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Smart city mission and vision

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This unit describe the smart city mission and vision with practical challenges

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Smart city mission and vision

  1. 1. SMART CITY: OVERVIEW Dr. Pallavi Badry (Associate. Professor) Civil Engineering Department Vidya Jyothi Institue of Technology, Hyderabad , INDIA 1 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  3. 3. Unit I : Introduction: Smart city, Need for smart city, Potential locations, Physical infrastructure, Social infrastructure, Smart City Characteristics, Ward Plan SMART CITY : INTRODUCTION 3 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  4. 4.  v 4 “MODI’S SMART CITIES ‘’ SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  5. 5. CONTENT  Introduction  Definition Smart city  Need for smart city  Potential locations  Physical infrastructure  Social infrastructure  Smart City Characteristics  Ward Plan 5 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION  There is no universally accepted definition of a smart city.  varies from city to city and country to country,  Concept varies depending  level of development,  willingness to change and reform  resources and aspirations of the city residents  funding available with the government  A smart city would have a different connotation in India than, say, Europe. Even in India, there is no one way of defining a smart city specifically. 6 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  7. 7. And thus definition is highly fluctuates and merely objective and mission oriented 7 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  8. 8. SMART CITY FOR INDIA  Domain  urban eco-system  development-institutional  physical, social and economic infrastructure  Mission  To promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens  a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions  The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas  create a replicable model which will act like a light house to other aspiring cities. 8 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  9. 9. Definition  Smart cities are the infrastructures built through information and communication technologies (ICT) made to be more intelligent and efficient in the use of resources, resulting in cost and energy savings, improved service delivery and quality of life, and reduced environmental footprint-- all supporting innovation and the low-carbon economy. 9 Smart City via state of art (Boyd Cohen ) Source: A report prepared by Boyd Cohen, Ph.D., LEED AP, is a climate strategist helping to lead communities, cities and companies on the journey towards the low carbon economy. Dr. Cohen is the co-author of Climate Capitalism: Capitalism in the Age of Climate Change January 13, 2014 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  10. 10. TECHNICAL ASPECT OF SMART CITY  Smart city is truly not a physical building but it’s a vision of an urban development to integrate information and communication technology (ICT) and Internet of things (IoT) technology in a secure fashion to manage a city's assets. 10 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  11. 11. IT BEHIND SMART CITIES ICT (information and communication technologies) IoT (Internet of Things) 11 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  12. 12. ICT  Information and communication technology (ICT) is an extended term for information technology (IT)  which stresses the role of communications and the Integrates it to  Telecommunications(telephone lines and wireless signals)  computers  enterprise software  middleware, storage  and audio-visual systems  Which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information. 12 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  13. 13. APPLICATION OF ICT 13 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  14. 14. DIFFERENT ICT MODELS  ICT in education  ICT in Medicine  ICT in Agriculture  ICT in defense  ICT in smart buildings  ICT in smart cities  ICT in finance  ICT in weather services  And many more 14 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  16. 16. IOT INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)  It is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as "connected devices" and "smart devices"), buildings, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. 16 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  18. 18. IOT FOR SMART CITY 18 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  19. 19. KEY AREAS 19 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  20. 20. TYPES OF SMART CITY  Digital city  Information city  Virtual city  Intelligent city  Ubiquitous city 20 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  21. 21. DIGITAL CITY  The main purpose is to create an environment in which citizens are interconnected and easily share information anywhere in the city  It combines service oriented infrastructure and communications infrastructure and industry with the innovations  More robotic 21 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  22. 