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PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 1 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 2 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 3 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 4 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 5 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 6 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 7 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 8 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 9 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 10 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 11 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 12 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 13 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 14 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 15 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 16 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 17 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 18 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 19 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 20 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 21 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 22 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 23 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 24 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 25 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 26 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 27 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 28 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 29 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 30 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 31 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 32 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 33 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 34 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 35 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 36 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 37 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 38 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 39 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 40 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 41 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 42 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 43 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 44 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 45 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 46 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 47 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 48 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 49 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 50 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 51 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 52 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 53 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 54 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 55 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 56 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 57 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 58 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 59 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 60 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 61 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 62 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 63 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 64 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 65 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 66 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 67 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 68 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 69 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 70 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 71 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 72 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 73 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 74 PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information Slide 75
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This report was developed by PSFK Labs for the United Nations to help them understand how technology, including social media, could help organizations understand what is happening to their most vulnerable populations in real-time.

We intend for it to be openly shared around the globe between communities, development agencies, academia and other organizations. Its aim is to highlight the opportunities that exist for organizations, large or small. In particular, the “left field” examples of data capture and use are published in hope of showcasing how organizations can leap- frog IT investment and still significantly improve the monitoring capabilities.

For a free download of this report please visit http://www.psfk.com/future-of-real-time

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PSFK Future Of Real-Time Information

  1. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION Prepared by A REPORT PSFK for United Nations CO N S U LTI N G Global Pulse
  2. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION prepared for CO N S U LTI N G CONTENTS INTRODUCTION A KEY IMPLICATIONS E Prepared by PSFK for KEY TRENDS United Nations 1. HUMAN SENSOR NETWORKS 1 Global Pulse 2. PERSONAL CENSUS 11 3. SOCIAL SENTIMENT 21 4. SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING 31 5. MOBILE COMMUNITIES 41 6. INSTANT MAPPING 51 7. CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY 61 8. TIMELINE NARRATIVES 71 9. INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE 81 10. NETWORKING NATURE 91 11. DATA DEMOCRACY 101 ABOUT 112
  3. INTRODUCTION Data-rich technologies are providing organizations, governments • Simple solutions are developing that allow people to and businesses with a rapid way to monitor the well-being of connect rapidly across mobile networks. Government and communities and individuals without the need for significant aid-organizations are putting this newfound ability to use infrastructure or spend. For those organizations whose success by creating temporary networked communities to handle is dependent on the ability to quickly recognize and react situations on both a large and small scale. While others are to high-risk situations, the proliferation of “good enough” putting this technology to use to instantly map geography, information sources is proving invaluable. layer in information from other data streams and create context and narrative where none previously existed. • Often, services can leverage the existing infrastructure created around the internet to provide low cost access to information • The proliferation of low-cost sensors has created a network in real-time. Through this data democracy, decisions can be of intelligent infrastructure that can allow for the monitoring made at unparalleled speed. of changing conditions and statuses in both natural and urban environments. • The change we are witnessing is being driven by the growing volume of data produced each day by ordinary We hope that this document prepared for the United Nations people. By releasing information about themselves and their Global Pulse Team provides insights into the opportunities avail- environments that has been captured through mobile phones able through the increased volume of “good enough” data and and other digital platforms, people are acting as human sensor real-time analysis. networks. These individual data points, when collectively placed in context, can provide insight into a variety of situations. • Social media is another tool that is being used to monitor Piers Fawkes. piers@psfk.com Founder & President the well-being of communities. Online buzz around certain PSFK subjects can serve as an indicator of group sentiment, providing insights that are relevant offline and pointing to actions that can be taken to remedy problems as they arise. A
