EUROPEAN FUNDING FOR CYCLING INITIATIVES
IN NEW EU MEMBER STATES (CEE10+)
Current status and perspectives for improvement
...
AGENDA




 A VISION OF THE END

 DIAGNOSED CHALLENGES

 ACTUAL DEVELOPMENTS

 PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS

 PROMOTION EDUCAT...
A VISION OF THE END
IS EUROPEAN FUNDING IN NEW MEMBER STATES
FACILITATING CYCLING IN CITIES?




                                           So...
CENTRAL AND EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (CEE 10+)




   Bulgaria
   The Czech Republic
   Estonia
   Hungary
   Latvia
   Lit...
POPULATION




7,26 M       10,22 M    1,30 M                     9,93 M                        2,24 M                    ...
PYRAMID OF GOALS IN A BICYCLE DESTINATION




                                   CYCLING TOURISTS – WHO THEY ARE

        ...
NINE MILLION DAILY URBAN
CYCLOCHIC ENTHUSIASTS




                                                                       ...
DIAGNOSED CHALLENGES
BACKWARDNESS
– A CHALLENGE OR AN OPPORTUNITY




   LOW MOTORIZATION LEVELS



   HIGH LEVEL
   OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT USE


...
FEATURES OF ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE




    HIGH POWER DISTANCE
    low readiness to communicate
    with low ranking guys ...
LADDER OF CIVIC INVOLVEMENT




                               CIVIC PARTICIPATION

                                 CIVIC...
NGOS DEVELOPMENT STAGES




                                                                                   1
         ...
IDENTIFICATION OF THE NEED OF STRATEGIC REFLECTION




    REFLECTION LEVELS

AXIOLOGICAL LEVEL



 POLITICAL LEVEL



 ST...
HIGH NUMBER OF PRESIDENTS,
NOBODY TO TALK ABOUT PARTNER RELATIONS




ORGANISATIONAL CHARTS




                          ...
DEADLINE IS DEADLINE !




                         Source: http://blog.sumptuouscapital.com/2006/09/28/deadline-is-deadli...
VICIOUS CIRCLE OF TRANSPORT ARGUMENTATION




          MODEST SHARE OF CYCLING                     HIGH SHARE OF CAR
    ...
2007-
EU FUNDS DEVOTED TO CEE 10 IN 2007-2013




                                                                        ...
FUNDS DEVOTED TO TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
DEVELOPMENT IN CEE 10+ AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL




30 000
         26 075
        ...
CHANGES IN MOTORIZATION
RATE IN CEE 10 FROM 1997 TO 2006




                                                             ...
CHALLENGES TO COPE WITH IN URBAN OR …




                                        Source: authors’ own collection
…RURAL ENVIRONMENT




                     Source: Prof. Jan Burnewicz – University of Gdańsk
ACTUAL DEVELOPMENTS
CYCLING AND INNOVATION – A CLEAR SYNERGY



                                      COUNTRY          RANK

                 ...
PARADOXICAL INNOVATION




 CAR ORIENTED
CYCLING POLICY
   Off-road cycling tracks built
   not to make cyclists happy
  b...
STAKEHOLDERS IN THE CYCLING GAME




                                   Source: http://www.rowery.org.pl/poznan/index.htm
CERTAIN QUOTATIONS




   DECISION    • No cycling promotion before the whole cycling network is completed
               ...
METAMPSYCHOSIS




       OPPONENTS
 of cycling promotion policies

  easily change their approach

   CLAIMING to represe...
ISOLATIONISM AND MARGINALISATION




        Cycling infrastructure built to
        KEEP CYCLISTS OFF THE CARRIAGEWAY
   ...
MISALLOCATION OF RESOURCES – WASTE OF FUNDS




    EU funds devoted to finance
    LARGE URBAN ROAD
    INFRASTRUCTURE PR...
CEE 10 –SPECIFIC BARRIERS PREVENTING ACCESS TO
RESOURCES




     Cycling advocacy NGOs
     LACK RESOURCES to finance
   ...
PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS
INTEGRATED APPROACH PROPOSED BY THE EU




       REGIONAL
    DEVELOPMENT
     IS THE AIM
 PROMOTION OF CYCLING
     IS A...
THE SECRET OF SUCCESS




    EDUCATION
    EDUCATION
    EDUCATION

Tarja Halonen
The President of Finland,
when asked wh...
PROMOTING
EDUCATION & PROMOTION
FROM ENGINEERING …




                     Source: Cycling England (thanks to Alex Sully)
… TO PROMOTION ADDRESSED TO….




