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UAVs and Airports
Eur Ing Michael Watson CEng MIET
FAHM – 2015
Copyright © 2015 Pager Power Ltd +44 1787 315138 mike@pager...
Topics
1. UAV Backgrounder
2. Using UAVs at Airports
3. Rules and regulations for commercial UAVs
4. UAV risks and inciden...
Terminology
UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAS Quadcopter
SUAS Small Unmanned Aircraft System Octocopter
Remotely Piloted Air...
UAV Growth
1. Technology led exponential growth
2. Batteries, GPS, Motion Sensors
3. Computing, Internet, Wireless
4. Driv...
dji Phantom
Weight 1.2kg Anyone can buy one 20 min flight
GPS and Sensors for stability Built-In Camera
No Fly Zones Retur...
UAV Applications
Media Photography Deliveries Inspection
Recreation Agriculture Broadcasting
Security Policing Entertainme...
Policing
Applications
Photograph crime scenes
Eye in the sky - Monitor events
Collect evidence
Search for people
Advantage...
Copyright © Airsight 2015
Runway Inspection
Process
UAV flies the runway taking images
Images analysed and combined
Pavement distress identified
Mai...
CAP 722
Guidance
UAV Specific
Sixth Edition – 2015
Main audience is
commercial UAV
operator
165 pages
CAP 393
Regulations
All UK Civil Aviation
V4.1– April 2015
270 Articles. Only 9
apply to Small UAVs.
569 pages
CAP 1202
Aimed at new/recreational operators
To be supplied with new UAVs?
ANO Article 138
Applies to all UAVs
A person must not recklessly or negligently cause or
permit an aircraft to endanger an...
New Guidance
House of Lords
FAA EASA ICAO
Challenges
Maintaining Safety
Pace of Change
Enabling Change
Points of View
Commercial UAV Operator Permit, training and insurance a lot of work
Other UAV Owners Don’t know what the r...
Risks
Aircraft Collision
Airprox
Personal Injury
Battery Fire
Radar Returns
Security
JAL B777-200(JA8981) by Kentaro IEMOT...
Mitigation
Legislation Rules and Guidance Operator Training
Public Education Policing Operator Certification UAV Registrat...
UAV Incidents
Where When What
La Guardia May 2015 3000 feet. Pilot pulled up.
UK 2014 – 2015 Nigel Wilson prosecuted by CP...
Conclusions
Police are starting to use UAVs at airports
Inspection UAVs are being used too
Lots of rules and regulations –...
UAVs and Airports
Eur Ing Michael Watson CEng MIET
FAHM – 2015
Copyright © 2015 Pager Power Ltd +44 1787 315138 mike@pager...
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
UAVs and Airports
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UAVs and Airports

A presentation about Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), often referred to as drones, and Airports.

Topics: A background on UAVs and their applications, Using UAVs at Airport, The Rules and Regulations for Commercial UAVs and UAV Incidents and Risks.

