SlideShare a Scribd company logo

PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS BY PRANZLY.ppt

P
P

DEFINITION OF PHYLLOSPHERE PARTS OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISM OF PHYLLOSPHERE PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF STEM (CAULOSPHERE) PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF LEAVES(PHYLLOPLANE) PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FLOWER (ANTHOSPHERE) PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FRUIT(CARPOSPHERE) FACTORS INFLUENCING MICROBIAL GROWTH AND ACTIVITIES POSITIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS NEGATIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS

PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS BY PRANZLY.ppt

1 of 13
Download to read offline
PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS
PRESENTED BY PRANZLY
CONTENT
• DEFINITION OF PHYLLOSPHERE
• PARTS OF PHYLLOSPHERE
• MICROORGANISM OF PHYLLOSPHERE
• PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF STEM (CAULOSPHERE)
• PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF LEAVES(PHYLLOPLANE)
• PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FLOWER (ANTHOSPHERE)
• PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FRUIT(CARPOSPHERE)
• FACTORS INFLUENCING MICROBIAL GROWTH AND ACTIVITIES
• POSITIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS
• NEGATIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS
The aerial part or areas of the plant that are above the
ground, such as the leaves, stems, and flowers, serve
as phyllosphere and serve as a habitat for various
microorganisms.
Microbes can colonize and develop their relationships
with plants, typically epiphytes, in the phyllosphere.
With huge surface areas and a variety of microbial
communities, leaves make up a significant microbial
habitat.
PHYLLOSPHERE
STEM
(CAULOSPHERE)
LEAVES
(PHYLLOPLANE)
FLOWERS
(ANTHOSPHERE)
FRUITS
(CARPOSPHERE)
MICROORGANISM OF PHYLLOSPHERE
• Many types of microbial communities, such as
bacteria, filamentous fungi, yeasts, algae, and
protozoans, have essential habitats in the
phyllosphere.
• microorganisms exhibit commensalism or
mutualism (symbionts) or antagonism type of
relationship on their host plants
• four major species of bacteria such as
Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroides, and
Actinobacteria
yeast genera such as
Cryptococcus,
Rhodotorula,
Sporobolomyces
Alternaria, Penicillium,
Cladosporium,
Acremonium, Mucor,
and Aspergillus are the
frequent filamentous
fungi colonizing as
epiphytes and
endophytes.
Bacteria found in the
phyllosphere include
Methylibium,
Hyphomicrobium,
Methylocella,
Proteobacteria,
Actinobacteria,
Bacteroidetes, Massilia,
Flavobacterium,
Pseudomonas, and
Rathayibacter
PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF
STEM (CAULOSPHERE)
• The caulosphere is a wooden aerial plant part which
harbors a large groups of microorganisms.
• not ideal habitat for many microorganisms because
the surface of the stem is hydrophobic as a result of
the chitin and wax covering.
• They need adaptation techniques to withstand the
change in temperature and moisture content
Saccharomyces,
Candida,
Hanseniaspora and
Lachancea are the
common fungal
inhabitants.
Bacteria like
Pseudomonas,
Proteobacteria,
and
Flavobacterium.
Ad

Recommended

Microbial flora of soil
Microbial flora of soilMicrobial flora of soil
Microbial flora of soilSuganyaPaulraj
 
soil characteristics influencing growth and activity of microflora
 soil characteristics influencing growth and activity of microflora soil characteristics influencing growth and activity of microflora
soil characteristics influencing growth and activity of microfloraIGKV
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Phosphate solubilizers
Phosphate solubilizersPhosphate solubilizers
Phosphate solubilizersNeha Vats
 
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin cheke
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin chekePlant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin cheke
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin chekeAshwin Cheke
 
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAM
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAMMycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAM
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAMVishal Pandey
 
plant growth promoting rhizobacteria
plant growth promoting rhizobacteriaplant growth promoting rhizobacteria
plant growth promoting rhizobacteriaAbhinav Vivek
 
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHARE
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHAREMycorrhizae SLIDESHARE
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHARErreb
 
