation, and physical or mental ability. (IFLA, 2003, p. 2)
  20. 20. References • Buchanan, S. (2018) Developing health information literacy in disadvantaged and dependent circumstances: family nurses. ECIL conference Oulu, Finland 24th-27th September 2018 • Julien, H and Hoffman, C.(2008) Information Literacy Training in Canada’s Public Libraries," The Library Quarterly 78, no. 1 19-41. • Lloyd, A. (2017) Information literacy and literacies of information: a mid-range theory and model. Journal of information literacy 11 (1) • Martzoukou & Burnett (2017) New Syrian Scots information literacy wayfinding practices: phase 1 research findings. LILAC conference 2017 wayfinding-practices-phase-1-research-findings-martzoukou • McKinney, Cox & Goodale (2016) Food logging: an information literacy perspective. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 69(2), 184-200. • McKinney P, Cox AM & Sbaffi L (2019) Information literacy in food and activity tracking among three communities: parkrunners, people with type 2 diabetes and people with IBS. Journal of Medical Internet Research. • Rubenstein, E.L. (2016) Health Information and Health Literacy: Public Library Practices, Challenges, and Opportunities. Public Library Quarterly 35(1) • Walker, G (2009) Seeking Information: A study of the use and understanding of information by parents of young children. Journal of Information Literacy 3 (2) • Yakel, E. (2004) Seeking information, seeking connections, seeking meaning: genealogists and family historians. Information Research 10(1)