#92 The Power of the Performance Metric – Getting Your Jurisdiction Back on Track - Huff
The Power of the Performance MetricGetting Your Jurisdiction Back on TrackMargot OcañasHerbie HuffMadeline Brozen Pro Walk Pro Bike 2012Chanda Singh Thursday, 9/13/12
Today’s Presentation• Background• Rationale: Why? What?• The Team• Metric Prioritization: The Process• The “WIP” Deliverable• Get Started!
Background• Health and Built Environment• CPPW / RENEW LA• Complete Streets Prototypes• Challenges
The City of LA Context:• WHY performance metrics?• WHAT need do they fulfill?
The Team• RENEW LA (DPH)• Technical assistance coordinators – Ryan Snyder Associates – Complete Streets Program, UCLA• Grantees – Green LA Coalition – Pacoima Beautiful• Community partners – LACBC – Community Health Councils
What is your vision?Example: Health, equity, access to open spaceWho are your partners?Example: Bike CoalitionWhy?Because they do bike counts and know the bike dataACTIVITY TIME!
The Parameters• How do you choose a metric?• What are the intended and unintended consequences?
How did we organize our thoughts?• Metric – WHAT are we measuring?• Data Elements – HOW do we measure it?• Objective – What’s the PURPOSE of measuring it?• Policy – What ACTIONS are implied?
Think of an objective and a corresponding metric or two.Example objective: Most short trips made by walking and bikingExample metric: Mode share split for trips under 3 milesHow would a decision maker interpret this?How does the metric lead to action?ACTIVITY TIME!
Report organizationTransportation •Metric / What? Safety •Data elements / How? •Objective / The Goal? •Policy implication / Why? EconomicsEnvironment
Q: How many people live within a quarter mileof frequent and reliable transit service?• How: – Frequent and reliable: at least every 15 minutes during the daytime + “15-minute map” – Census block population• Goal: – 75% of new development near transit• Why: – Sustainable growth, feasible option, physical activity requirements, biking and walking connections
54 % of people do not live within a 15-minute walk of frequent and reliable transit service
Transit service and income23 % of people in low in areas do not live within a 15-minute walk of frequent and reliable transit service
Transit Service, Income,100% 91% Geographic Disparity90% 80%80%70% 62% 80 % of people in the60% Valley do not live50% LA Basin within a 15-minute walk of frequent and 38% Valley40%30% 20% reliable transit service20% 9%10% 0% Population Pop. Near Frequent Frequent Transit Stops Transit
Q1: How many injuries and fatalities happen tocyclists and pedestrians?Q2: How does this distribution relate to how we travel? • How: – SafeTREC TIMS – Census and NHTS modal splits • Goal: – Reduce fatalities and injuries by mode, population, travel, etc. • Why: – Create a safer environment for biking and walking
2009 Fatalities by Mode for the City of Los Angeles 150 100% Fatalities 90% 125 Commute Trips 80% All Trips* 70% Percentage of Modal Split 100Number of Fatalities 60% 75 50% 40% 50 30% 20% 25 10% 0 0% Car Bike Walktrip data for Los Angeles MSA *all
Common Data Sources• Demographics • Health – Block level census data – 2007 Indicators for Health• Travel behavior Report (DPH) – National Household Travel • Other Survey (2009) – Center for Neighborhood – Ridership data (from Technology transit agency ) – City of Pasadena and – Bike / ped counts from Metro staff and reports advocacy group – Trust for Public Land City• Safety Park facts – Hit and run from PD – Intersection traffic volumes – TIMS – SWITRS
Other places to look• Regional data• Schools – Fitness data – Mode share• Developers – Traffic volumes – Turning movements – Speeds – Sidewalk inventory
What other data sources are out there?DISCUSSION TIME!
Kick-starting the effort• Don’t wait – go for the low hanging fruit• Give yourself a time and/or budget limit• Learn from your peers• Intersection of research and practice – find yourself some interns!• Figure out what your jurisdiction is tracking already
Margot OcañasPedestrian Coordinator, LADOTFormerly, LA County Public Health DepartmentMargot.Ocanas@lacity.org Herbie Huff Transportation Planner, Ryan Snyder Associates Herbie@rsa.ccMadeline BrozenProgram Manager, UCLA Complete Streets InitiativeMbrozen@publicaffairs.ucla.edu Chanda Singh Policy Analyst, LA County Department of Public Health Formerly, Ryan Snyder Associates email@example.com