  4. INTRODUCTION prepared for CO N S U LTI N G This report has been developed for PSFK PROCESS ABOUT PSFK the United Nations Global Pulse team, At the core of PSFK’s trends research PSFK is the go-to source for new ideas and a project whose goal is to support methodology is a robust qualitative inspiration for readers around the world. governments in understanding what process called Grounded Theory is happening to their most vulnerable Analysis, in which trends are identified by The New York City based trends-led populations in real-time. uncovering patterns within a large data innovation company publishes a daily set. Over the course of several weeks in news site, provides research and business We intend for it to be openly shared late 2010 and early 2011, a global team of consultancy, manages a network of around the globe between communities, PSFK researchers in places ranging from experts, and hosts idea-generating events. development agencies, academia New York to Nigeria, gathered hundreds PSFK aims to inspire readers, clients and and other organizations. Its aim is to of examples of innovation that matched guests to make things better—whether highlight the opportunities that exist our brief. In an effort to refine the trends that’s better products, better services, for organizations, large or small. In identified and gain deeper insight into the better lives or a better world. particular, the “left field” examples of data forces driving them, PSFK interviewed www.psfk.com capture and use are published in hope of dozens of experts coming from fields of showcasing how organizations can leap- ABOUT GLOBAL PULSE aid, business, governmental policy and frog IT investment and still significantly The Global Pulse initiative works technology. improve the monitoring capabilities. closely with UN Member States and To develop PSFK’s Future of Real-Time other development partners to improve BRIEF Information report, we responded to a evidence-based decision making and PSFK’s key objective was to identify trends brief set by the Global Pulse team aimed at close the information gap between the in information monitoring allowing for exploring emerging ideas around the world. onset of a global crisis and the availability quicker reaction. Key areas of investigation of actionable information to protect included developments in data (e.g. Each section in this document is a the vulnerable. new types of data, emerging sources); separate trend identified through PSFK’s www.unglobalpulse.org communication (e.g. feedback loops, pattern recognition process, which community-to-community); tools; and includes supporting insights from experts institutional use of real-time technologies. and a broad range of implications for Version 2.0 every type of reader. October 2011 B
  5. FOREWORD prepared for CO N S U LTI N G THE IMPORTANCE OF REAL-TIME ACCORDING TO THE UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL PULSE TEAM Closing the information gap for decision Technology innovation is transforming our innovation by providing this community makers is an ambitious goal that will lives—and accelerating global development. with an exciting role in helping us build require the UN’s collective expertise, both Some of the most dramatic innovations the technology toolkit that will power that of Member States and that of UN concerning the use of technology are tak- Global Pulse. agencies. The Global Pulse is an initiative ing place in the Global South. to support governments in understanding what is happening to their most vulner- In order to assemble these tools into a able populations in real-time. To make this powerful analytical toolkit for govern- possible, governments need access to re- ments, we believe that it would be most al-time information on the welfare of their cost-effective to take a non-traditional populations. They need new technologies approach to leverage the reach and to collect, filter, and analyze this informa- convening power of the UN in a new way. tion in order to know when populations Outsourcing the development of the sys- may be feeling the early impacts of exter- tem to external consultants, the current nal shocks. And they need to develop the proscribed method for dealing with this capacity to use real-time information to type of issue, would not achieve the level make policy decisions. of innovation required for success. We believe in a more direct approach. We are in the midst of a technological In the past decade, we have witnessed revolution. Every day we learn of exciting the rise of the open source software new tools for collecting, analyzing, map- movement. Technology experts around ping, and visualizing information. Accord- the world are volunteering their time, ing to a recent report by the International expertise, and innovative ideas to create Telecommunications Union, a mobile technology tools that are free for anyone phone signal now covers nearly 90% of to use. We believe we have an opportu- the world’s population. nity to harness this collective force for D
  6. KEY IMPLICATIONS KEY IMPLICATIONS FROM THE TEAM AT GLOBAL PULSE FUTURE OF MOBILE DATA-DRIVEN DATA EXHAUST TO TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT DETECT EARLY SIGNALS Mobile phones are now being used to We live in a new information age, As communities in the developing send remittances, redeem food vouchers, where innovation is accelerating at a world increasingly adopt and use these provide guidance to new mothers, share breathtaking pace. Today, there are technologies, they are beginning to agricultural price information between new tools to capture and use data generate ambient data as by-products of farmers and offer educational assistance that have never before been applied their everyday activities. This “information to children. To monitor and evaluate to development. Mobile phones, for exhaust” may hold the key to detecting the performance of these services, example, are increasingly playing a early signals of emerging vulnerabilities government ministries and UN agencies critical role in global development and or incipient harm. The explosion in the often collect statistical information about humanitarian crisis response. Mobile volume and diversity of data has been how these services are used. We believe phones in the developing world are not met by advances in methodologies to help that through deeper analysis of this data, only being used to speed up collection of make sense of it all. New tools exist to governments will be able to detect the household surveys and census data, but collect, filter, integrate, fuse, analyze, map early signals that vulnerable populations also by farmers to share price information and visualize information. may be in trouble. Once a pattern of with potential buyers, by community concern has emerged, governments will health workers to request lab diagnostics be able to rapidly send teams to those for patients, and by ordinary citizens to communities to conduct household report on problems in their communities. surveys, and collect the statistical evidence needed for policy responses. We also see enormous progress with the use of mobile phones and other technologies to accelerate the collection of data that was previously collected and documented in print. E
