Art Appreciation
Professor Paige Prater
T, R, 9:30-10:50AM
A850
10 ELEMENTS of Art:
1. Color
2. Form
3. Line
4. Mass
5. Shape
6. Space
7. Texture
8. Time/Motion
9. Value
10. Volume
10 PRINCIPLES of Art:
1. Unity
2. Variety
3. Balance
4. Emphasis
5. Focal Point
6. Pattern
7. Proportion
8. Rhythm
9. Scal...
Emphasis
• Drawing attention to particular content
– VS SUBORDINATION (drawing attention away from
particular content)
Emphasis

Double-chambered vessel
with mouse, Recuay, Peru,
4th–8th century. Ceramic, 6”
high. Metropolitan Museum
of Art,...
Emphasis

Jules Olitski, Tin Lizzie Green, 1964. Acrylic and oil/wax
crayon on canvas, 10’10” x 6’10”. Museum of Fine
Arts...
NO Emphasis

Mark Tobey, Blue Interior, 1959.
Tempera on card, 44 x 28”
Focal Point
• The particular part of emphasis to which the
artist draws our eye
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c. 1555–8.
Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 29 x 44⅛”. Musées ...
EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT
• Directional Line
• Contrasting Values

Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith
Decapitating Holofernes, c. ...
EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT
 water is the focal
point conceptually
as well as visually

The Emperor Babur Overseeing his
Garde...
•
•
•
•

3 separate focal points
Position
Shape
Rhythm

Ando Hiroshige, “Riverside Bamboo
Market, Kyobashi,” from One Hund...
Contrast
• Very different elements right next to each
other
CONTRAST
Francisco de Zurbarán,
The Funeral of St.
Bonaventure, 1629. Oil
on canvas, 8' 2” x 7' 4”.
Musée du Louvre,
Paris...
Rehash…
 ALL the elements and principles of art can serve to
create EMPHASIS
 Both actual and implied lines shape our ex...
PATTERN
• Recurrence of an element
– Motif – repeated design as a unit within a pattern

• Repetition creates UNITY
comes ...
RHYTHM/PATTERN
Suzanne Valadon, The Blue Room, 1923. Oil on canvas,  × 45⅝”. Musée
35½
National d’Art Moderne,
Centre Georges Pompidou, ...
Great Mosque of Córdoba, prayer hall of Abd alRahman I, 784–6
Motif

Huqqa base, India,
Deccan, last quarter of
17th century. Bidri ware
(zinc alloy inlaid with
brass), 6⅞ x 6½ in.
Met...
Chuck Close,
Self Portrait, 1997. Oil
on canvas, 8’6” × 7’.
MOMA, New York
Motif vs. RANDOMNESS
• Dada movement
• “chance”
• Random
arrangement
• Hans Arp, Trousse d’un
Da,1920–21. Assemblage of
dr...
Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern
Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern
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Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern

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An introduction to the principles of art, especially focal point, contrast, emphasis, and pattern. Based on "Gateways to Art" (2012) by DeWitte, Larman, and Shields.

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Art Appreciation Principles & Elements of Art: Focal Point, Contrast, Emphasis, & Pattern

  1. 1. Art Appreciation Professor Paige Prater T, R, 9:30-10:50AM A850
  2. 2. 10 ELEMENTS of Art: 1. Color 2. Form 3. Line 4. Mass 5. Shape 6. Space 7. Texture 8. Time/Motion 9. Value 10. Volume
  3. 3. 10 PRINCIPLES of Art: 1. Unity 2. Variety 3. Balance 4. Emphasis 5. Focal Point 6. Pattern 7. Proportion 8. Rhythm 9. Scale 10. Contrast
  4. 4. Emphasis • Drawing attention to particular content – VS SUBORDINATION (drawing attention away from particular content)
  5. 5. Emphasis Double-chambered vessel with mouse, Recuay, Peru, 4th–8th century. Ceramic, 6” high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  6. 6. Emphasis Jules Olitski, Tin Lizzie Green, 1964. Acrylic and oil/wax crayon on canvas, 10’10” x 6’10”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
  7. 7. NO Emphasis Mark Tobey, Blue Interior, 1959. Tempera on card, 44 x 28”
  8. 8. Focal Point • The particular part of emphasis to which the artist draws our eye
  9. 9. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c. 1555–8. Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 29 x 44⅛”. Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
  10. 10. EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT • Directional Line • Contrasting Values Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Decapitating Holofernes, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 6’6⅜” x 5’3¾“. Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
  11. 11. EMPHASIS & FOCAL POINT  water is the focal point conceptually as well as visually The Emperor Babur Overseeing his Gardeners, India, Mughal period, c. 1590. Tempera and gouache on paper, 8¾ x 5⅝”. Victoria and Albert
  12. 12. • • • • 3 separate focal points Position Shape Rhythm Ando Hiroshige, “Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyobashi,” from One Hundred Famous Views of Edo, 1857. 15 x 10⅜”. James A. Michener Collection, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii
  13. 13. Contrast • Very different elements right next to each other
  14. 14. CONTRAST Francisco de Zurbarán, The Funeral of St. Bonaventure, 1629. Oil on canvas, 8' 2” x 7' 4”. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France
  15. 15. Rehash…  ALL the elements and principles of art can serve to create EMPHASIS  Both actual and implied lines shape our examination of a work of art by directing the movement of our gaze  Contrasts between different values, colors, or textures can sometimes be so dramatic and distinct that we cannot help but feel drawn to that area of a work
  16. 16. PATTERN • Recurrence of an element – Motif – repeated design as a unit within a pattern • Repetition creates UNITY comes from repetition!
  17. 17. RHYTHM/PATTERN
  18. 18. Suzanne Valadon, The Blue Room, 1923. Oil on canvas,  × 45⅝”. Musée 35½ National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
  19. 19. Great Mosque of Córdoba, prayer hall of Abd alRahman I, 784–6
  20. 20. Motif Huqqa base, India, Deccan, last quarter of 17th century. Bidri ware (zinc alloy inlaid with brass), 6⅞ x 6½ in. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  21. 21. Chuck Close, Self Portrait, 1997. Oil on canvas, 8’6” × 7’. MOMA, New York
  22. 22. Motif vs. RANDOMNESS • Dada movement • “chance” • Random arrangement • Hans Arp, Trousse d’un Da,1920–21. Assemblage of driftwood nailed onto wood with painting remains, 15 x 10½ x 1¾”.  Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

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