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith K
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith KIsolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith K
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith KLIKHITHK1
 
Microbial control of plant pathogens
Microbial control of plant pathogensMicrobial control of plant pathogens
Microbial control of plant pathogensAsad Leo
 
Mycorrhizal association
Mycorrhizal  associationMycorrhizal  association
Mycorrhizal associationTara Muhammad
 
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.ppt
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.pptazotobacter-as-biofertilizer.ppt
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.pptKothari Vishal
 
Role of microbes in soil
Role of microbes in soilRole of microbes in soil
Role of microbes in soilAnuKiruthika
 
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2Bharat Singh
 
Ecto and endomycorrhizae and their significance
Ecto and endomycorrhizae  and their significanceEcto and endomycorrhizae  and their significance
Ecto and endomycorrhizae and their significanceRitaSomPaul
 

What's hot (20)

Phosphate solubilizers
Phosphate solubilizersPhosphate solubilizers
Phosphate solubilizers
 
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin cheke
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin chekePlant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin cheke
Plant microbe interaction by dr. ashwin cheke
 
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAM
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAMMycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAM
Mycorrhiza Biofertilizer: VAM
 
Microbial intraction
Microbial  intractionMicrobial  intraction
Microbial intraction
 
Types of biofertilizers
Types of biofertilizersTypes of biofertilizers
Types of biofertilizers
 
plant growth promoting rhizobacteria
plant growth promoting rhizobacteriaplant growth promoting rhizobacteria
plant growth promoting rhizobacteria
 
Biofertilizer
BiofertilizerBiofertilizer
Biofertilizer
 
Role of microorganisms in soil fertility
Role of microorganisms in soil fertilityRole of microorganisms in soil fertility
Role of microorganisms in soil fertility
 
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHARE
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHAREMycorrhizae SLIDESHARE
Mycorrhizae SLIDESHARE
 
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith K
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith KIsolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith K
Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from soil Likhith K
 
Mycorrhiza
MycorrhizaMycorrhiza
Mycorrhiza
 
Rhizobium ppt
Rhizobium pptRhizobium ppt
Rhizobium ppt
 
Microbial control of plant pathogens
Microbial control of plant pathogensMicrobial control of plant pathogens
Microbial control of plant pathogens
 
PGPR
PGPRPGPR
PGPR
 
Mycorrhizal association
Mycorrhizal  associationMycorrhizal  association
Mycorrhizal association
 
Notes on biofertilizer
Notes on biofertilizerNotes on biofertilizer
Notes on biofertilizer
 
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.ppt
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.pptazotobacter-as-biofertilizer.ppt
azotobacter-as-biofertilizer.ppt
 
Role of microbes in soil
Role of microbes in soilRole of microbes in soil
Role of microbes in soil
 
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2
Production of biofertilizer(anabaena and nostoc) using co2
 
Ecto and endomycorrhizae and their significance
Ecto and endomycorrhizae  and their significanceEcto and endomycorrhizae  and their significance
Ecto and endomycorrhizae and their significance
 

Similar to PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS BY PRANZLY.ppt

Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptx
Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptxInteraction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptx
Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptxMicrobiologyMicro
 
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)Arunodaya Maji
 
Microbial Ecology of Soil
Microbial Ecology of SoilMicrobial Ecology of Soil
Microbial Ecology of SoilAlizay Shahid
 
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agent
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agentMycorrhizae-biocontrol agent
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agentDeepak Yadav
 
plant microbe
plant microbeplant microbe
plant microbeirumch8
 
Plant Microbe Interaction
Plant Microbe InteractionPlant Microbe Interaction
Plant Microbe InteractionManisha Thakur
 
Interactions between microorganisms and plants
Interactions between microorganisms and plantsInteractions between microorganisms and plants
Interactions between microorganisms and plantsMSC yusur alani
 
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptx
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptxPhysical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptx
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptxAmjad Afridi
 
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil Microbiology
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil MicrobiologyTerrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil Microbiology
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil MicrobiologyRuchiRawal1
 