  7. KEY IMPLICATIONS prepared for CO N S U LTI N G KEY IMPLICATIONS FROM THE TEAM AT GLOBAL PULSE TARGETING DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TO CLOSE PROTECTING COUNTRIES RESOURCES MORE EFFECTIVELY THE INFORMATION GAP AGAINST DEVELOPMENT REVERSALS The current climate of increasing fiscal While many of the most vulnerable In an age of increasing global volatility, austerity and limited resources is being felt communities in developing countries are hard-won development gains are in by decision makers at every level. Real- still outside mobile phone coverage, there danger of being eroded much faster time information, drawn from a variety of is little doubt that Southern innovation than in the past. Real-time actionable sources, can allow leaders to better plan in the use of mobile technologies is information can help the international and target interventions in times of crisis booming. Many private sector actors community to detect the impact of a to ensure that populations most at risk are are driving this Southern information crisis early on when there is still time to the first to receive support. revolution. The enormous opportunity prevent irreversible harm. presented by these emerging markets will inevitably lead to lower costs and greater accessibility to technologies and information services, even in communities where today it seems unimaginable. These emerging technologies represent an extraordinary opportunity to close the information gap and provide the data needed to protect the world’s most vulnerable populations. F
  8. HUMAN SENSOR NETWORKS Mobile populations passively sharing location-related data
  9. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION HUMAN SENSOR NETWORKS IMPLICATIONS An increasing number of personal technologies are equipped • Citizens become participants in data collection without with sensors that have the capacity to collect geographically- having to alter normal routines. tagged data while people simply go about their daily routines. Phones, laptops and cars equipped with sensors such as GPS • Passive research seamlessly integrates into daily life; receivers and accelerometers can collect, share and analyze reflects the actual needs and behaviors of communities. this data in real-time. This passive feedback system requires • Increased volume, frequency and type of data enables minimal infrastructure and transforms people into sensory greater efficiency; ability to tailor products and services. nodes with little effort on their part. • The efficiency of existing personal technology is maximized leading to a reduced need to build costly technological infrastructure. • Value can be derived from nearly any action or activity. A walk down a street can generate meaningful data for an organization. 2 WWW.PSFK.COM
  10. HUMAN SENSOR NETWORKS prepared for CO N S U LTI N G CONVERTING BIKES INTO MOBILE WEARABLE DEVICE MONITORS ENVIRONMENTAL ASTHMA INHALER MONITORS AIR QUALITY SENSING UNITS CONDITIONS NETWORKED PERSONAL LAPTOPS PROVIDES CONCEPT ENVISIONS POSTAL TRUCKS WITH TELEMATICS TAXI DRIVERS USED TO FIND FASTEST DRIVING ROUTE EARTHQUAKE ALERTS TO MEASURE ENVIRONMENT Mobile populations passively sharing location-related data 3
  11. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION CONVERTING BIKES INTO MOBILE SENSING UNITS The Copenhagen Wheel concept transforms ordinary bicycles Riders can access this data through their phone and even into mobile sensing units that can map pollution levels, traf- share the information with their community, contributing to fic congestion, and road conditions in real-time. As a person a dynamic database of real-time environmental conditions. cycles, the wheel’s sensing unit captures their effort level and WWW.SENSEABLE.MIT.EDU/COPENHAGENWHEEL information about immediate surroundings, including: road conditions, carbon monoxide, NOx, noise, ambient temperature and relative humidity. 4 WWW.PSFK.COM
  12. HUMAN SENSOR NETWORKS prepared for CO N S U LTI N G WEARABLE DEVICE MONITORS ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS French technology company, Sensaris, has developed a These devices are intended for use by groups of wearable device that monitors environmental conditions individuals looking to contribute to larger community- for its user. Sensors detect levels of air quality, noise, and oriented applications, including city noise mapping humidity, mapping these alongside accelerometer and and urban planning initiatives. GPS data. WWW.SENSARIS.COM 5
  13. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION “With participatory sensing, individuals and community members act as data collectors and as data users. This data helps groups understand what’s going on in their specific context, create evidence for change, or tell a story.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA “Metcalfe’s law says the value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of connected nodes. As new nodes are added to our networks, both mechanical (sensors) and human observers (like Project Noah members), we slowly build a data network that has the capability to reflect the ever changing tides of life on earth. In one sense it becomes a 911 service for the planet, in that cries for help that previously went unnoticed, can now be heard.” Martin Ceperley Chief Technology Officer, Networked Organisms 10 WWW.PSFK.COM
  14. PERSONAL CENSUS Individual insights facilitate collective knowledge
  15. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION PERSONAL CENSUS IMPLICATIONS Growing access to mobile technology around the world now • Citizens can understand their well-being through enables an unprecedented monitoring of an individual’s current the collection and interpretation of personal data. state of being. Mobile phones and tablet PCs can be directed to collect personal data, giving individuals deeper levels of insight • Communities can leverage data and analysis to into their habits and behaviors. Through a variety of platforms, receive deep levels of insight about the collective people can actively collect and measure information about habits and behaviors of peers. what they’re doing, their health, and even their mood. They can • People can be incentivized to self-monitor through also share this information anonymously with a larger network comparison, or benchmarking. so that it can be analyzed at a local or even national level—al- lowing organizations to monitor relative health of communities • Validated personal experience through exploration and respond to their changing needs. of shared community data. • A deeper and more holistic understanding of communities enables a more fair allocation of resources and faster response times. 12 WWW.PSFK.COM
  16. PERSONAL CENSUS prepared for CO N S U LTI N G INTIMATE DETAILS PROVIDE POPULATION STATISTICS PERSONAL FINANCE SITE SHOWS UNDERSTANDING HAPPINESS ACROSS THE UK COMMUNITY SPENDING HABITS APP AGGREGATES WEB BEHAVIOR CHEAP AND DISCRETE MOBILE STD TESTS ONLINE TOOL INSTANTLY VISUALIZES PERSONAL CONNECCTIONS Individual insights facilitate collective knowledge 13
  17. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION INTIMATE DETAILS PROVIDE POPULATION STATISTICS The online dating site OKCupid is no longer simply in the about interpersonal relationships spanning race, gender, business of matching like-minded individuals. Based on and sexuality—uncovering social dynamics previously left hundreds of millions of user interactions, intimate details only to speculation. from over 3.5 million anonymous users are being converted BLOG.OKCUPID.COM into data to generate incredibly insightful statistics 14 WWW.PSFK.COM
