Minute of gbao workshop eng


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Minute of gbao workshop eng

  1. 1. UNDP Project PPCR (Pilot Program for Climate Resilience) Adaptation to Climate Change to assess institutional potential and improve awareness on climate change in Tajikistan Training for Trainers October 8, 2011 Khorog Protocol to training in GBAO On participatory approach On potential assessment and improved awareness on climate change in Republic of Tajikistan Location: Khorog, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast, Tajikistan. Participants: see Annex 1. Training participants: the list of participants is in Annex 1 Objective of the training: Improve awareness of the interested parties in climate change in Tajikistan. Review of the core of the problem, analysis of resolutions, definition of the climate change problem to ensure the in-depth understanding of economical, social and ecological problems. Laying the grounds for further improved potential of different stakeholders in the context of adaptation to climate change by using a methodological instrument – a participatory approach. Agenda October 8, 2011 - Khorog, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast, Tajikistan8:30 – 9:00 Registration9:00 – 9:20 Welcoming words from the Tajik CAREC office. Opening and presentation of participants Project review Objective of the training Presentation of participants and information on their grouping9:20 – 10:45 Upcoming priorities Session 1 Plenary discussions and group work 10:15 – 10: 45 group presentations10:45 – Coffee break11:0011:00 – Climate change impact review at the oblast level Session 213:00 Review of the climate change impact (presentation); 15 min Group work 12: 15 -13:00 Group presentations, 10 mins each13:00 – Lunch14:00 1
  2. 2. 14:00 – Review of the key PPCR components and their regional relevance Session15:45 Review of the 3 main PPCR components, 3 Group work15:45 – Coffee break16:0016:00 – PPCR components at the oblast level16:45 Group presentations – 1 component for each group, each presentation 5-7 minutes.16:45 – Key actions to advance to adaptation and sustainable development Session17:45 Group work 4 Plenary discussions17:45 – Other steps and seminar closing18:00The first session of the training was dedicated to discussing the problems in all thespheres of the country, with primary accent onto social, economic and ecologicalcomponents. The plenary discussion was on the future priorities for the key sectors.This topic was first discussed in the sphere of ecological problems, then the participantsbegan to discussing more specific issues, such as general economic, and down tocertain industries. Some of the discussed problems were accessibility of energyresources and land degradation problems.Then the participants were offered to split into groups to discuss these issues in morenarrow format where each of the problems could be viewed and recorder afterconsultations with specialists. The first session ended up with the analysis of all socialproblems and negative aspects in all sector of economy.The second session was dedicated to discussing already considered problems toidentify objectives until 2040. Each participant was given a chance to analyze andcoordinate in own group an opinion on how the key national industries shall adapt andchange for the upcoming 25-30 years, and how to achieve these goals in practice, noton paper. The groups were discussing various issues related to improved livingstandards of people and dependence of farmers on bad weather conditions, problemssolving with food shortage, prophylactics of diseases and viruses. Al the proposalssubmitted by participants were given in the form of short proposal and presented by theend of the work.The third session began with presentation of the Climate change impact in Tajikistan;this presentation showed the consequences of the climate change onto some aspectsof human life and analysis of the impact into key economy sectors.The followed group work to discuss the key climatic impacts, their consequences andavailable potential, and further potential development for perspective. The participantsnoted such problems as droughts, floods and increased emergency situations,aggravated pubic health problems and threat to national food security.The fourth and final part of the training was dedicated to the key impacts on the way toadaptation and sustainable development where participants discussed interaction of thePPCR components with the selected models of future development. The participants 2
