Great minds


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Introduction about life of William Henry Gates,Swami Vivekananda,Shiv Khera,Albert Einstein

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Great minds

  1. 1. Great Minds Paras Prateek Bhatnagar Paramjeet Singh Jamwal Rajeev Kumar Vipul Batra11/8/2012 1
  2. 2. Contents Introduction Examples : William Henry Gates  Swami Vivekananda Shiv Khera Albert Einstein11/8/2012 2
  3. 3. Introduction “Winners don’t do different things, they do things differently” Who is not familiar with ever-inspiring and motivating quote? Great Lives are those whose work becomes an inspiration for others, those who motivate others to do a job, and those who live for others. Anybody can be great, it doesn‘t matter what he has in his life, but who he has in his life. Greatness is not a God gift but a gift that a person achieves on his own. “Failures are the stepping stones to success” Great people are those who are motivated by the statement. They are not great because they won but because they didn‘t fail. If they might have just stopped after not succeeding, could they been have been remembered today? Practice makes a man perfect. They revised their mistakes and tried again and again until they could succeed. The notable example of success can be thought of the one of the greatest scientist till today - Albert Einstein, who from a clerk became the greatest scientist ever. Some more notable examples are the business tycoon - Bill Gates, one of the most famous president of US - Abraham Lincoln and one of the greatest reformer of our country - Shiv Kheda .11/8/2012 3
  4. 4. William Henry Gates – Early Life Born on Oct. 28, 1955, Gates grew up in Seattle .His father, William H. Gates II, was a Seattle attorney. His late mother, Mary Gates, was a school teacher. Early on in life, it was apparent that Bill Gates inherited the ambition, intelligence, and competitive spirit that helped him to rise to the top in his chosen professions His parents recognized his intelligence and decided to enroll him in Lakeside, a private school known for its intense academic environment . It was at Lakeside that Gates began his career in personal computer software, programming computers at age 13. In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman, where he lived down the hall from Steve Ballmer , who is now Microsoft‘s president .11/8/2012 4
  5. 5. William Henry Gates – Birth Of Microsoft In December of 1974, Allen was on his way to visit Gates when along the way he stopped to browse the current magazines. On the cover of Popular Electronics he saw a picture of the Altair 8080. He bought the issue and rushed over to Gates room. The two knew that the home computer market was about to explode and that someone would need to make software for the new machines. Within a few days, Gates had called MITS , the makers of the Altair. He told the company that he and Allen had developed a BASIC that could be used on the Altair . This was a lie. They had not even written a line of code. The MITS Company was very interested in seeing their BASIC. So, Gates and Allen began working on the BASIC they had promised. Eight weeks later, the two felt their program was ready. Allen was to fly to MITS and show off their creation. The day after Allen arrived at MITS, it was time to test their BASIC. The program worked perfectly the first time . MITS arranged a deal with Gates and Allen to buy the rights to their BASIC. Within a year, Gates had dropped out of Harvard and Microsoft was formed.11/8/2012 5
  6. 6. William Henry Gates – Achievements In addition to his passion for computers, Gates is interested in biotechnology. He sits on the board of the ICOS Corporation In 1999, Gates wrote Business @ the Speed of Thought, a book that shows how computer technology can solve business problems in fundamentally new ways. The book has received wide critical acclaim, and was listed on the best-seller lists of the New York Times In addition to his love of computers and software, Gates founded Corbis, which is developing one of the worlds largest resources of visual information Under Gates leadership, Microsofts mission has been to continually advance and improve software technology, and to make it easier, more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers. The company is committed to a long-term view, reflected in its investment of approximately $7.1 billion on research and development in the 2007 financial year. Bill Gates set before us an example , to reach heights , those heights which most of us believe are impossible to attain ….11/8/2012 6
  7. 7. Swami Vivekananda – Early Life Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta on January 12, 1863 on the holy day of makara sankranti. His father was viswanath datta, a prominent lawyer of Calcutta, and his mother was bhubneshwari devi, a very cultured woman of aristocratic upbringing. The dattas named the child narendernath.11/8/2012 7