  18. PERSONAL CENSUS prepared for CO N S U LTI N G PERSONAL FINANCE SITE SHOWS COMMUNITY SPENDING HABITS Personal finance site Bundle.com aggregates financial This information is also mined in order to recommend data from the US Government, Citi Bank and other third party restaurants based on the purchases of similar spenders providers to give users access to accurate, real-time spending and to estimate change in expense if moving to other cities. comparisons. With this data, users can explore average trans- WWW.BUNDLE.COM action amounts and locations in categories such as shopping, food and drink, and transportation. 15
  19. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON PERSONAL CENSUS “Making data public is less interesting to me than the capacity of the public to make data. I think that when one goes through the process of trying to measure something, one actually begins to understand how one directly affects that process, or what potential one has to facilitate change.” Usman Haque Founder and CEO, Pachube / Connected Environments “Data gathered from typically offline devices, such as the Withings Scale, is great because it doesn’t involve a change in behavior, but simply a new sensor.” Andrew Kortina Co-Founder, Venmo “Information coming from the ground and from the crowd has a great deal of relevance. Traditionally, we look at information as something that comes from a top-down perspective; from a media organization, a corporation or a government. Nowadays, it’s information that flows from the bottom-up that’s changing the world.” Erik Hersman Co-Founder, Ushahidi 20
  20. SOCIAL SENTIMENT Online buzz as indicator of offline status
  21. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION SOCIAL SENTIMENT IMPLICATIONS The use of online social networks has spread around the world. • The ubiquity of social media platforms has led to a People connect with one another through regular updates on democratization of the medium, enabling it to be used computers and mobile devices. When analyzed in bulk, it is as a social barometer. possible to calculate the current status of entire communities and identify changes happening in real-time through web- • New types of data, such as photo-uploads, can be based and social media search queries. This conversational tapped to add dimensionality. data can also be used to predict what lies ahead. • Adding the texture of information created from every-day social interactions can provide new ways to explore human needs and behaviors. • Massive quantities of data can be held up against historic models to allow policy makers and planners to prepare for contingencies that might otherwise be invisible. • Real-time information has allowed us to move beyond cor- relation to prediction. 22 WWW.PSFK.COM
  22. SOCIAL SENTIMENT prepared for CO N S U LTI N G ONLINE SEARCH QUERIES PREDICT ALGORITHM DETECTS POLITICAL CONFLICTS THROUGH SEARCH ENGINE IDENTIFIES PATTERNS TO PREDICT SPREAD OF GLOBAL FLU REAL-TIME LOCATION AND “TONE” ANALYSIS FUTURE EVENTS ONLINE BUZZ ACCURATELY PREDICTS BOX OFFICE FACEBOOK AS PROXY FOR POLITICAL ELECTIONS STATUS UPDATES PREDICT ROMANTIC CHANGE REVENUE Online buzz as indicator of offline status 23
  23. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION ONLINE SEARCH QUERIES PREDICT SPREAD OF GLOBAL FLU There is a close relationship between how many people search for Google Flu Trends use these search queries to estimate flu-related topics and how many people actually have flu symp- current flu activity around the world in near real-time. toms. Before visiting a clinic, many flu sufferers visit web sites for WWW.GOOGLE.ORG/FLUTRENDS information about symptoms and remedies. 24 WWW.PSFK.COM
  24. SOCIAL SENTIMENT prepared for CO N S U LTI N G RESEARCHERS USE ALGORITHM TO DETECT POLITICAL CONFLICTS THROUGH REAL-TIME LOCATION AND “TONE” ANALYSIS A team of researchers at the University of Illinois has performed The study presents ‘Culturomics 2.0,’ which translates text-based a study within the emerging field of ‘Culturomics,’ which explores geographic references into mappable coordinates and cross- the use of location and media sentiment to draw real-time con- references that information with numerically quantified ‘tone’ to clusions about the appearance and growth of political conflicts. provide a new level of real-time data and insight. WWW.BIT.LY/UM9MSO 25
  25. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON SOCIAL SENTIMENT “When data is published with greater frequency, it makes sense that we’ll be able to predict seasonal trends.” Andrew Kortina Co-Founder, Venmo “Predictive systems could be used to anticipate demand for commodities, goods, and services—helping businesses optimize what they’re producing and having tighter feedback loops. Rather than trying to convince people they need some- thing, producers could respond to what people are actually saying.” Andrew Hoppin Chief Information Officer, New York State Senate “If you have information in multiple dimensions, you can begin to understand the dynamics of complex socio-technical systems. Through better understanding we can better predict future change.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA 30
  26. SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING Active reporting for collective well-being
  27. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING IMPLICATIONS Systems that track change can leverage power of people. • Promotes civic engagement by lowering barrier Crowd-sourced services that allow people to report on the situ- of entry, allowing individual voices to be heard. ation around them are ensuring communities’ collective well- being by rapidly documenting potentially harmful incidents. • Mobile technology gives a voice to disenfranchised or marginalized groups. Often using mobile phone technology, these information moni- • Systems can be tailored to the needs of those toring systems not only provide real-time, location specific data, specifically affected by them. but also boost civic engagement by establishing direct channels of communication from the ground up. • Real-time systems provide the ability to actively respond to and mitigate problems. 32 WWW.PSFK.COM
  28. SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING prepared for CO N S U LTI N G TRACKING SEXUAL HARASSMENT USING SMS REPORTING TO MAP ELECTION FRAUD CITIZEN SCIENTISTS BUILD NETWORK OF LOCAL PLANTS AND ANIMALS CROWDSOURCING REPORTS FOLLOWING OIL SPILL PROJECT GATHERS REPORTS ON PEOPLE’S GOOD ACTS PUBLIC FRUIT MAPPING Active reporting for collective well-being 33
  29. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION TRACKING SEXUAL HARASSMENT HarassMap is a system in Egypt for reporting sexual harass- By empowering individuals to act, the system serves as an ment via SMS. The tool gives women a way to anonymously advocacy, prevention, and response tool, highlighting the report icidents as soon as they happen, by instantly mapping severity and pervasiveness of the problem. the reports online. WWW.HARASSMAP.ORG 34 WWW.PSFK.COM
  30. SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING prepared for CO N S U LTI N G USING SMS REPORTING TO MAP ELECTION FRAUD During Haitian Elections, which were held on March 20, 2011, a The results were plotted on a map to provide context and insight participatory democracy network called Mwen Konte monitored into where abuses were taking place. election fraud through the use of anonymously reported SMS WWW.BIT.LY/UDV65L messages. Approximately 1,500 contributors monitored election stations and were encouraged to send an SMS when they no- ticed irregularities and fraud taking place in the voting process. 35
