PH Lecture 3: History & Development of Poultry Industry in Pakistan


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History & Development of Poultry Industry in Pakistan

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  • Lyallpur is the old name of Faisalabad.
  • PH Lecture 3: History & Development of Poultry Industry in Pakistan

    1. 1. History & Development of Poultry Industry in Pakistan
    2. 2. Prior to 1963 the native breed "Desi" was mainly raised which produced a maximum of 73 eggs per year under local conditions. An improved breed "Lyallpur Silver Black" was evolved in 1965-66 in the department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
    3. 3. The layers of this breed are capable of producing 150 egg/year and gaining 1.4 kg weight in 12 weeks of age under favorable management and feeding conditions. Poultry in Pakistan was kept as backyard business for household needs. In early sixties the need of commercial poultry was felt which resulted in 1963, in the form of a national campaign to enhance the production of feed products in the country.
    4. 4. Under this campaign the government announce a tax exemption policy on the income derived from poultry farming. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) in collaboration with Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms of Canada started first commercial hatchery in Karachi. Simultaneously, a commercial poultry feed mill was started by Lever Brothers (Pvt), Pakistan Ltd., at Rahim Yar Khan, which was followed by other pioneers like Arbor Acres Ltd.
    5. 5. Special emphasis was laid by the Government on development of poultry industry in the country during 1965-75. The Government made major policy decisions to provide all possible facilities to poultry industry in the annual development plans. The incentives provided to poultry farmers/poultry industry included.
    6. 6. 1. Tax exemption on income derived from poultry farming. 2. Import of flock and incubators was permitted under free list. 3. Allotment of state land on lease for poultry farming at very nominal rates.
    7. 7. 4. Established poultry research institutes at Karachi and Rawalpindi through Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations to facilitate research services specifically concerning disease control programs.
    8. 8. 5. Two meatless days were announced to encourage poultry meat consumption. 6. Subsidy on grains to form low cost quality ration, through UNDP-grains. 7. Loan through ADBP for construction, of poultry sheds. the
    9. 9. 8. Established directorates of Poultry Production in Karachi and Punjab to provide extension services to the poultry farmers. 9. Establishment of Federal Poultry Board to coordinate government and industry activities in the poultry business. 10. Pakistan Poultry Association (PPA)