Minute of sugd region workshop eng


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Minute of sugd region workshop eng

  1. 1. UNDP Project PPCR (Pilot Program for Climate Resilience) Adaptation to Climate Change to assess institutional potential and improved awareness on climate change in Tajikistan October 18, 2011 Khujand Minute of the training On participatory approach On potential assessment and improved awareness on climate change in Republic of Tajikistan Location: Khujand, Sugd Region (oblast), conference-hall of Tavkhid hotel, 117, Firdausi street Participants: see Annex 1. Objective of the training: Improve awareness of the interested parties in climate change in Tajikistan. Review of the core of the problem, analysis of resolutions, definition of the climate change problem to ensure the in-depth understanding of economical, social and ecological problems. Laying the grounds for further improved potential of different stakeholders in the context of adaptation to climate change by using a methodological instrument – a participatory approach. Agenda October, 18, 2011, Khujand, Sugd Oblast, conference-hall of Tavkhid hotel, 117, Firdausi street8:30 – 9:00 Registration9:00 – 9:20 Welcoming words from the Tajik CAREC office. Opening and presentation of participants Project review Objective of the training Presentation of participants and information on their grouping9:20 – 10:45 Upcoming priorities Session 1 Plenary discussions and group work 10:15 – 10: 45 group presentations10:45 – Coffee break11:0011:00 – Climate change impact review at the oblast level Session13:00 Review of the climate change impact (presentation); 15 min Group work 2 12: 15 -13:00 Group presentations, 10 mins each13:00 – Lunch14:0014:00 – Review of the key PPCR components and their regional relevance Sess ion15:45 Review of the 3 main PPCR components, 3 Group work
  2. 2. 15:45 – Coffee break16:0016:00 – PPCR components at the oblast level16:45 Group presentations – 1 component for each group, each presentation 5-7 minutes.16:45 – Key actions to advance to adaptation and sustainable development Session17:45 Group work 4 Plenary discussions17:45 – Other steps and seminar closing18:00The first session of the training was dedicated to discussing the problems in all thespheres of the country, with primary accent onto social, economic and ecologicalcomponents. The plenary discussion was on the future priorities for the key sectors.During discussion participants have voiced the most acute problems identified asmigration, economic and ecological problems, and that more and more people areloosing their source of income due to land degradation and lack of irrigation water, this,in turn, is the reason for outmigration of young people.Then the participants were offered to split into groups to discuss these issues in morenarrow format where each of the problems could be viewed and recorder afterconsultations with specialists. The first session ended up with the analysis of all socialproblems and negative aspects in all sector of economy.The second session was dedicated to discussing already considered problems toidentify objectives until 2040. Each participant was given a chance to analyze andcoordinate in own group an opinion on how the key national industries shall adapt andchange for the upcoming 25-30 years, and how to achieve these goals in practice, noton paper. The groups were discussing various issues related to improved livingstandards of people and dependence of farmers on bad weather conditions, problemssolving with food shortage, prophylactics of diseases and viruses. Al the proposalssubmitted by participants were given in the form of short proposal and presented by theend of the work.The third session began with presentation of the Climate change impact in Tajikistan;this presentation showed the consequences of the climate change onto some aspectsof human life and analysis of the impact into key economy sectors.The followed group work to discuss the key climatic impacts, their consequences andavailable potential, and further potential development for perspective. The participantsnoted the worsening of drinking water quality. To their mind the most expressed climatechange consequences is reduction of precipitation and this can impact land farming ondry lands. Soil degradation, reduced yield of honey bees, unstable situation with supplyof fuel and lubricants. As a result, the population finds itself as more vulnerable toclimate change. This, to their opinion, can significantly impact their readiness to adapt toprobable changes.The fourth and final part of the training was dedicated to the key impacts on the way toadaptation and sustainable development where participants discussed interaction of thePPCR components with the selected models of future development. The participants