  31. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON SEE SOMETHING, TEXT SOMETHING “We’re enrolling young people who have cell phones and asking them simple things like, “Is the water point in your village working today?” The collected data is analyzed then re-distributed through agreements with newspaper, radio, and TV stations, so that the young person in the village who actually collected the information feels connected on a national level. By doing this, we not only inform them of their entitlements, but engage them in a process of monitoring them.” Sharad Sapra UNICEF County Representative, Uganda “We look at people and their mobile phones as a very interesting opportunity to allow individuals and communities to engage in systematic data collection that documents and addresses important things in their lives.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA “The data is captured in real-time. You’re not going around and asking people to give retrospective reports. You’re asking people, in the moment, what’s going on with them right now.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA 40
  32. MOBILE COMMUNITIES Building and maintaining virtual communities with simple technology
  33. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION MOBILE COMMUNITIES IMPLICATIONS The simplicity and ubiquity of mobile phones makes them • Regular tasks become faster through individually-owned, an ideal platform for organizing communities and coordinating mobile technology. Speed not only changes response time, efforts in response to an event. During times of crisis, or but fundamentally changes the nature of the tasks, and simply for strengthening existing communities, handsets relationships of those involved. can function as a conduit for collaboration and connectivity. Through new applications and services, networks between • Systems should be easily adopted; viable for social use, yet people can be established at the touch of a button. equipped for crisis management. • Through these fast-forming, often temporary communities, vital information and alerts can quickly be communicated to large, dispersed populations, ensuring that all citizens remain in the loop. • These connections fundamentally change the nature of people’s interactions and expand what is possible. Le- veraging the power of the directed, collaborative effort from a community can bring about real change. 42 WWW.PSFK.COM
  34. MOBILE COMMUNITIES prepared for CO N S U LTI N G COLLABORATION TOOL FACILITATES MOBILE MAILING LISTS TEMPORARY NETWORKS BUILT AROUND ANY EVENT ON-THE-GROUND COMMUNICATION REAL-TIME TEAM UPDATES USING THE MOBILE WEB TO CONNECT COMMUNITIES GROUP CHATTING APP CONNECTS PEOPLE BASED ON PROFILE AND LOCATION Building and maintaining virtual communities with simple technology 43
  35. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION COLLABORATION TOOL FACILITATES ON-THE-GROUND COMMUNICATION GeoChat is a service for coordinating the efforts of different Through this system, on-the-ground help can ensure relief organizations. It lets team members interact to an organized, rapid response following a crisis. maintain shared geospatial awareness of who is doing WWW.INSTEDD.ORG what where—over any device, on any platform, over any network, using SMS, email, or a web browser. 44 WWW.PSFK.COM
  36. MOBILE COMMUNITIES prepared for CO N S U LTI N G MOBILE MAILING LISTS Patatat lets groups form information communities through text When someone replies, these messages are also sent messages. Using a web browser, users enter a list of phone to everyone on the list, creating a reliable method for numbers, Patatat will then broadcast messages to the entire group communication. group via SMS. WWW.PATATAT.COM 45
  37. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON MOBILE COMMUNITIES “There are a few very simple approaches to keeping people engaged. First, you do things that matter to them. Second, you let them see the data and learn from it. Third, you tie it into social media, and rely on game mechanics to make it fun. I think we will also start see some form of micro-payment system begin to emerge—like frequent flyer miles, or perhaps even actual payments.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA “There is a lot more information being captured and shared than we can actually handle. During the recent Tanzanian elections,our platform was quickly overrun with the number of SMS messages coming into the system—5,000 in one day. It’s quickly moving from information collection, to the ability to curate that information effectively.” Erik Hersman Co-Founder, Ushahidi “How do you create a small business model around a data collection system? One of the ideas that we are exploring is like a frequent flier program. If you participate in collecting data, you get a few minutes of free talk time, which you can use yourself or sell to others. If you share even more information, you get a solar cell phone charger, which you can then use to charge other people’s phones. It’s important to look for innovative approaches that can make micro business models out of these small things.” Sharad Sapra UNICEF Country Representative, Uganda 50
  38. INSTANT MAPPING Local tools for creating a shared visual experience
  39. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION INSTANT MAPPING IMPLICATIONS Maps are a universal tool that have the ability to convey sig- • Maps contain a universal language. They are easily nificant quantities of information, often transcending language understood by people of all languages and literacy levels. and cultural barriers. This intuitive nature has made maps the medium of preference for creating a shared visual experience. • Open and accessible tools help ensure that maps A growing number of open source tools and lo-fi solutions remain a relevant and useful resource for locals and offer local communities the ability to rapidly generate maps visitors alike by enabling flexible solutions that can and provide real-time instructions for navigating uncharted easily evolve alongside the changing face of any region. or changing landscapes. This type of information becomes • Collaborative mapping initiatives encourage citizens invaluable for individuals during times of crisis as they try to to learn more about their surroundings and get involved gain insights into their own communities. with their local communities through the exploration of unfamilar neighborhoods and environments. • Simple mapping systems can serve as valuable navigation tools for areas without established roadways or infrastructure. 52 WWW.PSFK.COM
  40. INSTANT MAPPING prepared for CO N S U LTI N G LO-FI SOLUTION FOR AERIAL MAPPING REMOTE CONTROL AIRPLANE CREATES LOCAL MAPS OPEN SOURCE CARTOGRAPHY COMMUNITY BASED MAPPING PROJECT ONLINE MARKETPLACE FOR GEO-DATA PICTURE-BASED NAVIGATION Local tools for creating a shared visual experience 53
  41. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION LO-FI SOLUTION FOR AERIAL MAPPING Grassroots Mapping is a series of participatory mapping proj- The resulting images are geotagged and stitched into maps ects focused on communities involved in land disputes. Initiated which are 100x higher resolution that those offered by Google by the MIT Media Lab‘s Center for Future Civic Media, the proj- and available at an extremely low cost. These maps have been ect utilizes balloons, kites, and other simple and inexpensive used to support residents’ claims to land title and most recently tools to produce aerial imagery, inverting the traditional power to document the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in order to assess structure of cartography. the situation and assist with the response. WWW.GRASSROOTSMAPPING.ORG 54 WWW.PSFK.COM
