THE PHONIC METHODOLOGYPamela S. CadayM Ed FilipinoJune 8, 2013
- breaking words into smallercomponents and basic sounds- is a method of teaching thatemphasize letter-soundrelationships.Example:
TWO IMPORTANT THINGS ABOUT PHONICSAn instructional strategy – a method ofteaching children to readTeaching the relationships between thesounds in speech and the letters of thealphabet
GOAL OF PHONICS FOR BEGINNING READER:to understand how letters are linked tosounds to form letter-soundcorrespondences and spelling patternsand,to help them learn how toapply this knowledge intheir reading.
PHONIC METHODOLOGY Defines reading as the decoding ofgraphemes or letters into phonemes orsounds and the understanding of the rulesgoverning decoding. Stressed letter sounds rather than letternames (Moe and Johnson, 1980)
TWO BASIC STRATEGY Analysis/Inductive (Pabuod) – involves fromparticular words to the rules or conclusionsabout themExample:
Synthesis/Deductive – involvesreasoning from the rule to specificapplicationsExample:
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ANALYTIC PHONICS ANDSYNTHETIC PHONICS
ANALYTIC PHONICS Children analyze lettersounds after the word hasbeen identified Consonant blends (e.g. bl, gr,st, shr) are taught as units inanalytic phonics The child taught by analyticphonics determines thesound for oy by referring to aknown word, e.g. boy. Sounding and blending isintroduced later.SYNTHETIC PHONICS The pronunciation of the word isdiscovered through soundingand blending. The child blends these letterstogether to determine thesound. Children taught by syntheticphonics process directly fromprint to sound. So if they see theword ploy, for example, theyknow that oy makes the sound/oy/ and so can read the word. Synthetic phonics teacheschildren to sound and blendafter only a few letter soundshave been taught.
CHILDREN PREREQUISITE1. Good auditory discrimination2. Good visual discrimination3. Analytic abilities4. Synthetic abilities5. High learning rate and a good memory