Circadian rhythms

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Circadian rhythms also known as "The Body Clock" is the physical, mental and behavioral changes that follow roughly 24 hrs. cycle responding to light and darkness in the organism.

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  • very informative for people who sit late nights for work and party every night out..........
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Circadian rhythms

  1. 1. Circadian rhythms & Human health Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. Circadian rhythms .…  Also known as the “Body clock”  Physical, mental and behavioural changes that follow a roughly 24 hrs. cycle responding to light and darkness in the organism  Found in living things, plants, animals and even among tiny microbes PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. Circadian rhythms .… PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. Circadian rhythms ….  Related to biological cycle  Study of Circadian rhythms and health is known as “Chronobiology”  Biological cycle controls Circadian rhythms – governing of interacting molecules in cells throughout the body PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Master clock ….  Master clock: Brain  A group of nerve cells ‘Suprachiasmatic nucleus’ (SCN) containing 20,000 nerve cells are located in hypothalamus  Location: above optic nerves from eyes cross PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. Brain PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Suprachiasmatic nucleus PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. About CR ….  Circadian rhythms influence sleep wake cycles, hormone release and other bodily functions  CR – linked to sleep disorders e.g. Insomnia, Obesity, Diabetes, Depression, Bipolar disorders and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) PPRC/INDIA 07
  9. 9. Insomnia PPRC/INDIA 08
  10. 10. Obesity PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Diabetes PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12. Depression PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Bipolar disorders PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. About CR ….  CR tells our body when to sleep and regulate many other physiological processes  This internal body clock is affected by environmental cues like sunlight and temperature  When CR is disrupted, sleeping & eating patterns can run amok PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Physiological disruption leads to …. PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Research ….  A growing body of research is examining the adverse health effects like increasing cardio- vascular events, observing neurological problems like depression and bipolar disorders.  It also affects immune and metabolic systems PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Immune system PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Metabolic system PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. Research ….  Scientists are looking into: 1. How brain-neuro system works in disorder? 2. What are effective remedies without side effects with minimum duration of time span? 3. Behaviour of Human being in disrupted CR position PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Research …. 4. Treatment of sleep disorders, Jet lag and other health related issues 5. Do Ayurvedic plants control Circadian rhythms in plants, animals and microbes? If so how and at what level of output? PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. Research …. 6. Are there any natural control for strengthening nerves and muscle? If so how and what mechanism does it possess? PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. Remedies ….  Change or modify lifestyle  Ideal diet plan – implementation  Yoga, exercises and meditation  Use of herbal technology  Well disciplinary actions in exact time  Strengthen and calm – nerves and muscles PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. Yoga PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Exercise PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Meditation PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Cryobiology  Study of cell preservation technology with low temperature  Applied science  Rule: Every 10°C reduction in temperature = 50 % decrease in oxygen consumption PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Cryobiology  Temperature ranges 32 to 37°C and -80 to -196°C  Many Journals, Societies study Cryobiology PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Neurochemicals …. Organic molecules participating in Neural activity  Neuropeptide: Oxytocin signifies maternal behaviour, stress wound healing  Glutamate  GABA: Inhibits neurotransmission PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. Neurochemicals PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Neuropeptide PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Oxytocin PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Glutamate PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. GABA PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Neurochemicals …. Organic molecules participating in Neural activity  Dopamine: Function of the limbic system, emotional function and control  Serotonin: Mood, sleep and alertness, sensation of pleasure PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Dopamine PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Serotonin PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Neurochemicals …. Organic molecules participating in Neural activity  Acetylcholine: Memory  Nitric oxide  Endocannabinoids: Eicosanoids PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Acetylcholine PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. Nitric oxide PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41. Endocannabinoids PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42. Foods for healthy nerves …. ₪ Milk ₪ Yogurt ₪ Honey ₪ Apple ₪ Mangoes PPRC/INDIA 41 ₪ Potatoes ₪ Bananas ₪ Herbal tea ₪ Whole grain ₪ Sweet potatoes
  43. 43. Foods for healthy nerves …. PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44. Foods for healthy nerves …. ₪ Pineapples ₪ Beet salad ₪ Grape fruits ₪ Oranges ₪ Almonds PPRC/INDIA 43 ₪ Green salad ₪ Dates ₪ Cashew nuts ₪ Coconut water
  45. 45. PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46. ₪ Tulsi ₪ Sunflower ₪ Papaya ₪ Peppermint PPRC/INDIA 45 ₪ Avocado ₪ Cabbage ₪ Cauliflower ₪ Asparagus
  47. 47. Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48. Sunflower PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. Papaya PPRC/INDIA 48
  50. 50. Peppermint PPRC/INDIA 49
  51. 51. Avocado PPRC/INDIA 50
  52. 52. Cabbage PPRC/INDIA 51
  53. 53. Cauliflower PPRC/INDIA 52
  54. 54. Asparagus PPRC/INDIA 53
  55. 55. ₪ Alfalfa ₪ Parsley ₪ Garlic ₪ Beet PPRC/INDIA 54 ₪ Kale ₪ Hemp ₪ Fenugreek ₪ Lime
  56. 56. Alfalfa PPRC/INDIA 55
  57. 57. Parsley PPRC/INDIA 56
  58. 58. Garlic PPRC/INDIA 57
  59. 59. Beet PPRC/INDIA 58
  60. 60. Kale PPRC/INDIA 59
  61. 61. Hemp PPRC/INDIA 60
  62. 62. Fenugreek PPRC/INDIA 61
  63. 63. Lime PPRC/INDIA 62
  64. 64. Thank You !! “BE WITH US”

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