  42. INSTANT MAPPING prepared for CO N S U LTI N G REMOTE CONTROL AIRPLANE CREATES LOCAL MAPS The Swinglet CAM is a safe and easy-to-use flying camera that With simple drag & drop functions, it is possible to takes high-resolution pictures automatically—plus it can take pre-program—as well as update during the flight—the position, off, fly and land all on its own. The drone can be programmed to altitude and behavior of the unmanned drone. In addition to follow a pre-determined flight path based on a maximum of 20 mapping, potential applications include traffic updating, GPS coordinates with an operational range of up to 12.5 miles. security, crop and species monitoring. WWW.SENSEFLY.COM 55
  43. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON INSTANT MAPPING “Maps provide a snapshot understanding, a simplified understanding, but they’re not the only way. From the beginning at Ushahidi, we worked with maps and time-lines together. We think that time and space are both relevant for real-time information.” Erik Hersman Co-Founder, Ushahidi “It’s all about situational awareness. If you can tell what’s going on around you, and can get alerts from your neighbor about what’s going on around them, you have a much better understanding of what’s actually going on. Therefore, decision-making power is increased when you have relevant information.” Erik Hersman Co-Founder, Ushahidi “We try to use metaphors that are familiar to people—and terms in which they are already thinking. So maps are an obvious medium.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) Professor of Computer Science, UCLA 60
  44. CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY Creating information landscapes though the union of data and place
  45. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY IMPLICATIONS Through the union of data and location, multiple layers • Information gives decision makers at an institutional of real-time information can be displayed geographically, level quick and accurate information. providing enhanced situational context for ground crews and policy makers alike. Highly specific types of information can • Rapidly changing/evolving strategies can be be especially useful on a large scale to help facilitate decision- geographically mapped and used to influence making processes at the level of businesses, approachest to a response. institutions and governments. • The union of data with place helps ensure that resources are being distributed equitably across a region and that they’re tracked while en route to a destination. • By understanding where an event or situation originated, response organizations are better equipped to manage or prevent similar events from occuring in the future. • Mapping the scale of distant events alongside familar environments promotes greater understanding through local context. • Knowing what is happening at any given time becomes more meaningful when this information is also linked to place. 62 WWW.PSFK.COM
  46. CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY prepared for CO N S U LTI N G GLOBAL HEALTH BASED ON LOCAL INFORMATION CREATIVE DATA OVERLAYS ON INTERACTIVE MAPS VISUALIZING COMPLEX SOCIAL AND POLITICAL DATA SHARED VISUAL EXPERIENCE FOR PUTTING SOCIAL ENTERPRISE ON THE MAP MAPS CREATED AROUND MAJOR EVENTS DISASTER RESPONSE TEAMS Creating information landscapes though the union of data and place 63
  47. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION GLOBAL HEALTH BASED ON LOCAL INFORMATION HealthMap brings together disparate data sources to achieve Through an automated text processing system, the data a unified and comprehensive view of the current global state is aggregated by disease and displayed by location for of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal user-friendly access to the original alert. health. The website integrates outbreak data of varying reliabil- WWW.HEALTHMAP.ORG ity, ranging from news sources to curated personal accounts to validated official alerts. 64 WWW.PSFK.COM
  48. CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY prepared for CO N S U LTI N G CREATIVE DATA OVERLAYS ON INTERACTIVE MAPS Polymaps is an open-source JavaScript library of controls that Polymaps can load data at a full range of scales, so it simplifies and standardizes the creation of interactive online is ideal for showing information starting from a country maps. Created as a collaboration between Stamen Design and level, and descending to states, cities, neighborhoods, SimpleGeo, the goal of the project is to better support complex, and individual streets. large-scale data overlays. WWW.POLYMAPS.ORG 65
  49. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON CONTEXT CARTOGRAPHY “The biggest challenge is to cut down the delay on basic actionable data. On the ground, it’s micro-level data that is most useful. We are looking for data that comes frequently and in large numbers. We’re not looking at any data that cannot be connected to a relevant context in very simple terms.” Sharad Sapra UNICEF Country Representative, Uganda “Data without context is meaningless. You get a whole bunch of numbers, a whole bunch of locations, a whole bunch of news. But if there’s no context, data is meaningless.” Adam Leibsohn Founder, Voyurl “The minute an observation is made, it is geo-coded, time-stamped, uploaded to a database, put on a chart, as well as on a map, with no manual intervention. The data doesn’t sit dormant—the data goes straight from a human making an observation to a proper visualization.” Deborah Estrin Director of Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) / Professor of Computer Science, UCLA 70
  50. TIMELINE NARRATIVES Reconstructing temporal events to create richer narratives
  51. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION TIMELINE NARRATIVES IMPLICATIONS A critical component of any response to a complex situation • An up-to-date timeline that is scalable to the is a firm understanding of how that particular event has moment creates instant prioritization of responses unfolded. Because online and offline discussions take place and allocation of resources. around every major event, analyzing these conversations can provide valuable insights into how and when things occurred. • The ability to track a conversation over time provides Studying these instant histories helps organizations under- useful trend information that can be used to form timely stand how best to respond and provides clues as to how to and appropriate responses. prevent similar situations in the future. • Comprehension of the history of an event, and what lead to its occurrence provides useful insights for conflict resolution. 72 WWW.PSFK.COM
  52. TIMELINE NARRATIVES prepared for CO N S U LTI N G ANALYZING HOW NEWS CHANGES OVER TIME OPEN SOURCE PLATFORMS FOR REAL-TIME SOCIAL MEDIA SEARCH AND ANALYSIS VIEWING TEMPORAL DATA CROWD SOURCED CRISIS INFORMATION VISUALIZING 311 CALLS ACCORDING TO TIME OF DAY SOFTWARE ANALYZES NFL FAN TWEETS TO INTERPRET ACTION Reconstructing temporal events to create richer narratives 73
  53. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION ANALYZING HOW NEWS CHANGES OVER TIME Time Explorer is designed to help users discover how users to explore not only how topics evolved in the past, entities such as people and locations associated with a but also how they will continue to evolve in the future. query change over time. By searching time expressions FBMYA01.BARCELONAMEDIA.ORG:8080/FUTURE extracted automatically from text, the application allows 74 WWW.PSFK.COM
