Guava

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Guava : Psidium guajava has tremendous medicinal properties is also called "Apple of the tropics". Many recipes are made in daily life across the globe in Brazil, Chile, India, etc. It shows anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, anti-spasmodic, anti-bacterial and many more properties.

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Guava

  1. 1. Recent progress in Medicinal Uses Guava: Psidium guajava L. Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2.  100 species of tropical shrubs  Native to Mexico, Central America, Northern South America  Now cultivated all over the world  Most frequently eaten species  Have several industrial applications PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3.  Propagation by seeds / cuttings  Proper manuring improves the size and quality of the fruit  Wilt, Fusarium oxysporum is the most serious disease of Guava PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. Guava Tree PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Classification:  Kingdom: Plantae  Sub-kingdom: Tracheobionata  Super-division: Spermatophyta  Division: Magnoliophyta Guava PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6.  Class: Magnoliopsida  Sub-class: Rosidae  Order: Myrtales  Family: Myrtaceae  Genus: Psidium guajava Guava PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Tropical Guava Fruit Display PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. About Guava  An arborescent shrub, Apple of the tropics  Small tree upto 8 m. high  Leaves: Light green, finely pubescent, chartaceous  Flowers: White, fragrant  Fruits: Green to Light yellow, red, varied shape and size PPRC/INDIA 07
  9. 9. Guava Leaves PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. Guava Flower PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Common Guava Fruits PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12. Imp. Species of Guava  Psidium guajava L. …….. Common name  Psidium cattleyanum …….. Strawberry guava  Varieties: Psidium pomiferum L. Psidium pyriferum L.  Synonyms: Psidium pumilum Vahl. Psidium guajava L. PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Chemical constituents Tannins Flavonols Flavonoids Saponins Triterpenoids Glycosides PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. Guava seeds CONSTITUENTS % Aromatic oils 14 Protein 15 Starch 13 PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. Guava roots Tannin Leukocyanidines Sterols Gallic acid PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Guava tree bark  Considerable amount of Tannins (11-27%); used for Tanning and dyeing  Leucocyanidin, Luteic acid, Amritoside isolated from the stem and bark  Ref: - Edwards et. al. 1952 - Hooper 1902 - Seshadri and Vasishta 1965 PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Guava tree bark  Bark valued for its astringent properties and used in diarrhoea in children  The bark is tonic and the ash is caustic PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Guava leaves CHEMICALS % (unit) Catechol & Pyragallol 8.15 Tannin 13.9 Non-tannins 9.0 Essential oils (Yellowish green oil, pleasant aromatic odour) – contain beta-caryophyllene 0.26 PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. More chemicals in Guava Wax Beta sitosterol Resins Quercetin Sugars Cratagolic Carotene Guaijavolic Vit. B1, B2, B6, Vit. C Sapogenin Niacin Leucocyanidin 4-Gentiobioside Ellagic acid PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. References  Arthur & Hui, 1954  Soliman & Farid, 1952  El Khadme & Mohammed, 1958  Varshney & Shamshuddin, 1965 PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Guava Fruits  Majority of the researchers have aimed on the hypoglycaemic effects of P. guajava fruits  Guava fruits are much more enjoyed by birds & monkeys which disperse the seeds in their droppings and cause spontaneous clumps of guava trees to grow (Taylor 198, D Weck 2003)  Strong odour of fruit due to Carbonyl compounds PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. More chemicals in fruit CHEMICAL % Hexanal 65.9 Butyrolactone 7.6 E-2-hexanal 7.4 EE-2-hexadienal 2.2 Z-3-hexenyl acetate 1.3 3-phenylpropyl acetate 5.3 Caryophyllene oxide 5.1 PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. References  Paniandy et. al., 2000  Dweck, 2003 PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. Chemicals in Pink Guava Essential oil profile is rich:  alcohols, esters, aldehydes, terpenic hydrocarbons  3-hydroxy-2-butanone, 3-penten-3-ol and 2-butenyl acetate PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Nutritional value of Guava Energy 68 Kcal Carbohydrates 14.32 g Sugars 8.92 g Dietary fiber 5.4 g Fat 0.95 g Proteins 2.55 g Vit. A 31 microg Beta carotene 374 microg Thiamine Vit B1 0.067 mg 100 gm PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Nutritional value of Guava Riboflavin Vit. B2 0.04 mg Niacin Vit. B3 1.084 mg Pantothenic acid Vit. B5 0.451 mg Vit. B6 0.11 mg Folate Vit. B9 49 microg Vit. C 228.3 mg Vit. K 2.2 microg Calcium 18 mg 100 gm PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Nutritional value of Guava Iron 0.26 mg Magnesium 22 mg Manganese 0.15 mg Phosphorus 40 mg Potassium 417 mg Sodium 2 mg Zinc 0.23 mg Lycopene 5204 microg 100 gm PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Properties Anti-bacterial Anti-microbial Anti-oxidant Anti-spasmodic Anti-diabetic Anti-cough Narcotic like activity Analgesic Anti-pyretic Anti-septic PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Healing power of Guava Diarrhoea Vomiting Prostate cancer Diabetes Oral cavity cancer Dysentery Lung cancer Fever Bacterial infections