Beowulf Antonija Petrovski II3Filološka gimanzija Beograd 2012/2013.
Beowulf is considered to be the first epic poem ever written in English (Anglo- Saxon or Old English).This literary piece represents the foundation of English literature.
Hwæt! We Gardena in gear-dagum, þeocyninga, þrym gefrunon, hu ða æþelingas Ellen fremedon.
Hear ye! We shallsing of theglory inbygone days,of thekings ofDaneland,of thebravery ofthese kings.
Although it originates from England, the poem sings about Danish and Swedish legends and heroes.This is because the Anglo-Saxon tribeis one of the Germanic tribes, and theyall originally lived in the north ofEurope. When they went south tocentral Europe, they started inhabitingnew areas, including the British islands.
The British were Christianized in the 8th century, but they told the tales of their still-pagan brothers and ancestors from across the sea. Those were stories of Norsemen, but also the stories of their own past.
Beowulf tells the tale of the mighty hero Beowulf, son of Ecgtheow, raised by the great Goetish king Hygelac. The poem, written between the 8th and 11th century, tells us of three Beowulf’s battles.
The first battle is with the beast Grendel that has been killing all the strongest Danish warriors.
Beowulf and his fourteenearls receive the blessings of King Hygelac and his queen, Hygd the Wise and Fair, and set sail for Daneland.
The Danish king Hrothgar tells them of thebeast, and they all attend a feast in the great mead-hall with the king and his queen, Wealhtheow the Beautiful.
As night comes, thebeast Grendel approachesand enchantsthe warriors.The men cannot escape and it kills many.
But Grendel’s strength is nomatch for Beowulf, and he ends up killing the beastand cleaving its arm off. The Danes feast and sing to honor Beowulf’s greatness, but darkness falls upon the land once again.
She attacks the Grendel warriors was a and Beowulfferocious and hisbeast, but men give its even chase. The more hugeterrifying hounds mother track her scent to a seeks dark, revenge. poisonous lake.
Beowulf dives in to slay the beast alone. During the descent he kills all sorts of ferocious sea- serpents and at last he descends to Grendel’s mother’s cave, After a tough battle he finally beats the creature with a magic sword. Thus ends Beowulf’s second adventure, and he and his earls travel home victorious and burdened
After many happy and prosperous years. Beowulf’s reign as king of Goetland is in peril. A humongous dragon is attacking their town. Beowulf, now carrying the weight of his old age, assembles a group of warriors and goes to face the dragon in its lair.
Even though in the battle he is abandoned by all hismen but the brave Wiglaf, Beowulf overpowers thedragon, but loses what’s left of his own strength.Wiglaf slays the dragon, stabbing it in the heart with the magic sword Naegling.
Even Beowulf isthough evil buried is with all destroyed, honoursBeowulf is and too weak. thereHe crowns the Wiglaf poem king, and ends: dies.
“Thus passed to his own gods Beowulf, king of Goetsland, in the north.”