  54. TIMELINE NARRATIVES prepared for CO N S U LTI N G OPEN SOURCE PLATFORM FOR VIEWING TEMPORAL DATA Time Flow is an open-source platform currently under develop- It offers an easy way to chart actual documentation of events, ment to help journalists analyze online temporal data. Designed to provide more detailed, accurate and therefore less inflamma- by Fernanda Viégas and Martin Wattenberg of Flowing Media, tory media coverage. the application offers a variety of view modes to explore data, WWW.FLOWINGMEDIA.COM/TIMEFLOW.HTML including timelines, calendars, lists, and tables. 75
  55. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON TIMELINE NARRATIVES “Even with the democratization of technology, intermediaries still remain important for gathering and acting on the information provided by individuals.” Chris Anderson Editor, Wired “You need to make data accessible to make it useful—that’s why you see a lot of visualizations default to maps or time-lines. The mental construct and visual language is immediately, and globally recognizable.” Adam Leibsohn Founder, Voyurl 80
  56. INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE Resource management through smart systems
  57. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE IMPLICATIONS Low cost, reliable sensor technology is being integrated • Local communities immediately benefit from understanding into urban environments such as buildings, bridges and which resources are available for sharing. roads, generating massive amounts of data. This access to real-time information enables governments, communities • Volume and frequency of input allows municipalities and individuals to receive information in real-time to make more informed decisions relating to energy and make faster, more informed decisions. needs and urban planning. Ability to identify macro/micro usage trends. Functioning like a central nervous system for the built envi- • Better able to manage structures, monitor decay and ronment, these smart systems connect the real and virtual prevent accidents. worlds using knowledge gleaned from data to optimize and automate all types of processes. • Resources like energy and traffic systems can be dynamically managed in real-time allowing for reaction to changing patterns in the data. • Communities can better understand their behavior and the impact it has on their neighborhoods. • The volume and frequency of input allows municipalities to identify macro and micro trends in population behavior. 82 WWW.PSFK.COM
  58. INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE prepared for CO N S U LTI N G UBIQUITOUS SENSORS BUILDING SELF-MONITORS USE OF RESOURCES WIRELESS PARKING SYSTEM MONITOR MUNICIPAL STRUCTURES HIGHLIGHTS AVAILABLE SPOTS SOLAR TRASH CANS CAN WIDGETS SEND ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION DATA BROKERAGE FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS COMPACT CONTENTS WHEN FULL Resource management through smart systems 83
  59. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION UBIQUITOUS SENSORS MONITOR MUNICIPAL STRUCTURES HP Labs has announced a project they’ve dubbed These sensors will be able to attach to bridges and buildings to CeNSE (Central Nervous System for the Earth), an warn of structural strains or inclement weather conditions, and attempt to develop a planet-wide infrastructure built will be scattered along roadsides to monitor traffic and road from billions of small, cheap, and durable sensors. conditions. WWW.HPL.HP.COM/RESEARCH/INTELLIGENT_INFRASTRUCTURE 84 WWW.PSFK.COM
  60. INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE prepared for CO N S U LTI N G BUILDING SELF-MONITORS USE OF RESOURCES IBM has specially designed its headquarters in France to lower and monitor the overall use of water to provide different rates its environmental footprint through intelligent consumption of of flow as individual areas of the building approach predeter- utilities. Sensors automatically regulate the lighting and indoor mined limits. temperature depending on the external environment to reduce WWW.IBM.COM/SMARTERPLANET/US/EN/GREEN_BUILDINGS/IDEAS unnecessary use of electricity, 85
  61. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE “Technological networks of free flowing data allow us, as a society, to have eyes and ears around the globe, feeding information into the collective consciousness and conscience. As we gradually build our sensing capabilities, we are laying the groundwork of an infrastructure that will lead to a better understanding of the complex dynamics and correlations of the world we live in.” Martin Ceperley Chief Technology Officer, Networked Organisms “Development dollars continue to be pumped into building new “things” instead of maintaining what they already have. Things get built, work for a year, then break and never get repaired because there is no communication platform to alert the proper authorities. FLOW created a sensor network connecting all the wells and pumps in Africa to counter just that...” Andrew Hoppin Chief Information Officer, New York State Senate “There has been a lot of excitement about public transit data opening up—citizens are making applications to make their use of public transit more efficient by creating better tools for viewing schedules in real-time, on the go. Aggregating macro-data about these systems could be helpful in urban planning and allocating resources for new systems.” Andrew Kortina Co-Founder, Venmo 90
  62. NETWORKING NATURE Connecting people with the planet
  63. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION NETWORKING NATURE IMPLICATIONS Monitoring change in nature can provide insights into both • Wired plants and crops can report on their health environmental and human change. By connecting the natural and indicate the correct time to harvest. world to the internet, communities and organizations are better able to monitor and respond to nature’s ebb and flow • Audio sensing can detect minor changes in the environ- in real-time. ment to warn of avalanches, mudslides or earthquakes. • Citizens become engaged in creating two-way data flows; use information to better understand their immediate surroundings. • Communities reconnect with nature and understand their impact better. • Heightened awareness of natural cycles increases ability to determine long and short term trends. • Real-time weather information enables businesses to work with nature and minimize inefficiencies. • Better ablility to monitor invasive species and deal with cross border issues. • Natural sensors can be used to increase agricultural yields. 92 WWW.PSFK.COM
  64. NETWORKING NATURE prepared for CO N S U LTI N G TREE TALKS ABOUT ITS LIVING CIRCUMSTANCES ACOUSTIC SENSORS DETECT LANDSLIDES AUDIO FEEDBACK FROM THE DEEP OCEAN REAL-TIME CROP MANAGEMENT SYSTEM NETWORKED TECHNOLOGIES MONITOR OCEAN HEALTH NETWORKED PLANTS OFFSET CARBON FOOTPRINT Connecting people with the planet 93
  65. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION TREE TALKS ABOUT ITS LIVING CIRCUMSTANCES A 100 year old Belgian tree has been given the means to Collected data is converted into human language and sent as speak and share its opinion about its surroundings. The tree regular updates to followers on YouTube, Flickr, Twitter, Face- has been connected to a fine dust meter, ozone meter, light book, and Soundcloud. meter, weather station, webcam, and microphone. WWW.TALKING-TREE.COM 94 WWW.PSFK.COM
