Art History Survey: India After 1200

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a brief, non-comprehensive introduction to Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and the styles and arts of India and Southeast Asia, post-1200 CE up until 1947.

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Art History Survey: India After 1200

  1. 1. Art History Survey II: India After 1200 T,R, 12-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2. Map it!
  3. 3. Times • • • • • • • 1199 CE – fall of Pala dynasty (northeastern India) 1206 – Turkish dynasties rule parts of India 13th-14th century – Sukhothai Kingdom, Thailand 1336-1565 – Vijayanagar Dynasties 1526- First Mughal Emperor (Babur) 1600 – British East India Company 1658-1858 – unified Mughal Empire (northern India) • 1858-1947 – British imperial power in India • 1947 CE – India is independent
  4. 4. Big Ideas for Art in Ch. 23 • • • • • Exogenous influence Nationalism Imperialism Global style vs. indigenous themes One nation: many religions represented – Buddhism – Jainism – Hinduism
  5. 5. Religious Traditions in India • Buddhism – Buddha’s teaching (563-483 BCE) – life’s difficulties>enlightenment>nirvana • Hinduism – karma, reincarnation, polytheistic; liberation from samsara (cycle of life and death) – – – – Vishnu Shiva Devi Brahma
  6. 6. Jainism • Kill no living creature; strict vegetarianism • ‘Three Jewels’: right belief, right knowledge, right conduct • Monks/laypersons seek purification to become worthy of rebirth in pathfinder’s heaven • Mahavira (599-527 BCE) – Final of 24 pathfinders • Kalpa Sutra (1375-1400 CE)– illuminated manuscript of lives of pathfinders
  7. 7. Places • Monastic universities – Tantric (Vajrayana) Mahayana Buddhism (Tibet)
  8. 8. Tantric Mahayana Buddhism • Bodhisattva • Avalokiteshvara: greatest compassion – Most popular • Symbols: lotus, eye, crown The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. Kurkihar, Bihar. Pala dynasty, 12th century. Gilt-bronze, height 10”. Patna Museum, Patna.
  9. 9. Kalpa Sutra • Gouache on paper Detail of a Leaf with the Birth of Mahavira. Western Indian school (probably Gujarat), c. 1375-1400. 8.5x7.6 cm
  10. 10. Temple at Madurai, 13th century • gopura=gateway entrance (11 of them) • Dedicated to goddess Minakshi (Parvati, Shiva’s consort) • Additions over the centuries • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=Ohl3_NQiRjY
  11. 11. Southeast Asia: Buddhist & Hindu • Now Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia • Shwe-Dagon Stupa (Pagoda)
  12. 12. Southeast Asian Art after 1200 • Buddha Calling the Earth to Witness, Sukhothai style. Bronze
  13. 13. Ceramics from the Hoi An Hoard, Vietnamese, late 15th-early16th century
  14. 14. Mughal Period, reign of Akbar, c. 1567-1582 • Islamic influence • Hamza’s Spies Scale the Fortress from the Hamzanama, North India. Gouache on cotton, 30x24.” Museum of Applied Arts, Vienna
  15. 15. Taj Mahal, 1631-1648, Agra, India • • • White marble inscribed; reflects the sun Dome: 58’ diameter, 213’ tall http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPiuXIelwXA
  16. 16. India and the West • 17th-18th centuries: British East India Co. • 19th century: British control: New Delhi (1911) • Classical+Indian styles Sir Edward Lutyens, India Gate, 20th century.

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