  8. 8. Swami Vivekananda – With Shri RamakrishnaAt the threshold of youth Narendra had to pass through a period of spiritual crisis when he wasassailed by doubts about the existence of God. It was at that time he first heard about SriRamakrishna from one of his English professors at college.One day in November 1881, Narendra went to meet Sri Ramakrishna who was staying at the KaliTemple in Dakshineshwar. He straightaway asked the Master a question which he had put toseveral others but had received no satisfactory answer: ―Sir, have you seen God?‖ Without amoment‘s hesitation, Sri Ramakrishna replied with a smile that not only had he seen God , but hecould show God to Naren also .Thus in the simple rustic temple – priest did the college – educated rationalist find his sage andsavoir . Apart from removing doubts from the mind of Narendra, Sri Ramakrishna won himover through his pure, unselfish love. Thus began a guru-disciple relationship which is quiteunique in the history of spiritual masters.Narendra now became a frequent visitor to Dakshineshwar and, under the guidance of the Master,made rapid strides on the spiritual path. At Dakshineshwar, Narendra also met several youngmen who were devoted to Sri Ramakrishna, and they all became close friends.11/8/2012 8
  9. 9. Swami Vivekananda – Decision to attend the Parliament of Religions It was when these ideas were taking shape in his mind in the course of his wanderings that Swami Vivekananda heard about the World‘s Parliament of Religions to be held in Chicago in 1893. His friends and admirers in India wanted him to attend the Parliament. He too felt that the Parliament would provide the right forum to present his Master‘s message to the world, and so he decided to go to America. Another reason which prompted Swamiji to go to America was to seek financial help for his project of uplifting the masses.11/8/2012 9
  10. 10. Swami Vivekananda – Achievements Played a major role in spiritual enlightment of Indian masses; Spread Vedanta philosophy in the West; established Ramakrishna Mission for the service of the poor . Swami Vivekananda was one of the most influential spiritual leaders of Vedanta philosophy . He was the chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahansa and was the founder of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission. Swami Vivekananda was a living embodiment of sacrifice and dedicated his life to the country and yearned for the progress of the poor , the helpless and downtrodden . He showed a beacon of light , to a nation that had lost faith its ability under British rule and inspired self confidence among Indians that they are second to none . His ringing words and masterful oratory galvanized the slumbering nation .11/8/2012 10
  11. 11. Shiv Khera – Early Life Shiv Khera is an educator, business consultant, and a renowned and sought-after speaker. He endeavors to encourage and inform people, helping them realize their true potential and has taken his dynamic message around the world. EARLY LIFE Shiv Khera comes from a family of businessmen that used to own coal mines in Dhanbad in Jharkhand. But due to the nationalization of coal mines, his grand father lost the business and Shiv left India to start life over. He landed in the USA and did various things from washing cars to selling life insurance. His struggling life took a winning direction when he attended a lecture by Norman Vincent Peale. The motivational teachings of Norman Vincent changed his life forever and he moved forward on his success path. With 25 years of extensive research and understanding to his credit Shiv has helped people on the path of personal growth and achievement. Over 20,000 people have attended and benefited by his three-day dynamic workshops internationally and around one million people have heard him as a Keynote Speaker.11/8/2012 11
  12. 12. Shiv Khera – Great Works Shiv Khera instituted Qualified Learning Systems, an initiative to incorporate his years of experience as a motivator and to develop a core program known as the Blueprint for Success (BPS). This program motivates people to identify their true potential and achieve success both in their personal and professional spheres of life. He has developed several such programs that cater to different levels of professional hierarchy. His programs, besides India, are quite popular in Singapore and the USA. He has authored several bestsellers that have an enthusiastic reader base not only in the country but worldwide. His international best seller, ―You Can Win‖, was his first book, which came out in 1998 and sold over a million copies worldwide in 8 languages. His second book ―Living with Honor‖ hit the stands in August 2003, which again pleased million book lovers across the world. Then within a period of six months in February 2004, his third book ―Freedom Is Not Free‖ was on the stands. Though this book plunged into the controversy of plagiarism, it too turned into a best seller.11/8/2012 12
