Profile of the mexican us community


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Presentation at the Mexican-American Emerging Leaders Workshop. Houston, TX August 27, 2011

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  • Hispanic or Latino refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race – 2010 Census
  • The Hispanic population increased by 15.2 million between 2000 and 2010, accounting for over half of the 27.3 million increase in the total population of the United States. Between 2000 and 2010, the Hispanic population grew by 43 percent, which was four times the growth in the total population at 10 percent.
  • The 2010 Census counted 50.5 million Hispanics in the United States, making up 16.3% of the total population. The nation's Latino population, which was 35.3 million in 2000, grew 43% over the decade. The Hispanic population also accounted for most of the nation's growth—56%—from 2000 to 2010.The U.S. Census Bureuau projects that by 2050 there will be nearly 134 million Latinos in the U.S. and they will account for about 30% of the total population
  • Hispanics represented 53% of foreign born in the US.Mexicans
  • 4,140,186 Central Americans66% Mexicans (31.6M out of 48.3M)
  • Mexicans are younger than the U.S. population and Hispanics overall. The median age of Mexicans is 25; the median ages of the U.S. population and all Hispanics are 36 and 27, respectively.
  • Mexicans are younger than the U.S. population and Hispanics overall. The median age of Mexicans is 25; the median ages of the U.S. population and all Hispanics are 36 and 27, respectively.  2009 2000 population population% growthNative born30,278,86821,072,230 44%Foreign born18,069,27614,132,250Citizen5,261,7993,917,885 34%Non-citizen12,807,47710,214,365 235%Total48,348,14435,204,480
  • The median annual personal earnings for Mexicans ages 16 and older were $20,000 in 2009; the median earnings for the U.S. population were $28,900.
  • Year over year, more Hispanics are moving into the middle class and from 1991 to 2000 the growth of affluent Hispanics (defined as adults with household incomes of $100,000 or more) rose 126%
  • Hispanics now make up the second largest consumer group in the USA after non-Hispanic whites, who are the largest group with 200 millionA recent article in Advertising Age speculates that one of the most remarkable aspects of U.S. Hispanic consumers is how closely they resemble the idealized "nuclear family" image of the 1950s. Hispanics are young, with a median age equivalent to that of the general populace in the USA in the 1950s, and are more inclined than the rest of the population to live in large, traditional, married-with-children families with lots of participation from grandparents.By 2050, Latinos will consume 32 trillions dollars worth of U.S. goods and servicesU.S. Hispanic market is currently the 3rd. Largest “Latin American” market in the western hemisphere after Brazil and Mexico ($1,128B). It may very well be the largest in the hemisphere by the mid 21st century
  • One-third of Mexicans (34%) do not have health insurance compared with 31% of all Hispanics and 15% of the general U.S. population. Additionally, 17% of Mexicans younger than 18 are uninsured.
  • In 2010, 41 percent of Hispanics lived in the West and 36 percent lived in the South. The Northeast and Midwest accounted for 14 percent and 9 percent, respectively, of the Hispanic population. Hispanics accounted for 29 percent of the population in the West, the only region in which Hispanics exceeded the national level of 16 percent (see Table 2). Over half of the Hispanic population in the United States resided in just three states: California, Texas, and Florida
  • Mexico is now the country with the largest number of migrants (OrganizationInternational Migration, 2008, Organisation for Economic Co-operationand Development [OECD], 2008, The World Bank, 2008). It is estimated thatapproximately 12 million individuals born in Mexico temporarily residingMexico 11.6Rusia 11.5India 10.0China 7.3Ucrania 6.1or permanently, with papers or illegal in another country (see Figure 1).
  • Mexican migration is largely poor, with low schooling, and areas of activity engaged in labor-intensive and low remuneration55% of mexicans living in the US are undocummented, growing from 47% in 1990¾ (74.2%) of undocumented people is from Latin America
  • Only in the US, as reported by the household survey (American Community Survey) Census Bureau (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008), the resident Mexican population numbered 11'424, 600 people 2007, equivalent to 2.8% of the total U.S. population, almost third of international migration and more than half of immigrants irregular in that countryAt present the total population of the northern states Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas) is estimated at just over 20 million individuals, according to the population projection for mid-2008, CONAPO (2007)Mexico Population (2007): 106M 9.4%Mexicans in the US: 11M Total 117M
  • Thirty-six percent of Mexican in the United States are foreign born, compared with 37% of Hispanics and 13% of the U.S. population overall. Most immigrants from Mexico (64%) arrived in the U.S. in 1990 or later. More than two-in-ten Mexican immigrants (23%) are U.S. citizens.
