Organiza;ons • AARP Public Policy Ins/tute • Green Los Angeles Coali/on • American Society of Landscape • Ins/tute of Transporta/on Engineers Architects • Local Government Commission • Associa/on of Pedestrian and Bicycle • Los Angeles Chapter of the American Professionals Ins/tute of Architects • California Department of Health • Los Angeles County Department of Services Public Health • California Strategic Growth Council • Na/onal Complete Streets Coali/on • City of Long Beach • Project for Public Spaces • City of Los Angeles Planning • Safe Routes to School Na/onal Department Partnership • Council for Watershed Health • Smart Growth America • Congress for the New Urbanism • UCLA Luskin Center for Innova/on • Federal Highway Administra/on • Walkable and Livable Communi/es Ins/tute
Legal Standing of Street Manuals • AASHTO “Green Book” • The California Highway Design Manual • Local manuals or street design standards • MUTCD • The California Fire Code • CA Streets and Highways Code and California Vehicle Code
Living Streets Vision • Equity • Are invi/ng • For people of all ages and • Foster healthy commerce physical abili/es whether • Strengthen and enhance they walk, bicycle, ride neighborhoods transit, or drive • Encourage ac/ve and • Integrate connec/vity and healthy lifestyles traﬃc calming with pedestrian-‐oriented site and • Integrate environmental building design stewardship • Connect people • Vary in character by neighborhood, density, and • Local people design their func/on streets
Principles of Pedestrian Crossings • Safe crossing is a must • Don’t compromise safety • Consider all users to accommodate traﬃc ﬂow • Meet accessibility standards and guidelines. • Design begins with appropriate speed. In • Crossings must be general, urban arterials “comfortable” should be designed to a • Use treatments with maximum of 30 mph or highest crash reduc/on 35 mph factors • Every crossing needs tailored design
Design Considera;ons • Ideally, uncontrolled crossing • Double (or triple) le` or right distances should be no more than turns concurrent (permissive) 21 feet. Streets wider than 40 with pedestrian crossings at feet should be divided by signalized intersec/ons must installing a median or two never be allowed. crossing islands. • Avoid concurrent movements of • Maximum of three lanes per motor vehicles and people at direc/on on all roads (plus a signalized intersec/ons. median or center turn lane). • People should never have to wait • There must be a safe, convenient more than 90 seconds to cross at crossing at every transit stop. signalized intersec/ons. • Pedestrian signals should be provided at all signalized crossings where pedestrians are allowed.
Pedestrian Toolbox • Guidance on using each • A few samples
Framework/Non-‐Framework Streets Use Cross-‐Sec;onal Measures • Reduc/on in # of lanes • Reduc/on in lane width • Medians, islands • On-‐street parking • Street trees • Bike lanes • Colored or textured pavement • Shared space • Pedestrian-‐scale ligh/ng • Curbless medians and streets
Design Principles • Compact, connected, complete, con/nuous • Organize places at a human scale • Safety, convenience, comfort for all users • Create places for people to interact; plazas, parks, squares • Well connected street network of small blocks • Locate land uses within walking distance of one another • Buildings should face the street, have windows looking onto the street and open to the sidewalk • On-‐street parking provides a buﬀer • Setbacks should enhance pedestrian experience • Oﬀ-‐street parking should not disrupt pedestrian experience • Shared oﬀ-‐street parking reduces non-‐produc/ve land use