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Ancient neareast arthistsurveyi_day3_stokstad_ch2

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Fall 2013 - Day 2, Ch 2 from Stokstad's "Art History" 3rd ed.

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Ancient neareast arthistsurveyi_day3_stokstad_ch2

  1. 1. Art History Survey I – Ancient Near East ARTS 1303.51001 P327 12PM-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater
  2. 2. Ancient Near Eastern Cultures/Capitols/Timeperiods • Sumerian – Uruk (Warka, Iraq) – 5000 BCE-26 CE, flourished 3600-2100 BCE • Babylonian – Babylon – 1st mention: 2200 BCE • Assyrian – Kalhu (Nimrud, Iraq), flourished 900-800 BCE • Neo-Babylonian – Babylon, flourished 605-312 BCE • Persian – Persepolis, est. 515 BCE
  3. 3. Notable Historical Details: Sumer • 3500-2340 BCE • Feuding city-states • Developed writing: CUNEIFORM • Wagon wheel & plow (?) • Epic of Gilgamesh
  4. 4. Notable Art Objects: Sumerian • Warka Head • White Temple Ruins • Uruk Vase • Votive Figures • Nanna Ziggurat • Great Lyre with Bull’s Head
  5. 5. Warka Head, 3300-3000 BCE • Iraq Museum, Baghdad • (stolen/recovered 2003)
  6. 6. White Temple (Ruins) 3300-3000BCE • Present day Warka, Iraq
  7. 7. Uruk Vase 3300-3000 BCE • Alabaster, 36” high; Iraq Museum, Baghdad (recovered 2003) • Registers, stylized, ¾ profile
  8. 8. Votive Figures 2900-2600 BCE
  9. 9. Nanna Ziggurat 2100-2050 BCE • Moon god, Nanna (aka “Sin”) • 205’ x 141’ feet; mud brick; built over earlier temple
  10. 10. Great Lyre with Bull’s Head 2550- 2400BCE – Royal Tomb, Ur
  11. 11. Akkad • From north of Uruk (specific city undiscovered) • Sargon I, ruled Mesopotamia: 2332-2279 BCE • Spoke a Semitic language
  12. 12. Head of an Akkadian Ruler: 2300-2200 BCE • Earliest known major work of hollow-cast copper sculpture in the Ancient Near East
  13. 13. The Stele of Naram-Sin: 2200-2184 BCE • 6’ 6” high, limestone. Found at Susa. • Celebrates Sargon’s grandson’s military victory • Hieratic scale • Wavy registers
  14. 14. Notable Historical Details: Babylon • Mesopotamian region reunited under the Amorites, with ruler Hammurabi (reigned 1792-1750 BCE). • WRITTEN LEGAL CODE
  15. 15. The Code of Hammurabi (1792-1750 BCE)
  16. 16. Notable Historical Details: Assyria • 1400BCE-600BCE – by end of 9th century, they controlled most of Mesopotamia • Huge palaces on high platforms in the capitals • Mud bricks with alabaster or limestone veneers • Good irrigation • Three notable kings: – Assurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE) – Sargon II (721-706 BCE) – Assurbanipal (669-627 BCE)
  17. 17. Assyria: Art from Assurnasirpal’s reign • Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions, 850 BCE
  18. 18. Assyria: Art from Sargon II • Citadel and Palace Complex of Sargon II (721-706 BCE)
  19. 19. Assyria: Art from Assurbanipal’s Reign • Assurbanipal and his Queen in the Garden (647 BCE). Palace at Nineveh (Kuyunjik, Iraq).
  20. 20. Notable Historical Details: Neo-Babylonian • 612 BCE: Medes (western Iran), Scythians (nomadic people from northern Asia,) and Babylonians captured Nineveh. • Nebuchadnezzar II (ruled 605-562 BCE) – transformed Babylon (2 sections straddling the Euphrates river by a bridge!) • Huge empire from Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean • Glazed bricks used
  21. 21. Neo-Babylonia: Ishtar Gate (575 BCE)
  22. 22. Notable Historical Details: Persia • 559BCE – Cyrus II the Great (ruled until 530 BCE) • Darius I (ruled 521-486 BCE) – “I am Darius, great King, King of Kings, King of countries, King of this earth.” (Only the Greeks stood against them.) • Organized government; local/native leaders/customs left in place. • 515 BCE: Parsa/Persepolis constructed; new style reflective of many cultures Daric Coin minted under Darius I, 4th century.
  23. 23. Persia: Apadana of Darius and Xerxes (518-460 BCE) • Grid of 1500 x 900 feet (total palace complex) on 40’ raised platform.
  24. 24. Persia: Apadana of Darius and Xerxes (518-460 BCE) – Receiving Tribute • Detail

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