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Empowering Women Towards Smokefree Homes


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Empowering Women Towards Smokefree Homes

  1. 2. <ul><li>Mother </li></ul><ul><li>wife </li></ul><ul><li>Sister </li></ul><ul><li>daughter </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  2. 3. <ul><li>What they want </li></ul><ul><li>What they don’t want </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy family </li></ul><ul><li>Happy children </li></ul><ul><li>Long and quality life </li></ul><ul><li>Able to enjoy their old age together </li></ul><ul><li>Clean environment </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  3. 4. <ul><li>Children’s exposure to SHS increases the risk of </li></ul><ul><li>lower respiratory tract infections </li></ul><ul><li>middle ear disease </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of asthmatic episodes </li></ul><ul><li>Absenteeism from school </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral problems </li></ul><ul><li>Poor mental development </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  4. 5. <ul><li>S mokefree homes reduce smoking among low SES women (Shavers et al, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>S mokefree homes lead to higher quit rates among low SES women (Shopland et al, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Low SES women have more difficulty in creating a smokefree home or work environment (Levy et al, 2006;Shavers et al, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>P overty, housing and welfare policies contribute to tobacco use trajectories in low SES girls and women (Graham et al, 2006) </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  5. 6. <ul><li>Private space, my space v workplaces/public places </li></ul><ul><li>Choice, rights, respect </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns about social identity e.g. anti-smoker, unfriendly, inconsiderate, hypocritical </li></ul><ul><li>No-smoking signs generally inappropriate or more for children </li></ul><ul><li>Used for comfort and relaxation </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  6. 7. <ul><li>GYTS results – only 11% of our children reported exposure to SHS </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest among all the countries </li></ul><ul><li>Realistically- with 57.6% of Malaysian adult males smoke (NHMS3), there is a high chance of children being in danger of being exposed to SHS in their own homes </li></ul><ul><li>More than 25% admit smoking while watching TV at homes </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  7. 8. <ul><li>Women often occupy a traditional “place” in society- as people who bear and care for children </li></ul><ul><li>However, in certain places in Malaysia, women’s status remains low </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, women in traditional family settings are in dilemma in action against tobacco </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  8. 9. <ul><li>Roles: </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic manager </li></ul><ul><li>Finance manager </li></ul><ul><li>Behind a man, there’s a woman </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  9. 10. <ul><li>Evidence from studies show: </li></ul><ul><li>Smokers preferred messages that offer choices that leave them in control </li></ul><ul><li>They do not like being told what to do </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, pleas to smoke outside can elicit feelings that their autonomy and rights are being threatened </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  10. 11. <ul><li>Remind not ask </li></ul><ul><li>Soft approach </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid heavy facts </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid the use of threats </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver positive / humorous messages </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge how difficult it is to quit </li></ul><ul><li>Give credit when due </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  11. 12. <ul><li>Choose your BF, husband, son-in law wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy- best time to sell </li></ul><ul><li>Happy occasions </li></ul><ul><li>Associated illness </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  12. 13. <ul><li>According to a Boston-based study, men and women with histories of child sexual abuse and relationship violence smoke are 40% more likely to begin smoking. 1 </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009 1 Nichols, H.B., & Harlow, B.L. 2004. “Childhood abuse and risk of smoking onset.” J Epidemiol Community Health, 58 (5), 402-406.
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  14. 15. nas_MCTC2009 <ul><li>premature labour </li></ul><ul><li>Low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>psychological problems in offspring - attention problems, hyperactivity, and conduct problems. Animal studies confirm a direct causal effect of toxin exposure on brain development during pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher risks of perinatal death </li></ul>
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  17. 18. <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><li>Youths </li></ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Join MyWatch (Dato </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  18. 19. <ul><li>Assist the govt with tobacco control interventions to improve family health, particularly for women, children and youth NGOs; </li></ul><ul><li>Promote tobacco control advocacy through workshops, etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Empower women with facts and information on their rights and roles as representatives to become “ agents for change”;the EYES AND EARS of the society </li></ul><ul><li>Promote research; </li></ul><ul><li>Build resources through networking with international organizations.   </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  19. 20. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>With support from the Malaysian Ministry of Health (MOH) and the South-East Asia Tobacco Control and Health (SEATCA), ongoing activities include raising awareness among young people, especially women, on the risks of tobacco use, and advocating for smoke-free environments. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>To sustain its current program, My Watch works towards ensuring that the use and control of tobacco products complies with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  20. 21. <ul><li>We will continue to: </li></ul><ul><li>Link smoke free policies to a range of health, social, environmental and economic programs and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Offer free cessation aids and make quit lines attractive and accessible to disadvantaged smokers and non-smokers </li></ul><ul><li>Empower women to reduce exposure to SHS in couples, families, workplaces and in public and private space </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
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  24. 26. <ul><li>Initiated in June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Due to be announced 15.08.09 </li></ul><ul><li>What it means - NGOs have a role to play And NGOs can make it happen </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
  25. 28. <ul><li>Awareness of the importance of smoke free homes </li></ul><ul><li>There is no safe level of exposure to SHS </li></ul><ul><li>CRC </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rumahku syurgaku” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My home is my heaven” </li></ul><ul><li>Soft approach </li></ul><ul><li>Even a little means a lot (remember Yuhta Ohishi) </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation- civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-up approach </li></ul>nas_MCTC2009
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  28. 31. [email_address]