  3. 3. reviewed certain actions to consider the interests of vulnerable and people with lowincome, and the issues of gender sensitivity towards women. The TrainingThe training began at 8:30 with the registration.The welcoming words were made by Mukhabbatov Kh.-review the Project description,-presentation of the participants.Pic.1. Opening of workshop in Sugd regionPresentation by Rakhimov B-Review of the PPCR Project.- Project objectives.- Procedural remarks.-Importance of the participants contribution and how their contribution will be used in theProject
  4. 4. Pic.2. Participants of the workshopPlenary discussionThe participants were offered to identify current social and economic problems in theregion with special focus on ecological and economical problems in the region, the keyindustries which were identified as priority during the preliminary seminar. All theproposals registered on the flip-chart titled General Problems in the Region.The participants were divided into 3 groups with one specialist in each group. Pic.3. Discussions of participantsSession 1Future priorities by key sectorsSocial, economic and ecological trends focused on key industries/economysectors.Each group was given a table to fill up and define the key trends in the region and, ifneeded, other trends in the region with the focus on key industries which were identifiedas priority during the preliminary seminar
  5. 5. Session 2Review climate impacts on the oblast levelDraft objectives for the future as desirable and probable vector of futuredevelopment of the regions until 2040. 1. Understanding on how the industries shall change during this timeframe and how to identify the selected objectives 2. Create descriptive part from the filed up tables. 3. Presentation by groupsPic.4. Work in groupsSession 3Presentation by Rakhmonov B. on climate change impact in Tajikistan.Review of the key PPCR components and their relevance to the regionDefine future potential climatic impacts and necessary actions and potential 1. Short review of three main components of PPCR 2. Understand and define climate change consequences in the frames of their objectives and description of the region. 3. Define accessible and necessary potential as important steps to address the impacts 4. Define key additional goals/actions necessary to address (adapt and mitigate) climate change impacts. 5. Group presentation.
  6. 6. Pic.5. Presentations of findings by workshop participantsSession 4Key impacts to improved adaptation and sustainable developmentAssessment of sustainability of the future system and critical actions. 1. Fill up the form. 2. Concentrate on objectives and the needs relevant to the PPCR investments 3. Select objectives (up to 3) until 2040 by using these actions, accessible potential and the needs to create concise key strategies for mid- and long-term perspectiveAll findings developed by participants are presented in Annex 2.Training closure: final remarks were made by Mukhabbatov Kh. – he underlined mostimportant outcomes of the workshop, thanked participants for their work and announcedthe end of the training.
  7. 7. Annex 1 List of participants№ Name Organization Contact details Signature1 Karimov О. Department of environment 92 793 37 47 protection of Sugd oblast2 Khalimov I. Department of environment 918 66 04 08 protection of Sugd oblast3 Rachabov R Department of environment 92 712 57 56 protection of Sugd oblast4 Sanginova Sh. Teacher of Gymnazium «Safina» 90 405 03 345 Mullochanova Teacher of school №27, омузгори 92 865 36 95 М. риези6 Tolibova М. Teacher of technical school №26, 6 30 817 Yuldosheva D. Education Department, specialist 4-05-978 Artikov T Department of the committee on 90 202 64 54 youth and sport in Sugd region9 Zokhirov А. Department of the committee on 90 767 40 55 youth and sport in Sugd region10 Valiev М. Jamoat Unchi 918 47 60 5911 Khaotov F. Tajik State University, a 5-th year 92 853 77 99 student12 Raufova М. Lecture of gymnazium №4, 918 30 30 6913 Pochoev Sh. JSC «Норе» 918 43 41 3314 Piven D. Student of Khujand State University 918 71 17 1715 Muzaffarov Т. NGO «Yought power» 907 63 99 2916 Khabibov Kh. Technical University 90 101 64 5417 Khakimov М. Tajik State University 92 773 96 1418 Navruzov F. Technical University 92 755 55 5319 Yusupov U. Representative of B.Gafurovskyi 918 11 42 4320 Sharifov М. Technical University 92 770 40 9021 Rajabov N. Student of the Khujand Technological 927626353 University
