What is Patent ? A patent is an exclusive right granted by the government foran invention. It provides protection for the invention to theowner of the patent for a limited period which varies fromcountry to country. Patent is also a property right granted to a person or legalentity (e.g., a corporation) by the Patent and Trademark Office.The right conferred is “the right to exclude others from making,using, offering for sale or selling” the patented invention in anycountry or from importing the invention into the country.
What is Database ? A database is a collection of information that is organized sothat it can easily be accessed, managed, and updated. In one view,databases can be classified according to types of content:bibliographic, full-text, numeric, and images. Importance of Patent Database : Patent Information is commonly not available in developingcountries . There are significant obstacles to identifying thepatent status of any particular product even in rich countries.There are many patents field on various products . Patentapplications may be easily searchable.
1. PatentScope (WIPO) PatentScope is the public database of record for Primary CareTrust (PCT) international patent applications published by theWorld Intellectual Property organization (WIPO). It containsapproximately 1.7 million international applications publishedfrom 1978 forward. In 2009. It provides Search as well as Advanced Search. We can Searchby Front Page, Any Field, Full Text, ID/ Number, Int.Classification, Names, Dates. PatentScope search is the FREE OF CHARGE search serviceprovided by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)that allows you to access millions of patent documents.
B) Advanced SearchThe Advanced Search is the PATENTSCOPE expert search inwhich an unlimited number of keywords can be entered andcombined and the most complex queries searched .
C) Field CombinationA more targeted search using specific search criteria in any searchfields (e.g. Title, Abstract, Description, etc.) .
D) Cross Lingual Information Retrieval (CLIR)It will allow you to search a term or a phrase in Chinese, English,French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian orSpanish by just entering the term(s). Search Box
2. EKASWA EKASWA is India’s first patent database hosted by TechnologyInformation and Forecasting Council (TIFAC). The patent search services can be availed free of cost byuniversities, academic institutions, Govt. R&D institutions andgovernment departments.
Boolean OperatorsThe search allows queries to be formed using "+" , ",","#", and "*" options.Use of And (+) option :e.g. "microwave + oven": retrieves all records about microwave ovens.Use of Or (,) function:e.g. "Laser, beam" retrieves records either having laser alone or beam alone or having both. For records having both laser as well as beam, use "laser + beam".
Use of bracket [ ] option: (Works only in Title Field) :e.g."Laser+ [carbon monoxide, infra red]" looks for carbon monoxide lasers as well a infrared lasers.Use of wildcard option:e.g. use " * " for plural. In the Title field, the keyword "lamp* " locates lamp as well as lamps.Use of Not (#) option: (Works only in Title Filed):e.g. microwave# [oven, antenna] locates all those records which contain microwave without oven or antenna.
3. EPIDOS-INPADOCEPIDOS-INPADOC is complete database under the NationalInformatics Centre (NIC).It is one of the most comprehensive database on the PatentBibliography. This database is known as EPIDOS (EuropeanPatent Information and Document Service).European Patent Office (EPO) publishes this database. EPO hasbeen receiving the bibliography of all the patents filed andgranted in approximately 71 countries since 1968.It contains over 33 millions references from 1968 onwards.
Tips on Simple and Equivalent Search :Application Number (AN)This is Patent Number 15 characters long e.g. 196600006608137Applicants Name (AN)The name of one or more persons or organizations which areregistered as proprietor of a patent application. The applicant canalso be the inventor. One keyword each box.Inventors (TI)The name of the person(s) who is/are registered on patentapplication as the inventor(s). One keyword each box.
International Classification (IP)The International classification(s) the patent has been placedunder. To search for International Class G06F 19/00, you cansearch G06F0190000.Patent Number (PN)Is unique number assigned by respective patent office to agranted application filed by inventor/applicant. E.g. us6012891.Title (TI) Title of the Patent.Equivalent Patent SearchSame Patent published in other countries with same priority.Select publishing country from the list in Equivalent Search andenter the patent no.
4. Canadian Patents Database (CIPO)The Canadian Patents Database, which is maintained by theCanadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), contains morethan two million Canadian patents and published applicationsfrom 1869 to the present.You can search, retrieve and study more than 2,110,000 patentdocuments.Full-text images are available from 1920 onward.In addition, as of January 29, 2010, abstracts in both English andFrench are available.
C) Boolean SearchType the words or phrases you want to search in one or all textentry areas. Select the patent fields to be searched with theselector to the right of each entry area. When using both areas,choose the logical operator (OR or AND).
References :Patent Facilitating Center (n.d.). Retrieved on September 1, 2012 fromhttp://pfc.org.in/fac/fac.htmWhat is INPADOC-EPIDOS? (2010). Retrieved September 4, 2012 fromhttp://patinfo.nic.in/Patent Scope (WIPO) (n.d.). Retrieved September 6, 2012 fromhttp://www.wipo.int/pctdb/index.jspCanadian Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Retrieved September 9,2012 from http://brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/introduction.html