  • Contribution of immigrants and natives to the increased occupied population 2000-2005:40% Mexicans31% rest of immigrants29% Natives
  • Births have surpassed immigration as the main driver of the dynamic growth in the U.S. Hispanic population. This new trend is especially evident among the largest of all Hispanic groups-Mexican-Americans, according to a new analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.In the decade from 2000 to 2010, the Mexican-American population grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million as a result of new immigrant arrivals. This is a change from the previous two decades when the number of new immigrants either matched or exceeded the number of births. The current surge in births among Mexican-Americans is largely attributable to the immigration wave that has brought more than 10 million immigrants to the United States from Mexico since 1970. Between 2006 and 2010 alone, more than half (53%) of all Mexican-American births were to Mexican immigrant parents. As a group, these immigrants are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years. They also have much higher fertility. Meanwhile, the number of new immigrant arrivals from Mexico has fallen off steeply in recent yearsThe causes of fewer immigrants we can find at least two scenarios: a) the high rate of unemployment in the United States amounting to 9.2 percent (in June were created just 18,000 new jobs) and b) the increase in the enactment of anti-immigrant laws in states like Arizona, Alabama and Georgia (La Opinion, July 14, 2011).
  • One-third of Mexicans (36%) live in California, and one-in-four (25%) live in Texas.
  • In 1990, Mexican immigrants are the largest minority in 14 states, and are located in the top 5 in 23 statesIn 2005, Mexican immigrants are the largest minority in 31 states, and are located in the top 5 in 43 states
  • More than six-in-ten of Mexicans (63%) speak English proficiently.3Some 37% of Mexicans ages 5 and older report speaking English less than very well, equal to the share among all Hispanics. Even in 3rd. Generation respondents who are fully assimilated into the mainstream, 81% said they appreciate when business communicate with them in Spanish
  • Native Americans 27.0% (44'537, 171 people) had at least bachelor degree (bachelor degree, is usually the first university degree obtained in three programs more years). Of all immigrants, except Mexicans, respective share amounted to 26.6% (5'822, 416 people) and between Mexican 5.0%, only 440.256 out of a total of 11'424, 600 migrants.An additional fact: according to the survey 54.0% of Native Americans over 25 have higher education to secondary education, which begins with at least one year in college and graduate school ends. In this category is located only 15.1% of Mexican immigrants and 44.1% of other migrants. Interestingly, this 15% is almost the same proportion of Mexicans living in Mexico, with more than 25 years and have such schooling (Figures 2 and 3).In the current international debate on brain drain is being paid special attention to migration of highly qualified personnel (highly skilled workers), not only or mainly to the exodus of scientists. Generally considered in this category who have some educational background higher rate, ie who completed the secondary education cycle, the high school and entered a university or technological. The definition covers, in consequence, from incomplete to higher education different levels of graduate students.To put it short, even for immigrants with high levels of schooling the placement in the U.S. labor market, employment in positions consistent with the type of training received, it seems simple. On the contrary, Statistics show a significant degree of inconsistency between these two elements. Only 75 000 of these highly skilled Mexicans working in activities related to your field of study, leading to activities that are performing below their intellectual capacities.
