2008 Historic Districts


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  • Old Town in Jefferson City was established by the City Council in April 2007. According to the city’s website: “It was formed to designate an area for future redevelopment and reinvestment by the public and private sector.  The designated area is basically the original "old town" Jefferson City and represents the historic core (heart) of our community.” Reinvestment area—city has dedicated itself to improve infrastructure and encourage investment in the area No assessment or survey of historic resources No criteria for designation other than it was the early boundaries of the city.
  • Certified Local Government Program: Partnership between the National Park Service, State Historic Preservation Office and Local communities that have: Enacted a preservation ordinance Appointed a local preservation commission, and promise to conduct a program to systematically identify their historic resources and neighborhoods, and Conduct educational and outreach activities promoting preservation In return CLGs are eligible for Historic Preservation Fund grants to assist in preservation planning, conducting survey and nominating properties to the National Register of Historic Place. SHPO also has a staff person dedicated to providing technical assistance to Certified Local Governments.
  • 2008 Historic Districts

    1. 1. Historic Districts: What are they and how do we designate one?
    2. 2. Historic Districts: What are they? <ul><li>Historic districts </li></ul><ul><li>are areas or neighborhoods that exemplify and reflect the history of a community. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Residential </li></ul><ul><li>Rural/agricultural </li></ul>
    3. 3. Historic Districts: Which way should we go? <ul><li>Local Historic Districts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In name only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designated by ordinance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Register of Historic Places </li></ul>
    4. 4. Historic Districts: Local--In Name Only
    5. 5. Historic Districts: Local—Designated by ordinance <ul><li>A local historic district is a geographically definable area designated by ordinance by the local government. It provides recognition of that district’s historic character and significance and usually provides a level of protection for that district’s historic resources. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Local District: Basic Steps <ul><li>1. Pass a local historic preservation enabling ordinance. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes procedures for local historic designations and review of proposed changes to locally designated historic resources. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Local District: Basic Steps <ul><li>2. Conduct a comprehensive survey to document the local resources and character of the community. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys identify character-defining elements in the community that should be maintained and preserved. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Pass a local ordinance designating a historic district. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This ordinance outlines what will be preserved and why . It references standards and guidelines for how the designated resources will be protected and preserved. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Local District: Benefits <ul><li>EDUCATIONAL: Record of our communities that teach about their history, development and growth. </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Attract tourism, play a role in business recruitment, and protect the investment of property owners and residents. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Local District: Certified Local Governments <ul><li>46 Missouri CLGs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enact ordinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct a program of historic resource survey and identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct education/outreach activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eligible for HPF grants and technical assistance </li></ul>
    10. 10. National Register of Historic Places <ul><li>Established 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Federal list of historic buildings, sites, structures, objects, and districts that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture. </li></ul>
    11. 11. National Register: Benefits <ul><li>Recognizes a property’s importance to community, state, or nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners of private property listed in the National Register may be eligible for state and federal tax credits. </li></ul>
    12. 12. National Register: Mythbuster <ul><li>Owners of private property listed in the National Register have no obligation to open their properties to the public, to restore them, or even maintain them, if they choose not to do so. Owners can do anything the wish with their property provided that no Federal license, permit, or funding is involved. </li></ul>
    13. 13. National Register: Eligibility <ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of a property determined by National Register Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authentic historic character </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. National Register: Significance <ul><li>Criterion A: Association with a significant event or pattern of events </li></ul><ul><li>Criterion B: Association with a significant person </li></ul><ul><li>Criterion C: Architecture/Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Criterion D: Yielded, or may yield, information important to prehistory or history </li></ul>
    15. 15. National Register: Integrity <ul><li>Authenticity of a property’s historic identify, evidenced by the survival of physical characteristics that existed during the property’s historic or prehistoric period. </li></ul>
    16. 16. National Register: Listing Process <ul><li>Survey/Assess eligibility </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare National Register nomination </li></ul><ul><li>Submit to SHPO </li></ul><ul><li>Owner notification </li></ul><ul><li>Review by Missouri Advisory Council on Historic Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Submission to Keeper of the Register </li></ul>
    17. 17. National Register: Survey <ul><li>Process of locating and collecting information on cultural resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites (including archeological sites) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Districts </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. National Register: Surveys include: <ul><li>Research design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlines survey plan and methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fieldwork </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct research and field survey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survey Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides historic context (historic overview) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluates eligibility of surveyed resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes recommendation for listing and future research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inventory forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide information on the architectural character and history of individual buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record physical characteristics of resource </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show location of surveyed buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend district boundaries </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Survey form
    20. 20. Purpose of Survey <ul><li>Identify historic resources (above and below ground) </li></ul><ul><li>Create an inventory of resources by location or theme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location: Historic resources of downtown Cape Girardeau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thematic: St. Louis Religious Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide foundation for preservation planning </li></ul>
    21. 21. Survey and Preservation Planning <ul><li>Surveys help answer questions about our community’s past and its historic development. </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys evaluate the significance of properties and their contribution to our community’s history and “sense of place.” </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys help set preservation priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys help to make effective use of historic resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys are the foundation of preservation planning and an important aspect of community-wide strategic planning. </li></ul>
    22. 22. National Register: Prepare Nomination <ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative Description </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative Statement of Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Black and white archival photos </li></ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul>
    23. 23. National Register: Nomination Review Process <ul><li>Staff Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with preparer to make sure nomination meets the National Register Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Owner/elected official notification </li></ul><ul><li>Submission to Missouri Advisory Council on Historic Preservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council meets quarterly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Submission to Keeper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45 day review period </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. National Register: Timeframe for Listing <ul><li>6 months to 2 years </li></ul>
    25. 25. QUESTIONS????
    26. 26. For more information contact: <ul><li>Local Districts/Certified Local Government Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jo Ann Radetic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOSHPO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>573-522-2473 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Register of Historic Places Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiffany Patterson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOSHPO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>573-751-7800 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Or Contact <ul><li>State Historic Preservation Office </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Department of Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>1101 Riverside Drive </li></ul><ul><li>P.O. Box 176 </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson City, MO 65102 </li></ul><ul><li>573-751-7858 </li></ul><ul><li>On the web at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dnr.mo.gov/shpo/ </li></ul>