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Art History Survey: 17th Century Art in Europe

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A brief introduction to the Baroque and early classicizing styles of art in Italy, Spain, northern Europe, and France during the 1600s.

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Art History Survey: 17th Century Art in Europe

  1. 1. T, R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2.  STYLE featuring:  Drama  Intensity of emotion  Extreme skill  Naturalism “If it’s not Baroque, don’t fix it.” - Cogsworth
  3. 3.  France: resurgence of classicism  Monarchy  Counter-Reformation  Netherlands: portraiture, still life, landscape, and genre
  4. 4. • St. Ignatius of Loyola – Society of Jesus • Counter-Reformation • Art as propaganda • Art as reinvigorator of belief/practice • Spiritual ecstasy
  5. 5.  St. Teresa of Avila in Ecstasy, Cornaro Chapel, Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome. 1645-1652. Marble, 11’ 6”.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKcJvjP9zgY&index=8&list=PLB56EEA2D AB1F1CD6
  6. 6.  Pope Paul V Borghese (pontificate 1605-1621) Longitudinal nave and new facade
  7. 7.  Baldacchino, St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican, Rome. 1624-1633. Gilt bronze, 100’. • Cathedra Petri, 1657-1666, gilt bronze, marble, stucco, and glass. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=YmzkN4iqvuk&list =PLB56EEA2DAB1F1CD6&i ndex=5
  8. 8.  David. 1623, Marble, 5’ 7”, Galleria Borghese, Rome.
  9. 9.  Apollo & Daphne, 1622-1625, marble  https://www.y outube.com/wa tch?v=e3RSRrU L1Os&index=6 &list=PLB56EE A2DAB1F1CD6
  10. 10.  Bolognese painter, Annibale Carracci, Ceiling of Gallery, Palazzo Farnese, Rome. 1597-1601.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DR9ad67Ftv0&list=PLB56EEA2DAB1F1CD6&ind ex=17
  11. 11.  Bacchus, 1595- 1596. Oil on canvas, 37” x 33.5”, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
  12. 12.  The Conversion of St. Paul, Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, c. 1601. Oil on canvas, 7’ 6” x 5’ 8”
  13. 13.  Caravaggio, The Calling of St. Matthew, Contarelli Chapel, church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome. 1599-1600. Oil on canvas, 10’ 7.5” x 11’ 2”.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZF5K8epWko&index=11&list=PLB56EEA2 DAB1F1CD6
  14. 14.  Judith Beheading Holofernes, c. 1619-20. Oil on canvas, 6’ 63/8” x 5’ 4”, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
  15. 15.  Worked for Bernini, who worshiped at Il Gesu  Illusionistic Baroque ceiling
  16. 16. The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and Fall of the Damned, Vault of the church of Il Gesu, Rome, 1672-1685. Fresco with stucco figures http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=aj2el_owSg4 &list=PLB56EEA2DAB1F 1CD6&index=24
  17. 17.  Still Life with Quince, Cabbage, Melon, and Cucumber, c. 1602. Oil on canvas, 27 1/8” x 33 ¼”. San Diego Museum of Art.
  18. 18.  Water Carrier of Seville, c. 1619. Oil on canvas, 41 ½” x 31 ½” . Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
  19. 19.  The Surrender at Breda (The Lances), 1634-1635. Oil on canvas, 10’7/8” x 12’ ½”. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  20. 20.  Las Meninas, 1656. Oil on canvas, 10’ 5” x 9’ ½”. Museo del Prado, Madrid.  http://www.youtu be.com/watch?v=Ii TtGENiVOA&list= PLB56EEA2DAB1F 1CD6&index=39
  21. 21.  Self-Portrait with Isabella Brandt, 1609-1610. Oil on canvas, 5’ 9” x 4’ 5”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
  22. 22.  The Raising of the Cross, 1610-1611. Oil on panel, center panel 15’ 1 7/8”x 11’ ½”. Each wing 15’ 1 7/8” x 4’ 11”. Now in Cathedral of Our Lady, Antwerp.
  23. 23.  The Consequences of War, 1638-1639. Oil on canvas, Palatine Gallery, Palazzo Pitti, Florence.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9iMsmhBOjk&list=PLB56EEA2DAB1F1CD6&index=26
  24. 24.  Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici, 1621-1625. Oil on canvas, 12’ 11 1/8” x 9’ 8 1/8”. Musée du Louvre, Paris
  25. 25.  Clara Peeters, Still Life with Flowers, Goblet, Dried Fruit, and Pretzels, 1611. Oil on panel, 20 ½” x 28 ¾” Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  26. 26.  Joos van Craesbeeck, The Smoker, 17th century, oil on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris.
  27. 27.  Frans Hals, Malle Babbe, c. 1630-1633. Oil on canvas, 30 7/8” x 26”. Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
  28. 28.  Frans Hals, Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of St. Adrian, c. 1627. Oil on canvas, 6’ x 8’ 8”. Frans Halsmuseum, Haarlem.
  29. 29.  Judith Leyster, Self-Portrait, 1635. Oil on canvas, 29 3/8” x 25 5/8”. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.  https://www.youtube. com/watch?v=xt2M4 HTw29A&list=PLB5 6EEA2DAB1F1CD6 &index=48
  30. 30. Oil on canvas, 52 5/8” x 40 7/8”. The Frick Collection, New York.
  31. 31.  The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632. Oil on canvas, 5’ 3 ¾” x 7’ 1 ¼”. Mauritshuis, The Hague.
  32. 32.  The Baroque: Rubens vs. Rembrandt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4HzOuV QgU4&index=2&list=PLB56EEA2DAB1F1CD6
  33. 33.  View of Delft, 1662. Oil on canvas, 38 ½” x 46 ¼” Royal Picture Gallery, Mauritshuis, The Hague.
  34. 34.  Jacob van Ruisdael, View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overveen, c. 1670. Oil on canvas, 22” x 24 ¼”. Royal Picture Gallery, Mauritshuis, The Hague.
  35. 35. • Francis Bacon (1561-1626) England • Rene Descartes (1596-1650) France • Logic and scrupulous objectivity • Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) -planets rotate in elliptical orbits around sun • SMALL to VAST studies of space • Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) Dutch lens maker; inventor of the microscope “wee beasties” Anna Maria Sibylla Merian, Coral Tree and Eye Spinner, 1719, 11.8” x 15.7”
  36. 36.  Oil on canvas, 30” x 24”. The Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio.
  37. 37.  Foreign and civil wars  King Henry IV assassinated in 1610; Marie de’ Medici (queen) rules as regent until 1617  1635: Cardinal Richelieu founds the French Royal Academy  1648: Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture  Louis XIII dies; 5 year old Louis the XIV (le Roi Soleil) ruled in 1661 after death of Cardinal Mazarin  Louis XIV, ABSOLUTE MONARCH: longest reign in Europe
  38. 38.  Hyacinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701. Oil on canvas, 9’ 2” x 7’ 10 ¾”, Musée du Louvre, Paris
  39. 39. Hall of Mirrors, begun 1678, approximately 240’  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=852eroBwDrA
  40. 40.  Bird’s Eye View of the Gardens of Versaille, 19th century.
  41. 41.  Landscape with St. John on Patmos, 1640. Oil on canvas, 39 ½” x 53 5/8”. The Art Institute of Chicago.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ba_EFdOjtok&index=29&li st=PLB56EEA2DAB1F1CD6

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