  • On the other hand, the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) reports that in the last five years doubled the flight of highly skilled Mexicans to the United States due to unemployment, low wages, insecurity and violence in our country . The figures account for the academic exodus show that in 2005 there were 411 000 nationals with university education and graduate working in the United States, and by 2010 the figure exceeded one million people with high school preparation, of which 900 000 have with university education and more than 125 000 with master's degrees and doctorates. These numbers placed Mexico as the leading Latin American people fleeing academically prepared (El Sol de Tijuana, July 14, 2011).According to the Greater Houston Convention and Visitors Bureau, Mexican tourists spend an average of $96 a day in the Bayou City and nearly half of the 1.8 million Mexicans who travel to Texas for leisure and business every year stop in Houston. "It's a huge amount of economic impact to the city of Houston," said Jorge Franz, the bureau's executive director of tourism. "It's one of the few markets in the world that think of Houston as a leisure destination.“Wealthy Mexican shoppers spend as much as $1,000 at the store, he said, and "everything that's the latest — that's what they go for.““With rising crime levels, kidnapping, violence, pollution and escalating costs of living in Mexico City, The Woodlands represents a ’safe-haven’ for many of my affluent Mexican clients with children,” The Woodlands represents a world-class bargain. For an average home price of just $125 per square foot compared to almost $2,000 per square foot in the best neighborhoods in Mexico City the amenities are incredible. Golf courses, hike and bike trails, and convenient grocery stores such as H-E-B, Kroger and Randalls are located througout the Woodlands. And for haute cuisine, the exclusive Hubbell and Hudson culinary store stocks endless gourmet selections from around the world.Though there is no data on the number of affluent Mexicans living here, Hispanics made up 7.7 percent of The Woodlands population of 65,744 last year, said Nathaniel Karp, chief U.S. economist with The Woodlands-based BBVA USA.In the last ten years a wave of professionals working for corporations and business people have joined the migration of agricultural workers in search of a better future because of the violence and insecurity triggered when Mexican President Felipe Calderón declared openly the drug war in 2006.The interest of empesarios Mexicans to emigrate to the United States detonated in 2007 and cities with more interest are the North: Monterrey, Torreon, SaltilloPeople, generally business owners that already have a solid visa in the US, or are getting an E2 visa by investing in a US business or purchasing a US business
  • Profile of the mexican us community

    1. 1. Profile of the Mexican-U.S. Community<br />Mexican-American Emerging Leaders Workshop<br />August 27, 2011<br />
    2. 2. Who We are?<br />Source: Time Magazine, An In-Depth View of America by the Numbers<br />
    3. 3. Hispanics in the U.S. Facts<br />More than half of the growth in the total population of the U.S. between 2000 and 2010 was due to the increase in the Hispanic population <br />
    4. 4. The Average Hispanic in the U.S.<br />Origin: Mexican<br />Occupation: Office / admin support<br />Income: $23,000 (indiv.), $50,000 (household)<br />Native Born, 2nd. Generation<br />Education: High School<br />Age: 27<br />Speak English & Spanish (proficiently)<br />Native Born, 2nd. Generation<br />Lives in West or South-West<br />Married, Family of 4<br />
    5. 5. U.S. Hispanic Population<br />Hispanics Account for More than Half of Nation's Growth in Past Decade<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, 3/24/2011<br />
    6. 6. Foreign-Born Population living in the U.S. - 2007<br />More than half of Foreign Born residents are Hispanics<br />Source: CONAPO estimates, based on Bureau of Census, Current Population Survey (CPS), March 2007<br />
    7. 7. U.S. Population Hispanic Origin - 2009<br />Two-thirds of Hispanics are Mexican<br />Millions of people<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of 2009 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)<br />
    8. 8. Hispanics in the U.S. Facts<br />The median age of Hispanic is 27; the median age of the U.S. population is 36 <br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    9. 9. U.S. Population by Race and Median Age 2009<br />Hispanics are younger and growing<br />Millions of people<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, tabulation of 2000 Census (5% IPUMS) and 2009 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)<br />
    10. 10. Pyramids of the Hispanic Population Born and Resident in the U.S. - 2007<br />A compensation factor<br />Source: CONAPO estimates, based on Current Population Survey (CPS), March 2007.<br />
    11. 11. Hispanics in the U.S. Facts<br />Median annual personal earnings for Hispanics were $20,000 in 2009; <br />the median earnings for the U.S. population were $28,900<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    12. 12. U.S. Hispanic Population, Occupation 2009 <br />In Millions<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of 2009 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)<br />
    13. 13. U.S. Population Median Personal Earnings 2009<br />Median earnings ($)<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of 2009 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)<br />
