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Finnish - Language of Challange and Adventure

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a short traning lesson of Finnish for foreigners

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Finnish - Language of Challange and Adventure

  1. 1. FINNISH - LANGUAGE OF CHALLANGE AND ADVENTURE FINLAND http:// www.visitfinland.com/fi_FI/web/guest/finland-guide/about-finland/photos-videos-livecams/videos 12.10.2011 OMNIA Sirje Hassinen
  2. 2. LANGUAGE OF VOWELS <ul><li>a, e, i, o, u, ä, ö, y (8 different vowels) </li></ul><ul><li>kala, vene, sinä, musta, tyly </li></ul><ul><li>aa, ee, ii, oo, uu, ää, öö, yy </li></ul><ul><li>pää, hiiri, suuri, tyyli, Töölö </li></ul><ul><li>long vowels </li></ul><ul><li>ai, ei, ie, oi, io, ui, iu, äi, öi, öy, yö etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Suomi, pieni, äiti, pöytä, pyöreä </li></ul><ul><li>Short and long vowels make differences: </li></ul><ul><li>tule ’come’ (imperative, command) </li></ul><ul><li>tulee ’he/she comes’ (Sg 3. person) </li></ul><ul><li>tuli ’fire’ tuuli ’wind’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. ONE OR DOUBLE? OR THREE? <ul><li>K p t …g b d </li></ul><ul><li>h j l m n r s v </li></ul><ul><li>kuka ’who’ kukka ’flower’ </li></ul><ul><li>One, two or three makes sense </li></ul><ul><li>mato ’worm’ – matto ’carpet’ </li></ul><ul><li>kansa ’the people’ – kanssa ’with someone’ </li></ul><ul><li>Consonant gradation </li></ul><ul><li>pp:p kaappi 'cupboard' : kaapin gen. </li></ul><ul><li>tt:t tyttö 'girl' : tytön gen. </li></ul><ul><li>kk:k kukka 'flower' : kukan gen. </li></ul><ul><li>p:v tapa 'habit' : tavan </li></ul><ul><li>t:d katu 'street' : kadun gen. </li></ul>
  4. 4. COMMON FINNISH WORD <ul><li>2-sillable, CVC(C)V </li></ul><ul><li>ku-ka, kuk-ka, poi-ka, ka-la </li></ul><ul><li>kou-lu, päi-vä </li></ul><ul><li>terve! </li></ul><ul><li>aamu, päivä, ilta </li></ul><ul><li>kello </li></ul><ul><li>Compound word </li></ul><ul><li>koulu+päivä </li></ul><ul><li>aamu+päivä </li></ul>
  5. 5. ELASTIC LANGUAGE <ul><li>All infromation in the end of word </li></ul><ul><li>koulu+SSA+KO </li></ul><ul><li>laula+N </li></ul><ul><li>One word = one sentence (meaning) </li></ul><ul><li>sataa ’it’s raining’ </li></ul><ul><li>minu+LLE+KIN+KO ’(something) to me too?’ </li></ul><ul><li>New words (derive) </li></ul><ul><li>laula/a > laula+JA </li></ul><ul><li>aja/a > aja+JA </li></ul><ul><li>kammata, kampaa- > kampaa+JA </li></ul><ul><li>suoma+LAINEN, kaupunki+LAINEN </li></ul>
  6. 6. VERBS ARE BEST! <ul><li>PUHU-A </li></ul><ul><li>minä puhuN eN puhu </li></ul><ul><li>sinä puhuT eT puhu </li></ul><ul><li>hän puhuU ei puhu </li></ul><ul><li>me puhuMME eMME puhu </li></ul><ul><li>te puhuTTE eTTE puhu </li></ul><ul><li>he puhuVAT eiVÄT puhu </li></ul><ul><li>Puhu-t-ko suome-a? </li></ul><ul><li>En puhu. </li></ul>
  7. 7. WHY FINNISH IS CHALLANGE <ul><li>Suffix language (different compared with English/Germany etc. Indo-European languages) </li></ul><ul><li>Many grammatical possibilities (15 cases in Singular and Plural) </li></ul><ul><li>Many changes (one – two, gradation) </li></ul><ul><li>Long words </li></ul><ul><li>Different vowels (front: ä,ö,y; back a,o,u; neutral e,i), vowel harmony: hella ’stove’ hellä ’tender’ suu ’mouth’ syy ’reason’ </li></ul>
  8. 8. WHY FINNISH IS EASY AND USEFUL <ul><li>Not sex </li></ul><ul><li>Not articles </li></ul><ul><li>Not accent </li></ul><ul><li>Word stress always in the first syllable </li></ul><ul><li>Very regular </li></ul><ul><li>Very elastic </li></ul><ul><li>Exact language </li></ul><ul><li>Order of words have not so big sense ( Minä rakastan sinua = Sinua minä rakasta : S V O-rule) </li></ul><ul><li>Common intonation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Finnish language and culture in social media <ul><li>www.rsgo.eu </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.visitfinland.com/fi_FI/web/guest/finland-guide/home </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZHReqKRvonE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irLsjBDPe5c </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHIAkLEcLlc&feature=related </li></ul>
  10. 10. SPORT IN FINLAND <ul><li>There are some Finnish specialities as </li></ul><ul><li>Nordic Walking (walking with poles): http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=io6DTRX_bOk </li></ul><ul><li>Finnish Baseball ‘pesäpallo’: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23QgLI3plM8 </li></ul><ul><li>ice swimming (swimming in a body of water with a frozen crust of ice, which requires either breaking the ice or entering where a spring keeps the water from freezing over): http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=OlDLmy_MEBo </li></ul><ul><li>wife carrying ‘eukonkanto’: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIB9UcA5iQU </li></ul><ul><li>swamp soccer ‘suojalkapallo’: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=XE-DZwiLwf4 </li></ul><ul><li>boot throwing ‘saappaanheitto’: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sezIQmJZMw </li></ul><ul><li>snow soccer ‘umpihankifutis’: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=EJpgWcDwIns </li></ul><ul><li>Many Finns are enthusiastic fans of the ice hockey. </li></ul>
  11. 11. TIPS FOR EVERYDAY LIFE <ul><li>Direct eye contact is a sign of trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Greetings are formal, with a firm handshake, direct eye contact, and a smile. </li></ul><ul><li>Among youngsters informal greetings are more common “hei”, “moi” or “terve”. </li></ul><ul><li>People in Finland &quot;say what they mean, and mean what they say.&quot; Not a small talk -culture. Finns place a great value on speaking plainly and openly. </li></ul><ul><li>You only kiss your beloved ones. Kisses on the cheek are not commonly used in Finland. </li></ul><ul><li>One talks, the other listens -culture. </li></ul><ul><li>First name basis. Finns don’t like to address people with titles and last names. </li></ul><ul><li>Common distance between speakers is 1-2 meters – give to Finn his/her own space. </li></ul><ul><li>Finns appreciate punctuality in both business and social situations and arrive on time. </li></ul>

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