Ginger

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Ginger: Zingiber officinale is quoted as "World's healthiest food". Native to South eastern Asia is used in dishes as delicacy, medicine / spice. It is consumed across the globe and has immense healing power for various disorders such as High BP, Osteoarthritis, Migraine, Gastrointestinal problems, etc.

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Ginger

  1. 1. Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India Ginger: Zingiber officinale in the light of Advanced Medical Research
  2. 2. GINGER PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. GINGER World’s healthiest food Family: Zingiberaceae Fresh ginger yellow, white or red in colour depending on variety covered with brownish thick or thin skin PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. GINGER PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. GINGER 1 tbs ginger slices = 6.00 gm wt. Native to South eastern Asia. Nowadays cultivated all over the globe Pungent spicy used in dishes, fruits and vegetarian dishes PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. GINGER Ginger is knotted, thick beige underground upto 12” above ground with long narrow green leaves and white / yellowish green flowers Used as delicacy, medicine / spice PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Ginger preservation process PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. Country-wise importance Quite essential ingredient of Chinese, Korean and Japanese and many South Asian cuisines for flavouring dishes such as fish, meat and vegetarian cuisine Western countries use in sweet foods PPRC/INDIA 07
  9. 9. Country-wise importance Western countries’ cuisines: ginger ale, ginger bread, garlic snaps, Parkin ginger, biscuits and Speculaas Ginger flavoured liquor produced in Jamac, France, ginger wine in UK PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. Country-wise importance Served in green bottle and hot tea, coffee In India used in almost all dishes. Ginger tea in winter. Veg, non-veg preparations ‘Kotlu’ esp. for pregnant women mixture of gums, resin, ghee, ginger, nuts and sugar PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Country-wise importance Bangladesh: Paste in fish, meat dishes along with onion and garlic Burma: ginger called Gyin, is used for cooking, traditional medicine, salad Gyin- thot PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12. Country-wise importance Indonesia: ginger root recipes Malaysia: soup prep Philippines: local dishes & brewed in Sarbat Vietnam: chopped ginger to shrimp & Yam PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Country-wise importance China: sliced whole ginger with fresh meat, herbal tea and soup Japan: ginger pickled to make beni shoga, gari, tofu and noodles, candy – shoga no sato zuke PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. Country-wise importance Korea: ginger minced / juiced spicy paste Caribbean: spice, drinks Jamaicans: ginger beer, carbonated beverage, tea and cake Arabia: mostly ginger tea PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. Leading ginger producing countries (2010) PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. World production June 2008 PPRC/INDIA 15 India 380,100 China 331,100 Indonesia 192,500 Nepal 174,268 Thailand 170,125 Nigeria 152,106 Bangladesh 72,608 Japan 52,000 Philippines 27,415 Cameron 12,000 Data in tonnes
  17. 17. Ginger production PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Ginger production in India PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Nutritional value of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 18 Energy 333 KJ / 80 Kcal Carbohydrate 17.17 g Sugars 1.7 g Dietary fibre 2 g Fat 0.75 g Proteins 1.32 g Thiamine B1 0.025 mg Riboflavin B2 0.034 mg Data for 100 gm
  20. 20. Nutritional value of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 19 Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.75 mg Pantothenic acid (Vit. B5) 0.203 mg Vit. B6 0.15 mg Folic acid (Vit. B9) 11 microgm Vit. C 5 mg Vit. E 0.26 mg Calcium 16 mg Data for 100 gm
  21. 21. Nutritional value of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 20 Iron 0.6 mg Magnesium 43 mg Manganese 0.229 mg Phosphorus 34 mg Potassium 415 mg Sodium 13 mg Zinc 0.34 mg Data for 100 gm
  22. 22. Healing power of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 21 High blood pressure Heart diseases Stomach upset Painful M.C. Dysmenorrhoea Motion sickness Migraines Osteoarthritis Vomiting Gastrointestinal problems Nausea Intestinal spasmolytic
  23. 23. Healing power of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 22 Colorectal cancer Inflammation of colon Ovarian cancer Liver damages Cough Digestive nausea Bronchi Bowel movements Muscle pain Asthma & respiration Skin burns Kidney problems
  24. 24. Forms of Ginger PPRC/INDIA 23 Fresh ginger Ginger powder Preserved ginger Ginger oil Dry ginger Ginger oleoresin
