Tamarind

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Tamarind: Tamarindus indica is a common fruit tree of the tropics. Leaves, fruit, seeds hold various properties used in healing of diseases in herbal medicine.

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Tamarind

  1. 1. Healing power of TAMARIND Tamarindus indica Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. Tamarind PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. Tamarind  Common fruit tree of the tropics  Family Fabaceae (Leguminosae) comprising 700 genera and 17,000 species  Valuable timber species  Hermaphroditic plant with bisexual flowers  Pollinated by honey bees PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. Tamarind  Tall, spreading tree life 60 – 150 years  Compound leaves for shade  Long bean pods with brittle brown shells  Unripe – shell greenish brown  When ripe – shell reddish brown  1 kg of fruit contains – 1000 seeds in India PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Tamarind tree PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6.  One tree produce 150 – 800 kg of fruits annually with 30 – 35 % pulp, 11 – 30 % shells and fiber, 33 – 40 % seeds  Leaves are an important source of food and herbal medicine  Seeds are a cheap source of protein Tamarind PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7.  Edible pulp of ripe fruit is used as flavouring agent in soups, jams, chutneys, sauces and juices  The fruit pulp richest natural source of Tartaric acid (8 – 18 %) Tamarind PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. Tamarind fruit PPRC/INDIA 07
  9. 9.  Important material used in sizing of textiles, paper, pickles and paste  Tamarind juice rich in protein and a cheap source of protein to alleviate protein malnutrition widespread in many countries Tamarind PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. Food value of tamarind* Ingredient Pulp (ripe) Calories 115 Moisture 28 – 52 g Protein 3.10 g Carbohydrates 67.4g Calcium 35 – 170 mg Iron 1.3 – 10.9 mg Potassium 375 mg Tartaric acid 8 – 23.8 mg * 100 gmPPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Food value of tamarind PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12.  To cool body system and cleanse the blood  The pulp is used in Chinese medicine  Leaves and roots contain vitexin, glycosides, isovitexin orientin, isoorentin and primary amines Healing power of tamarind PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Properties of tamarind  Cathartic  Astringent  Febrifuge  Anti-septic  Anti-fungal  Anti- inflammatory  Anti-bacterial (Limyati 1998 De et. al. 1999) PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Fruit pulp used as gentle laxative  To improve loss of appetite  Pulp in combination with lime juice, honey, milk, dates, spices used as digestive  Decoction of dried fruit is taken orally for fevers PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. Tamarind fruit pulp PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Medicinal uses of tamarind  It is known to restore sensation in paralysis  The use of pulp in dysentery treatment and as a food in food scarce periods  It is used as gargle in sore throats dressing of wounds (Chaturvedi 1985)  Powdered seeds – paste used in boils PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Tamarind used in treatment of following ailments: - alleviation of sunstroke - datura poisoning - intoxicating effect of alcohol and “ganja” Cannabis sativa L. PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Medicinal uses of tamarind  In Brazil, fruit pulp and leaf are regarded as purgative, diaphoretic and emollient  Pulp is applied to heal inflammations, sore throat and rheumatism  In West Indies fruit pulp is taken orally as laxative PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Tamarind leaves PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Hot water extract of dried fruit is taken orally as a sudorific, febrifuge infections of urinary tract, skin and mucosa  In India, fruit juice mixed with Calotropis gigantea latex is taken orally to relieve menstrual pains PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Medicinal uses of tamarind  In Sudan, dried fruit pulp is taken orally as a purgative, for malaria and for bacterial infections  Fruits contain 1-10 seeds which are hard reddish and shiny PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Seed powder is used as externally applied on eye diseases and ulcers  Boiled pounded seeds are reported to treat ulcers, bladder stones and powdered seed husks are used to treat diabetes (Rama Rao 1975) PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. Tamarind seeds PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. Medicinal uses of tamarind  The seed with Cumin seed and palm sugar for treatment of Chronic diarrhoea, dysentry and jaundice  The leaves mixed with salt and water are used to treat throat infections, cough, fever, intestinal worms, urinary & liver troubles PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Medicinal uses of tamarind  In Tanzania decoction of dried leaves is taken orally to treat malaria (Gessler et. al. 1994)  A sweetened decoction is used in the Philippines as a cough remedy PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Leaf juice is used for treating encephalitis  Bark is used to recover loss of sensation due to paralysis  The bark with water has been used in the treatment of sore throat PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Tamarind bark PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Bark is used as tonic, lotions or poultices to relieve sores, ulcers, boils and rashes in the Philippines and Eastern Sudan (Dalziel 1937)  An infusion of the roots is believed to have curative value in chest complaints PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Medicinal uses of tamarind  A poultice of flowers is used in the treatment of eye diseases, conjunctivitis in the Philippines (De Padua et. al. 1978)  Flowers are used as a remedy for jaundice, bleeding piles, to cure eye diseases and skin ulcers PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Tamarind leaves and flowers dried or boiled are used as poultices for swollen joints, sprains and boils  Lotions and extracts made from tamarind are used in treating conjunctivitis as antiseptics, as vermifuges PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Tamarind flowers PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Medicinal uses of tamarind  Treatments for dysentery, jaundice, eye sipelas and haemorrhoids  An infusion of leaves is believed to be an ingredient in prescription of leprosy PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Recipes of tamarind PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Tamarind candy PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Tamarind rice PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Tamarind chutney PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Tamarind soup PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Tamarind juice PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Tamarind jam PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. Thank you!!

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