  3. 3. reviewed certain actions to consider the interests of vulnerable and people with lowincome, and the issues of gender sensitivity towards women. The TrainingThe training began at 8:30 with the registration.The welcoming words by Mukhabatov Kh.review the Project description,-presentation of the participants.Pic.1. Opening of workshop in KhorogPresentation by Rakhimov B-Review of the PPCR Project.- Project objectives.- Procedural remarks.-Importance of the participants’ contribution and how their contribution will be used inthe ProjectPlenary discussionThe participants were offered to identify current social and economic problems in theregion with special focus on ecological and economical problems in the region, the keyindustries which were identified as priority during the preliminary seminar. All theproposals registered on the flip-chart titled “General Problems in the Region”.The participants were divided into 3 groups with one specialist in each group 3
  4. 4. Pic.2. Work in groups Group workSession 1Future priorities by key sectorsSocial, economic and ecological trends focused on key industries/economysectors. 1. Each group was given a table to fill-up, 2. Identify current trends in the region and, if needed, other relevant trends in the region with special emphasis on the key industries defined as priority industries during the preliminary seminar. 3. Group presentations with the filled-up tables. Pic.3. Facilitation of group work 4
  5. 5. Session 2Review climate impacts on the oblast levelDraft objectives for the future as desirable and probable vector of futuredevelopment of the regions until 2040. 1. Understanding on how the industries shall change during this timeframe and how to identify the selected objectives 2. Create descriptive part from the filed up tables. 3. Presentation by groupsPic.4. Presentations of findings by groupsSession 3Presentation by Rakhmonov B. on climate change impact in Tajikistan.Review of the key PPCR components and their relevance to the regionDefine future potential climatic impacts and necessary actions and potential 1. Understand and define climate change consequences in the frames of their objectives and description of the region. 2. Define accessible and necessary potential as important steps to address the impacts 3. Define key additional goals/actions necessary to address (adapt and mitigate) climate change impacts. 4. Group presentation. 5
  6. 6. Pic.5. Work in groups during rd session of the workshop. Presentation of findingSession 4Key impacts to improved adaptation and sustainable developmentAssessment of sustainability of the future system and critical actions. 1. Fill up the form. 2. Concentrate on objectives and the needs relevant to the PPCR investments 3. Select objectives (up to 3) until 2040 by using these actions, accessible potential and the needs to create concise key strategies for mid- and long-term perspectiveAll findings developed by participants are presented in Annex 2.Training closure: final remarks were made by Mukhabbatov Kh. – he underlined mostimportant outcomes of the workshop, thanked participants for their work and announcedthe end of the training. 6
  7. 7. Annex 1 List of participants№ Name Organization Contact details Signature1 Gulomnabiev D DTMK, GBAO region 93 515 42 122 Amonbekov А. GBAO, Public education 93 546 80 57 management3 Mavlonazarova А. JSC “Nazira” 93 588 21 164 Abdulnazarov Z. Land planning committee, 93 531 66 01 GBAO5 Neghmatov Z. HQ on Emergencies and 93 527 16 39 Civil Defense, GBAO6 Navruzshoev К. Hydrometeorological 93 571 10 30 Service, GBAO7 Сафаркулова Г. Khorog State University 93 600 31 938 Абдурахмонова Н. Khorog State University 93 559 85 429 Nafasshoeva F. Finance head Department of 93 404 90 54 GBAO10 Abdulloeva F. Khorog State University 93 544 86 8811 Nazarbekova S. School №1, Khorog 93 833 49 2312 Sudurova Kh. School №1, Khorog 93 469 46 5213 Saltanatova S. Construction Department of 93 501 93 57 GBAO14 Atolikshoev D. Representative of the 93 588 23 52 Ministry of energy and 91 732 77 94 industry in GBAO15 Karamkudoev Kh. Lecturer of botany chair of 93 853 22 37 State Khorog University16 Alinazarova К. Assistant of chair of Khorog 93 540 53 49 State University17 Satibaldiev U. Lecturer of Khorog State 93 858 22 05 University18 Sarkorova А. Assistant of Khorog State 93 547 31 17 University19 Komilbekov Kh. Lecturer of Khorog State 93 461 26 75 University20 Fakirova R Student of the economical 93 555 20 82 faculty of Khorog State University21 Khucholova G. Botanic Garden, Pamir 7
  8. 8. 22 Yusufbekov Sh. Specialist of Environment protection department in GBAO23 Tokhir Navruzov Environment Protection 93 598 44 54 Department in GBAO24 Nazirov N. Focus International 93 514 34 41 Organization 8
  9. 9. Annex 2#1 Ecological problems of Gorno-Badakhshan Oblast 1. Mud flows 2. avalanches 3. landslides 4. earthquakes 5. floods 6. droughts 7. rock falls 8. storm winds 9. hail (southern part) 10. pulsating and jumping glaciers. 11. burst of glacial lakes in the mountains 12. water-borne diseases (typhoid, intestinal diseases) 13. lack and low quality of drinking water 14. lack of cultivated land 15. irrigation and land problems 16. degradation of land available 9