                                Source: (1) http://forums.roadbikereview.com/showthread....
… COMMON PEOPLE




                  Source: Department of Promotion of the city of Tczew
CONCLUDING REMARKS
NO NOTE, NO RESULT
&
GRASSROOT MONITORING



    Cycling is a SEXY tool
    of regional development



   GREEN PAPERS ON ...
EU-
EU-15 BASED CYCLING KNOW-HOW
                    KNOW-




    BYPAD AUDIT
    an indispensable condition
    for prov...
BENEFITS EXPECTED FROM THE PROPOSED MEASURES:
                                    MEASURES:




    Mitigation of the
    ...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
THIS PRESENTATION WAS PREPARED BY :




 PIOTR KUROPATWIŃSKI     +48 501 069 616   pkuropatwinski@pswe.org
 ANDRZEJ B. PIO...
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European Funding For Cycling Iniatives In New Member States

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European Funding For Cycling Iniatives In New Member States

  1. 1. EUROPEAN FUNDING FOR CYCLING INITIATIVES IN NEW EU MEMBER STATES (CEE10+) Current status and perspectives for improvement Andrzej B.Piotrowicz Brussels, Brussels, 12th May 2009 ssel
  2. 2. AGENDA A VISION OF THE END DIAGNOSED CHALLENGES ACTUAL DEVELOPMENTS PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS PROMOTION EDUCATION & PROMOTION CONCLUDING REMARKS
  3. 3. A VISION OF THE END
  4. 4. IS EUROPEAN FUNDING IN NEW MEMBER STATES FACILITATING CYCLING IN CITIES? Source: http://www.goldenline.pl/forum/gielda/549168/s/6
  5. 5. CENTRAL AND EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (CEE 10+) Bulgaria The Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia + Belarus and Ukraine EU members since May 2004, January 2007 and …. 201...? Source: authors’ own collection
  6. 6. POPULATION 7,26 M 10,22 M 1,30 M 9,93 M 2,24 M 3,56 M Bulgaria Czech Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Republic 38,50 M 22,24 M 5,45 M 2,00 M 9,68 M 45,99 M Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia Belarus Ukraine 158 M POTENTIAL CYCLISTS Source: http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_pa%C5%84stw_%C5%9Bwiata_wed%C5%82ug_liczby_ludno%C5%9Bci
  7. 7. PYRAMID OF GOALS IN A BICYCLE DESTINATION CYCLING TOURISTS – WHO THEY ARE HOLIDAY DESTINATION SHORT TRIP DESTINATION DAY TRIP DESTINATION FOR RESIDENTS AND TOURISTS RECREATION AREA FOR THE LOCAL POPULATION EVERYDAY USE AREA FOR THE LOCAL POPULATION Source: Claudia Krieger, Touristische Projekte. Cycling Tourists, Who they are, what they want and how they improve regional economy, Velo-city Munich 2007
  8. 8. NINE MILLION DAILY URBAN CYCLOCHIC ENTHUSIASTS Source: authors’ own collection and http://www.rmf.fm/fakty/pic.html?id=154515&img=154515_n_mi.jpg and http://www.bicyclekingdom.com/bicycle/nine_million_bicycles_Beijing.htm
  9. 9. DIAGNOSED CHALLENGES
  10. 10. BACKWARDNESS – A CHALLENGE OR AN OPPORTUNITY LOW MOTORIZATION LEVELS HIGH LEVEL OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT USE LACK OF FUNDS BUT ACCESS TO EU FUNDING WILL SOLVE ALL PROBLEMS Source: authors’ own collection
  11. 11. FEATURES OF ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE HIGH POWER DISTANCE low readiness to communicate with low ranking guys and gals HIGH UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE low tolerance of ambiguity and innovation HIGH MASCULINITY large and fast is beautiful Source: Hofstede, Geert and Hofstede, Gert-Jan. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. New York: McGraw-Hill U.S.A., 2004 http://gbuddy.blogspot.com/2006_09_01_archive.html
  12. 12. LADDER OF CIVIC INVOLVEMENT CIVIC PARTICIPATION CIVIC CONTROL EMPOWER MENT OF REPRESENTATIVES PARTNERSHIP SYMBOLIC PARTICIPATION CONSULTATIONS INFORMATION DISSEMINATION PASSIVITY NO PARTICIPATION TREATMENT MANIPULATION /CLAIMING ATTITUDE Source: Denvall, V. & Salonen, T. (2000) Att bryta vanans makt: Framtidsverkstäder . (Breaking with the force of the habits: Future workshops) Studentlitteratur. Lund