  25. 25. Fresh Ginger PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Preserved Ginger PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Preserved Ginger PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Ginger preserved in syrup PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Ginger preserved in alcohol PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. Stem preserved ginger PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Crystallized ginger candy PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Dry Ginger PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Dried Ginger slices PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Ginger powder PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Ginger oil PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Ginger oleoresin PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Bioactive constituents Volatile oils: bisabolene, cineol, phellandrene, citral, borneol, citronellol geranial, linalool, limonene, zingiberal, zingiberene, camphene Oleoresin: gingerols, shogaols PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Bioactive constituents Phenol: gingeol, zingerone Ginger protease / proteolytic enzymes: zingibain Vit. A, B complex, Vit. C, Calcium, Minerals and many more Ref: Bruneton 1995 PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Recipes PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. Ginger beer PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41. Beni shoga PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42. Burmese ginger salad PPRC/INDIA 41
  43. 43. Caramel ginger shrimp PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44. Carrot ginger soup PPRC/INDIA 43
  45. 45. Chicken ginger soup PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46. Christmas gingersnap cookies PPRC/INDIA 45
  47. 47. Eggless ginger-choco mousse PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48. Ginger ale PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. Ginger beef PPRC/INDIA 48
  50. 50. Ginger bread PPRC/INDIA 49
  51. 51. Ginger cake PPRC/INDIA 50
  52. 52. Ginger curry PPRC/INDIA 51
  53. 53. Ginger fish PPRC/INDIA 52
  54. 54. Ginger tea PPRC/INDIA 53
  55. 55. Ginger Yam salad PPRC/INDIA 54
  56. 56. Gingerbread cookies PPRC/INDIA 55
  57. 57. Homemade ginger liqueurs PPRC/INDIA 56
  58. 58. Inji – Ginger curry PPRC/INDIA 57
  59. 59. Japanese pickled ginger PPRC/INDIA 58
  60. 60. Lemon-Ginger noodles PPRC/INDIA 59
  61. 61. Mango-Ginger curry with shrimp PPRC/INDIA 60
  62. 62. Meat ginger PPRC/INDIA 61
  63. 63. Nilava Allam Pachadi - Ginger pickle PPRC/INDIA 62
  64. 64. Parkin PPRC/INDIA 63
  65. 65. Shiroi neko PPRC/INDIA 64
  66. 66. Speculaas PPRC/INDIA 65
  67. 67. Sushi gari PPRC/INDIA 66
  68. 68. Tofu (with ginger) PPRC/INDIA 67
  69. 69. Wild ginger curry PPRC/INDIA 68
  70. 70. Ginger wine PPRC/INDIA 69
  71. 71. Medical research: GINGER After experimentation, bioactive chemicals of ginger possess following properties 1. Cardiotonic 2. Antilipennic 3. Gastroprotective 4. Antiemetic PPRC/INDIA 70
  72. 72. Medical research: GINGER Gingerol possess inotropic and chronotropic effects and enhance contraction of guinea pigs atrial muscle (Borrelli et. al. 2004) Ginger extract have antilipemic effects by reducing high Lipid levels & artherogenesis fed with high cholesterol dicts (Bhandari et. al. 1998) PPRC/INDIA 71
  73. 73. Medical research: GINGER Ginger extract significantly impair cholesterol biosynthesis thereby lowering serum cholesterol levels (Fuhrmann et. al. 2000) 5 gms of daily ginger supplement inhibited platelet aggression by ADP (Verma et. al. 1993) PPRC/INDIA 72
  74. 74. Medical research: GINGER Ginger at a dose 100 mg / kg reduced carrageenan induced edema in rats (Jana et. al. 1999) Mascolo and coworkers (1989) reported anti- inflammatory and analgesic activities of ginger PPRC/INDIA 73
  75. 75. Medical research: GINGER Chinese study with 113 patients having rheumatic & chronic lower back pain when injected 5-10% ginger extract to painful parts decreased swelling & recovery in Joint function (Suekawa 1984) PPRC/INDIA 74
  76. 76. Medical research: GINGER Oral administration of powdered ginger to patients with rheumatism & musculoskeletal disorders shown relief with varying degree from pain & swelling (Shrivastava 1992) PPRC/INDIA 75
  77. 77. Medical research: GINGER Sukowa 1984 shown analgesic & anti-pyretic properties for ginger Saxe et. al. 1987 - sedative properties PPRC/INDIA 76
  78. 78. Medical research: GINGER Mustafa et. al. 1990 – in one study 42 yrs old woman with a 16 yr history of migraine experienced enormous relief after supplementing her diet with 1.5 - 2 gm of dried ginger daily PPRC/INDIA 77
  79. 79. Medical research: GINGER Neuro protective in various behavioural tasks: Hasenohrl 1996 Ejechi et. al. 1998 showed ginger extract showed anti-fungal potential Micklefield et. al. 1999: Antiemetic property PPRC/INDIA 78
  80. 80. Medical research: GINGER Ginger as a behavioural radio-protector Anti-oxidant property of ginger helps in treating cancer patients PPRC/INDIA 79
  81. 81. Medical research: GINGER Kaul et. al. 2001 - Better anti-emetics in treating headache, constipation, trouble sleeping, restlessness, involuntary movements Sharma et. al. 2005 - Ginger possesses good potential for mitigating radiation PPRC/INDIA 80
  82. 82. Thank You !! “BE WITH US”

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