  10. 10. #2Gr.1Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1. lack of seasonal rains. -degradation of glaciers (lack of 2. lack of water precipitations) 3. lack of water reservoirs. -droughts 4. lack of water pipe networks -migration 5. irrational water use -decreased crops. 6. water pollution -aggravated poverty. -diseases -ecosystems degradation -soil erosionEnergy 1. lack of electricity in winter. -economic damage to industries 2. ineffective use. -felling of mountain forests 3. no access to energy -use of fuel resources resources. -negative health impact -HPES breakdownsAgriculture 1. droughts. -reduced agricultural crops 2. reduced seeds quality. -soil erosion and worsened 3. pastures degradation. structure 4. soil erosion. -poverty and migration 5. lack of land -decreased crops 6. lack of mineral fertilizers -gullies 7. lack of forage -lack of food. 8. problems in poultry -reduced cattle. 9. random use of pastures -negative impact on soil 10.Other: 1. low level of specialists -lack of qualified staffeducation 2. poor technical basis -reduced quality of workspublic health 3. low salary -poor employmentmigration 4. lack of teachers. -lack of school supplies (stationery, computers etc). 10
  11. 11. #3Gr .2Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1. lack of drinking water in remote -diseases areas. -ecological damage 2. water pollution -poverty 3. irrational water use -conflicts, degraded 4. absence of correct ground water economy. estimates. -lack of drinking water -land degradation -irrational water use in Murgab, and ground water.Energy 1. lack of electricity in autumn and -price for electricity is winter the highest in the 2. obsolete equipment on HPES country 3. irrational use -trees felling, 4. no renewable sources of energy environment pollution 5. old equipment on power -slowed down economic transmission lines development --irrational 6. slow construction of mini-hydro use of energyAgriculture 1. land degradation -low crops. 2. poor irrigation system quality -increased land 3. lack of irrigation water degradation 4. unregulated use of pastures. -irrational use of land 5. poorly developed cattle breeding. -conflicts 6. unused land resources -aggravated criminal 7. absence of the seeds fund situation 8. -aggravated poverty -decreased economic development -exhaustion of land resources, -decreased living standards.Other: 1. lack of jobs -mortality 2. low salary -poverty amongpublic health 3. infection diseases vulnerable groups. 4. pathologies with newborn babies, -suicide cases amongmigration 5. lack of medications poor and vulnerable people.unemployment 1. floods, rock falls, avalanches, -poor medical service. glacial mud flows, storm winds, break-though of glacial lakes -victims, destruction of infrastructure, lack of jobs due to scarce infrastructure. degradation. -migration, drug addiction, alcoholism, organized crime. 11
  12. 12. #4 12
  13. 13. #5Gr .3Sector Key problems ConsequencesWater 1. lack of drinking and irrigation -land degradation, water -reduced crops 2. water pollution -poor health 3. mud flows -increased disease rate 4. long-lasting heavy -destruction of roads precipitations. -reduced glacier-fed water, 5. reduced glacial areas. -wash-outs of crop. 6. heavy snowfalls 7. absence of renewable - energy sources due to unawareness.Energy 1. lack of firewood, coal -weak production of agricultural 2. remoteness from main and food products. power transmission lines -unused potential of electric 3. limited electricity supply. energy. 4. lack of funds to construct -destruction of forest missives, mini-hydro and distribution lines.Agriculture -reduced crops, 1. no access to irrigation water -reduced habitats and number of 2. increased diseases and cattle. pests. -lack of food. 3. lack of farmlandOther: 1. migration of young people -lack of personnel and capable specialists. -no innovation ideas forpublic health 2. people unaware of economic development ecological sanitary, reasons -increased disease ratesmigration for emergencies. -environment pollution 3. increased emergencies dueecology to melting of glaciers 13