  13. 13. Shiv Khera – Achievements His brilliance soon began to be acknowledged worldwide. He has been recognized as a ―Louis Marchesi Fellow‖ by the Round Table Foundation, an honor he shares with famous humanitarians like Mother Teresa. Lions Club International has honored him with a "Lifetime Achievement Award" for the cause of ‗Humanitarian Service to the Society‘. He is also a recipient of the Rotary Club‘s "Centennial Vocational Award for Excellence." Shiv Khera always strived to help India and its people as well. Inspired by his attachment to social causes, he fought parliamentary elections not make it to the parliament. Then, he founded a trust called ―Country First Foundation‖ in order to serve his country. The vision of this trust is ―Respect and Dignity for every Indian" and the mission is ―to ensure freedom through education and justice‖. Shiv Khera is trying to establish the pride of our country in international forums. His objective is to boost the morale of the common Indian and to eradicate social injustice through education. Every true Indian should come forward to join his Country First Movement and contribute to the nation‘s development.11/8/2012 13
  14. 14. Albert EinsteinBorn march 14,1879 ulm,germanyDied April 18, 1955 (aged 76) Princeton, New Jersey, USAResidence Germany, Italy, Switzerland, USACitizenship Swiss (1901–55)American (1940–55 )Ethnicity Ashkenazi JewishFields PhysicistInstitutions Swiss Patent Office (Berne) University of Zurich Charles University, Prague Prussian Academy of Sciences University of Leaden University of Zurich 11/8/2012 14
  15. 15. Known for General relativity Special relativity Brownian motion Photoelectric effect Mass-energy equivalence Einstein field equations Unified Field TheoryNotable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1921) Copley Medal (1925) Max Planck Medal (1929) Contents1 Youth and schooling 6 Religious views2 Patent office 7 Zionism3 Marriage and family life 8 Atomic bomb4 Light and general relativity 9 Death5 Nobel Prize h and schooling 10 Honors 11/8/2012 15
  16. 16. Youth and schoolingAlbert Einstein was born into a Jewish family in Elm, Württemberg, Germany on March 14, 1879.His father was Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer. His mother was Pauline Einstein(née Koch). In 1880, the family moved to Munich, where his father and his uncle founded acompany, Elektrotechnische Fabric J. Einstein & Cie, that manufactured electrical equipment.The Einsteins were not observant of Jewish religious practices, and Albert attended a Catholicelementary school. Although Einstein had early speech difficulties, he was a top student inelementary school.[5][6] Albert Einstein in 1893 (age 14), taken before the family moved to ItalyWhen Einstein was five, his father showed him a pocket compass. Einstein realized thatsomething in empty space was moving the needle and later stated that this experience made "adeep and lasting impression".[7] At his mothers insistence, he took violin lessons starting at agesix, and although he disliked them and eventually quit, he later took great pleasure in Mozartsviolin sonatas. As he grew, Einstein built models and mechanical devices for fun, and began toshow a talent for mathematics.In his early teens, Einstein attended the progressive Luitpold Gymnasium. His father intended forhim to pursue electrical engineering, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the schoolregimen. He later wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought were lost in strict rotelearning. 11/8/2012 16
  17. 17. Patent Office The Einsteinhaus in Berne where Einstein lived with Mileva on the first floor during his Annus MirabilisFollowing graduation, Einstein could not find a teaching post. After almost two years of searching, a former classmates father helped him get a job in Berne, at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property,[15] the patent office, as an assistant examiner. His responsibility was evaluating patentapplications for electromagnetic devices. In 1903, Einsteins position at the Swiss Patent Office was made permanent, although he was passed over for promotion until he "fully mastered machine technology".[16] With friends he met in Bern, Einstein formed a weekly discussion club on science and philosophy,jokingly named "The Olympia Academy". Their readings included Poincaré, Mach, and Hume, who influenced Einsteins scientific and philosophical outlook.[17]During this period Einstein had almost no personal contact with the physics community.[18] Much of his work at the patent office related to questions about transmission of electric signals and electrical-mechanical synchronization of time: two technical problems that show up conspicuouslyin the thought experiments that eventually led Einstein to his radical conclusions about the nature of light and the fundamental connection between space and time.[16][17] 11/8/2012 17