  66. NETWORKING NATURE prepared for CO N S U LTI N G ACOUSTIC SENSORS DETECT LANDSLIDES Engineers at Loughborough University in the UK have A network of sensors are buried in a hillside, registering move- developed sensors that monitor soil acoustics and are capable ments in the soil by listening for tiny amounts of noise caused by of predicting landslides. the friction of particles against one another. Once triggered, the systems sound an alarm. WWW.LBORO.AC.UK 95
  67. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON NETWORKING NATURE “When people get more involved in the process of measuring things like temperature, or environmental aspects, over long periods of time, they become more attuned to other cyclical aspects of nature; the diurnal cycle, the monthly cycle, the annual cycles, and hopefully, better understand their capacity to effect change upon them.” Usman Haque Founder and CEO, Pachube / Connected Environments “Our society is using more technology than ever to monitor the pulse of the natural world, sharing data and observations with a speed never before possible. Invasive species, and their effects, can now be closely identified, studied, and remedied before widespread ecosystem troubles emerge—allowing ample time to enact policies to help mitigate further damage.” Martin Ceperley Chief Technology Officer, Networked Organisms “By fostering a global network of nature watchers, we are extending the internet’s reach and immediacy beyond the human species. As members grow, I envision an army of citizen scientists, ready to use their cameras and mobile phones to tackle the latest issues at a moment’s notice.” Martin Ceperley Chief Technology Officer, Networked Organisms 100
  68. DATA DEMOCRACY Institutional accountability through open policies
  69. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION DATA DEMOCRACY IMPLICATIONS City administrations, institutions, and companies are pub- • Citizens are given the access and agency to engage licly sharing data generated within their systems to add with the data that specifically influences them. new levels of transparency and accountability. Access to this information not only strengthens civic engagement, but • Communities are empowered to leverage local data establishes a collaborative agenda at all levels of government and build bespoke services. that empowers citizens through greater access and agency. • Increased transparency and accountability. • Transparency facilitates confidence. Turns citizens/consumers into collaborators, uncovering new perspectives and potential applications not previously considered. • Open data, and open source technology, provide the infrastructure backbone necessary to run a scalable, global and yet, ultimately localized system. 102 WWW.PSFK.COM
  70. DATA DEMOCRACY prepared for CO N S U LTI N G EMPOWERING DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OPENING UP ELECTIONS IN AFGHANISTAN DATA SCIENCE TOOLKIT OFFERS LOW COST WITH THEIR OWN DATA BIG-DATA ANALYSIS TOOLS SHARING PUBLIC HEALTH OPERATIONAL DATA MAKING IT EASY TO BUY AND SHARE DATA OF ALL TYPES GOOGLE SERVICE BRINGS DATA TO LIFE Institutional accountability through open policies 103
  71. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION EMPOWERING DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WITH THEIR OWN DATA The Ujima Project offers journalists, NGOs, and concerned citi- The project operates on the premise of reverse transparency, zens access to a collection of databases, documents and other acquiring information on foreign aid, developmental contracts, resources that are not typically publicly available. The aim of the weapon sales, lobbying, and other activities from outside project is to bring transparency to the workings of governments, sources—predominantly the United States and the European multinational, non-governmental organizations and business Union—and providing it in an easily searchable format. enterprises in developing countries. WWW.UJIMA-PROJECT.ORG 104 WWW.PSFK.COM
  72. DATA DEMOCRACY prepared for CO N S U LTI N G OPENING UP ELECTIONS IN AFGHANISTAN AfghanistanElectionData.org was created by the National Demo- The number of votes are shown down to the level of cratic Institute, in partnership with Development Seed, to make an individual ballot box. data from national elections in Afghanistan more accessible and WWW.AFGHANISTANELECTIONDATA.ORG transparent. The tool allows users to browse the raw vote count from the recent election on a national view and quickly drill down to a provincial, district, or even polling center view. 105
  73. JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON DATA DEMOCRACY “Citizenship is much more than just having a passport or a birth certificate. Citizenship is engaging in the development process and in issues that affect people’s lives—it’s as simple as aggregating data and putting it in public domain.” Sharad Sapra UNICEF Country Representative, Uganda “Government is woefully inefficient right now. Better information management and more open information creation and sharing could be silver bullets to destroy the deficits. Efficiency through transparency seems to be the theme here.” Andrew Hoppin Chief Information Officer, New York State Senate “Every service that captures data is hell bent on capturing as much of it as it can and keeping it in it’s own little walled garden. But when you keep that data in walled gardens, you limit it’s true potential.” Adam Leibsohn Founder, Voyurl 110
  74. PSFK presents FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMATION ABOUT PSFK FUTURE OF REAL-TIME INFORMA- CONTACT TION TEAM PSFK is the world’s go-to source for Jeff Weiner, PSFK new ideas and inspiration. PROJECT DIRECTORS Director of Business Development Piers Fawkes, PSFK jeff.weiner@psfk.com The New York City based trends and piers@psfk.com 646.520.4665 innovation company publishes a daily 646.520.4672 news site, provides research and business 42 Bond Street consultancy, manages a network of 6th Floor Chris van der Walt, UN Global Pulse experts, and hosts idea-generating New York, NY 10012 USA Strategic Communications Advisor www.psfk.com events. PSFK aims to inspire readers, vanderwalt@un.org clients and guests to make things better— whether that’s better products, better LEAD CONSULTANT FOR COPIES OF THIS REPORT VISIT: services, better lives or a better world. Jeff Squires www.psfk.com/future-of-real-time www.psfk.com RESEARCH & ANALYSIS www.purplelist.com Scott Lachut Version 2 Francisco Hui October 2011 Dan Gould Kyle Studstill Dory Carr-Harris Jamie Clawson Jackie Rangel PHOTOGRAPHY Louis Caldarola www.louiscaldarola.com 112 WWW.PSFK.COM
  75. CONTACT prepared for CO N S U LTI N G FOR COPIES OF THIS REPORT VISIT www.psfk.com/future-of-real-time 113
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This report was developed by PSFK Labs for the United Nations to help them understand how technology, including social media, could help organizations understand what is happening to their most vulnerable populations in real-time. We intend for it to be openly shared around the globe between communities, development agencies, academia and other organizations. Its aim is to highlight the opportunities that exist for organizations, large or small. In particular, the “left field” examples of data capture and use are published in hope of showcasing how organizations can leap- frog IT investment and still significantly improve the monitoring capabilities. For a free download of this report please visit http://www.psfk.com/future-of-real-time

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