Influences Of Abnormality

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Influences Of Abnormality

  1. 1. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY - SCHIZOPHRENIA
  2. 2. <ul><li>Behavior that is: </li></ul><ul><li>Statistically unusual </li></ul><ul><li>Considered strange or undesirable by most people </li></ul><ul><li>A source of unhappiness </li></ul><ul><li>There are biological, psychological (personal standards), & socio-cultural factors involved in defining abnormal behavior. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Four definitions can be asked for in the examination: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical infrequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deviation from social norms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to function adequately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deviation from ideal mental health </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. frequency 70 100 130 IQ Scores Average IQ in the population is 100pts. The further from 100 you look, the fewer people you find
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Biological Factors </li></ul><ul><li>All abnormal behaviors have a biological or physiological basis. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cognitive Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal behaviors are the result of learning maladaptive behaviors and unconscious conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>The Socio-Cultural Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal behaviors are produced from life-style stressors & expectations combined with biological predispositions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Diathesis-Stress Model. </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal behavior is a biological predisposition & the disorder is seen under stress. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Delusions – false beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate schemas </li></ul><ul><li>Word salads </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Flattened affect </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>EACH GROUP GIVEN A CORE AREA OF PSYCHOLOGY – EXPLAIN HOW IT INFLUENCES THE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR </li></ul><ul><li>Include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation of the core </li></ul><ul><li>How is influences </li></ul><ul><li>A Key Study to support evidence </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Torrey 1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Influenza 25-20 weeks foetus most vulnerable – cerebral cortex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virus infection enters the brain and is activated in hormonal changes in puberty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Correlates with findings Peaks of schiz diagnosis with major flu epidemics </li></ul><ul><li>Link between birth complications such as pre-eclampsia (damage to briain) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Explain how the Diathesis Stress Model may account for a dysfunctional behaviour. </li></ul>

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