  18. 18. Marriage and family lifeEinstein and Mileva Marić had a daughter, Lieserl Einstein, born in early 1902.[19] Her fate is unknown. Einstein married Mileva on January 6, 1903, although Einsteins mother had objected to thematch because she had a prejudice against Serbs and thought Marić "too old" and "physically defective."[20][21] Their relationship was for a time a personal and intellectual partnership. In a letter to her, Einstein calledMarić "a creature who is my equal and who is as strong and independent as I am."[22] There has been debateabout whether Marić influenced Einsteins work; however, most historians do not think she made majorcontributions.[23][24][25] On May 14, 1904, Albert and Milevas first son, Hans Albert Einstein, was born inBerne, Switzerland. Their second son, Eduard, was born in Munich on July 28, 1910. Einstein and Marić divorced on February 14, 1919, having lived apart for five years. On June 2of that year, Einstein married Elsa Löwenthal, who had nursed him through an illness. Elsa was Alberts firstcousin maternally and his second cousin paternally. Together the Einsteins raised Margot and Ilse, Elsasdaughters from her first marriage.[26] Their union produced no children. 11/8/2012 18
  19. 19. Light and general relativityOne of the 1919 eclipse photographs taken during Arthur Stanley Eddingtons expedition, whichconfirmed Einsteins predictions of the gravitational bending of light. In 1906, the patent office promoted Einstein to Technical Examiner Second Class,but he had not given up on academia. In 1908, he became a privatdozent at the University ofBern.[29] In 1910, he wrote a paper on critical opalescence that described the cumulative effect oflight scattered by individual molecules in the atmosphere, i.e. why the sky is blue.[30] During 1909, Einstein published "Über die Entwicklung unserer Anschauungenüber das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung" ("The Development of Our Views on theComposition and Essence of Radiation"), on the quantization of light. In this and in an earlier1909 paper, Einstein showed that Max Plancks energy quanta must have well-defined momentaand act in some respects as independent, point-like particles. This paper introduced the photonconcept (although the term itself was introduced by Gilbert N. Lewis in 1926) and inspired thenotion of wave–particle duality in quantum mechanics. In 1911, Einstein became an associate professor at the University of Zurich.However, shortly afterward, he accepted a full professorship at the Charles University of Prague.While in Prague, Einstein published a paper about the effects of gravity on light, specifically thegravitational redshift and the gravitational deflection of light. The paper appealed to astronomersto find ways of detecting the deflection during a solar eclipse.[31] German astronomer Erwin 11/8/2012 19Finlay-Freundlich publicized Einsteins challenge to scientists around the world.[32]
  20. 20. Nobel PrizeEinstein, 1921. Age 42. In 1921 Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, "for his services toTheoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". Thisrefers to his 1905 paper on the photoelectric effect: "On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning theProduction and Transformation of Light", which was well supported by the experimental evidenceby that time. The presentation speech began by mentioning "his theory of relativity [which had]been the subject of lively debate in philosophical circles [and] also has astrophysical implicationswhich are being rigorously examined at the present time." (Einstein 1923) As stipulated in their1919 divorce settlement, Einstein gave the Nobel prize money to his first wife, Mileva Marić. Einstein traveled to New York City in the United States for the first time on April 2,1921. When asked where he got his scientific ideas, Einstein explained that he believed scientificwork best proceeds from an examination of physical reality and a search for underlying axioms,with consistent explanations that apply in all instances and avoid contradicting each other. He alsorecommended theories with visualizable results (Einstein 1954).[43] 11/8/2012 20