  8. 8. Annex 2 Findings of workshops made by participants in Khatlon region (Khujand, October 18, 2011) Environmental problems of Sugd region1. Land degradation2. Waste utilization3. Lack of energy leading to tree cutting4. Labor migration (mostly men)5. Lack of employment places6. Diseases of agricultural crops, decreasing of agricultural production7. Poor quality of drinking water8. Extermination of dragonflies9. Increasing of ground water level, water bound diseases10. Increasing of cancer diseases11. Wastewater utilization12. Luminescent lamps utilization13. Lack of garbage cans in cities14. Lack of filters for exhaust pipes15. Medical wastes utilization16. Illegal landfills for domestic and agricultural wastes17. Poor quality of roads in cities and districts
  9. 9. Group 1Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1) Water quality -spread of infections 2) Lack of drinking and -extra expenses irrigation water -reduced crops 3) Calamities -mud flows 4) Lack of centralized water -destroyed communication pipe systems in oblast -damaged cultivated plants 5) Reconstruction of water -economic damage treatment facilities (WTF) -pubic access to drinking water -prevention of water pollutionEnergy 1) Lack of electricity -economic damage to industrial 2) Build and use alternative plants energy sources -lowered living standard -destruction of forest trees -use of fuel resources -improved public electricity supply - improved ecological situation -poverty preventionAgriculture 1) Land degradation -reduced crops. 2) Lack mineral fertilizers -erosion, bad soil structure 3) Lack of agricultural -poverty and migration machinery -decreased crops 4) Lands re-cultivation -economic level -non-traditional use of lands -providing lands, jobsother… 1) Expand medical service -reduced sickness rate in ruralpublic health coverage areasmigration 2) Lack of wastes processing -increased labor efficiency facilities -more jobs to medical personnel -aggravated public health and environment
  10. 10. #3Gr-.2Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1) Lack of drinking water in oblast -diseases 2) Irrational use of drinking water -ecological damage 3) Irrational use of resources -poverty 4) Absence of correct water resources -economic consequences data -lack of drinking water 5) Poor drinking water treatment -lands degradation -economic damage to agricultureEnergy 1) Lack of electricity esp in autumn and -economic damage (non- winter operational plants) 2) Untimely payment for electricity -trees felling and 3) Irrational energy use environment pollution 4) Use of renewable energy sources -diseases 5) Use of obsolete equipment for power - losses of energy (up to transmission 6) Low energy use culture 40%) – irrational energy useAgriculture 1) Land degradation -low crop yield 2) Poor irrigation system -land degradation 3) Lack of drinking water -irrational land use 4) Excessive use of irrigation water -conflicts 5) Modernize agricultural machinery -bad criminal situation 6) Rise of ground water table, soil -discrimination salination 7) Poor land cadastre -poor seeds quality 8) Poor in-house cadastre of soil and land resources 9) Irrational land distribution among users 10) Untimely lands auditing 11) Corruption 12) Poor lands re-cultivation rate 13) Absence of seeds fundother… 1) Lack of jobs -povertypublic 2) Low salaries -high criminal riskshealth 3) Poor social protection -break-up of familiesmigration 4) Migration of rural people to cities -suicide cases among poor 5) Brain drain, esp among young people and vulnerable people 6) Youth migration -desertification of settlements -unused land and other resources -lack of specialists, economical damage, low use rate of technologies -spread of infectious diseases#4
  11. 11. #5Gr-.3Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1) Drinking water contamination -public health 2) Low water quality -land degradation 3) Absence of centralized water -increased humidity supply 4) Incorrect irrigationEnergy 1) Blackouts -tress felling 2) Substations damage -worsened health 3) Theft of energy -equipment depreciation -decreased voltageAgriculture 1) Modified organisms, -cancer pesticides -decreased crops 2) Absence of agro-forecast -migration 3) Land accessibility - untimely harvesting 4) Lack of agricultural machinery -loss of cropsother… 1) Lack of jobs -reduced life expectancypublic health 2) Poor medical service -migrationmigration 3) Bad equipment -water pollutionecology 4) Nuclear tailing ponds -damage to environment 5) Low level of ecological education 6) Environment pollution