22. INFORMATION CITY  It collects local information and delivered them to the public portal  Element able to live and even work on the Internet because they could obtain every information through IT infrastructures  Linking of economical and social aspects of city  Eg. People interactions and government institutions.  22 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  23. 23. VIRTUAL CITY  In these kinds of cities functions are implemented in a cyberspace  it includes the notion of hybrid city, which consists of a reality with real citizens and entities and a parallel virtual city of real entities and people.  Have a smart city that is virtual means that in some cities it is possible the coexistence between these two reality, however the issue of physical distance and location is still not easy to manage.  The vision of the world without distance still remains unmet in many ways. In practice this idea is hold up through physical IT infrastructure of cables, data centers, and exchanges. 23 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  24. 24. INTELLIGENT CITY  It involves function as research or technological innovation to support learning and innovation procedure.  The notion emerges in a social context in which knowledge, learning process and creativity have great importance and the human capital is considered the most precious resource within this type of technological city.  In particular one of the most significant feature of an intelligent city is that every infrastructure is up to date, that means have the latest technology in telecommunications, electronic and mechanical technology. 24 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  25. 25. UBIQUITOUS CITY (U-CITY)  It creates an environment that connect citizens to any services through any device.  U-city is a further extension of digital city concept because of the facility in terms of accessibility to every infrastructure.  This makes easier to the citizen the use of any available devices to interconnect them. Its goal is to create a city where any citizen can get any services anywhere and anytime through any kind of devices.  U-city is given by the computer chips inserted to those urban elements. 25 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  26. 26. FACETS OF SMART CITY:  E- city  Quality of life  Clean and sustainable environment  Industrial city with export orientation  Future ready  High living standards at an affordable cost 26 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  27. 27. E- CITY  More than half of the World's population now lives in urban areas.  Cities , megacities , generate new kinds of problems.  Difficulty in waste management, scarcity of resources, air pollution, human health concerns, traffic congestions, and inadequate, deteriorating and aging infrastructures are among the more basic technical, physical, and material problems.  Eg. Banlore is the first to got the status of e-City in India 27 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  28. 28. QUALITY OF LIFE  Quality of life, a cognitive judgmental process, is defined as ‘a global assessment of a person’s life satisfaction.  Although many people see wealth, health, employment, leisure, personal life, and fame as desirable, different individuals may place different values on them.  Two constructs have been used to explain the determinants of life satisfaction or quality of life  Subjective : is influenced by personality  Objective : by environmental or situational factors : family, job, leisure, neighborhood, community, and satisfaction with standard of living  The impact of the ICTs on society as a whole has been debated continuously since its widespread use in the 1990s.  Obviously, ICTs affect our day to day life.  Most of the studies in ICTs’ impact on quality of life focus on television and the Internet.  While some studies found negative impact of television on heavy viewers, while some mixed effects of television on family life. 28 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  30. 30. CLEAN AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT  Man cannot live and survive amidst waste  A clean environment that includes clean air, water, land and energy, is essential for human existence, conducting business and creating wealth  Cleaning also is a systematic, science-based process. 30 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  31. 31. INDUSTRIAL CITY WITH EXPORT ORIENTATION  Making industry ready for export is termed as Export- led growth  Export-led growth implies opening domestic markets to foreign competition in exchange for market access in other  Export-led growth is an economic strategy used by some developing countries. Countries seeks to find a niche in the world economy for a certain type of export  By implementing this strategy, countries hope to gain enough hard currency to import commodities manufactured more cheaply somewhere else 31 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  32. 