  21. 21. Politics Einstein and Indian poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore during their widely publicizedJuly 14, 1930 conversation starts politically projetswith increasing public demands his involvementin political, humanitarian, and academic projects in various countries, and his new acquaintanceswith scholars and political figures from around the world, Einstein was less able toachieve the productive isolation that he needed in order to work.[59] Due to his fame and genius,Einstein found himself called on to give conclusive judgments on matters that had nothing to dowith theoretical physics or mathematics. He was not timid, and he was aware of the world aroundhim, with no illusion that ignoring politics would make world events fade away. His very visible position allowed him to speak and write frankly, even provocatively,at a time when many people of conscience could only flee to the underground or keep doubtsabout developments within their own movements to themselves for fear of internecine fighting.Einstein flouted the ascendant Nazi movement, tried to be a voice of moderation in thetumultuous formation of the State of Israel and braved anti-communist politics and resistance tothe civil rights movement in the United States. He participated in the 1927 congress of the Leagueagainst Imperialism in Brussels.[60] 11/8/2012 21
  22. 22. Zionism Einstein was a cultural Zionist. In 1931, The Macmillan Company published AboutZionism: Speeches and Lectures by Professor Albert Einstein.[61] Querido, an Amsterdampublishing house, collected eleven of Einsteins essays into a 1933 book entitled Mein Weltbild,translated to English as The World as I See It; Einsteins foreword dedicates the collection "to theJews of Germany".[62] In the face of Germanys rising militarism, Einstein wrote and spoke forpeace.[63][64] Albert Einstein, seen here with his wife Elsa Einstein and Zionist leaders, includingfuture President of Israel Chaim Weizmann, his wife Dr. Vera Weizmann, Menahem Ussishkin, andBen-Zion Mossinson on arrival in New York City in 1921.Despite his years of Zionist efforts, Einstein publicly stated reservations about the proposal topartition the British-supervised British Mandate of Palestine into independent Arab and Jewishcountries. In a 1938 speech, "Our Debt to Zionism", he said: "I am afraid of the inner damageJudaism will sustain—especially from the development of a narrow nationalism within our ownranks, against which we have already had to fight strongly, even without a Jewish state. ... If externalnecessity should after all compel us to assume this burden [of a state], let us bear it with tact andpatience."[65] 11/8/2012 22
  23. 23. Atomic bomb Concerned scientists, many of them refugees from European anti-Semitism inthe U.S., recognized the danger of German scientists developing an atomic bomb based on thenewly-discovered phenomena of nuclear fission. In 1939, the Hungarian émigré Leó Szilárd,having failed to arouse U.S. government interest on his own, convinced Einstein to sign a letterto U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt urging U.S. development of such a weapon. InAugust 1939, Roosevelt received the Einstein-Szilárd letter and authorized secret research intothe harnessing of nuclear fission for military purposes.[74] By 1942 this effort had become the Manhattan Project, the largest secretscientific endeavor undertaken up to that time. By late 1945, the U.S. had developedoperational nuclear weapons, and used them on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima andNagasaki. Einstein himself did not play a role in the development of the atomic bomb other thansigning the letter. He did help the United States Navy with some unrelated theoretical questionsit was working on during the war.[75] 11/8/2012 23
  24. 24. Death On April 17, 1955, Albert Einstein experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an aortic aneurysm.[87] He took a draft of a speech he was preparing for a television appearance commemorating the State of Israels seventh anniversary with him to the hospital, but he did not live long enough to complete it.[88] He died in Princeton Hospital early the next morning at the age of 76. Einsteins remains were cremated and his ashes were scattered.[89][90] Before the cremation, Princeton Hospital pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einsteins brain for preservation, in hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent.[91]11/8/2012 24
  25. 25. Honourlbert Einstein Memorial located on the public grounds of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences,Washington, D.C. The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics named 2005 the "World Year ofPhysics" in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the publication of the Annus MirabilisPapers.[99] The Albert Einstein Memorial by Robert Berks A unit used in photochemistry, the einstein The chemical element 99, einsteinium The asteroid 2001 Einstein The Albert Einstein Award The Albert Einstein Peace Prize In 1990, his name was added to the Walhalla temple.[100] Albert Einstein has been the subject of or inspiration for many novels, films, and plays.Einstein is a favorite model for depictions of mad scientists and absent-minded professors; hisexpressive face and distinctive hairstyle have been widely copied and exaggerated. Timemagazines Frederic Golden wrote that Einstein was "a cartoonists dream come true."[102] 11/8/2012 25