Overview of hr processes


Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Overview of hr processes

  1. 1. Overview Of HR Processes
  2. 2. HR Processes 2 2
  3. 3. Recruitment And Selection 3 3
  4. 4. RecruitmentDefinition of RecruitmentIt is a process of finding and attracting capable applicants for employment. The processbegins when new recruits are sought and ends when their applications are submitted.It is the activity that links the employers and those looking for employment .Recruitment of candidates is the function preceding the selection, which helps create apool of prospective employees for the organisation so that the management can select theright candidate for the right job from this pool. The main objective of the recruitmentprocess is to expedite the selection process. 4 4
  5. 5. Recruitment Process• Identify vacancy• Prepare job description and person specification• Advertising the vacancy• Managing the response• Short-listing• Arrange interviews• Conducting interview and decision making 5 5
  6. 6. Types Of RecruitmentRECRUITMENT NEEDS ARE OF THREE TYPES :PLANNEDi.e. the needs arising from changes in organization and retirement policy.ANTICIPATEDAnticipated needs are those movements in personnel, which an organization can predict bystudying trends in internal and external environment.UNEXPECTEDResignation, deaths, accidents, illness give rise to unexpected needs. 6 6
  7. 7. Linking Recruitment To Competence And Performance• A key role for HR is to align performance within roles with the strategy• So recruiting for the „right‟ people for a role depends on how it is defined in terms relating to performance to achieve the strategy.• Criterion-related behaviours or standards of performance are referred to as competencies.• Competencies can be used to provide the behaviours needed at work to achieve the business strategy, and enable organizations to form a model of the kinds of employee it wishes to attract through recruitment. 7 7
  8. 8. Approaches To RecruitmentThe main approaches to attracting applicants can be summarized as follows:• Walk-ins• Employee referrals• Advertising• Websites• Professional associations• Educational associations• Professional agencies• E-recruitment (general recruitment agents/ companies‟ own sites)• Word-of-mouth 8 8
  9. 9. Factors Impacting RecruitmentAn organization will take account of a number of factors when forming its recruitment plans andchoice of media.These might include:• Cost• Time taken to recruit and select• Focus, for example: skills, profession or occupation• Mobility of candidates – geographic and occupational 9 9
  10. 10. SelectionDefinition :According to Thomas stone “Selection is the process of differentiating betweenapplicants in order to identify and hire those with a greater likelihood of success on thejobs. ” 10 10
  11. 11. Factors Affecting Selection• Organizations have become increasingly aware of making good selection decisions, since it involves a number of costs:• The cost of the selection process itself, including the use of various selection instruments• The future costs of inducting and training new staff• The cost of turnover if the selected staff are not retained 11 11
  12. 12. Principles Of SelectionUnderlying the process of selection and the choice of techniques are two key principles:• Individual differences: Attracting a wide choice of applicants will be of little use unless there is a way of measuring how people differ, i.e. intelligence, attitudes, social skills, psychological and physical characteristics, experience etc.• Prediction: A recognition of the way in which people differ must be extended to a prediction of performance in the workplace. 12 12
  13. 13. Factors Affecting The Selection ProcessReliability and Validity Issues• Reliability refers to the extent to which a selection technique achieves consistency in what it is measuring over repeated use.• Validity refers to the extent to which a selection technique actually measures what it sets out to measure. 13 13
  14. 14. DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN RECRUITMENT AND SELECTIONRECRUITMENT SELECTIONIt the process of searching for It Involves the series of steps bycandidates for employment and which the candidates are screenedencouraging them to apply for jobs for choosing the most suitablein the organization persons for vacant positionsThe basic purpose of recruitments is The basic purpose of selectionto create a talent pool of candidates process is to choose the rightto enable the selection of best candidate to fill the variouscandidates for the organisation positions in the organisation.Recruitment is a positive process Selection is a negative process asi.e. encouraging more and more it involves rejection of theemployees. unsuitable candidates 14 14
  15. 15. ONBOARDING• Employee on-boarding is frequently confused with employee orientation, when its actually a much more in-depth process.• Employee on-boarding, goes well beyond orientation.• On boarding, the process of assimilating a new employee with a company or department and its culture• It requires frequent and on going communications between a new employee and management well after the first day, week or even month of starting a job.• On-boarding should involve frequent feedback, relationship building and mentoring to truly be effective.• In turn, it should reduce employee turnover, increase morale and production, and help an employee become a valuable contributor to the future success of the organization. 15 15