  12. 12. #6Gr-.1Sector Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1) Improve water quality 40% -new water pipe systems 2) Progressive irrigation systems -economical water use 50% -reconstruction of water supply 3) Water supply to the suffering facilities regions 45% -new irrigation technologies (rain 4) Lowering of ground water table and drip) 60% -closed-cycle (in industries) -reservoirs in mountains -water wells in suffering areas -improved CDSEnergy 1) 100% supply -build new power transmission 2) Reduced use of fuel resources lines (coal, firewood) 50% -accelerated construction of mini-HPES in mountains -alternative energy facilities -use modern technologies -heliofields and windmills -biogasAgriculture 1) Food security 70% -rational use of arable land 2) Rational use of land resources -drought-resistant plants 65% -improved water supply -crop rotation -regular land re-cultivation and reclamation (salinated, water- logged)other… 1) Medical service coverage 80% -use new medicinespublic health 2) Reduced migration 60% -new technologiesmigration -free medicinals to poor -new jobs
  13. 13. #7Gr-.2Sector Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1) Free access to drinking water -newest water piping 2) Improved water cadastre by (everywhere) regions Study water resources 3) Regulate operation of water Attract foreign investments treatment (drinking water)Energy 1) 90% supply to national economy -rational energy use and 2) Better qualified energy introduction of alternative specialists energy sources (solar, wind) 3) Reconstruct (modernize) -better work in universities operating power stations (labs, technical equipment) -procure parts and machinery through courtsAgriculture 1) 80% public supply with own -increased crop productivity agricultural food -study agricultural crops 2) Seeds fund by agricultural -new curriculum, courses, sectors, 70%, climate-resistant programs, practical seminars 3) Teach rational water and land -re-cultivation use based on latest scientific -improve scientific studies achievements 4) 100% improved lands ameliorationother… 1) Reduce unemployment number -new plants and laborpublic health 60% exchangesmigration 2) Reduce migration 80% -increased salariesunemployment 3) Improve educational system -material support to teachers -improve qualification of teachers, -correct students enrollment to universities and colleges
  14. 14. #8Gr-.3Sector Objectives until 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1) Improved public access to -water piping systems drinking water -new technologies for water 2) Improved water quality preparation 3) Water supply to fertile lands -provide pumps, dig canals, 4) New technologies on water make water reservoirs treatment in Sugd oblast -foreign investments to develop 5) Water metering 6) Reduced water loss during drip irrigation irrigationEnergy 1) Rehab power equipment -procure and replace obsolete 2) Renewable energy development equipment 3) Mini-HPESs -windmill parks and solar 4) Improved tax and legal basis for stations investments in private sectorAgriculture 1) Silkworm cultivation at farm level -create supervisory groups 2) Purposeful use of arable land -seeds fund 3) Use quality seeds -create plan 4) Procure new equipment -reduce bank interest rate to 5) Teach correct land farming agriculture 6) Information center on proper land -selection of best local cattle farming breeds -seminars -provide with literatureother… 1) Create jobs -develop winerypublic health 2) Increase public legal awareness -reduce tax burdenmigration 3) Develop pharmacological -factories to process raw products by using local herbs materials and fabrics -trainings on manufacturing, consumer rights, civil rights
  15. 15. #9Gr-.1Key impacts Disaster preventionConsequences 1) Mud flows, floods  Avalanches , Landslides , Droughts , Hail , Hurricane  Earthquakes Lightning stroke RainfallAvailable potential /  Resettle people to safer placesadaptation  Build mudflow protection facilities  Equip meteorological stations with proper equipment  Equip with anti-hail system  Forest belts and forest protection  Multiply drought-resistant plants  Build quake-proof buildings  Build lightning arrestersNecessary potential /  Resettlement planadaptation  Financial aid  Modern equipment and accessories  Drought-resistant seeds  Newest technologies and qualified specialists  Financial support to obtain anti-hail equipment  Scientific justification to build quake-proof structures  Investment assistance