32. FUTURE READY  Personal and academic skills necessary for success in future individual endeavors is called as the making ready for future with acquiring the correct skillet.  It is characterized as Collaborative culture, Creative thinking, Critical thinking, Problem solving, Integration of technology into learning, Global competence, Global interaction, Financial, economic, business literacy, Entrepreneurial and civic literacy, Technologically able etc.  It can be observed in smart education like Teachers consistently embed creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, and communication and collaboration in learning experiences.  Where Students’ work reflect the use of project-based learning.  Regarding the skillet development in the industry the Staff discussions and meeting minutes emphasize teaching that promotes, flexibility and adaptability, initiative and self-direction, social and cross-cultural skills, productivity and accountability, and leadership and responsibility.  Students use research and determine the validity of sources to add meaning to solutions to problems. 32 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  33. 33. HIGH LIVING STANDARDS AT AN AFFORDABLE COST  Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.  The standard of living includes factors  income  quality  availability of employment  Class disparity  poverty rate  quality and affordability of housing  The standard of living is closely related to quality of life. 33 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  34. 34. NEED FOR SMART CITY  Smarter construction  Energy Efficient  Environment Friendly  Effective Transportation  Easy Healthcare  Quality Education  Strengthening IT & Communications  Structural Planning 34 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  36. 36.  From the several case studies of smart city projects implemented in different European countries the following data has been collected. This gives the savings in the provision of services in the framework of a Smart City gives the following 36 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  37. 37. POTENTIAL LOCATIONS  Locations where optimum balance between the need of the city and available resources can be expected 37 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  38. 38. POTENTIAL LOCATIONS  It is the platform where we can enhance the development of industries( import and export).  Industrial smart city can be well planned along an industrial corridor.  A corridor like Delhi Mumbai industrial corridor (DMIC), which helps to enhances the connectivity of an industrial smart cities with the rest of the world.  A smart city can also be included in National Industrial manufacturing zone (NIMZ), which offers greater autonomy and additional incentives to the industries 38 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  39. 39. 39 LOCATION S OF SC IN INDIA SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  40. 40. PILLARS OF THE SMART CITY  Physical infrastructure: Infrastructure is the basic physical systems of a business or nation; transportation, communication, sewage, water and electric systems are all examples of infrastructure.  Social infrastructure: Social Infrastructure is a subset of the infrastructure sector and typically includes assets that accommodate social services. As set out in the table below, examples of Social Infrastructure Assets include schools, universities, hospitals, prisons and community housing 40 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  41. 41. PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE  Compactness  Population  Smart electricity supply.  Smart mobility  Smart housing  Assured water.  Smart sanitation.  Solid waste management.  Smart industry.  DM  Zero pollution. 41 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  42. 42. COMPACTNESS  Due to compactness a smart city would have less CO2 footprint.  Min average density of 135 persons per hectare.  Estimated via  Compactness factor  Form factor 42 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  43. 43. OPTIMIZE THE BUILDING FORM AND LAYOUT  A low surface area to volume (S/V) ratio is optimal for a passive, low-carbon building. This is the ratio between the external surface area and the internal volume.  Compactness C = Volume / Surface Area  Small, detached buildings should have a very compact form (square is close to the perfect optimum, the circle);  larger buildings may have more complex geometries;  high S/V ratios require more insulation to achieve the same U-/R-value. 43 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  44. 44. FORM FACTOR  The ratio of the usable floor area, F, to above- grade enclosure area E,  Form factor = F/E 44 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
