Roman Art History, Part 2, Stokstad, 3rd ed

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Roman Art History, Part II: From Early Classical to Late Empire.

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Roman Art History, Part 2, Stokstad, 3rd ed

  1. 1. ROMAN art, Part II T, R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2. QUICK QUIZ • Name these two pieces of art • List three ways they are similar • List three ways they are different • Use terms discussed in class: principles and elements of art, culture, and/or time-period or technique. • Name/date your paper.
  3. 3. Place
  4. 4. Time Periods • 509-27BCE The Republic • 27BCE-96CE The Early Empire • Flavians 69-96CE • 96-192CE High Imperial Art of Trajan & Hadrian • 192-395CE The Late Empire, Third & Fourth Centuries
  5. 5. The Flavians 69-96CE • Military men • Restored imperial finances • Stabilized the frontier • Last Flavian ruler, Domitian: terror returns • Titus=Domitian’s deified predecessor/brother
  6. 6. Arch of Titus, 81 CE (restored1822-24) • Commemorates Titus’ capture of Jerusalem, after fierce suppression of Jewish revolt • Concrete faced with marble • 50’ base for 4-horse chariot and rider statue • Inscription defines the monument
  7. 7. Arch of Titus
  8. 8. Arch of Titus - Spoils from the Temple of Solomon
  9. 9. Arch of Titus – Triumphal Procession, Titus in Chariot 6’ 8”
  10. 10. Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum), 70-80CE • Begun under Vespasian in 70CE/completed under Titus in 80CE • “Colosseum” because originally a huge statue of Nero called “Colossus” stood next to it • Sports-arena: 159’ high, 280x175’ floor • 100 days of performances at opening in 80CE • 9,000 wild animals/2,000 gladiators died • 76 entry doors; 50,000 spectators • Awning over the top • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3CnkdSJ9i0
  11. 11. Colosseum
  12. 12. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) Architecture • Attic (top) with Corinthian pilasters • 3 levels of arcades: Tuscan order, Ionic order, Corinthian order
  13. 13. Young Flavian Woman, 90CE • Latest court fashion
  14. 14. Middle-aged Flavian Woman, Late 1st century, CE • Revival of verism • Recorded age
  15. 15. High Imperial Art of Trajan and Hadrian • Domitian – assassinated in 96CE; succeeded by Nerva (a senator who appointed Trajan his successor) • Trajan: born in Spain, commander of troops in Germany • Greatest extent of the Roman empire reached • “adopted” successors vs. genetics • Hadrian (117-138CE): consolidated borders/ reforms • Patronage of arts increased
  16. 16. Column of Trajan, 113-116CE or after 117. Marble, spiral band =36”; 625’ if “unfurled”!
  17. 17. The Pantheon, 118-128CE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ANWz9a09KAg
  18. 18. • Oculus • Drum
  19. 19. Hadrian’s Villa at Tivoli 130-135CE • http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=t6npEWNrHGM Battle of Centaurs and Wild Beasts, 118-128CE. Mosaic floor, Hadrian’s Villa, 23x36”
  20. 20. Hadrian’s Wall, 2nd century CE • Stone/turf; 24,000 auxiliaries • 73 mi, forts/fortified towers ea mile
  21. 21. The Unswept Floor (mosaic variant of 2nd century BCE painting by Soso of Pergamon). 2nd century CE. *TESSERAE
  22. 22. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, 11’ 6” gilded bronze, 176 CE 161-180CE ruled Commodus (son) succeeded him
  23. 23. Commodus as Hercules, 191-192CE. Marble, 46 ½”.
  24. 24. The Late Empire, 3rd-4th centuries, CE • Political/economic decline • Barbarian threats • Army controlled the government
  25. 25. Caracalla • 14 ½” • Marble • Early 3rd century, CE • Son of Septimius Severus: murdered his brother, Geta in 212CE • Murdered in 217CE • Baths of Caracalla in 216- 217CE (50 acres) Septimius Severus, Julia Domna, and their Children, 200BCE. 14” painted wood.
  26. 26. Baths of Diocletian/Church of Santa Maria Degli Angeli • Frigidarium converted by Michalangelo
  27. 27. 3rd Century: Soldier Emperors - Philip the Arab, 244-249CE, 26” • Head of the Imperial Guard • Murdered his predecessor • Murdered after 5 years
  28. 28. Tetrarchs, 300CE
  29. 29. Audience Hall of Constantine Chlorus (The Basilica), early 4th century
  30. 30. Constantine the Great 325-326CE 8’ 6”
  31. 31. Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova) 306-313CE
  32. 32. Arch of Constantine, 312-315CE
  33. 33. Priestess of Bacchus (?), Ivory diptych, 390-401CE

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