  14. 14. #6Gr .1 Sector Group 1, goals to 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1. improved drinking water -build new water pipe networks quality 40% -rational water supply 2. improved use of irrigation -reconstruction of water supply systems 50% systems 3. drinking and irrigation water -new irrigation technologies (rain supply 45% and drip systems) 4. ground water lowering 60% -closed circle water use in industry -water reservoirs in mountain areas -water wells in areas with scarce water -improved CDSEnergy 1. 100% electricity supply -construct new power 2. reduced use of fuel resources transmission lines (firewood, coal) 50% -accelerate construction of new mini-hydro stations in elevated areas -construction of alternative energy sources -use modern technologies -build helio – and winmills -biogasAgriculture 1. food security 70% -rational use of irrigated lands 2. rational land use 65% -use of drought-resistant plants -improved water supply in the region -crop rotation -regular land cultivation -restoration of salinated and water logged landsOther: 1. 100% coverage with medical -use of new medicines service 80% -new technologiespublic health 2. reduction of migration 60% -free of charge medicals for the first aid for poormigration -new jobs 14
  15. 15. #7Gr .2 Sector Goals to 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1. free access to drinking water -build new water pipe systems, 2. improved water cadastre in study water resources with the the regions use of investments 3. 100% operation of water treatment facilities (drinking water)Energy 1. 90% supply of population and -rational use of energy, industry with energy alternative sources of energy 2. improve the system of (solar, wind) specialist preparation in -improve higher education energy sector (programs, labs, equipment 3. reconstruct (modernize) -fair procurement of machinery operating HPESs and partsAgriculture 1. 80% local supply with -increased crops productivity agricultural food -agricultural studies 2. create seeds fund, 70% local -practical training and supply of the adapted seeds educational programs 3. train people to rationally use -land re-cultivation land and water resources -improved research works (look at the latest technologies) 4. improve amelioration practice 100%Other: 1. reduce number of -new jobs and labor exchange unemployed by 60% -increased salariespublic health 2. reduce migration by 80% -increased salaries to teachers 3. improved educational system -improved qualification ofmigration teachers in high schools, fair enrollment of students to schoolsunemployment and universities 15
  16. 16. #8Gr .3 Sector Goals to 2040 Achieving goalsWater 1. improved access to drinking -piped water supply water -new water treatment 2. improved water quality technologies –water pumps, 3. water supply to fertile land water canals, water reservoir 4. new technologies of water -attract foreign investments treatment in Sugd oblast -overall irrigation 5. water metering 6. reduced water loss during irrigationEnergy 1. rehabilitate electric equipment -procure and replace obsolete 2. develop renewable energy equipment sources -wind-mill parks and heliofields 3. build mini-hydro stations 4. improved tax and legal basis to invest in private sectorAgriculture 1. develop private silk worm -groups of observers breeding -seeds fund 2. rational use of arable land -sectoral plan 3. use quality seeds -decrease bank interest to 4. procure new equipment agricultural loans 5. train correct land cultivation -selection of best cattle types practices -seminars 6. information center on correct -supply with literature land cultivationOther: 1. create jobs -develop winery 2. improved legal awareness of -reduce tax burdenpublic health people -build factories to process raw 3. develop pharmaceutical materials and fabricsmigration products by using local herbs -education on consumer rights, civil rights 16
  17. 17. #9Gr .1Key impacts Natural disasters preventionDescription of 1. mud flows, floods, avalanchesconsequences landslides droughts, hail , hurricanes ● earthquakes strokes of lightning heavy rainsAccessible potential / ● resettlement to safer areasadaptation ● construct mudflow protection ● equip meteorological stations with correct equipment ● Planting trees and forests ● Develop drought-resistant plants ● Construct quake-resistant buildings ● Construct lightning conductorsNecessary potential / ● Resettlement planadaptation ● Financial assistance ● New equipment ● Procure seeds of drought-resistant plants ● Latest technologies and qualified specialists ● Financial support to procure hail-protection systems ● Scientific justification of projects to the quake-proof structures ● Investment assistance 17
  18. 18. #10Gr .2Key impacts DroughtsDescription of ● Lack of water resourcesconsequences ● Increased disease rates ● Increased migration ● Reduced water stock ● Non-regulated work of waterworks facilities ● Undesirable social phenomenon (suicide, quarrels, divorces etc.) ● Food deficit ● Land degradation ● Reduced incomes ● ConflictsAccessible potential / ● Distribution of land resourcesadaptation ● Water reservoirs ● Due vaccination ● Forests ● Drought-resistant plants ● Locality monitoringNecessary potential / ● Increase potential through education (seminars,adaptation trainings) ● Support to farmers (financing) ● Use of glaciers and snowfields in exceptional cases ● Detailed study/analysis of the reasons of droughts and their cycles ● Create additional water reservoirs ● Draft development strategies 18