  13. 13. NGOS DEVELOPMENT STAGES 1 Management Full participation in civic life Stage 4 of partnerships 14 Development Planned activities Stage 3 of professionalism for the local community 25 Creation and development % of NGOs Co- Co-operation of co-operation capacity in particular Stage 2 capacity building supporting environment development of the sector stages in Poland 60 Spontaneous Initial stage Stage 1 of quantitative growth altruism Source: authors’ own collection
  14. 14. IDENTIFICATION OF THE NEED OF STRATEGIC REFLECTION REFLECTION LEVELS AXIOLOGICAL LEVEL POLITICAL LEVEL STRATEGIC LEVEL TACTICAL LEVEL TIMEFRAMES OPERATIONAL LEVEL MINUTES DAYS YEARS TERMS OF GENERATIONS OFFICE Source: Authors’ own considerations on the basis of Władysław Findeisen and krzysztof Zawalski
  15. 15. HIGH NUMBER OF PRESIDENTS, NOBODY TO TALK ABOUT PARTNER RELATIONS ORGANISATIONAL CHARTS Source: http://gbuddy.blogspot.com/2006_09_01_archive.html
  16. 16. DEADLINE IS DEADLINE ! Source: http://blog.sumptuouscapital.com/2006/09/28/deadline-is-deadline/
  17. 17. VICIOUS CIRCLE OF TRANSPORT ARGUMENTATION MODEST SHARE OF CYCLING HIGH SHARE OF CAR JOURNEYS IN MODAL SPLIT JOURNEYS IN MODAL SPLIT MODEST RESOURCES DEVOTED SUBSTANTIAL RESOURCES TO CREATION OF CYCLING DEVOTED FOR CREATION OF CAR FACILITIES TRANSPORT FACILITIES LOW COMPETITIVENESS HIGH COMPETITIVENESS OF CYCLING JOURNEYS OF CAR TRANSPORT Source: Johanna Kallioinen „Institutional position of cycling in transport planning”, paper presented at the Velo-city, Congress, Paris 2003
  18. 18. 2007- EU FUNDS DEVOTED TO CEE 10 IN 2007-2013 181 734 BLN EUR BLN EUR National Level Regional programmes Cross-border, transnational and interregional co-operation 60 000 50 559 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 746 20 048 18 916 18 260 20 000 9 871 6 624 5 754 5 530 6 592 6 787 10 000 3 611 3 935 470 360 385 284 326 1 802 338 212 84 121 119 0 Bulgaria Czech Estonia Latvia Lithuania Hungary Poland Romania Slovenia Slovakia Republic Source: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/atlas2007/index_en.htm’
  19. 19. FUNDS DEVOTED TO TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN CEE 10+ AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL 30 000 26 075 24 484 25 000 20 000 15 000 13 953 13 219 Transport 10 939 Other Programmes 10 000 7 321 6 793 5 697 6 026 5 313 4 621 4 529 3 845 5 000 2 859 2 993 2 003 1 279 1 076 1 001 618 0 Poland Hungary Czech Romania Slovakia Bulgaria Lithuania Slovenia Latvia Estonia Republic Source: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/atlas2007/index_en.htm’
  20. 20. CHANGES IN MOTORIZATION RATE IN CEE 10 FROM 1997 TO 2006 Motorisation rate (passenger cars/1000 inhabitants) 489 468 444 500 412 401 392 450 358 351 345 341 400 329 326 304 298 293 286 350 275 263 248 247 229 243 243 240 238 300 223 221 211 207 1997 250 174 167 147 200 2001 115 150 2006 100 50 0 Source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-DK-08-001/EN/KS-DK-08-001-EN.PDF
  21. 21. CHALLENGES TO COPE WITH IN URBAN OR … Source: authors’ own collection
  22. 22. …RURAL ENVIRONMENT Source: Prof. Jan Burnewicz – University of Gdańsk
  23. 23. ACTUAL DEVELOPMENTS
  24. 24. CYCLING AND INNOVATION – A CLEAR SYNERGY COUNTRY RANK Denmark 1 Finland 2 Sweden 3 Netherland 4 Germany 5 Un. Kingdom 6 Austria 7 In 2000, EU declared Luxembourg 8 France 9 their intention to make EU Belgium 10 “the most competitive Ireland 11 Estonia 12 and dynamic knowledge Portugal 13 world” - based economy in the world” Czech.Republik 14 Spain 15 Slovenia 16 Hungary 17 Slovak.Re 18 Malta 19 Lithuania 20 Cyprus 21 Latvia 22 Greece 23 Italy 24 Poland 25 Source: The Lisbon Review 2006
  25. 25. PARADOXICAL INNOVATION CAR ORIENTED CYCLING POLICY Off-road cycling tracks built not to make cyclists happy but to keep them off the road so that they do not irritate car dependent people Cycling tracks closed for cyclists during the European In Town- Without My Car Day 2007, Szczecin, Western Pomerania, Poland Source: http://infobike.pl/text.php?id=20385
  26. 26. STAKEHOLDERS IN THE CYCLING GAME Source: http://www.rowery.org.pl/poznan/index.htm