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UAVs and Airports

  1. 1. UAVs and Airports Eur Ing Michael Watson CEng MIET FAHM – 2015 Copyright © 2015 Pager Power Ltd +44 1787 315138 mike@pagerpower.co.uk
  2. 2. Topics 1. UAV Backgrounder 2. Using UAVs at Airports 3. Rules and regulations for commercial UAVs 4. UAV risks and incidents 5. Conclusions
  3. 3. Terminology UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAS Quadcopter SUAS Small Unmanned Aircraft System Octocopter Remotely Piloted Aircraft System Drone RPAS SUA Copyright © Airsight 2015
  4. 4. UAV Growth 1. Technology led exponential growth 2. Batteries, GPS, Motion Sensors 3. Computing, Internet, Wireless 4. Driven by Smartphone technology 5. Doubling annually? G-EUXE Airbus A321-231 (cn 2323) British Airways by Andrew Thomas / CC BY-SA 2.0 / image resized from original
  5. 5. dji Phantom Weight 1.2kg Anyone can buy one 20 min flight GPS and Sensors for stability Built-In Camera No Fly Zones Return to base on radio failure First Person View via Smartphone Incidents Pre-programmed routes Price £700 LiPo Battery
  6. 6. UAV Applications Media Photography Deliveries Inspection Recreation Agriculture Broadcasting Security Policing Entertainment Drone and Joan 50171 by Ted Eytan / CC BY- SA 2.0 / image resized from original.
  7. 7. Policing Applications Photograph crime scenes Eye in the sky - Monitor events Collect evidence Search for people Advantages 7x quicker than officer on foot Access to unsafe areas Implementation 2014 Gatwick trial 1xUAV 2015 Gatwick trial extended Expansion to Heathrow, City, Stansted and Luton
  8. 8. Copyright © Airsight 2015
  9. 9. Runway Inspection Process UAV flies the runway taking images Images analysed and combined Pavement distress identified Maintenance recommendations Advantages Increased runway availability Reduced inspection time Better runway condition data UAV Safety Features Position hold on radio loss Flight track monitoring Anti collision lights Automatic flight height limits Copyright © Airsight 2015
  10. 10. CAP 722 Guidance UAV Specific Sixth Edition – 2015 Main audience is commercial UAV operator 165 pages
  11. 11. CAP 393 Regulations All UK Civil Aviation V4.1– April 2015 270 Articles. Only 9 apply to Small UAVs. 569 pages
  12. 12. CAP 1202 Aimed at new/recreational operators To be supplied with new UAVs?
  13. 13. ANO Article 138 Applies to all UAVs A person must not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property.
  14. 14. New Guidance House of Lords FAA EASA ICAO Challenges Maintaining Safety Pace of Change Enabling Change
  15. 15. Points of View Commercial UAV Operator Permit, training and insurance a lot of work Other UAV Owners Don’t know what the rules are. No restrictions. Police Rules not written for police officers. Low priority. Airport Operations Disruption caused by UAVs. ATC Rules changed. ATC New obligation to notify police on reported UAV contact Drone on campus by Gabriel Garcia Marengo / CC BY 2.0 / image resized from original.
  16. 16. Risks Aircraft Collision Airprox Personal Injury Battery Fire Radar Returns Security JAL B777-200(JA8981) by Kentaro IEMOTO / CC BY-SA 2.0 / image resized from original.
  17. 17. Mitigation Legislation Rules and Guidance Operator Training Public Education Policing Operator Certification UAV Registration UAV Failsafe Systems ATC Communication UAV radar detection systems Weight limits Prop guards Baggage battery rules enforcement Fireproof battery bags Limits on camera operation
  18. 18. UAV Incidents Where When What La Guardia May 2015 3000 feet. Pilot pulled up. UK 2014 – 2015 Nigel Wilson prosecuted by CPS – Prosecution ongoing Dulles April 2015 UAV seen on approach at 1000 feet Manchester April 2015 UAV closes airport. Diversions to East Midlands and LPL Heathrow March 2015 A320 pilot saw UAV or balloon 5nm from airport Paris Feb 2015 Series of nighttime UAV incidents in central Paris White House Jan 2015 UAV crashed on Whitehouse lawn. Drunk worker! Heathrow Dec 2014 A320 pilot. 700 feet from landing. 20 feet separation. Peak District Oct 2014 UAV appears to follow paraglider who was ridge soaring Norwich Sep 2014 Heli pilot saw quadcopter 160 feet in front. Workers! Southend May 2014 1500 feet. Quadcopter reported within 25m of AT72. Barrow Aug 2013 Operator prosecuted by CAA. Flying close to Subs.
  19. 19. Conclusions Police are starting to use UAVs at airports Inspection UAVs are being used too Lots of rules and regulations – changing and catching up How should airports manage the risks? Security, Battery and Collision risks Real airport incidents – Heathrow, Manchester, La Guardia Mitigation – Policing, Registration, Communication, Education
  20. 20. UAVs and Airports Eur Ing Michael Watson CEng MIET FAHM – 2015 Copyright © 2015 Pager Power Ltd +44 1787 315138 mike@pagerpower.co.uk Questions? Thank You!
  • DavidManolache1

    May. 21, 2019
  • KozarniKoko

    Nov. 24, 2017
  • DaleEley

    Jul. 10, 2015

A presentation about Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), often referred to as drones, and Airports. Topics: A background on UAVs and their applications, Using UAVs at Airport, The Rules and Regulations for Commercial UAVs and UAV Incidents and Risks.

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