Gastrointestics Inflammation pains Cough PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. Healing power of Guava Leucorrhea Chorea Cerebral ailments Convulsions Nephritis Menstrual pain Cachexia Toothache Epilepsy Sore throat PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Health benefits  Anti-ageing, Immune booster  Rich source of soluble dietary fiber  Higher Vit. C…………5.4 g/100g………(14%)  Helps in production of cells PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Health benefits  Good anti-microbial fruit  Best fruit for diabetic patients  Any time any amount one can eat  No side effects PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Medi-uses  Extracts of leaves, flowers, fruits – active against micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus and E. coli  Extracts of fruits – moderately active against Salmonella typhosa, Shigella antidysenteriae BH.  Young leaves used as a tonic in digestive disorders PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Medi-uses  Guava leaves for wounds, ulcers and as an astringent for bowels  Decoction of leaves – cholera, vomiting & diarrhoea  Decoction of leaves and shoots in febrifuge, antispamodic baths PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Medi-uses  Infusion of leaves in cerebral affections, nephritis and cochexia, Pounded leaves for rheumatism  Extract of leaves in epilepsy, chorea  Tincture is rubbed over the spine of children suffering from convulsions PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Medi-uses  Decoction of leaves when gargled relieves from toothache and gum boils  Flowers – cool the body and used in bronchitis, eye sores  Fruit – tonic, cooling and laxative good in colic and for bleeding gums, used in diarrhoea and dysentery PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Guava products  Guava cheese  Guava jelly  Guava nectar  Canned guava PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Traditional medicinal uses evidenced by current Pharmacological findings PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39.  Anti-parasites: Amoebic diarrhoea, vermifuge, malaria, intestinal worm infestation  Anti-bacterial: Gastroenteritis, vomiting, diarrhoea, dysentery, wound, ulcers, toothache, coughs, sore throat, inflamed gums, cholera PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40.  A fast relief anti-inflammatory and anti-febrifuge: Flu, sore throat, ear and eye infections  Anti-spasmodics: Mild digestive, menstrual stimulants strengthens gastric tract  Acts as gastro-tonic PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41.  Emmenagogue: Leucorrhea, to regulate menstrual periods  Central nervous system depressant  Haemostatics  Hypoglycemics  Anti-haemorrhoids PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42.  Anti-rheumatism  Anti-carcinoma: Prostate cancer  Hypoglycaemic activity PPRC/INDIA 41
  43. 43. Advanced research in Medicinal uses PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44.  Good for insomnia  A good anti-antithrombin III agent  An adjuvant mild CNS depressant  A mild cardio-tonics  A magic blood cleanser PPRC/INDIA 43
  45. 45.  A medium to excellent antioxidant  Preventions for glycative cardiovascular and neural degenerations  Glycation may induce diabetic cardiovascular and neurode generative disease PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46.  Glycation in perspective – diabetes  Common inducers for glycation in hyperglycaemia  Guava leaf tea is also efficient  Preventive for glycation PPRC/INDIA 45
  47. 47. Guava leaf tea  Preparation – 1 part desiccated guava leaf tea 10 parts of distilled water Reflux the mixture for 30 mins at 100OC Decant and save the extract PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48.  Repeat the extraction process for 3 times  Combine and cool the total extracts  Filter the extract to drink Guava leaf tea PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. Guava recipes PPRC/INDIA 48
  50. 50. Guava Kalakand PPRC/INDIA 49
  51. 51. Brazilian Guava Puree PPRC/INDIA 50
  52. 52. Brazilian Guava Tea PPRC/INDIA 51
  53. 53. Cuban Guava Pastry PPRC/INDIA 52
  54. 54. Guava Candy PPRC/INDIA 53
  55. 55. Guava Cubes PPRC/INDIA 54
  56. 56. Guava Pastry PPRC/INDIA 55
  57. 57. Guava Awapuhi PPRC/INDIA 56
  58. 58. Guava Barfi PPRC/INDIA 57
  59. 59. Guava Bars PPRC/INDIA 58
  60. 60. Guava Fudge PPRC/INDIA 59
  61. 61. Guava bbq Chicken PPRC/INDIA 60
  62. 62. Guava Biscuits PPRC/INDIA 61
  63. 63. Guava Bread Pudding PPRC/INDIA 62
  64. 64. Guava Buttercream PPRC/INDIA 63
  65. 65. Hawaiian Guava Cake PPRC/INDIA 64
  66. 66. Guava Cheese PPRC/INDIA 65
  67. 67. Guava Chutney PPRC/INDIA 66
  68. 68. Guava Cupcakes PPRC/INDIA 67
  69. 69. Guava Curry PPRC/INDIA 68
  70. 70. Guava Sabzi PPRC/INDIA 69
  71. 71. Guava Gummies PPRC/INDIA 70
  72. 72. Guava Icecream PPRC/INDIA 71
  73. 73. Guava Jelly PPRC/INDIA 72
  74. 74. Guava Juice PPRC/INDIA 73
  75. 75. Guava Kheer PPRC/INDIA 74
  76. 76. Guava Lollipops PPRC/INDIA 75
  77. 77. Guava Chocolate PPRC/INDIA 76
  78. 78. Cuban Guava Marmalade PPRC/INDIA 77
  79. 79. Mexican Guava Jam PPRC/INDIA 78
  80. 80. Chilean Guava Muffins PPRC/INDIA 79
  81. 81. Guava Pancakes PPRC/INDIA 80
  82. 82. Guava Pickle PPRC/INDIA 81
  83. 83. Goan Guava Cheese PPRC/INDIA 82
  84. 84. Taiwanese Guava Tart PPRC/INDIA 83
  85. 85. Guava Raitha PPRC/INDIA 84
  86. 86. Guava Roll cake PPRC/INDIA 85
  87. 87. Guava Sauce PPRC/INDIA 86
  88. 88. Guava Slices PPRC/INDIA 87
  89. 89. Guava Souffle PPRC/INDIA 88
  90. 90. Guava Torte PPRC/INDIA 89
  91. 91. The Guayabera PPRC/INDIA 90
  92. 92. Thank You!! “BE WITH US”

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