Allan Gooch at Shaping Transportation: Transport for the London 2012 Olympic Games


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Hosting the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games was a great honour for the city of London, but it also presented a huge challenge for its transport systems and those running them. With the foundation of the Olympic Delivery Authority, London created a non-departmental public body which was responsible for coordinating, planning and delivering transport infrastructure and services to support the 2012 Games. However, successful delivery of transport for the Games required all transport stakeholders to work together to achieve, what many people thought, was impossible. In the early planning stages, the ODA recognised the importance of truly understanding the scale and nature of the transport challenge that London faced, so it set about developing a series of demand forecasts that all parties could use to develop their plans in a consistent manner. It then worked with LOCOG, government, local authorities, transport agencies and operators to develop the transport strategy to meet those transport challenges. This strategy was presented in what became known as the “Olympic Transport Plan”.This presentation describes how the different transport organisations worked together to plan the required transport for all the different client groups from athletes and team officials to the 12 million ticket holders who watched the festival of sport across 33 different competition venues. In particular, the presentation describes the transport planning analysis and modelling that was undertaken to support the overall planning for the 2012 Games. Moreover, it focuses on the lessons learned during this project and how they can be applied to future projects.

Allan Gooch spent nine years working on the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, from the bid stage, right through planning and then operations at Games time. As Head of Transport Planning for the Olympic Delivery Authority, he was responsible for a wide transportation scope. He rejoined transport consultancy Steer Davies Gleave after the London 2012‘ Games as Director of Sports & Major Events.

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Allan Gooch at Shaping Transportation: Transport for the London 2012 Olympic Games

  1. 1. Introduction2Ι Transport ChallengeΙ Strategy to Meet the ChallengeΙ Approach to Transport PlanningΙ Results – how it wentΙ Lessons Learned for the Future
  2. 2. Transport Challenge – Geographic Spread of Venues3
  3. 3. Transport Challenge – Integration with Road Events4
  4. 4. Transport Challenge – Duration of Transport OperationsJUNE 2012 JULY 2012 AUGUST 2012 SEPTEMBER 201228 JULY - 12 AUGOlympic Games27 JUNEVenues openMedia centre opensSoft opening ofOlympic Village13 JULYOfficial opening ofOlympic Village27 JULYOpening Ceremony13 - 16 AUGOlympic GamesDepartures10-12 SEPTParalympicGamesDepartures14 SEPTOlympic Parkcloses29 AUG - 9 SEPTParalympic Games5
  5. 5. Athletes & Team OfficialsInternational FederationsWorkforce & ContractorsMedia (Broadcast & Press )Olympic FamilyMarketing PartnersSpectatorsResidents, Local Businesses & Public without TicketsTransport Challenge - LOCOG Transport Client Priority6
  6. 6. Transport Challenge – Integration with Security7
  7. 7. Transport Challenge – Paralympic Games venues88
  8. 8. Transport Strategy – Key Principles9Ι T1, T2 and T3 car fleets for Games Family - operated by LOCOGΙ Separate bus fleets for Athletes, Technical Officials and Media - buscompanies contracted by LOCOGΙ Venue Transport – operated by LOCOGΙ Olympic Route Network (ORN) – operated by TfLΙ Huge investment in transport infrastructure by GovernmentΙ Free public transport for spectators in LondonΙ Supplementary spectator transport (eg P&R) - contracted by ODAΙ Travel Demand Management (TDM) – led by TfL
  9. 9. Transport Strategy – Games Family transportΙ Dedicated bus services (TA,TM, TF) using 1,250 vehiclesΙ Car fleet operations (T1, T2,T3) using 4,800 carsΙ Olympic Route NetworkΙ Vehicle Access & ParkingPermit (VAPP system)Ι Secure back of house loadzonesΙ Use of Heathrow Express railservices for Media arrivals &departuresΙ Free use of public transport10
  10. 10. Venue Transport Operations PlansWhat space is required and for what purpose?Ι Vehicle entry routesΙ Security screeningΙ Parking allocationΙ Staging areasΙ Load zones for each clientgroupΙ Permit scheme designΙ Traffic managementΙ Spectator access strategy11
  11. 11. Venue Transport – typical load zone12
  12. 12. Transport Strategy – Traffic Management and Parking Controlseg Wembley Stadium - Reduced post-match egress times for key clients from 2 hours to 15 mins13
  13. 13. Transport Strategy – Vehicle Screening Areas (VSAs)14
  14. 14. Transport Strategy – Travel Demand Management (TDM)15
  15. 15. Transport Strategy – Scaled down Paralympic Route Networkand Conversion of Buses for Paralympics16
  16. 16. Approach to Transport Planning – Key Principles17Ι Start demand forecasting earlyΙ Share forecasts with stakeholdersΙ Keep those forecasts updatedΙ Integrate transport plans with other Functional Areas (eg Security, Logistics)and other transport operators (eg TfL, TOCs)Ι Consult on transport plans
  17. 17. Approach to Transport Planning - Key Inputs to Transport Planning18Ι Competition scheduleΙ Event ticket sales dataΙ Existing transport servicesΙ Games time enhancements to transport servicesΙ Likely variations to ‘normal’ background demandΙ Historic data on travel patterns at different sporting/cultural events
  18. 18. 19Approach to Transport Planning - Olympic Park Demand Model
  19. 19. 20Approach to Transport Planning – Demand Forecasting
  20. 20. Approach to Transport Planning – Microsimulation of Vehicles21
  21. 21. Approach to Transport Planning - Microsimulation of Pedestrians22
  22. 22. London 2012 Transport – Headline results23Ι Olympic Route Network reliability – 96%Ι Games Family bus services operated with very few problemsΙ Fleet operations worked well but were challenged by road eventsΙ Journey times – 30% lower than normal in LondonΙ TDM and ATM – achieved 30% reduction in road traffic at ‘hotspots’Ι Games Family did use public transportΙ Public transport systems operated well – highest daily loads ever recorded
  23. 23. London 2012 Transport Planning - Key Lessons Learned24Ι Cooperation between Government, the City, local authorities, all thetransport operators and London 2012 achieved an integrated transport planthat workedΙ Road events through the city centre look great, but cause huge transportchallengesΙ If high quality public transport is provided, the Games Family will use itΙ TDM combined with active traffic management workedΙ Early transport planning and sharing of plans helped enormouslyΙ It helps hugely if all parties use the same demand forecasts and they are keptupdated regularlyΙ Use transport modelling tools widely and wisely to help plan
  24. 24. 25Contact : Steer Davies GleaveSupplier of transport planning services (Olympic venues) to the London 2012 GamesAllan GoochDirector Sports and Major Eventsex Head of Venue Transport, LOCOG, 2011-12and previouslyHead of Transport Planning, ODA, 2006-11+44 (0)20 7910
  25. 25. 26Thank you!