  16. 16. Rules to follow that apply across the (on)board:• Start at the beginning: The onboarding process should begin the moment the new employees accept your offer. Reach out to new employees before their first day of work to answer any questions and inform them of any materials they need to bring with them on the first day.• Begin with the basics: Dont overwhelm your employees with too much information at once. Give them the basic knowledge they need to understand their jobs, and add to it as you go along.• Pencil in some playtime: Break up the monotony of the meeting-, paper work-, and presentation-heavy first few days by coming up with games or group activities to help them learn and get acquainted.• Make it a family affair: A new job often means adjustment for the entire family, especially if they have relocated for their new position. Think of ways to involve the new employees family 16 16
  17. 17. Rules to follow that apply across the (on)board:• Find out how they see you: Use surveys, one-on-one interviews and focus groups to gain feedback from your new hires about their perceptions of the orientation process. Use those recommendations to improve your onboarding program. Seek feedback up to several months after theyve started, for it may take a while for them to realize what they should have learned earlier in the process, but did not.• Stay in it to win it: Seek continuous improvement with your onboarding program, and realize that what works today may not necessarily work as well next month or next year. Change your onboarding program as needed.• Know your velocity: Measure the impact of your program by evaluating such information as the results from surveys and interviews (mentioned earlier), the rate of new hire turnover, and the amount of time needed to train. This data will help you gain support for the program from upper management and will help you determine any necessary changes for improving the program 17 17
  18. 18. Performance Management System Managing Performance 18 18
  19. 19. Key Components Of Performance Management 19 19
  20. 20. Cycle Of Managing Performance 20 20
  21. 21. Managing Performance Vs Performance Management PERSPECTIVE I PERSPECTIVE II PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGING PERFORMANCE Human Resources driven system or  Managing the performance of his team is process . a line manager‟s responsibility . Responsibility of HR to implement the PMS  The PMS is an important tool to set in the org. targets , review , evaluate and improve performance . Line Managers only support HR in implementation  HR upholds and assists in the process . No real buy in .  Line managers are the drivers . 21 21
  22. 22. Some Tools Of Performance Appraisal• Critical incident method• Weighted checklist method• Paired comparison analysis• Graphic rating scales• Behaviourally anchored rating scales• Management By Objectives (MBO) method• 360 degree performance appraisal• Forced ranking (forced distribution) 22 22
  23. 23. Compensation And Benefits• You always have to give things to people in return to what you take from them. Compensation refers to this exchange, but in monetary terms. Compensation is the employers feedback for an employees work. It simply is the monetary value you would give to your employees in return of their services.• Gary Dessler in his book Human Resource Management defines compensation in these words "Employee compensation refers to all forms of pay going to employees and arising from their employment." The phrase all forms of pay in the definition does not include non-financial benefits, but all the direct and indirect financial compensations.• Employees today are not willing to work only for the cash alone, they expect extra. This extra is known as employee benefits. Also known as fringe benefits, Employee benefits are non- financial form of compensation offered in addition to cash salary to employee‟s lives. 23 23
  24. 24. Advantages Of Compensation & BenefitsAdvantages to the organisationA well designed compensation and benefits plan helps to attract, motivate and retain talent .• Job satisfaction: Employees would be happy with their jobs and would love to work for the organisation if they get fair rewards in exchange of their services.• Motivation: We all have different kinds of needs. Some of us want money so they work for the company which gives them higher pay. Some value achievement more than money, they would associate themselves with firms which offer greater chances of promotion, learning and development. A compensation plan that hits employees needs is more likely to motivate them to act in the desired way.• Low Absenteeism• Low Turnover• Competition : It aims at creating a healthy competition among them and encourages employees to work hard and efficiently. 24 24
  25. 25. Advantages Of Compensation & BenefitsAdvantage for Employees• Growth : The system provides growth and advancement opportunities to the deserving employees.• Peace of Mind : Relieves employees from certain fears and as a result they may work with relaxed mind.• Increases self-confidence : Every human being wants his/her efforts to get acknowledgment. Employees gain more and more confidence in them and in their abilities if they receive just rewards. As a result, their performance level shoot up. 25 25
  26. 26. Employee Engagement Employee engagement is an individual’s degree of positive or negative emotionalattachment to their organization, their job and their colleagues Employee engagement is often confused with employee satisfaction. Satisfaction is a minimum attitude standard established during the age of mass production toguard against militancy by identifying and removing irritants. Satisfied employees are not endeared to their employer like positively engaged employees –they‟re just not angry. Employee engagement is not something that can be quick fixed putting in more flexitime. Extravagant benefits and engagement awards do not structurally improve engagement orperformance. Neither do they make up for a horrible boss left unaccountable. To be sustainable and profitable, engagement must be credibly defined, scientificallymeasured and diligently managed as a leadership performance requirement. 26 26