  27. 27. CERTAIN QUOTATIONS DECISION • No cycling promotion before the whole cycling network is completed • Little girls on children’s bikes endanger car drivers in housing areas MAKERS URBAN AND • Cycling is only a form of recreation • Cycling tourism is ONLY for the young & the fit TRAFFIC • Cycling against traffic on one way streets provokes dangers PLANNERS ACADEMIC • Climate in Poland is not favourable for cycling CIRCLES • There is no such thing like transport demand management Source: authors’ own collection
  28. 28. METAMPSYCHOSIS OPPONENTS of cycling promotion policies easily change their approach CLAIMING to represent either motorists or pedestrians and vice versa Source: http://www.rowery.gdansk.pl/
  29. 29. ISOLATIONISM AND MARGINALISATION Cycling infrastructure built to KEEP CYCLISTS OFF THE CARRIAGEWAY (so that they do not irritate motorists) Cycling tracks construction used as a way to FINANCE SUBTERRANEAN NETWORKS sewage, water, electricity and gas supply systems MARGINALISATION OF CYCLING in the process of infrastructure modernisation process Source: http://infobike.pl/text.php?id=20385
  30. 30. MISALLOCATION OF RESOURCES – WASTE OF FUNDS EU funds devoted to finance LARGE URBAN ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS When public transport infrastructure projects are undertaken, cyclists are either neglected or marginalised PARK AND RIDE YES BIKE AND RIDE NO Source: http://www.pkp.pl/files/IMG_0340.jpg & http://www.pkp.pl/files/IMG_0338.jpg
  31. 31. CEE 10 –SPECIFIC BARRIERS PREVENTING ACCESS TO RESOURCES Cycling advocacy NGOs LACK RESOURCES to finance local contributions in EU projects Bank guarantee requirements Refinancing instead of advance payments RESULTS: SMALL FRACTION OF RESOURCES ACTUALLY USED Source: http://infobike.pl/text.php?id=20385
  32. 32. PROPOSED RECOMMENDATIONS
  33. 33. INTEGRATED APPROACH PROPOSED BY THE EU REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IS THE AIM PROMOTION OF CYCLING IS A WAY TO ATTAIN IT Source: BYPAD portal materials
  34. 34. THE SECRET OF SUCCESS EDUCATION EDUCATION EDUCATION Tarja Halonen The President of Finland, when asked what is the secret of Finnish success Source: authors’ own collection
  35. 35. PROMOTING EDUCATION & PROMOTION
  36. 36. FROM ENGINEERING … Source: Cycling England (thanks to Alex Sully)
  37. 37. … TO PROMOTION ADDRESSED TO…. Source: (1) http://forums.roadbikereview.com/showthread.php?t=157797 (2) http://www.cyclehero.com (thanks to Kevin Mayne)
  38. 38. … COMMON PEOPLE Source: Department of Promotion of the city of Tczew
  39. 39. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  40. 40. NO NOTE, NO RESULT & GRASSROOT MONITORING Cycling is a SEXY tool of regional development GREEN PAPERS ON CYCLING AND WALKING should be developed and implemented in all car oriented constituencies Creation and support of the “Cycle –Watch” function of local cycling advocate organizations (civic monitoring of EU-funded cycling policies and initiatives) Source: http://www.enjoyart.com/single_posters/bicycling/CyclesOnyxVintageGicleeArtPrint.htm
  41. 41. EU- EU-15 BASED CYCLING KNOW-HOW KNOW- BYPAD AUDIT an indispensable condition for providing funding for cycling initiatives PROPHETS ARE RARELY RECOGNISED IN THEIR OWN LAND Obligatory inclusion of the EU- EU-15 experts in all cycling and walking initiatives in the CEE10+ Source: http://www.tcz.pl/index.php?akcja=wiadomosci&art=05216d30cbbb389&tyt=Ruszyl/pionierski/w/skali/kraju/audyt/rowerowy
  42. 42. BENEFITS EXPECTED FROM THE PROPOSED MEASURES: MEASURES: Mitigation of the itigation GLOBAL WARMING threat in the CEE 10+ Cycling as a factor contributing to the QUALITY OF URBAN LIFE Enhancement of CIVIC SOLIDARITY in Europe Source: authors’ own collection
  43. 43. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
  44. 44. THIS PRESENTATION WAS PREPARED BY : PIOTR KUROPATWIŃSKI +48 501 069 616 pkuropatwinski@pswe.org ANDRZEJ B. PIOTROWICZ +48 502 200 559 apiotrowicz@pswe.org

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