    14. 14. Hispanic Buying Power<br />Hispanics now make up the 2nd. largest consumer group in the US after non-Hispanic whites<br />Source: Univision, Global Insight<br />
    15. 15. Hispanics in the U.S. Facts<br />One-third of Hispanics do not have health insurance compared with 15% of the general U.S. population<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    16. 16. U.S. Population Persons Without Health Insurance 2009 <br />Un-insurance Rate (%)<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center tabulations of 2009 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)<br />
    17. 17. U.S. Hispanic Population Facts<br />More than three-quarters of the Hispanic population live in the West or South<br />
    18. 18. US Hispanic Population by County - 1980<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center, U.S. Hispanic Population by Country;<br />
    19. 19. US Hispanic Population by County - 1990<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center, U.S. Hispanic Population by Country;<br />
    20. 20. US Hispanic Population by County - 2000<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center, U.S. Hispanic Population by Country;<br />
    21. 21. US Hispanic Population by County - 2009<br />Source: Pew Hispanic Center, U.S. Hispanic Population by Country;<br />
    22. 22. U.S. Hispanics Facts<br />Approximately 12 million individuals born in Mexico are residing temporarily or permanently, with papers or illegal in another country <br />
    23. 23. Undocumented Population Residing in the US, 2005<br />A total of 11.2 millions of undocumented population in 2005 <br />Millions of people <br />Source: The Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S. Estimates Based on the March 2005 Current Population Survey. Jeffrey S. Passel.<br />
    24. 24. How long do you stay in the U.S.?<br />“Lo que se pueda o Siempre” (What can orAlways)<br />Source: CONAPO estimates based STPS, CONAPO, INM, SRE and COLEF, Migration Survey in Mexico's Northern Border (EMIFNORTH) questionnaire from the South, 1998-2006.<br />
    25. 25. Mexicans Died in their attempt to penetrate in the U.S.<br />
    26. 26. Mexican-American Facts<br />Mexican-Born residents in the U.S.: 11 millions<br />Mexicans in <br />the North-Border states: 20 millions<br />9.4% of “Mexicans” live in the U.S.<br />
    27. 27. Mexicans in the U.S.<br />36% of Mexicans in the U.S. are foreign born<br />Most immigrants from Mexico arrived in the U.S. in 1990 or later<br />More than two-in-ten immigrants are U.S. citizens<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    28. 28. Mexican Origin population resident in the U.S.<br />The Mexico-born population represented 4% of the total population in the U.S. in 2007<br />Millions of people<br />Source: 1900 to1990: Corona Vázquez Rodolfo, “Estimación de la población de origen mexicano que reside en Estados Unidos”, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, 1992. 2000, 2005 y 2007: estimationsby CONAPO basedon U.S. Bureau of Census, CurrentPopulationSurvey (CPS)<br />
    29. 29. Economically Active Population and Employment in Mexico<br />A push factor<br />Gap!<br />Source: Hernández Laos, Enrique; “Desarrollo Demográfico y Económico de México 1970-2000-2030”, CONAPO, 2004<br />
    30. 30. Mexican-American Population Growth, 1980-2010<br />The Mexican-American Boom: Births Overtake Immigration<br />In Millions<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, 7/14/2011<br />
    31. 31. Mexican American Facts<br />One-third of Mexicans live in California<br />One-in-four live in Texas<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    32. 32. Mexico-born population by region of residence in the US, 2006<br />Washington<br />Maine<br />Dakota del <br />Montana<br />Minnesota<br />Vermont<br />Norte<br />Nueva Hampshire<br />Oregón<br />Massachusett<br />Wisconsin<br />Dakota del <br />Nueva York<br />Idaho<br />s<br />Rhode Island<br />Michigan<br />Sur<br />Connecticut<br />Wyoming<br />Pennsylvania<br />Nueva Jersey<br />Iowa<br />Nebraska<br />Ohio<br />Delaware<br />Nevada<br />Illinois<br />Virginia <br />Maryland<br />Indiana<br />Utah<br />Occidental<br />Distrito de Columbia<br />Colorado<br />Virginia<br />Kansas<br />Missouri<br />Kentucky<br />California<br />Carolina del Norte<br />Tennessee<br />Oklahoma<br />Carolina del Sur<br />Nuevo<br />Arkansas<br />Arizona<br />México<br />Alabama<br />Georgia<br />Mississippi<br />Texas<br />Florida<br />Louisiana<br />Alaska<br />Hawaii<br />Southwest, firstphase<br />Southwest, expansion<br />N<br />Great Lakes<br />East Cost<br />Great Plains<br />6.4%<br />4.7%<br />8.5%<br />12.2%<br />64.9%<br />Source: CONAPO estimates based on U. S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2006.<br />
    33. 33. Mexican American Facts<br />More than Six-in-Ten of Mexicans speak English proficiently<br />Source: PEW Hispanic Center, Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the U.S., 2009<br />
    34. 34. Mexican-Born Education<br />459,000 Mexicans-born with high level education living in the U.S.<br />
    35. 35. A new kind of Migrants<br />The rich flee Mexico drug violence<br />Since 2005, “Mexodo” of rich and highly skilled Mexicans<br />U.S. represents a “safe-haven” due rising crime and violence <br />Mexican businessmen from North of Mexico are migrating since 2007<br />The Woodlands is the Top Choice in the US For Affluent Mexicans <br />(“The nicest suburb in Mexico”)<br />
    36. 36. Q&A<br />
    37. 37. Thanks!<br />