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of Fungus
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of FungusFungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of Fungus
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of FungusPurvesh Mendapara
 
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management MrChuha
 
How plants colonized the land and evolution
How plants colonized the land and evolutionHow plants colonized the land and evolution
How plants colonized the land and evolutionHotaru Imai
 
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...Dr. Pritam Juvatkar
 
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T) Uni...
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T)Uni...FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T)Uni...
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T) Uni...Ms. Pooja Bhandare
 

Similar to PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS BY PRANZLY.ppt (20)

Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptx
Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptxInteraction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptx
Interaction of microorganisms with vascular plants.pptx
 
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)
Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AM Fungi) | (VAM Fungi)
 
MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
MICROBIAL ECOLOGYMICROBIAL ECOLOGY
MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
 
Microbial Ecology of Soil
Microbial Ecology of SoilMicrobial Ecology of Soil
Microbial Ecology of Soil
 
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agent
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agentMycorrhizae-biocontrol agent
Mycorrhizae-biocontrol agent
 
Mycorrhiza
MycorrhizaMycorrhiza
Mycorrhiza
 
plant microbe
plant microbeplant microbe
plant microbe
 
Plant Microbe Interaction
Plant Microbe InteractionPlant Microbe Interaction
Plant Microbe Interaction
 
Interactions between microorganisms and plants
Interactions between microorganisms and plantsInteractions between microorganisms and plants
Interactions between microorganisms and plants
 
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptx
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptxPhysical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptx
Physical factors affecting the growth of fungi.pptx
 
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil Microbiology
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil MicrobiologyTerrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil Microbiology
Terrestrial Environment Microbiology/ Soil Microbiology
 
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of Fungus
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of FungusFungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of Fungus
Fungal Biodiversity or Biodiversity of Fungus
 
SOME APPLICABLE ASPECTS OF MYCORRHIZA
SOME APPLICABLE ASPECTS OF MYCORRHIZASOME APPLICABLE ASPECTS OF MYCORRHIZA
SOME APPLICABLE ASPECTS OF MYCORRHIZA
 
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management
Role of Phylloplane Bacteria in plant disease management
 
How plants colonized the land and evolution
How plants colonized the land and evolutionHow plants colonized the land and evolution
How plants colonized the land and evolution
 
Mycorrhiza shabir
Mycorrhiza shabirMycorrhiza shabir
Mycorrhiza shabir
 
Angiosperms
AngiospermsAngiosperms
Angiosperms
 
Mycorrhizae
MycorrhizaeMycorrhizae
Mycorrhizae
 
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...
2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 2.3 FACTORS INFLUENCI...
 
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T) Uni...
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T)Uni...FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T)Uni...
FACTORS AFFECTING CULTIVATION. PHARMACOGNOSY & Phytochemistry-I (BP405T) Uni...
 

More from Pranzly Rajput

RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.ppt
RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.pptRHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.ppt
RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.pptPranzly Rajput
 
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.ppt
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.pptCARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.ppt
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.pptPranzly Rajput
 
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.ppt
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.pptELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.ppt
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.ppt
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.pptPHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.ppt
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.ppt
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.pptMAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.ppt
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.ppt
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.pptThe Glutamate family by Pranzly.ppt
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.ppt
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.pptORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.ppt
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
Cells of immune system by pranzly.ppt
Cells of immune system by pranzly.pptCells of immune system by pranzly.ppt
Cells of immune system by pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.ppt
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.pptTobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.ppt
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.ppt
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.pptAQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.ppt
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptx
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptxPHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptx
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptxPranzly Rajput
 
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptx
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptxNormal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptx
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptxPranzly Rajput
 
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptx
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptxFactors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptx
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptxPranzly Rajput
 
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptx
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptxdrug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptx
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptxPranzly Rajput
 
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.ppt
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.pptnitrogen fixation by Pranzly.ppt
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.pptPranzly Rajput
 

More from Pranzly Rajput (16)

RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.ppt
RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.pptRHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.ppt
RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISM BY PRANZLY.ppt
 
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.ppt
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.pptCARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.ppt
CARBON CYCLE BY PRANZLY.ppt
 
MUTATION BY PRANZLY.ppt
MUTATION BY PRANZLY.pptMUTATION BY PRANZLY.ppt
MUTATION BY PRANZLY.ppt
 
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.ppt
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.pptELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.ppt
ELISA (enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay) by Pranzly.ppt
 
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.ppt
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.pptPHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.ppt
PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS by Pranzly.ppt
 
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.ppt
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.pptMAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.ppt
MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX by Pranzly.ppt
 
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.ppt
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.pptThe Glutamate family by Pranzly.ppt
The Glutamate family by Pranzly.ppt
 
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.ppt
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.pptORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.ppt
ORGANS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM by pranzly.ppt
 
Cells of immune system by pranzly.ppt
Cells of immune system by pranzly.pptCells of immune system by pranzly.ppt
Cells of immune system by pranzly.ppt
 
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.ppt
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.pptTobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.ppt
Tobacco mosaic virus by Pranzly.ppt
 
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.ppt
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.pptAQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.ppt
AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM by Pranzly.ppt
 
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptx
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptxPHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptx
PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE by Pranzly.pptx
 
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptx
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptxNormal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptx
Normal flora of human body by Pranzly.pptx
 
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptx
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptxFactors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptx
Factors that affect microbial growth by Pranzly.pptx
 
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptx
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptxdrug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptx
drug susceptibility testing by Pranzly.pptx
 
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.ppt
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.pptnitrogen fixation by Pranzly.ppt
nitrogen fixation by Pranzly.ppt
 

Recently uploaded

Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdfTechSoup
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxgarvitnanecha
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryAlan See
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Niranjan Chavan
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)Rabiya Husain
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassCorinne Weisgerber
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxRenuka N Sunagad
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsRay Poynter
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionCardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionVISHALJADHAV100
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis RegionThe Opportunity Trust
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionTushar Tank
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)satyanshp7890
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative Story
 
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS-  APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
Dr. NN Chavan Keynote address on ADNEXAL MASS- APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT in the...
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
 
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptxIntroduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
Introduction of General Pharmacology PPT.pptx
 
Sudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of BeliefsSudden Death of Beliefs
Sudden Death of Beliefs
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionCardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
 
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
2023 MAP Data Analysis - St. Louis Region
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
 
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
Unleashing the Power of AI Tools for Enhancing Research, International FDP on...
 
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
LIGHT,MIRROR,REFLECTION& REFRACTION. (Optometric optics)
 

PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS BY PRANZLY.ppt

  • 2. CONTENT • DEFINITION OF PHYLLOSPHERE • PARTS OF PHYLLOSPHERE • MICROORGANISM OF PHYLLOSPHERE • PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF STEM (CAULOSPHERE) • PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF LEAVES(PHYLLOPLANE) • PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FLOWER (ANTHOSPHERE) • PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FRUIT(CARPOSPHERE) • FACTORS INFLUENCING MICROBIAL GROWTH AND ACTIVITIES • POSITIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS • NEGATIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS
  • 3. The aerial part or areas of the plant that are above the ground, such as the leaves, stems, and flowers, serve as phyllosphere and serve as a habitat for various microorganisms. Microbes can colonize and develop their relationships with plants, typically epiphytes, in the phyllosphere. With huge surface areas and a variety of microbial communities, leaves make up a significant microbial habitat. PHYLLOSPHERE STEM (CAULOSPHERE) LEAVES (PHYLLOPLANE) FLOWERS (ANTHOSPHERE) FRUITS (CARPOSPHERE)
  • 4. MICROORGANISM OF PHYLLOSPHERE • Many types of microbial communities, such as bacteria, filamentous fungi, yeasts, algae, and protozoans, have essential habitats in the phyllosphere. • microorganisms exhibit commensalism or mutualism (symbionts) or antagonism type of relationship on their host plants • four major species of bacteria such as Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroides, and Actinobacteria
  • 5. yeast genera such as Cryptococcus, Rhodotorula, Sporobolomyces Alternaria, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Acremonium, Mucor, and Aspergillus are the frequent filamentous fungi colonizing as epiphytes and endophytes. Bacteria found in the phyllosphere include Methylibium, Hyphomicrobium, Methylocella, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Massilia, Flavobacterium, Pseudomonas, and Rathayibacter
  • 6. PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF STEM (CAULOSPHERE) • The caulosphere is a wooden aerial plant part which harbors a large groups of microorganisms. • not ideal habitat for many microorganisms because the surface of the stem is hydrophobic as a result of the chitin and wax covering. • They need adaptation techniques to withstand the change in temperature and moisture content Saccharomyces, Candida, Hanseniaspora and Lachancea are the common fungal inhabitants. Bacteria like Pseudomonas, Proteobacteria, and Flavobacterium.
  • 7. PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF LEAVES (PHYLLOPLANE) • The arrangement of leaf epidermal cells determines the leaf physiology and the microenvironment, which allow the abundance and distribution of microorganisms on the leaf surface. • Epiphytes make biofilm-like growth, preferably in the form of larger bacterial aggregates on the trichomes, veins, and epidermal cell groves, along with the leaf exudates, creating a nutrient-rich region. • Bacteria are the most abundant inhabitants of the phylloplane • Fungal communities in the phyllosphere in temperate regions are hypervariable, exhibit greater diversity in the phyllosphere of tropical trees. • The types of microorganisms inhabiting the phylloplane region also depend on the type of plant species.
  • 8. PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FLOWERS (ANTHOSPHERE) • Fungal population are more diverse in flowers than bacteria • The floral components are pollen, nectar, sepals, petals, stamens, style, ovary, and stigmas, act as short-span microsites for the colonization of microorganisms. Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter (Proteobacteria), Metschnikowia (Ascomycota), and Cryptococcus (Basidiomycota) Fungi identified as pestalotiopsis disseminate, phomopsis, and coelomycete sp. are also isolated from some medicinal flowers of the temperate region.
  • 9. PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS OF FRUITS (CARPOSPHERE) • Fruit skin inhabits diverse groups of microbes, encompassing both bacteria and fungi. • The entry of microorganisms inside the fruit is comparatively less frequent due to the presence of a tough, waterproof covering • the type of microorganisms present on the fruit depends on the chemical composition of the fruit. • Lemons and Orange harbor a large number of Yeasts while Grapes and Apples have a higher number of Bacterial cells
  • 10. FACTORS INFLUENCING MICROBIAL GROWTH AND ACTIVITIES LIGHT Bacteria and fungi utilize sunlight to produce different chemical products that promote their growth and plant growth TEMPERATURE Temperature fluctuations are observed with the changes in day and night regimes in the phyllosphere region MICROBE-MICROBE INTERACTIONS could be cooperation, parasitism, and competition. PLANT SPECIES nutrient content of the fruits, flowers, and stems affect the growth and activities of the microbiome present on the plants.
  • 11. POSITIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS 9. Increases the yields of the crop by removing contaminants, and producing novel substances. 7. Influences the ecological relationship, adaptation, growth, resistance, and infection of the plant host 4. Enhance nitrogen fixation 5. Affects leaf functions and longevity, seed mass, apical growth, flowering, and fruit development. 1. Control of plant pathogens 2. Produce plant growth factors like IAA and cytokines that promote nutrient uptake and crop yield 3. Alters plant surface properties 8. The degradation of organic pollutants 6. Promote the growth of plants
  • 12. NEGATIVE EFFECT OF PHYLLOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS 1. Large number of microorganisms might increase competition with plants for nutrients, water, and space. 2. Microorganism in phyllosphere might act as plant pathogens, resulting in different forms of plant diseases 3. Result in the loss of different beneficial microorganisms in phyllosphere region.