  19. 19. #11Gr .3Key impacts Land degradationDescription of ● Price rise to food productsconsequences ● Reduction of arable lands ● Malnutrition impacts the national genetic fund ● Reduced crops ● Aggravated food security situation ● Skin diseases ● Hypertension ● Osteoporosis ● Malaria ● Cardio-vascular diseases ● Reduced average life expectancyAccessible potential / ● Construct forest protection and drainagesadaptation ● Introduce water-economy systems in irrigation ● Seminars to local farms on land degradation prophylactics ● Recover the herbal healing tradition ● Improve qualification of doctors through trainings ● Procure modern medical equipment ● Experience exchange and use the world medical practicesNecessary potential / ● Autonomous power supply of hospitals by usingadaptation renewable energy sources ● Establish organs to use medicinal herbs ● Develop land protection program 19
  20. 20. #12Gr .1PPCR components Impact onto vulnerable groups Recommendations to PPCR of people / genderImproved ■ Centers for public studies ○ Investments in jamoatsadaptation on climate change initiatives to preventpotential to climate (seminars, trainings and climate change impactschange conferences) ○ Special attention to ■ The centers are in close vulnerable people in contact with jamoats and mountain areas regional centers ■ Improved meteorological ,monitoring systemIncreased climate- ■ Clean-up the Kairakum ○ Latest equipment andresistance in reservoir bed financial supportenergy sector ■ Timely information on the ○ New equipment procured upcoming weather by the Committee on deviations Emergencies ■ Improved services of ○ Provide with qualified hydrometeorological data personnel and supply investmentsImproved services ■ Draft priority investment ○ Provide for newand data on plan to rehabilitate technologies andclimate, weather Kairakum HPES equipmentand water ■ Systematic data on ○ Organize courses and weather patterns and training seminars for water run-off specialists ■ Improved water quality ○ Improved dams monitoring in the reservoir monitoring and ensure investments 20
  21. 21. #13Gr .2PPCR components Impact onto vulnerable groups Recommendations to PPCR of people / genderImproved ■ Crete public awareness ○ Training courses to studyadaptation programs climate and resistancepotential to climate ■ Educational support to potentialchange poor, single women and ○ Create info-centers at large families jamoat levels ○ Draft national program on adaptation to climate change ○ Introduce relevant knowledge to educational institutionsIncreased climate- ■ Reconstruct and ○ Study the reasons of lowresistance in modernize Kairakum and high waterenergy sector HPES fluctuations in Syrdarya ■ Find ways to supply poor river families with alternative ○ Find ways of energy energy supply to industries ■ Find ways to supply poor under the energy deficit families with energy at ○ Mine silt from the bed of best prices Kairakum water reservoir ○ In the upstream of rivers Shakhimardan, Sokh and Isfanransai build reservoirs to reduce siltation downstreamImproved services ■ Improved monitoring and ○ Public informationand data on public information supply centers at jamoat levelsclimate, weather ■ Re-equip monitoring in case of emergenciesand water stations ○ Improve this service by using mobile service etc ○ Improved financing of hydrometeorological service 21
  22. 22. #14Gr .3PPCR components Impact onto vulnerable groups Recommendations to PPCR of people / genderImproved ■ Seminars to public on land ○ Training courses onadaptation potential and civil rights certain tradesto climate change ■ Create female ○ Self-help and investment cooperatives on sewing groups and knittingIncreased climate- ■ Rehabilitate the energy ○ Develop alternativeresistance in education energyenergy sector ○ Biogas systemsImproved services ■ Cell phone agricultural ○ Weather forecast onand data on forecasts radio and other meansclimate, weather ■ Emergencies notification ○ Improved cooperationand water by using sms-messaging with the meteorological center 22
  23. 23. #15Goals for 3 years Goals for 5 years ● 90% of electricity supply of Sugd ● National seeds fund without modified oblast organisms ● Training courses and seminars to ● Rehabilitate cultivated lands in Sugd specialists oblast ● Information centers at jamoat levels ● Special attention to vulnerability in ● Modernize Kairakum HPES mountain areas ● Develop biogas technologies to ● Climate change study centers. utilize organic wastes ● Small businesses in mountains to ● Clean up of the Kairakum reservoir process fruits with account to climate bed of silt change ● Study the reasons of land degradation and salination and rise of ground waters 23