  27. 27. Drivers Of Employee Engagement• Trust and integrity – how well managers communicate and walk the talk.• Nature of the job –Is it mentally stimulating day-to-day?• Line of sight between employee performance and company performance – Does the employee understand how their work contributes to the companys performance?• Career Growth opportunities –Are there future opportunities for growth?• Pride about the company – How much self-esteem does the employee feel by being associated with their company?• Co-workers/team members – significantly influence ones level of engagement• Employee development – Is the company making an effort to develop the employees skills?• Relationship with ones manager – Does the employee value his or her relationship with his or her manager? the direct relationship with ones manager is the strongest of all drivers. 27 27
  28. 28. Employee Engagement 28 28
  29. 29. Career PlanningWhat is Career Planning ?The process of establishing career objectives and determining appropriate educational anddevelopmental programs to further develop the skills required to achieve short- or long-termcareer objectives.Whose primary responsibility is it ?Planning a career is the responsibility of an individual .The organization can facilitate the process by providing adequate learning, vertical andhorizontal growth opportunities . 29 29
  30. 30. An Individual’s Perspective – Career Planning 30 30
  31. 31. The Process 31 31
  32. 32. Factors That Impact Career Planning ……..Employee + OrganizationFactors from the Employee‟s perspective• Current and past performance• Education and experience outside the org.• Potential in terms of technical and behavioural competencies .• Individual ambitions• Individual‟s passion• Family concerns• Career growth and development 32 32
  33. 33. Factors That Impact Career Planning ……..Factors from the organization‟s perspective• Org./dept. structure requirements (vacancies , new roles, ??)• Impact of current role in the dept. & ability/time to find a replacement /successor• Assessment of performance of the employee• Potential of the employee in terms of competencies needed for the next role .• Manpower budget of the dept. where growth opportunity exists• The organizations policies and culture –supportive of lateral and vertical growth ? 33 33
  34. 34. In an Organization…….TOOLS FOR CAREER PLANNING SYSTEMS FOR CAREER PLANNING Training and Development (both org.  Performance Appraisal driven and employee driven )  Employee Recognition and Reward Development Centers Programs Knowledge Enhancement Policies  Assessment Centres Co. driven Management / Leadership  Additional assignments /Projects programs .  Job enlargement Mentoring  Job enrichment Coaching initiatives  Job Rotation Policy  Promotion opportunities/Policies  Succession Planning 34 34
  35. 35. TRAININGTRAINING AND DEVELOPMENTA planned effort by a company to facilitate an employees‟ learning of competencies relevant torole and organization .The goal of training is for employees to• Master the knowledge, skill, and behaviours emphasized in training programs, and apply them to their day-to-day activities• And help them grow overall as individuals in a way that it linked to organizational strategy and growth . 35 35
  36. 36. Training and Development Process 36 36
  37. 37. Steps In The Training Process 37 37
  38. 38. Succession Planning• Succession planning is career planning at its proactive best.• It is planning for the future in such a manner that both organizational and individual growth needs are met .• Succession planning is identifying and preparing the right people for the right jobs.• Though applicable at all levels, it is at the highest level that the most formidable challenge exists 38 38
  39. 39. Succession Planning Model 39 39
  40. 40. Employee Separation• Employee Separation is the process of ensuring that an employee who quits the company is exited in a structured and orderly manner.• Employee separation can be voluntary as well as involuntary.• Voluntary is when the employee quits the company on his or her own accord. This is the most common form of employee separation.• Though in these recessionary times, involuntary separation or the act of asking the employee to leave by management is quite common. This form of employee separation where an employee is asked to quit is called involuntary separation.• The difference in these two forms of separation is that for voluntary exits, the employee stands to get most of the benefits and perks due to him or her• Whereas when an employee is asked to leave, he or she might get a separation package or in instances where disciplinary or performance related exits take place, the employee might not get anything at all.• In recent years, with the high levels of attrition in the service sector, it has become imperative for firms to have a structured separation plan for orderly exits of employees. In conclusion, employee separations must be handled in a professional and mature manner and though attrition is a fact that concerns everyone in the industry, once an employee decides to leave or is asked to leave , the separation must be as smooth as possible. 40 40
  41. 41. ® Leading People. Leading Organizations. Thank you 41 41