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  46. 46. Population  Smart city should have limited population, half a million ie, 5lakhs.  Amsterdam, copenhagen , Endiburgh, oslo are the best shining examples of sc with limited population. 46 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  47. 47. Smart electricity supply  solar panels installation on rooftops.  Net metering system  LEDs  Renewable electricity generated by windmills, hydroelectric plants. 47 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  48. 48. Smart Mobility  Access to transport for all people within the range of 800 meters residing in area with average density over 175 persons per hectare of built area.  Easy transportation facility should be there in rural areas.  Besides transit time to respective work places should not exceed 30 minutes and 45 minutes in small- mid size cities and metros respectively. 48 Smart city by Dr. Pallavi Badry
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  51. 51. SMART HOUSING 51 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  52. 52. Assured water:  Water should be treated as a precious natural resource.  Water supply should be metered.  100% rainwater harvesting should be done and most of the water needs should be satisfied by harvested rain water. 52 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  53. 53. Smart solid waste management  Solid waste should be segregated at source into dry- wet waste.  Wet waste should be treated as source and then convert into compost/gas/pellets.  Dry waste waste should be further segregated into reusable and recycle. 53 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  54. 54. 54 Smart sanitation Cleanliness should be ensured Sewage should be treated in a properly The product of methane can be used as bio fertilizer. https://www.ijarcsse.com/docs/papers/Volume_6/10_October2016/V6I9-01914.pdf https://www.irjet.ne t/archives/V4/i5/IRJ ET-V4I598.pdf SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  55. 55. Smart industry  Follow the guidelines of ‘ease of doing business index’ to facilitate industrial development.  Fuel pipelines and sufficient electricity should be provided for uninterrupted supply of energy.  Role of IT: Developing Apps for industry need Digital Transformation of Industry 55 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  56. 56. Disaster Management  Smart city should be prepared for all types of disasters (natural calamities)  Adopting earthquake resistant buildings.  Dedicated plans should be made for facing natural calamities like cyclones, floods etc. 56 Help centers SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  57. 57. Zero pollution  Smart sanitation , common effluent treatment plants, air pollution devices.  Use of electrical buses, electrical cooking etc. 57 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  58. 58. 58 Pollution reactors in grid pattern Industrial Pollution reactors SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  59. 59. 59 Traditional Effluent treatment Closed Effluent treatment SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  60. 60. SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Social Infrastructure is a subset of the infrastructure sector and typically includes assets that accommodate social services. As set out in the table below, examples of Social Infrastructure Assets include schools, universities, hospitals, prisons and community housing. 60 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  61. 61. OBJECTIVES OF SMART CITY MISSION  Explain the need and importance of housing  Explain the reasons behind housing problems in india.  To know about the present health facilities in India.  To know about the medical facilities in rural areas. 61 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  62. 62. REQUIREMENTS OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE  Smart education.  Higher education.  Skill devolopment.  Smart health care.  Sports infrastructure. 62 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  63. 63. REQUIREMENTS OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE CONTD… Smart education  Education improves the quality of education.  Brings change in attitude towards life.  Necessary for adopting modern technique.  Changes in status of women. 63 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  64. 64. Higher education  It gives a platform for smart jobs and enterpreneurship.  Research in innovative techniques.  Higher education incorporate significant contributions to society, with higher educated workers typically paying more tax.  It helps to give awareness about the society in all aspects. 64 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  65. 65. SKILL DEVELOPMENT  Face new challenges.  Good opportunities to get placed in high end companies.  It helps to be competent  It helps to develop a good business relationship. University digitization techniques 65 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  66. 66. SMART HEALTH CARE  Its an old saying ‘ health is wealth’, importance of health for an individual.  