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Transforming Transportation and Health in Brownsville, Texas

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Title: Transforming Transportation and Health in Brownsville, Texas
Track: Change
Format: 60 minute panel
Abstract: Brownsville, Texas is a fast-growing city located on the Texas and Mexico Border, with a rich cultural heritage and high poverty rates. Learn about how the city went from being resistant to active transportation to embracing it in the interest of becoming a healthier, happier, and more livable city.
Presenters:
Presenter: Ramiro Gonzalez City of Brownsville

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Transforming Transportation and Health in Brownsville, Texas

  1. 1. TRANSFORMING TRANSPORTATION AND HEALTH Brownsville, Texas
  2. 2. Presenters •Ramiro Gonzalez- Comprehensive Planning and Redevelopment Manager •Art Rodriguez- Health Director •Eva Garcia- Planner and Bike Advocate
  3. 3. •Introduction •The Problem •Drive for Transformation •Changing the Conversation •Planning •Putting Words into Action
  4. 4. Where is Brownsville? On the US/Mexico Border Southernmost point in the Continental United States 277 Miles from San Antonio
  5. 5. Population 93% Hispanic 175,210 Total population (2013) 29 Median age MALE FEMALE 55% 45%
  6. 6. Population Pyramid
  7. 7. Climate 74.6°F Average annual temperature
  8. 8. The Problem
  9. 9. Health Crisis 1 in 3 people are diabetic 20% higher than the rest of Texas 23% higher than the national average either obese or overweight 80% More than 40% Poverty level = $20,614 for a family of 4 1/3 of Americans will be diabetic In 2050
  10. 10. Texas Diabetes Rates: 2010 Source: The Texas Tribune
  11. 11. Texas Diabetes Rates: 2010 Source: The Texas Tribune
  12. 12. Texas Diabetes Rates: 2020 Source: The Texas Tribune
  13. 13. Texas Diabetes Rates: 2030 Source: The Texas Tribune
  14. 14. Texas Diabetes Rates: 2040 Source: The Texas Tribune
  15. 15. Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Hispanic Adults, by State, BRFSS, 2011-2013 Data not reported* 15%–<20% 20%–<25% 25%–<30% 30%–<35% ≥35% * Sample size <50 or the relative standard error (dividing the standard error by the prevalence) ≥ 30%.
  16. 16. Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Non-Hispanic Black Adults, by State, BRFSS, 2011-2013 Data not reported* 15%–<20% 20%–<25% 25%–<30% 30%–<35% ≥35% * Sample size <50 or the relative standard error (dividing the standard error by the prevalence) ≥ 30%.
  17. 17. Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Non-Hispanic White Adults, by State, BRFSS, 2011-2013 Data not reported* 15%–<20% 20%–<25% 25%–<30% 30%–<35% ≥35% * Sample size <50 or the relative standard error (dividing the standard error by the prevalence) ≥ 30%.
  18. 18. Drive for Transformation
  19. 19. UT School of Public Health- Brownsville Regional Campus (2000) •Established in 2000 •Established the Hispanic Health Research Center •Mission is to reduce or eliminate health disparities that exist in Hispanics living in the South Texas Border region and nationally
  20. 20. Community Advisory Board (2004) •Funded through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a way to connect the community with the school •Also funded through the Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences who partners with MD Anderson, UT Health, and Memorial Hermann Hospital System
  21. 21. •“With soaring rates of obesity and diabetes, we urgently needed to get the word out to our community, but also needed to work on solutions based on successful evidence-based approaches along with real stories of individuals.” Joseph McCormick, MD, PHD, SPH Dean
  22. 22. CAB Programs •Tu Salud Si Cuenta •Brownsville Farmers Market/Brownsville Wellness Coalition •Brownsville Community Gardens •Biggest Loser Challenge
  23. 23. Changing the Conversation
  24. 24. Gil Peñalosa (8-80 Cities)
  25. 25. TEDxBrownsville
  26. 26. Dan Burden (Walkable & Livable Communities)
  27. 27. Public Art
  28. 28. Planning
  29. 29. IN BROWNSVILLE Master Bike and Bike Plan In cities with high levels of bicycle riding, the average bicycle trip is between two and three miles
  30. 30. Why do you Walk or Bicycle in Brownsville Today? 7% 63% 26% 10% 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70% To get to work/school/run errandsFor exercise/recreationBothI do not currently walk or ride a bikeWhy do you walk or bicycle?
  31. 31. Reasons not to walk or bike (top answers shown) -No trails/sidewalks/facilities -Do not feel safe -Do not own a bicycle Biggest hurdles to walking and biking in Brownsville (top answers shown) -Traffic/inconsiderate drivers -Not safe -Not convenient/no sidewalks or trails/no places to ride
  32. 32. EXISTING PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE NETWORK
  33. 33. PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE NETWORK – WITH TRAILS
  34. 34. PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE NETWORK – WITH SIDEPATHS
  35. 35. PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE NETWORK – WITH BIKE LANES
  36. 36. WITH SHARED LANE MARKINGS PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE NETWORK – WITH SHARED LANE MARKINGS
  37. 37. ULTIMATE PROXIMITY TO TRAILS AND SIDEPATHS
  38. 38. Southmost Nature Trail Porter High School Walmart
  39. 39. 1 – Southmost Area Trail along Drainage BEFORE AFTER
  40. 40. 6th Street Continuation from Battlefield Trail into Downtown - Cycle track
  41. 41. 3 – Downtown Pedestrian Corridors
  42. 42. Connecting Communities
  43. 43. Putting Words into Action
  44. 44. Build A Better Block
  45. 45. Planning In Real Time
  46. 46. BIKE RODEOS
  47. 47. Bike Rack Design Contest
  48. 48. Best Representative of Brownsville
  49. 49. People’s Choice (250 Votes)
  50. 50. Best in Show
  51. 51. Policy Changes •COMPLETE STREETS •NACTO •Sidewalk Ordinance •Bike Parking •Safe Passing Ordinance •Smoking Ban •Plastic Bag Ban (First City in Texas)
  52. 52. RESULTS
  53. 53. •East 6th Street Green Lane/Cycle Track: $250,000 TXDOT Grant for Sidewalk Expansion •Southmost Nature Trail (7 Miles CDBG/Category 7/City of Brownsville)- $4.5 million •Resaca de la Palma Battlefield Connection (FHWA, Federal Land Access Program, City)- $200,000 •Battlefield Trail 2.5 Mile Extension Extension through Downtown(TXDOT Enhancement Grant)-$750,000 •Belden Trail- TPWD, CDBG, BCIC- $500,000 •Belden Trail Connect- $200,000 •Morrison Rd. Trail- $200,000 •Total Funding Acquired and Leveraged= 6.6 million

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