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Health & Safety


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Health & Safety

  1. 1. Human Resource Management UST Graduate School, 2011 Paul N. Jacob
  2. 2. The goal of all Occupational Health and Safety programs is to foster a safe work environment
  3. 3. Occupational Health and Safety ( OHS) Is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, Health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment
  4. 4. The Employer’s duty of care in practice : All employer’s, whatever the size of the business, must : • Make the work place safe • Prevent risk to health •Ensure that plant and machinery is safe to use, and that safe working practices are set up and followed • Make sure that all materials are handled, stored and used safely •Provide adequate first aid facilities • Tell you about any potential hazards from the work you do, chemicals and other substances used by the firm, and give you information, instructions, training and supervision as needed •Set up emergency plans •Make sure that ventilation, temperature, lighting, and toilet, washing and rest facilities all meet health, safety and welfare requirements
  5. 5. • Check that the right equipment is provided and is properly used and regularly maintained • Prevent or control exposure to substances that may damage health • Take precautions against the risks caused by flammable or explosive hazards, electrical equipment, noise and radiation • Avoid potentially dangerous work involving manual handling and if it can't be avoided take precautions to reduce the risk of injury • Provide health supervision as needed • Provide protective clothing or equipment free of charge if risks can't be removed or adequately controlled by any other means • Ensure that the right warning signs are provided and looked after • Report certain accidents, injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to either the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or the local authority, depending on the type of business
  6. 6. Employee’s Health and Safety Benefits: • To be provided, free of charge, with any personal protective and safety equipment • To stop work and leave the work area, without being disciplined due to reasonable concerns about safety • To tell employer about any health and safety concerns • To have time off from work during the working week
  7. 7. Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE )
  8. 8. Tower Erection
  9. 9. Safety fence for all Greenfield site constructions in urban areas (e.g. villages) as shown in the photo below
  10. 10. Basic elements of health and safety programs 1. Individual Responsibility 7. Medical and first aid 2. Joint Occupational health and safety committee 8. Health and safety promotion 3. Health and Safety Rules 9. Workplace specific items 4. Correct Work Procedures 10. Implementation 5. Employee Orientation 11. Evaluation 6. Emergency procedures Microsoft Office Word 97 - 2003 Document Adobe Acrobat Document Microsoft Office Excel 97-2003 Worksheet Microsoft Office PowerPoint 97-2003 Pres
  11. 11. Consequences of not Implementing Health and Safety Measures by size of Companies Accidents Low Productivity Absenteeism Wastage Tardiness High Defects Deaths Microsoft Office PowerPoint Presentation SMALL MEDIUM 20 33 22 33 33 10 20 7 3 25 14 11 6 6 LARGE TOTAL 51 100 35 90 27 30 16 18 16 85 54 47 31 25 % 30% 27% 26% 16% 14% 9% 8%
  12. 12. Accident Causation Model Material Sample Action plan : Task Environment Microsoft Office Excel 97-2003 Worksheet Sample Accident : Management Microsoft Office Excel 97-2003 Worksheet Personal
  13. 13. Most Common Causes of Accidents in the Work place : 1. Poor housekeeping 2. Defective equipment and tools 3. Unauthorized use of machines or equipment 4. Inadequately guarded machines 5. Improper lighting 6. Improper mental attitude on the job 7. Unsafe wearing apparel 8. Using unsafe tools or equipment 9. Improper planning of work 10.Disobeying regulations or procedures 11. Operating machines at unsafe speed 12. Failure to use suitable protective equipment 13. Operating machines without necessary training 14. Inattention while operating machines or while at work 15. Not in proper physical or mental condition while at work 16. Improper placement of workers
  14. 14. Accident Prevention Accident prevention comes down to two basic activities : 1 . Reducing unsafe conditions Means eliminating the potential physical hazards in the workplace Examples of unsafe work conditions : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Unguarded or improperly machines (such as an unguarded belt) Poor housekeeping Defective equipment and tools Poor lighting Poor or improper ventilation Improper dress ( such as wearing clothes with loose floppy sleeves when working on a machine that has rotating parts) 7. Sharp edges
  15. 15. 2. Reducing unsafe acts through various means (Dessler, 2000) Unsafe acts maybe reduced through various means: 1. Careful selection and placement of employees 2. Posters and other propaganda materials 3. Trainings 4. Incentive programs and positive reinforcement 5. Top management commitment 6. Emphasis on safety 7. Establishment of a safety policy 8. Setting specific loss control goals 9. Conducting safety and health inspections 10.Monitoring work overload and stress
  16. 16. References : Human Resources Management (Dr. Roque & Dr. Edralin, 2005) NSN NI OHSE Wikipedia;