  16. 16. #10Gr-.2Key impacts DroughtsConsequences  Lack of water resources  Increased disease rate  Increased migration  Reduction of water  Irregular operation of water facilities  Undesirable social phenomenon (suicide, quarrels, divorces etc)  Food deficit  Land degradation  Reduced public income  Conflicting situationsAvailable potential /  Land resources distributionadaptation  New water reservoirs  Vaccination  New forests  Cultivation of drought-resistant cultures  MonitoringNecessary potential /  Improved sustainability potential through trainingadaptation courses  Support to farms (finance)  Use of glaciers and snowfields in emergency cases  Detailed study of droughts and their cycles  New water reservoirs to preserve water  Draft development strategies#11Gr-.3Key impacts Land degradationConsequences  Price rise to food products  Reduced area of arable land  Malnutrition impact national genetic fund  Reduced crops  Poor food security  Skin disease  Hypertension  Osteoporosis  Malaria  Cardiovascular  Reduced average life expectancyAvailable potential /  Construct forest protection lines and drainagesadaptation  Introduce water-saving technologies  Seminars to farmers to prevent land degradation  Revive herbal medicine  Improved doctors’ qualification (seminars)  Modern medical equipment  Experience exchange, study world practiceNecessary potential /  Autonomous power supply to medical facilities by usingadaptation renewable energy  Create institutions to using herbal medicine  Draft land protection program
  17. 17. #12Gr-.1PPCR components Impact on vulnerable groups / Recommendations to PPCR genderImproved  Public training centers on o Invest in jamoats’adaptation climate change (seminars, initiatives on climatepotential to climate trainings, conferences) changechange  Regular contact of such o Special attention to centers with jamoats and vulnerable territories in regional authorities the mountains  Improved system of hydro meteorological monitoringImproved climate  Clean-up the bed of o New equipment andresistance in Kairakum reservoir from silt financial supportenergy sector  Timely pubic warning on o Procure new equipment the upcoming disasters through the Emergencies  Improved hydro Committee meteorological services o Qualified specialists and investmentsImproved public  Draft priority plan to o New technologies andservices on rehabilitate Kairakum accessoriesweather, climate HPES o Skills upgrading coursesand water  Regular informing on to specialists weather conditions and o Improved dam monitoring water run-off and due investments  Improved monitoring on the reservoir water contamination
  18. 18. #13Gr-.2PPCR components Impact on vulnerable groups / Recommendations to PPCR genderImproved  Create pubic awareness o Courses and seminars onadaptation programs climate and sustainabilitypotential to  Educational support to poor, potentialclimate change single women, disabled and o Information centers in large families jamoats o Draft national program on adaptation to climate change o Introduce climate change courses in educational institutionsImproved climate  Reconstruct / modernize o Study the reasons of low,resistance in Kairakum HPES mid and high water in Syr-energy sector  Find ways to supply Darya river vulnerable families with o Find ways of energy alternative energy supply to industries when  Provide vulnerable families it is lacking with energy at lower prices o Remove silt from the  Study cycles of river waters bedof Kairakum reservoir o Build silt-protection facilities upstream the rivers Shakhimardan, Sokh and IsfanransaiImproved public  Improved monitoring to o Public information centersservices on inform general public at jamoat levelsweather, climate  Re-equip monitoring o Improved publicand water stations information coverage on disasters by using cell- phone services etc o Improved financing of hydro-meteorological service
  19. 19. #14Gr-.3PPCR components Impact on vulnerable groups / Recommendations to PPCR genderImproved  Seminars for public on civil o Qualification trainingadaptation rights and land issues coursespotential to  Create women o Self-help and investmentclimate change cooperatives (sewing, groups knitting)Improved climate  Rehabilitate energy o Develop alternativeresistance in education energyenergy sector o Develop biogas technologiesImproved public  Mobile agricultural o Weather forecasts onservices on forecasts radio and other meansweather, climate  Sms-messaging on o Improved cooperation withand water emergencies the meteorological center#15Objectives for 3 years period Objectives for 5+ yearS period  90% of Sugd oblast with electricity National seeds fund without GMO  Courses and seminars for specialists Rehabilitate cultivated lands in Sugd  Information centers on jamoat levels oblast  Modernize Kairakum HPES Special attention to be paid to  Develop biogas systems to utilize vulnerability in mountain regions wastes Create climate change study centers.  Remove silt from the bed of Kairakum Small businesses to process fruits with reservoir account to climate change Study reasons of degradation and salination of soils and ground water table rising