If we have healthy people in a society , it will contribute greatly efficiency and productivity.  There is direct relationship between health and economic development.  Easy medical facilities in rural and urban areas. 66 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  67. 67. SPORTS INFRASTRUCTURE  Smart city should aim to be renewed for sports.  Olympic and Indian sports should be promoted.  Creating a platform for all types of sports which will give pride for the nation. 67 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  68. 68. LIST OF SMART CITIES S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 1. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 Port Blair 1,40,572 2. Andhra Pradesh 3 1. Vishakhapatnam/ 2. Tirupati/ 3. Kakinada 1.18,78,980/ 2. 3,74,260/ 3. 3,50,968/ 3. Arunachal Pradesh 1 Pasighat 26,656 4. Assam 1 Guwahati 9,62,334 5. Bihar 3 1. Muzaffarpur/ 2. Bhagalpur/ 3. Biharsharif 1. 3,93,724/ 2. 4,10,210/ 3. 2,96,889 6. Chandigarh 1 Chandigarh 10,55,450 7. Chhattisgarh 2 1. Raipur/ 2. Bilaspur 1. 10,47,389/ 2. 3,65,579 68 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  69. 69. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD… S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 8. Daman and Diu 1 Diu 23,991 9. Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 Silvassa 98,032 10. Delhi 1 New Delhi Muncipal Council 2,49,998 11. Goa 1 Panaji 1,00,000 12. Gujarat 6 1. Gandhinagar/ 2. Ahmedabad/ 3. Surat/ 4. Vadodara/ 5. Rajkot/ 6. Dahod 1. 2,92,797/ 2. 55,77,940/ 3. 44,67,797/ 4. 17,52,371/ 5. 13,23,363/ 6. 1,30,530 13. Haryana 2 1. Karnal/ 2. Faridabad 1. 3,02,140/ 2. 14,14,050 14. Himachal Pradesh 1 Dharamshala 22,580 69 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  70. 70. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD… S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlist ed Names of selected cities Population of Cities 15. Jharkhand 1 Ranchi 10,73,427 16. Karnataka 6 1. Mangaluru/ 2. Belagavi/ 3. Shivamogga/ 4. Hubbali - Dharwad/ 5. Tumakuru/ 6. Davanagere 1. 4,84,785/ 2. 4,88,292/ 3. 3,22,428/ 4. 9,43,857/ 5. 3,05,821/ 6. 4,35,128 17. Kerala 1 Kochi 6,01,574 18. Lakshwadweep 1 Kavaratti 11,210 70 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  71. 71. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD…S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortliste d Names of selected cities Population of Cities 19. Madhya Pradesh 7 1. Bhopal/ 2. Indore/ 3. Jabalpul/ 4. Gwalior/ 5. Sagar/ 6. Satna/ 7. Ujjain 1. 19,22,130/ 2. 21,95,274/ 3. 12,16,445/ 4. 11,59,032/ 5. 2,73,296/ 6. 2,80,222/ 7. 5,15,215 20 Manipur 1 Imphal 2,68,243 21. Meghalaya 1 Shillong 3,54,325 22. Mizoram 1 Aizwal 2,91,000 23. Nagaland 1 Kohima 1,07,000 24. Odisha 2 1. Bhubaneshwar/ 2. Raurkela 1. 8,40,834/ 71 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  72. 72. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD…S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 26. Puducherry 1 Oulgaret 3.00,104 27. Punjab 3 1. Ludhiana/ 2. Jalandhar/ 3. Amritsar 1. 16,18,874/ 2. 8,68,181/ 3. 11,55,664 28. Rajasthan 4 1. Jaipur/ 2. Udaipur/ 3. Kota/ 4. Ajmer 1. 30,73,350/ 2. 4,75,150 3. 10,01,365/ 4. 5,51,360 29. Sikkim 1 Namchi 12,190 31. Telangana 2 1. Greater Hyderabad 2. Greater Warangal 1. 67,31,790/ 2. 8,19,406 32. Tripura 1 Agartala 4,00,004 72 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  73. 73. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD… S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 33 Tamil Nadu 12 1. Tiruchurapalli/ 2. Tirunelveli/ 3. Dindigul/ 4. Thanjavur/ 5. Tiruppur/ 6. Salem/ 7. Vellore/ 8. Coimbatore/ 9. Madurai/ 10. Erode/ 11. Thoothukudi/ 12. Chennai 1. 9,19,974/ 2. 4,74,838/ 3. 2,07,327/ 4. 2,22,943/ 5. 8,77,778/ 6. 8,31,038/ 7. 5,04,079/ 8. 16,01,438/ 9. 15,61,129/ 10. 4,98,129/ 11. 3,70,896/ 12. 67,27,000 73 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  74. 74. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD… S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 34 Uttar Pradesh** 12 1. Moradabad/ 2. Aligarh/ 3. Shaharanpur/ 4. Bareilly/ 5. Jhansi/ 6. Kanpur/ 7. Allahabad/ 8. Lucknow/ 9. Varanasi/ 10. Ghaziabad/ 11. Agra/ 12. Rampur 1. 8,87,871/ 2. 8,74,408/ 3. 7,05,478/ 4. 9,03,668/ 5. 5,05,693/ 6. 27,65,348/ 7. 11,12,544/ 8. 28,17,105/ 9. 11,98,491/ 10. 16,48,643/ 11. 15,85,704/ 12. 3,35,313 74 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  75. 75. LIST OF SMART CITIES CONTD… S.No. Name of State/UT No. of cities shortlisted Names of selected cities Population of Cities 35 Uttarakhand 1 Dehradun 5,83,971 36. West Bengal 4 1. New Town Kolkata/ 2. Bidhannagar/ 3. Duragapur/ 4. Haldia 1. 36,541/ 2. 6,33,704/ 3. 5,71,000/ 4. 2,72,000 75 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  76. 76. WARD PLAN 76 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry
  77. 77. THANK YOU 77 SmartcitybyDr.PallaviBadry

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